Liam Heaney

Liam Heaney
Loughborough University | Lough · School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

PhD

About

46
Publications
8,503
Reads
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760
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - April 2018
University of Leicester
Position
  • Research Associate
November 2014 - August 2016
University of Leicester
Position
  • Research Assistant
October 2011 - September 2014
Loughborough University
Position
  • PhD Research Student

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are metabolites produced in the gut via microbial fermentation of dietary fibers referred to as microbiota-accessible carbohydrates (MACs). Acetate, propionate, and butyrate have been observed to regulate host dietary nutrient metabolism, energy balance, and local and systemic immune functions. In vitro and in vivo e...
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Recent developments in mass spectrometry (MS) analyses have seen a concerted effort to reduce the complexity of analytical workflows through the simplification (or removal) of sample preparation and the shortening of run‐to‐run analysis times. Ambient ionization mass spectrometry (AIMS) is an exemplar MS‐based technology that has swiftly developed...
Article
Chlorine‐based disinfectants protect pool water from pathogen contamination but produce potentially harmful halogenated disinfection by‐products (DBPs). This study characterized the bioaccumulation and elimination of exhaled DBPs post‐swimming and investigated changes in exhaled breath profiles associated with chlorinated pool exposure. Nineteen pa...
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The workings of the gut microbiome have gained increasing interest in recent years through the mounting evidence that the microbiota plays an influential role in human health and disease. A principal focus of this research seeks to further understand the production of metabolic by-products produced by bacteria resident in the gut, and the subsequen...
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Background Findings from the T.O.S.CA. Registry recently reported that patients with concomitant chronic heart failure (CHF) and impairment of insulin axis (either insulin resistance—IR or diabetes mellitus—T2D) display increased morbidity and mortality. However, little information is available on the relative impact of IR and T2D on cardiac struct...
Article
Introduction Data from the “Trattamento Ormonale nello Scompenso CArdiaco” (T.O.S.CA) registry showed that heart failure (HF) represents a complex clinical syndrome with different hormonal alterations. Renal failure represents a frequent complication in HF. We evaluated the relationship between renal function and insuline-like growth factor-1 (IGF-...
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Ambient ionization mass spectrometry (AIMS) has revolutionized the field of analytical chemistry, enabling the rapid, direct analysis of samples in their native state. Since the inception of AIMS almost 20 years ago, the analytical community has driven the further development of this suite of techniques, motivated by the plentiful advantages offere...
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Exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are of interest due to their minimally invasive sampling procedure. Previous studies have investigated the impact of exercise, with evidence suggesting that breath VOCs reflect exercise-induced metabolic activity. However, these studies have yet to investigate the impact of maximal exercise to exhaustion on...
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There is a global unmet need for rapid and cost-effective prognostic and diagnostic tools that can be used at the bedside or in the doctor’s office to reduce the impact of serious disease. Many cancers are diagnosed late, leading to costly treatment and reduced life expectancy. With prostate cancer, the absence of a reliable test has inhibited the...
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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are emerging in tissue engineering as promising acellular tools, circumventing many of the limitations associated with cell‐based therapies. Epigenetic regulation through histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition has been shown to increase differentiation capacity. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the potential of...
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Background and aims: Secondary metabolites are integral to multiple key plant processes: growth regulation, pollinator attraction, interactions with conspecifics, competitors and symbionts, yet their role in plant adaptation remains an underexplored area of research. Carnivorous plants use secondary metabolites to acquire nutrients from prey, but...
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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are complex nanoparticles required for the intercellular transfer of diverse biological cargoes. Unlike synthetic nanoparticles, EVs may provide a natural platform for the enhanced targeting and functional transfer of therapeutics across complex and often impenetrable biological boundaries (e.g. the blood-brain barrier...
Article
Background Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a gut-related metabolite, is associated with heart failure (HF) outcomes. However, TMAO is the final product of a complex metabolic pathway (i.e. choline/carnitine) that has never been entirely investigated in HF. The present study investigates a panel of metabolites involved in the TMAO-choline/carnitine m...
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Aims The aim of this study was to investigate whether ethnicity influences the associations between trimethylamine N‐oxide (TMAO) levels and heart failure (HF) outcomes. Methods and results Trimethylamine N‐oxide levels were measured in two cohorts with acute HF at two sites. The UK Leicester cohort consisted mainly of Caucasian (n = 842, 77%) and...
Article
The aim was to investigate how measurements of the lipidome differ according to the level and intensity of physical activity in a population at high risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). A targeted metabolomics platform provided quantitative molecular data on lipid species. Linear regression examined the associations between plasma lipid concentrations,...
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A sniffer (detecting) dog is conventionally defined as an animal trained to use its olfactory perceptions for detecting a vast array of substances, mostly volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including those exceptionally or exclusively generated in humans bearing specific pathologies. Such an extraordinary sniffing performance translates into the ca...
