Levent Bat

Levent Bat
Sinop Üniversitesi · Department of Hydrobiology

Prof. Dr.
Impact of contaminants and microplastics on sediments and biota in marine environment.

About

536
Publications
133,870
Reads
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3,170
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Introduction
Levent Bat carried out research for a PhD on the ecotoxicological effects of metals on marine invertebrates. His work involves both ecological and chemistical procedures. His specialisation as: (i) Main field Marine Biology. Researches based on levels of heavy metals in marine fauna flora and sediment (ii) Current research interests Aquatic Toxicology & Marine pollution (iii) Other fields phyto, zoo, ichthyo, macroplankton and jellyfish of the Black Sea.(iv) marine litter and microplastics
Additional affiliations
July 2007 - present
Sinop Üniversitesi
Position
  • Head of Department
July 2007 - January 2016
Sinop Üniversitesi
Position
  • Head of Department
April 1993 - December 1996
University of Aberdeen
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
May 2007 - December 2020
Sinop Üniversitesi
Field of study
  • Marine Biology
May 2004 - May 2007
Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi
Field of study
  • Marine Biology

Publications

Publications (536)
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this investigation was to determine the contamination of toxic (Pb, Hg, Cd) and essential (Cu, Fe, and Zn) elements in the comestible flesh of economically substantial fish gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) and to assess the dangers of seafood consumption to human health. Fish samples for metal analysis were collected from different fis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this presentation, the pollution studies (eutrophication, contaminants and marine litter) carried out on the coast of Samsun and river-sea interaction areas (Yeşilırmak and Sakarya) are summarized. Despite these efforts, the current situation of scientific exchange and cooperation across the basin needs to be improved in order to identify and im...
Article
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Microplastics are one of the major pollution problems of nowadays, have been found in both marine environments and various fish species worldwide. In this study, the presence of microplastics in digestive systems and gills of 6 species from the Scombridae family on the coast of Karachi in Pakistan was investigated. A total of 336 fish were examined...
Article
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One hundred and seven samples were collected from sea surface from 5 stations along the Jordanian coast of the Gulf of Aqaba. 188 species were identified under six phytoplankton classes. Dinoflagellates dominate sixty percent of the total species. Diatoms constituted 38% and other groups represented by 2%. The geographical distribution of the ident...
Article
Full-text available
Enrichments of metals in surface sediments from Iğneada shores of the Black Sea were analysed to define the level of contamination in the region. For this purposes, Cd, Hg, Pb, Cu, Cr, Ni, Zn, Mn, Al and Fe levels in surface sediments were studied from 6 stations. Sediment samples were collected using a Van Veen grab. Elemental analyses in sediment...
Article
Spatial and temporal changes in some ecological characteristics (i.e. biomass, abundance, morphometrics, sex-composition, growth parameters and population dynamics) of the invasive veined rapa whelk (Rapana venosa) were studied off Sinop Bay, in the southern Black Sea. The whelk specimens were sampled from three depths (15 m, 25 m and 35 m) at mont...
Article
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Concentrations of toxic metals (Cd, Hg and Pb) in the edible tissues of seven commercial fish species (Mullus barbatus, Merlangius merlangus, Scophthalmus maximus, Mugil cephalus, Engraulis encrasicolus, Trachurus mediterraneus and Sarda sarda) collected from Sinop coasts of the southern Black Sea were detected in 11 years. In several fish samples,...
Article
Carbon (C) cycling is being influenced by global climate change, which is altering the primary productivity and the rate at which carbon is fixed, released and stored in vegetation systems on Earth. Carbon sequestration is recognised as the storing of carbon dioxide (CO 2) and other kinds of carbon for a long time. A selective atmospheric carbon-ba...
Preprint
The ubiquitous presence of microplastics (MPs) in all oceans has become a significant threat to nature as global plastic production continues to increase. Now, and over the next 20 to 30 years, it is the time to address the consequences of the rise of the plastic industry global production of millions of items, ranging from a single pen to automobi...
Article
Full-text available
Concentrations of Cd, Hg, Pb, As, Al, Cu, Fe, and Zn were determined in the muscles of wild and farmed European seabass in Sinop markets between September and December in 2020, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry after microwave digestion. In the study, iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), aluminum (Al), and copper (Cu) were found higher than the o...
Chapter
Chapter 8 Microplastic Pollution in the Black Sea: An Overview of the Current Situation Levent Bat, and Ayşah Öztekin 8.1 Introduction Microplastic pollution is one of the most important problems of today. It is an undeniable fact that the presence of microplastics in marine environment and their effects on marine biota. The Black Sea has been...
Book
Full-text available
