Liang-Yin Ke

Liang-Yin Ke
Kaohsiung Medical University · Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology

PhD
https://mlsb.kmu.edu.tw/index.php/zh-TW/師資陣容/專任教師/461

About

83
Publications
9,346
Reads
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1,399
Citations
Citations since 2017
44 Research Items
1029 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - January 2021
Kaohsiung Medical University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 2014 - January 2018
Kaohsiung Medical University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
July 2009 - August 2010
Texas Heart Institute
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
Platelet activation and aggregation underlie acute thrombosis that leads to ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). L5-highly electronegative low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-is significantly elevated in patients with STEMI. Thus, we examined the role of L5 in thrombogenesis. Plasma LDL from patients with STEMI (n = 30) was chromatographically res...
Article
Full-text available
Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) is increasingly recognized as a key marker/factor positively associated with cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. However, findings from recent clinical lipidomic studies of LPC have been controversial. A key issue is the complexity of the enzymatic cascade involved in LPC metabolism. Here, we address the coo...
Article
Objective: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) often have atherosclerotic complications at a young age but normal low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels. We investigated the role of LDL composition in promoting early vascular aging in SLE patients. Methods: We chromatographically divided plasma LDL from 45 SLE patients (SLE-LDL) and 3...
Article
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is heterogeneous, composed of particles with variable atherogenicity. Electronegative L5 LDL exhibits atherogenic properties in vitro and in vivo, and its levels are elevated in patients with increased cardiovascular risk. Apolipoprotein E (APOE) content is increased in L5, but what role APOE plays in L5 function remai...
Article
Background Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is elevated and associated with inflammation in metabolic diseases. Disruption of the retinol cascade and O-GlcNAcylation of the RBP4 receptor (STRA6) are found in diabetic kidneys. Objectives We investigated whether the disruption of the retinol cascade induces RBP4 overproduction and if O-linked GlcNAc...
Article
Sebaceous glands play an important role in maintaining the skin barrier function by producing lipids. Dysregulated lipid production in these glands may contribute to the pathogenesis of human skin diseases. Galectin-12, a member of the β-galactoside-binding lectin family, is preferentially expressed in adipocytes, where it regulates adipogenesis an...
Article
Full-text available
Norovirus-associated diseases are the most common foodborne illnesses worldwide. Polymerase chain reaction-based methods are the primary diagnostics for clinical samples; however, the high mutation rate of norovirus makes viral amplification and genotyping challenging. Technological advances in mass spectrometry (MS) make it a promising tool for id...
Article
Enhanced sebocyte proliferation is associated with the pathogenesis of human skin diseases related to sebaceous gland hyperfunction and androgens, which are known to induce sebocyte proliferation, are key mediators of this process. Galectin-12, a member of the β-galactoside-binding lectin family that is preferentially expressed by adipocytes and fu...
Article
Full-text available
Epidemiologic studies have indicated that dyslipidemia may facilitate the progression of cognitive dysfunction. We previously showed that patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) had significantly higher plasma levels of electronegative very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) than did healthy controls. However, the effects of electronegative-VLDL on the...
Article
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is increasingly recognized as a modifiable risk factor of cognitive decline and dementia. However, the impacts of OSA on mood among patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) have remained rarely explored. The aim of this study was to investigate whether OSA is associated with depressive symptoms among patients with...
Article
Dysregulation of glucose and lipid metabolism increases plasma levels of lipoproteins and triglycerides, resulting in vascular endothelial damage. Remarkably, the oxidation of lipid and lipoprotein particles generates electronegative lipoproteins that mediate cellular deterioration of atherosclerosis. In this review, we examined the core of atheros...
Article
Full-text available
Dysregulation of glucose and lipid metabolism increases plasma levels of lipoproteins and triglycerides, resulting in vascular endothelial damage. Remarkably, the oxidation of lipid and lipoprotein particles generates electronegative lipoproteins that mediate cellular deterioration of atherosclerosis. In this review, we examined the core of atheros...
Article
Full-text available
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) plays a vital role in lipid metabolism and anti-inflammatory activities; a dysfunctional HDL impairs cholesterol efflux pathways. To understand HDL’s role in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), we analyzed the chemical properties and function. HDL from AD patients (AD-HDL) was separated into five subfractions, H1–...
Article
Full-text available
Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived protein, has anti-atherogenic and anti-diabetic effects, but how it confers the anti-atherogenic effects is not well understood. To study the anti-atherogenic mechanisms of adiponectin, we examined whether it interacts with atherogenic low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to attenuate LDL's atherogenicity. L5, the most el...
