Lieselotte Viaene

Lieselotte Viaene
University Carlos III de Madrid | UC3M · Department of Social Sciences

PhD
PI of ERC project RIVERS - Water/human rights beyond the human? Professor Department Social Sciences-UC3M

About

41
Publications
11,159
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Introduction
I am an anthropologist with a PhD in Law (2011) whose academic and policy research tries to directly contribute to the theoretical question of how universal human rights can be grounded in culturally and legally plural societies, using an interdisciplinary, bottom-up empirical approach. My latest RIVERS project (ERC) stems from my long-term critical scholarly engagement with the complex challenges that inter-cultural/ontological encounters foreground within conventional human rights thinking.
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - August 2018
University of Coimbra
Position
  • Fellow
January 2011 - present
Ghent University
Position
  • Associate post-doctoral researcher
November 2010 - June 2013
Office of the United Nations High Cpmmissioner for Human Rights
Position
  • Human Rights Support Officer
Education
September 2006 - November 2010
Ghent University
Field of study
  • Human Rights
September 2001 - June 2003
Ghent University
Field of study
  • Anthropology
September 1999 - June 2001
KU Leuven
Field of study
  • Criminology

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
This text, the result of an intercultural and interdisciplinary dialogue between a Colombian Arhuaco lawyer, Belkis Izquierdo, and a European anthropologist, Lieselotte Viaene, states that indigenous norms and practices concerning justice, reparation and reconciliation deeply question the dominant paradigm of transitional justice and human rights t...
Book
Full-text available
Este libro se dedica a uno de los debates internacionales en curso sobre los desafíos conceptuales y prácticas que la diversidad cultural de sociedades pluriculturales ha generado en el ámbito de la justicia transicional. El presente trabajo sobre pueblos indígenas y justicia transicional, fundamentado en una investigación antropológica jurídica en...
Article
Full-text available
Water conflicts across the world are bringing to the fore fundamental challenges to the anthropocentric boundaries of the human rights paradigm. Engaging with the multi-layered legal ethnographic setting of the Xalalá dam project in Maya Q’eqchi’ territory in Guatemala, I will critically and empirically unpack not only the anthropocentric boundarie...
Article
Full-text available
The world can no longer deny that the planet is on the verge of an Anthropocene catastrophe. As scientists from different fields and from around the globe are discussing the causes, impacts, challenges , and solutions to the arrival of this human-induced new geological time, the field of law cannot remain behind. Rights of Nature (RoN), granting le...
Chapter
Full-text available
El tercer capítulo, ofrece un análisis interdisciplinario de la acción colectiva de los abogados y abogadas indígenas en Guatemala, que actúan dentro del sistema y que aspiran a su transformación. La acción legal indígena es entendida como una expresión de la resistencia política de los pueblos indígenas, en una sociedad y un Estado marcados por el...
Article
Full-text available
En el presente artículo nos ha motivado la necesidad de abordar un punto poco estudiado sobre el extractivismo en América Latina: los fundamentos coloniales del marco regulatorio de la minería corporativa y los límites de la judicialización de los derechos humanos para lograr su transformación. Nuestro análisis se sustenta en referentes teóricos de...
Presentation
Full-text available
‘Rivers to RIVERS,’ which took place from 3 to 5 March 2021 in the form of a hybrid meeting. All members of the RIVERS project participated in the seminar: Marina Albuquerque Vieira, Carolina Angel Botero, María Ximena González Serrano, Elisa Mandiola López, Austin Lord, Digno Montalván Zambrano, Camille Parguel, Lieselotte Viaene and María Jacinta...
Presentation
Full-text available
In the Colombia Peace Accords, the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) has recognized indigenous territories as victims of armed conflict in several of its legal decisions. These groundbreaking decisions invite the human rights and transitional justice communities to deeply rethink their conceptualization of human life, since they recognize that h...
Presentation
Full-text available
Interview about the RIVERS project by EU Research: "A new viewpoint on human rights: the-more-than-human"
Presentation
Full-text available
Como cierre de la semana de conmemoración del Día Internacional de los Pueblos Indígenas, el Sistema Integral de Verdad, Justicia, Reparación y No Repetición, la Comisión Étnico-Racial de la Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz (JEP) y el Proyecto ERC RIVERS (UC3M) organizaron el día 14 de agosto de 2020 un debate titulado: Armonía de la Madre Tierra:...