This document is based on the activities of the ANEMONE project (Assessing the vulnerability of the Black Sea marine ecosystem to human pressures) with the financial support from the Joint Operational Programme Black Sea Basin 2014-2020. The authors would like to thank to the Joint Cruise team including R/V Mare Nigrum personnel who made possible...
Book
Full-text available
This document is based on the activities of the ANEMONE project (Assessing the vulnerability of the Black Sea marine ecosystem to human pressures) with the financial support from the Joint Operational Programme Black Sea Basin 2014-2020.
Book
Full-text available
This document is based on the activities of the ANEMONE project (Assessing the vulnerability of the Black Sea marine ecosystem to human pressures) with the financial support from the Joint Operational Programme Black Sea Basin 2014-2020.
Preprint
Full-text available
The ubiquitous presence of microplastics (MPs) across all oceans has emerged as a signi cant marine hazard as worldwide plastic production continues to grow. Now and during the next 20-30 years will be the time to confront the implications of the plastic industry's rise, which has resulted in the large-scale global production of millions of plastic...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this study was to quantify the content of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb, Hg) in the bivalve Mytilus galloprovincialis, which was obtained from the Black Sea's Sinop peninsula, as well as estimate the health risks. Concentrations of heavy metals in mussels' soft tissues ranged between 16.4-21.8, 0.52-0.93, 0.13-0.45; 0.015-0.019 and 0.006...
Book
Full-text available
This document is based on the activities of the ANEMONE project (Assessing the vulnerability of the Black Sea marine ecosystem to human pressures) with the financial support from the Joint Operational Programme Black Sea Basin 2014-2020.
Book
Full-text available
Executive summary This report is part of the ANEMONE project (“Assessing the vulnerability of the Black Sea marine ecosystem to human pressures“), BSB-319, funded by the Joint Operational Programme Black Sea Basin 2014-2020. The present document presents the results of the marine litter case studies conducted in Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey and Ukrain...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. Toxic metals in fish, even at low levels, have negative consequences for human health. Even essential metals pose a health threat if consumed in certain quantities. Mercury, cadmium, and lead are the most frequent metals containing in fish. The research objective was to inspect the quality of aquaculture fish found in most major groce...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic material dominates our life and accordingly, it dominates the environment as a pollutant. Pakistan coasts are facing with plastic pollution problem like the rest of the world. The number and types of microplastics found in sea water and sediment samples from 25 locations along the Arabian Sea coast of Pakistan were explored in this study. T...
Chapter
Marine zones are facing threats due to ever increasing levels of contaminants that affect an organism’s functions and ecological services. In particular, heavy metal pollution is a global issue of public health concern due to bio-magnification effects in marine ecosystems. Macro-algae constitute the basis of the marine food chain. The Black Sea is...
Book
Full-text available
Radioactivity can be found at different levels in various environments such as soil, rock, water food and in air. In principle, the source of environmental radioactivity can be classified into two groups named natural and manmade. Natural radiation sources can have cosmic or terrestrial origin. Terrestrial radiation sources originate from primordia...
Chapter
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Upon entering into the marine ecosystem, pollutants, particularly heavy metals, eventually accumulate in sediment. It is well known that sediments found an ecologically significant part of the marine habitats where heavy metals, both essential and non-essential, may be commuted amongst biological stages. Due to growing industrial, domestic and recr...
Article
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To better predict population evolution of invasive species in introduced areas it is critical to identify and understand the mechanisms driving genetic diversity and structure in their native range. Here, we combined analyses of the mitochondrial COI gene and 11 microsatellite markers to investigate both past demographic history and contemporaneous...
Chapter
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Marine litter is one of the most important pollution problems of today. It has been observed in all marine ecosystems and has a big pressure on marine coastal environment. The Black Sea is one of the most important European seas and gets its share from this pollution. Sinop, located right at the middle of the southern Black Sea coast, is a settleme...
Chapter
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Composition and abundance of anthropogenic litter were investigated on adjacent coastal beaches of three rivers flowing into the NorthWestern and Southern Black Sea. A single sampling survey was conducted during the period August-September 2019 within 4 sectors of sandy beaches with different level of urbanization situated at the Romanian and Turki...
Article