Article
Platelet-activating factor (PAF), a bioactive ether phospholipid with significant pro-inflammatory properties, was identified almost half a century ago. Despite extensive study of this autocoid, therapeutic strategies for targeting its signaling components have not been successful, including the recent clinical trials with darapladib, a drug that t...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of extract of pre-germinated brown rice (EP) on metabolic and cardiovascular dysfunction in a rat model of T2DM. Hypertensive rats were divided into: (1) normal diet (ND group), (2) induced T2DM (DM group), and T2DM rats that were treated with (3) EP30 mg/kg (EP30 group) or (4) EP300 mg/kg (EP300 grou...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Negatively charged very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL-χ) in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients exerts cytotoxic effects on endothelial cells and atrial myocytes. Atrial cardiomyopathy, manifested by atrial remodeling with a dilated diameter, contributes to atrial fibrillation pathogenesis and predicts atrial fibrillation development. T...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the numerous risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD), cumulative evidence shows that electronegative low-density lipoprotein (L5 LDL) cholesterol is a promising biomarker. Its toxicity may contribute to atherothrombotic events. Notably, plasma L5 LDL levels positively correlate with the increasing severity of cardio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background:Negatively charged very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL-χ) in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients exerts cytotoxic effects on endothelial cells and atrial myocytes. Atrial cardiomyopathy, manifested by atrial remodeling with a dilated diameter, contributes to atrial fibrillation pathogenesis and predicts atrial fibrillation development. The...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Negatively charged very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL-χ) in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients exerts cytotoxic effects on endothelial cells and atrial myocytes. Atrial cardiomyopathy, manifested by atrial remodeling with a dilated diameter, contributes to atrial fibrillation pathogenesis and predicts atrial fibrillation development. Th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Negatively charged very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL-χ) in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients exerts cytotoxic effects on endothelial cells and atrial myocytes. Atrial cardiomyopathy, manifested by atrial remodeling with a dilated diameter, contributes to atrial fibrillation pathogenesis and predicts atrial fibrillation development. Th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Negatively charged very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL-χ) in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients exerts cytotoxic effects on endothelial cells and atrial myocytes. Atrial cardiomyopathy, manifested by atrial remodeling with a dilated diameter, contributes to atrial fibrillation pathogenesis and predicts atrial fibrillation development. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The pleiotropic behavior of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has gained global attention due to their immense potential for immunosuppression and their therapeutic role in immune disorders. MSCs migrate towards inflamed microenvironments, produce anti-inflammatory cytokines and conceal themselves from the innate immune system. These signatures are the...
Article
Full-text available
This research aims to delineate the anti‐inflammatory effect of pregerminated brown rice extract (PE) and γ‐oryzanol on improving metabolic features of high‐fat diet (HFD)‐induced metabolic syndrome (MetS) mouse model. C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into eight groups: regular diet (RD), HFD, HFD‐combined treatment of 0.5, 5, or 10 mg kg⁻¹ day⁻¹...
Article
Full-text available
Human pathologies such as Alzheimer’s disease, type 2 diabetes-induced insulin resistance, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases have altered lipid homeostasis. Among these imbalanced lipids, the bioactive sphingolipids ceramide and sphingosine-1 phosphate (S1P) are pivotal in the pathophysiology of these diseases. Several enzymes within the sphingol...
Article
Full-text available
Human pathologies such as Alzheimer’s disease, type 2 diabetes-induced insulin resistance, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases have altered lipid homeostasis. Among these imbalanced lipids, the bioactive sphingolipids ceramide and sphingosine-1 phosphate (S1P) are pivotal in the pathophysiology of these diseases. Several enzymes within the sphingol...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Electronegative L5 LDL exhibits atherogenic properties in vitro and in vivo, and its levels are elevated in patients with increased cardiovascular risk. Apolipoprotein E (APOE) content is increased in L5 LDL particles, but it remains unclear what role APOE plays in L5 function. Hypothesis: We sought to characterize the potential contr...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: Electronegative LDL (L5) is the most atherogenic fraction of LDL and is elevated in people with metabolic syndrome (MetS), while the RBP4 receptor (STRA6) cascade is disrupted in various organs of patients with obesity-related diseases. Our objective is to investigate whether L5 from MetS patients capably induces pathogenesis of aorta throug...
Article
Epidemiological studies have reported that elderly patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) are significantly more likely to develop neuronal degenerative diseases than those without MetS. Our previous study showed that patients with MetS had significantly higher levels of negatively charged very low density lipoproteins (VLDLs) in the plasma than h...
