Li-Kai Huang

Li-Kai Huang
Taipei Medical University | TMU

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35
Publications
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427
Citations

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Background: Differential abundance of gut microbiota has found to be associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the relative abundance of gut microbiota between dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in AD is not well studied. Objective: We attempted to identify differentially enriched gut microbes and their metabolic pathways in A...
Article
Background: This study investigated the determinants and use of Taiwan's long-term care (LTC) Plan Version 2.0 (LTC 2.0) services by persons with dementia (PWDs) and their caregivers. Methods: In total, 1268 PWD-caregiver dyads were enrolled for analysis from a national dementia registry. Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Use was us...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) cannot be neglected because it drastically influences the daily life of patients and their families. However, there are no studies exploring the association between preclinical blood biomarkers of neurodegeneration including plasma amyloid-β (Aβ), tau, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)...
Preprint
Background: Dementia and depression have emerged as two of the major mental health concerns for elderly people, which are likely to substantially affect public health in the coming decades. Both dementia and geriatric depression are associated with increased morbidity, health care utilization, and mortality. Early detection and treatment initiation...
Article
Background: To determine whether periodontitis is a risk factor for transient ischemic attack (TIA) in young adults. Materials and methods: National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. Retrospective cohort study. Individuals aged 20-53 years with periodontitis in 2001 and 2002 (n = 792,426) and an age- and sex-matched control group (n...
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Background: There is a dearth of information on male dementia caregivers in Asia and, in particular, on the factors relating to caregiver burden. We aimed to identify factors that may be associated with burden among male caregivers of people with dementia (PWD). Methods: Data were collected from a national dementia registration survey. The careg...
Article
Previous studies demonstrated differential abundances of gut microbiota between Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and normal controls (NCs). However, gut microbiota distribution between dementia and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) in AD subjects lacks clear data. With whole‐genome shotgun metagenomic sequencing (WGS), we aimed to identify differen...
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Full-text available
Objective The Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination III (ACE-III) is a 100-points cognitive test used in detecting dementia in many countries. There has been no validation study of the ACE-III in patients with suspected dementia in a Taiwanese population, where the language is traditional Chinese. We aimed to culturally adapt and validate the ACE-III...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Dementia and depression have emerged as two of the major mental health concerns for elderly people, which are likely to substantially affect public health in the coming decades. Both dementia and geriatric depression are associated with increased morbidity, health care utilization, and mortality. Early detection and treatment initiation...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In Alzheimer's disease (AD), cognitive impairment begins 10-15 years later than neurodegeneration in the brain. Plasma biomarkers are promising candidates for assessing neurodegeneration in people with normal cognition. It has been reported that subjects with the concentration of plasma amyloid-β 1-42×total tau protein higher than 455...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) cannot be neglected because it drastically influences the daily life of patients and their families. However, there are no studies exploring the association between preclinical blood biomarkers of neurodegeneration including plasma amyloid-β (Aβ), tau and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)...
Article
Background: People with cognitive impairment are susceptible to fall. Previous studies regarding balance and gait enrolled patients with various severity of dementia. Quantification of the balance and gait performance of people with cognitive impairment may help identify their postural instability and fall risks. Aim: We investigated the differe...
Article
Objective This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of high-intensity functional exercise among older adults with dementia. Methods In this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, we collected articles published before August 2020 from PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to evaluate the effect of high-intensity...
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Objective To investigate whether dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA) and neuroimaging characteristics are determinants of poststroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). Methods Eighty patients within 7 days of acute ischemic stroke and 35 age‐ and sex‐matched controls were enrolled. In the patients with stroke, brain magnetic resonance imaging and dynam...
Article
Objectives Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) are the most effective treatment for Alzheimer disease (AD), but the response to treatment varies. Vascular lesions are associated with the pathogenesis of AD, and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are an indicator of hemorrhagic vascular pathology, which can be detected through susceptibility-weighted magneti...
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Full-text available
Alzheimer disease (AD) accounts for 60–70% of dementia cases. Given the seriousness of the disease and continual increase in patient numbers, developing effective therapies to treat AD has become urgent. Presently, the drugs available for AD treatment, including cholinesterase inhibitors and an antagonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, can o...
Article
Inappropriate care for patients with cognitive dysfunction in the hospital could worsen quality of care and medical service satisfaction.All elderly participants were recruited from acute wards of 5 departments in an university hospital. They were administered the Chinese version of Ascertain Dementia 8 (AD8) at admission and the Nursing Service Sa...
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Both amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles are pathological hallmarks in the brains of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, the constituents of these hallmarks, amyloid beta (Aβ) 40, Aβ42, and total Tau (t-Tau), have been detected in the blood of cognitively normal subjects by using an immunomagnetic reduction (IMR) assay. Whether...
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Objectives: Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) is a common disease that may occur within 3 months after a stroke or even later. However, the mechanism of PSCI development is unclear. The present study investigated whether the levels of plasma amyloid beta-42 (Aβ42) and tau are associated with the onset of PSCI. Methods: Fifty-five patients adm...
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Full-text available
Objectives: Association between net vertebral artery flow volume (NVAFV) and stroke types remains unclear. We hypothesize NVAFV is low in patients with posterior circulation infarction (PCI) and an ideal cut-off value for discriminating PCI from anterior circulation infarction (ACI) and controls may be present. Materials and Methods: As study candi...
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Objectives Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) are the mainstream treatment for delaying cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Low vitamin B12 is associated with cognitive dysfunction, and its supplementation has been applied as the treatment for certain types of reversible dementia. The present study hypothesized that baseline serum vitamin...
Article
Neural activity varies continually from moment to moment. Such temporal variability (TV) has been highlighted as a functionally specific brain property playing a fundamental role in cognition. We sought to investigate the mechanisms involved in TV changes between two basic behavioural states, namely having the eyes open (EO) or eyes closed (EC) in...
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Full-text available
Objectives: To determine whether periodontitis is a modifiable risk factor for dementia. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. Participants: Individuals aged 65 and older with periodontitis (n = 3,028) and an age- and sex-matched control group (n = 3,028). Measurements: Individual...
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Full-text available
meningitis or encephalitis with or without neurological deficits. JEV typically attacks the thalamus, corpus striatum, brainstem and spinal cord. The laboratory diagnosis of JEV infection involves the detection of anti-JEV antibody IgMs using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), which has high sensitivity and specificity. Because of the la...
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Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) is the reactivation of herpes zoster in the geniculate ganglion and typically presents the triad of ipsilateral peripheral type facial paralysis, ear pain, and erythematous vesicles in the external auditory canal and auricle. However, some unusual variants may occur. Here we present a patient of atypical RHS with uncommon...
Article
Aims and objectivesTo explore varied forms of psychological distress and to determine the mediating influence of psychological distress on functional outcomes in stroke patients.Background Previous studies attest to the influence of depression on poststroke functional recovery. While there is evidence for neuropathological deficits that occur after...
Article
Full-text available
Background: longitudinal myelitis (LM) is defined by the continuous lesion of more than four spinal cord segments. LM is a rare variant of acute transverse myelitis and it frequently presented poor responses to immunomodulatory therapy, which resulted in severe and disabling sequelae. We reported a case of acute longitudinal myelitis involving ext...

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