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In recent years there has been a rapid rise in interest for the application of probiotic supplements to act as mediators in health and disease. This appeal is predominantly due to ever-increasing evidence of the interaction of the microbiota and pathophysiological processes of disease within the human host. This narrative review considers the curre...
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Osteoblast-derived extracellular vesicles (EV) are a collection of secreted (sEVs) and matrix-bound nanoparticles that function as foci for mineral nucleation and accumulation. Due to the fact sEVs can be isolated directly from the culture medium of mineralizing osteoblasts, there is growing interest their application regenerative medicine. However...
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Purpose: Klinefelter syndrome (KS), the most frequent chromosomic abnormality in males, is associated with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism and an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The mechanisms involved in increasing risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are not completely understood. This review summarises the current unde...
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Background B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is known to be a risk marker following acute myocardial infarction (MI). More recently, truncated molecular forms of the BNP molecule have been identified, with the association of these forms and outcome in acute MI not known. The present study investigated their use as risk stratifying biomarkers of this...
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Background Exhaled breath gases are becomingly increasingly investigated for use as non-invasive measurements for clinical diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic monitoring. Exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the breath, which make up the exhaled volatilome, offer a rich sample medium that provides both information to external exposures as...
Article
Heart failure (HF) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Biomarkers are used to assist clinicians with timely diagnosis, prognosis, and risk prediction of patients for personalized treatment. Using modern proteomic methods such as mass spectrometry, an increasing number of novel biomarkers have been identified that further aid cli...
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Metabolomics incorporates the study of metabolites that are produced and released through physiological processes at both the systemic and cellular levels. Biological compounds at the metabolite level are of paramount interest in the sport and exercise sciences, although research in this field has rarely been referred to with the global 'omics term...
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Background: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) molecular forms 5-32, 4-32, and 3-32 are known to be present in the circulation of heart failure (HF) patients. This study investigated the prognostic role of circulating BNP molecular forms on risk prediction for patients with acute HF. Methods: BNP molecular forms were measured in plasma using an im...
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BACKGROUND: Risk stratification in acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains a clinical challenge. trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a gut-derived metabolite, was investigated for its ability to assist in risk stratification for acute MI hospitalizations. METHODS: TMAO was analyzed in 1079 acute MI patients. Associations with adverse outcome of all-ca...
Article
Aim: Breath analyses have potential to detect early signs of disease onset. Ambient ionization allows direct combination of breath gases with MS for fast, on-line analysis. Portable MS systems would facilitate field/clinic-based breath analyses. Results & methodology: Volunteers ingested peppermint oil capsules and exhaled volatile compounds were...
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Acute cardiothoracic and respiratory diseases frequently remain a challenge to diagnose and differentiate in the emergency setting. The main diseases that manifest with chest pain include ischaemic heart disease, myocarditis, acute pericarditis, aortic dissection/rupture and pulmonary embolism (PE). Diseases that primarily present with dyspnoea inc...
Article
The application of unit resolution tandem quadrupole and high-resolution orthogonal-acceleration time-of flight mass spectrometers for the quantitation and translational analysis of proteolytic peptides is described. The mass spectrometry platforms were contrasted in terms of sensitivity and linear response. Moreover, the selectivity of the platfor...
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Objective: Acute heart failure (AHF) is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a gut-derived metabolite, has reported association with mortality risk in chronic HF but this association in AHF is still unknown. The present study investigated TMAO in patients admitted to hospital with AHF, and association of cir...
Article
Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) has attracted interest as circulating levels have reported prognostic value in patients with cardiovascular conditions, such as heart failure. With continual advances in accurate mass measurements, robust methods that can employ the capabilities of time of flight mass spectrometers would offer additional utility in the...
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The human foot provides an ideal environment for the colonization and growth of bacteria and subsequently is a body site associated with the liberation of odour. This study aimed to enumerate and spatially map bacterial populations' resident across the foot to understand any association with odour production. Culture-based analysis confirmed that S...

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Projects (2)
Project
The general goal of the special issue will be to bring to the forefront the application of mass spectrometry as a powerful tool for clinical analyses, with research articles targeted to demonstrate the state-of-the-art research involving mass spectrometry as well as the preliminary investigations into novel and exciting techniques/assays that are still within the early developmental stages. The special issue is open for submissions and will close on 15th August 2019. If you are interested in contributing to this issue please contact me on ResearchGate or via email on L.M.Heaney2@Lboro.ac.uk.
Archived project
Compare tandem quadrupole and high-resolution mass spectrometers to show and distinguish the performance of these analyser types in targeted protein quantitation experiments.