Article
Full-text available
For the diagnosis of disease, the ability to quantitatively detect trace amounts of the causal proteins from bacteria/viruses as biomarkers in patient specimens is highly desirable. Here we introduce a simple, rapid, and colorimetric assay as a de novo, ultrasensitive detection method. This ultrasensitive assay consists of a sandwich enzyme-linked...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) are at high risk for atrial myopathy and atrial fibrillation. Very low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs) of MetS (MetS-VLDLs) are cytotoxic to atrial myocytes in vivo and in vitro. The calcineurin–nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) pathway, which is regulated by stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1)/ c...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The chronic kidney disease (CKD) is widely diagnosed on the basis of albuminuria and the glomerular filtration rate. A more precise diagnosis of CKD, however, requires the assessment of other factors. Urinary adiponectin recently attracted attention for CKD assessment, but evaluation is difficult due to the very low concentration of urin...
Preprint
For the diagnosis of disease, the ability to quantitatively detect trace amounts of the causal proteins from bacteria/viruses as biomarkers in patient specimens is highly desirable. Here we introduce a simple, rapid, and colorimetric assay as a de novo, ultrasensitive detection method. This ultrasensitive assay consists of sandwich enzyme-linked im...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to discuss the non-catechin flavonoids (NCF) from Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze seed improving TNF-α impaired insulin stimulated glucose uptake and insulin signaling. Flavonoids had anti-metabolic syndrome and anti-inflammatory properties. It had widely been known for biological activity of catechins in tea, but very few...
Article
Background: O-GlcNAcylation is an important mechanism of diabetic complication. Retinoid homeostasis regulates cell-physiological functions through STRA6-retinol signaling. Therefore, we investigated whether O-GlcNAcylation disrupted STRA6-retinol signals in diabetes. Methods: Immunoprecipitation and proximity ligation assay were used to investi...
Article
Full-text available
Electronegative L5 low-density lipoprotein (LDL) level may be a useful biomarker for predicting cardiovascular disease. We determined the range of plasma L5 levels in healthy adults (n = 35) and examined the power of L5 levels to differentiate patients with coronary artery disease (CAD; n = 40) or patients with hyperlipidemia (HLP) without evidence...
Article
Full-text available
Dysregulation of plasma lipids is associated with age‐related cardiovascular diseases. L5, the most electronegative subfraction of chromatographically resolved low‐density lipoprotein (LDL), induces endothelial dysfunction, whereas the least electronegative subfraction, L1, does not. In this study, we examined the effects of L5 on endothelial senes...
Article
Hyperglycemia-associated glucotoxicity induces β-cell dysfunction and a reduction in insulin secretion. Voltage-dependent K+ (Kv) channels in pancreatic β-cells play a key role in glucose-dependent insulin secretion. KMUP-1, a xanthine derivative, has been demonstrated to modulate Kv channel activity in smooth muscles; however, the role of KMUP-1 i...
Article
Context Electronegative low-density lipoprotein (LDL) L5 is a naturally occurring, atherogenic entity found at elevated levels in the plasma of patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the absence of elevated plasma LDL levels. Objective To investigate the role of L5 in the mechanism of adipose tissue inflammation associated with MetS. Patients...
Article
Background: High-density lipoprotein (HDL), the only lipoprotein class that can cross the blood brain barrier bidirectionally, is positively associated with cognitive functions. To delineate HDL’s role in Alzhenimer’s disease (AD), we analyzed the chemical properties of plasma HDL from AD and healthy normal adult (control) subjects. Methods and res...
Article
Background: The most electronegative subfraction of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), L5, is atherogenic in vitro and in vivo, and its plasma levels are elevated in patients with high cardiovascular disease risk and ischemic stroke (Blood 2016;127:1336-45). Because L5 LDL may be a useful biomarker for predicting cardiovascular disease, we defined a re...
Article
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a health problem of great concern to both the public and medical authorities. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has been reported to play an important role in both the development and progression of CVD, but studies are underway to determine how LDL exerts its effects. In recent years, it has been found that LDL has seve...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Significantly higher cytotoxic and thrombogenic human electronegative low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or L5, has been found in patients with stable coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndrome. We hypothesized that the statin-benefit groups (SBGs) defined by the new cholesterol guideline were of higher electronegative L5. Method...
Article
Background: Thalassemia is the most common single gene disease in human beings. The prevalence rate of β-thalassemia in Taiwan is approximately 1-3%. Previously methods to reveal and diagnose severe deleted form of α- or β-thalassemia were insufficient and inappropriate for prenatal diagnosis. Methods: A real-time quantitative PCR method was set...
Article
Full-text available
Dyslipidemia has been proven to capably develop and aggravate chronic kidney disease. We also reported that electronegative low density lipoprotein (L5) is the most atherogenic LDL. On the other hand, retinoic acid (RA) and retinoic acid receptor agonist is reported to be beneficial in some kidney diseases. STRA6, one RBP4 receptor, is recently ide...