Article
Full-text available
“The Tzuultaq’a is God because yoyo, it lives,” an old Q’eqchi’ woman in Guatemala told me. It was 2002 and I was a Belgian student of anthropology who thought she was being told about a belief, one more myth among the many held by Mesoamerican indigenous peoples. The Tzuultaq’a, however, is more than that. It’s a concept that literally means Mount...
Article
Full-text available
“El Tzuultaq’a es Dios porque yoyo, vive”, me dijo una anciana q’eqchi’ en Guatemala. Corría el año 2002 y yo era una estudiante belga de antropología que pensó que le hablaban sobre una creencia, un mito más de los tantos que tienen los pueblos indígenas mesoamericanos. El Tzuultaq’a, sin embargo, es más que eso. Es un concepto que significa liter...
Article
Full-text available
"En el mes de junio, un video circulando por facebook mostrando la desaparición del Río San Simón en Chisec, Guatemala, conocido por sus atractivos turísticos, provocó una avalancha de reacciones de consternación de esta aparente muerte natural del agua. Según la opinión pública, el río murió al ser desviado por uno de los tantos proyectos extracti...
Chapter
Full-text available
In Chapter 10, Viaene and Fernández-Maldonado analyse the dynamics at play in Ecuador during the drafting processes of secondary legislation to regulate legal pluralism; that is, the articulation between indigenous and ordinary jurisdictions. The adoption of such a law is envisaged in the 2008 Constitution, which is among the most progressive in th...
Article
Full-text available
Este texto, resultado de un diálogo intercultural e interdisciplinario entre una abogada arhuaca colombiana, Belkis Izquierdo, y una antropóloga europea, Lieselotte Viaene, plantea que las normas y prácticas indígenas de justicia, reparación y reconciliación cuestionan profundamente el paradigma dominante de justicia transicional y de de-rechos hum...
Article
Full-text available
The Challenge of Legal Pluralism. Local dispute settlement and the Indian-state relationship in Ecuador, by Marc Simon Thomas. Routledge, 2016
Article
Full-text available
Column published by Plaza Publica Guatemala: https://www.plazapublica.com.gt/content/rios-seres-vivientes-y-personalidad-juridica-nuevos-argumentos-legales-en-la-defensa-de-los
Article
Full-text available
Mientras las décadas anteriores estuvieron marcadas por la creación de nuevas normas internacionales en torno a los derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas, los debates actuales se centran en la cuestión fundamental de cómo se puede cerrar la brecha de su implementación. Este artículo analiza los procesos socio-políticos en Ecuador en torno a la...
Book
Full-text available
El presente trabajo, sobre justicia transicional y pueblos indígenas en Guatemala, pretende contribuir a reducir la brecha de conocimiento sobre las epistemologías indígenas sobre justicia, reparación, búsqueda de verdad y reconciliación y, asimismo, intenta fomentar un proceso de reflexión crítica para desafiar tanto el paradigma dominante de la j...
Article
Full-text available
Este segundo número de la Revista tiene como objetivo poner de manifiesto la importancia de insertar al binomio agua – energía bajo otras racionalidades culturales, y formas alternativas de gestión social y política, diferentes a las actualmente dominantes. Y ello conlleva transformar nuestra relación con la naturaleza, y permitirnos implementar es...
Article
Full-text available
A well- established assumption among human rights defenders is that all victims of massive human rights violations want to see the perpetrators brought to court. This article, based upon multi-sited ethnographic field research among Maya Q’eqchi’ victims and perpetrators in postconflict Guatemala, analyzes the local and cultural understanding that...
Article
A well- established assumption among human rights defenders is that all victims of massive human rights violations want to see the perpetrators brought to court. This article, based upon multi-sited ethnographic field research among Maya Q'eqchi' victims and perpetrators in post-conflict Guatemala, analyzes the local and cultural understanding that...
Book
Full-text available
Los Módulos de Formación sobre los Derechos Colectivos de los Pueblos y Nacionalidades del Ecuador. Defensoría del Pueblo, Fuerzas Armadas y Policía Nacional busca proveer de una herramienta técnica adecuada de formación para entidades estatales claves que tienen como una de sus funciones y facultades primordiales, la garantía de la vigencia de los...
Book
Full-text available
Los Módulos de Formación sobre los Derechos Colectivos de los Pueblos y Nacionalidades del Ecuador. Defensoría del Pueblo, Fuerzas Armadas y Policía Nacional busca proveer de una herramienta técnica adecuada de formación para entidades estatales claves que tienen como una de sus funciones y facultades primordiales, la garantía de la vigencia de los...