Article
Sphingomyelinase (SMase) catalyzes the degradation of sphingomyelin to ceramide. In patients with metabolic syndrome or diabetes, circulating plasma ceramide levels are significantly higher than in normal individuals. Our data indicate that electronegative low-density lipoprotein (LDL) shows SMase activity, which leads to increased ceramide levels...
Article
Background: Studies have shown that the classical acute-phase protein C-reactive protein (CRP) has proinflammatory effects on vascular cells and may play a causal role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease. A growing body of evidence has suggested that interplay between CRP, lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1), and atherogenic LDL...
Article
Full-text available
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) represents a cluster of metabolic derangements. Dyslipidemia is an important factor in MetS and is related to atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesized that very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) in MetS (MetS-VLDL) may induce atrial dilatation and vulnerability to AF. VLDL was therefore separated from normal (normal-VLDL) a...
Article
Background: The safety of statin use in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is an unsettled issue of critical importance during stroke management. To assess the benefits and risks of statin use in ICH patients, we analyzed the big data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) collected from a population known to...
Article
Full-text available
Roche modified the COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) test version 1.0 (CAP/CTM v1.0), resulting in the COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan HIV-1 test version 2.0 (CAP/CTM v2.0). The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the CAP/CTM v2.0 and to compare this performance with that of the CAP/CTM v1.0. The...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Compared to that of healthy normal subjects, plasma very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) of patients with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been shown to be more electronegative and atherogenic. Given the association between MetS and increased prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF), we investigated the mechanistic role of VLDL in the AF...
Article
Background: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are twice more likely to develop cardiovascular disease than the general population, even though their plasma LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) levels are usually not elevated. To delineate the mechanisms, we examined the chemical properties of their LDL. Methods and Results: LDL isolated from SLE...
Article
Full-text available
Electronegative low-density lipoprotein (LDL) found in human plasma is highly atherogenic, and its level is elevated in individuals with increased cardiovascular risk. In this review, we summarize the available data regarding the elevation of the levels of electronegative LDL in the plasma of patients with various diseases. In addition, we discuss...
Article
Because of the high cost of commercially available quantitative PCR kits, we developed a beacon- based real-time PCR (B-rt-PCR) for Cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load determination. A total of 197 samples from 60 immunocompromised patients, who were bone marrow transplantation recipients or had hematological malignancies, were tested using B-rt-PCR,...
Article
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that is associated with genetic and environmental factors and microbial infection. With respect to microbial infection, the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been a widely discussed issue in recent decades. Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) belongs to the same γ-herpesvirus subfamily as EBV and is cl...
Article
Full-text available
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) occurs in 0.2 % to 2.2 % of all live births and is the most common cause of intrauterine infection and the leading infectious cause of sensorineural hearing loss and mental retardation. This article reviews literature that relate to the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of this disease for pregnant women and their fetus....
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the molecular epidemiology of Taiwanese Echovirus 30 (E-30) strains, we analyzed the 876 bp sequence of the VP1 gene from 32 Taiwanese strains isolated in 1988-2008, 498 reference sequences, and one Echovirus 21 strain as the out-group. Phylogenetic analysis detected six E-30 genotypes (designated GI-GVI) that had circulated globally...
Article
Full-text available
Anion-exchange chromatography resolves human plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) into 5 subfractions, with increasing negative surface charge in the direction of L1 to L5. Unlike the harmless L1 to L4, the exclusively atherogenic L5 is rejected by the normal LDL receptor (LDLR) but endocytosed into vascular endothelial cells through the lectin-lik...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) mRNA expression and SOCS1 polymorphisms with the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). One hundred and eighty-one patients with RA and 96 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The SOCS1 mRNA level in peripheral blood mononu...
Article
Full-text available
With the aim of investigating the role of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus, 107 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, 101 healthy controls, and 151 patients with ankylosing spondylitis were enrolled in this study. SOCS1 mRNA level was measured by the method of quantitative real-tim...
Article
Full-text available
To elucidate the epidemiological relationships between ND outbreaks and genetic lineages, a portion of the F gene (535 bp) and the full-length HN gene (1922 bp) of recent Taiwanese NDVs isolated in 2002-2008 was amplified by reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced. Only a portion of above amplified PCR products of t...
Article
See related article, pages 1095–1102 Over the centuries, diabetes mellitus–associated ischemic ulcers have driven physicians to continue to improve their skills in healing the ulcers to prevent devastating complications.1 Unfortunately, extremity amputation still remains the outcome in many cases. The recent development of vascular progenitor cel...