Book
Full-text available
Los Módulos de Formación sobre los Derechos Colectivos de los Pueblos y Nacionalidades del Ecuador. Defensoría del Pueblo, Fuerzas Armadas y Policía Nacional busca proveer de una herramienta técnica adecuada de formación para entidades estatales claves que tienen como una de sus funciones y facultades primordiales, la garantía de la vigencia de los...
Book
Full-text available
La publicación Viviendo la Justicia. Pluralismo Jurídico y Justicia Indígena en Ecuador y el DVD Viviendo la Justicia buscan contribuir a una mejor comprensión de las realidades locales y culturales de la administración de justicia indígena en el Ecuador. Esta publicación está dirigida especialmente a los diferentes actores/as de la sociedad ecuato...
Article
Full-text available
This article addresses the important nexus between macro level responses and micro level processes when dealing with the aftermath of gross human rights violations. It focuses on the case of Guatemala and the issue of financial compensation for people affected by the internal armed conflict. One of the key mechanisms of the horror of the counter-in...
Article
Full-text available
Recently there has been greater interest from academics and practitioners in the role of ‘traditional’ justice mechanisms in politics of peace, reconciliation and transitional justice efforts after a period of large-scale human rights violations. However, this call for ‘culturally sensitive’ approaches remains at a rhetorical level. This article at...
Article
Full-text available
Whenever a society faces the difficult process of substantial political transition after a period of gross human rights violations, the issues of justice, reconciliation, truth and reparation appear on the agenda. They form the key concepts of the emerging global paradigm of transitional justice. This booming field is faced with several unresolved...
Article
Full-text available
Little in-depth research has been conducted on or attention paid to the experience and opinions of survivors regarding issues such as reparation, justice, reconciliation and truth in dealing with the aftermath of atrocities. Less still has been said of the way in which victims’ identities impact on these views or are considered in the design of pro...
Chapter
Full-text available
Este capítulo analiza a partir de testimonios de víctimas, sobrevivientes y desplazados internos indígenas q'eqchi' sus percepciones y sus expectativas sobre el Programa Nacional de Reparación (PNR). Asimismo, realiza una evaluación de este programa administrativa de reparación desde una perspectiva "desde abajo" (bottom-up) y plantea los retos y d...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
RIVERS’s (2019- 2024) main challenge is to produce ground-breaking knowledge, from an empirical, interdisciplinary and dialoguing perspective, about the contentions and challenges intrinsic to reconceptualising human rights with different ways of understanding and relating to water. RIVERS’s overarching research question is: To what extent can international human rights law come to grips with plurilegal water realities? This project engages with one of the most pressing questions of this century: the relationship between humans and nature. RIVERS tackles two intertwined core objectives: 1) analysing different ways of knowing and relating to water and life among indigenous peoples and their understanding of its (potential) violation by extractive projects; 2) discussing the contributions, challenges and pitfalls of interlegal translation of differing water natures in plurilegal encounters at domestic and international levels. RIVERS will develop a multi-sited analysis and empirical case studies in three contexts: Guatemala, Colombia, Nepal and the United Nations human rights protection system. This project is funded by the European Research Council (GA: ERC-2018-StG-804003), and coordinated by Dr. Lieselotte Viaene. More info: www.rivers-ercproject.eu
Project
This research line focuses on a critical analysis on the indigenous peoples´ rights implementation gap based on my academic and practitioner experiences in several Latin American countries. Several publication are fruit of my time at the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Ecuador (2010–2013) where I coordinated the activities regarding indigenous and afro-descendent collective rights and transitional justice.
Project
Bridging the empirical knowledge gap concerning indigenous survivors’ perceptions, practices and needs about justice, reparation, reconciliation and memory. Contributing to a better understanding of the interplay between globalized transitional justice discourses with indigenous norms and practices.