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z: Karadeniz'in Sinop kıyılarında Ocak 2008-Aralık 2008 tarihleri arasında yürütülen bu çalışmada jelimsi organizmalardan Mnemiopsis leidyi türünün bazı popülasyon parametreleri çalışılmıştır. Araştırmada 980 M. leidyi bireyinde boy ve ağırlık ölçümleri yapılmıştır. Türe ait ortalama boy ve ağırlık sırasıyla 3,2±0,06 cm ve 7,3±0,25 g olarak hesapla...
Article
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The amounts of toxic metals (Pb, Hg and Cd) in tissues of Stereoderma kirschbergi in the Sinop coasts of the south of the Black Sea were measured for the first time. Toxic metal analyses were made by the Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometer. The general tendency in all metal concentrations in both sediment and sea cucumber samples were Pb>H...
Article
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The bioaccumulation of metals in the common carp Cyprinus carpio L., 1758 was monitored to assess the pollution status in Kızılırmak. The common carp samples were captured by local fishermen and were purchased from fish markets in Bafra. Liver, gill, stomach + intestine, skin and muscles of C. carpio were analyzed for Fe, Zn, Cu, Pb, Hg and Cd usin...
Article
Full-text available
International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics (IJEGEO) is an international, multidisciplinary, peer reviewed, open access journal. Abstract Heavy metals can remain in the marine ecosystems for a long time, they may affect biota in the food chain as a result. Sometimes the existence of xenobiotics causes so great a alter in the ecosystem t...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: The bioaccumulation of metals in the common carp Cyprinus carpio L., 1758 was monitored to assess the pollution status in Kızılırmak. The common carp samples were captured by local fishermen and were purchased from fish markets in Bafra. Liver, gill, stomach + intestine, skin and muscles of C. carpio were analyzed for Fe, Zn, Cu, Pb, Hg a...
Article
Full-text available
Fish are an important part of the diet of the local people in the coasts of the Black Sea. The concentrations of three essential (Fe, Zn, Cu) and three non-essential (Pb, Hg, Cd) heavy metals were determined in Rainbow trout from Samsun fish market. In the present study, the maximum amounts of the toxic metals were 0.014 Pb mg kg-1 wet wt., 0.024 H...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to determine mercury levels in sediments, surface sea water and Holothuria leucospilota muscles and skin in two selected sites from Karachi coast. Samples were collected during two seasons southwest monsoon (August-September) and northeast monsoon (December-January). The concentrations of Hg in sediment ranged from...
Article
Full-text available
This study is to provide information on levels of the elements in leaves and roots-rhizomes of Zostera marina and Zostera noltei, their surrounding sea water and sediments collected from Akliman and Türkeli coastal areas of Sinop city in the Black Sea four times between September 2015 and July 2016. The concentrations of Al, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn,...
Article
Full-text available
In current years, observing the concentration of heavy metals in marine biota has received much awareness as the public are more aware about the healthy environment and food. Intensity of these metals in a huge range of finfish and shellfish would give baseline information for some of the toxic metals. In the present investigation an attempt has be...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was performed to assess Cd, Pb, and Hg contaminations and human health risk in the warty crab Eriphia verrucosa (Forskål, 1775) in Akliman shores of Sinop Peninsula of the Black Sea. Heavy metals analysis was performed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Among studied toxic metals, Pb had the highest mean concentratio...
Article
Full-text available
In current years, observing the concentration of heavy metals in marine biota has received much awareness as the public are more aware about the healthy environment and food. Intensity of these metals in a huge range of finfish and shellfish would give baseline information for some of the toxic metals. In the present investigation an attempt has be...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. The coastal contamination of the Black Sea has been an important issue for several decades. Heavy metals are the most harmful contaminants which affect people health. The research objective of the present study was to determine the amounts of Cd, Hg, Pb, Cu, and Zn found in the whiting (M. merlangus L.) and the red mullet M. barbatus...
Article
Full-text available
The levels of five heavy metals (mercury, cadmium, lead, copper and zinc) were analyzed in edible tissues of Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus, 1758 marketed in Sinop coasts of the Black Sea by using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. With the present study, heavy metal values of this fish in the Black Sea were examined for the first time. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to determine the amounts of As, Cd, Hg and Pb in the muscle tissue of Engraulis encrasicolus caught from Sinop coasts of the Black Sea. Metal analysis was performed by ICP-MS. Pb showed the highest concentration followed by As, Hg and Cd. The presence of four toxic metal levels was determined in the edible tissues of E. enc...
Presentation
Full-text available
THE EFFECTS OF METALS ON HUMAN HEALTH IN SOUTH BLACK SEA: APPRASIAL OF FISH Levent BATa*, Fatih ŞAHİNa , Elif ARICIb, Ayşah ÖZTEKİNa a Department of Hydrobiology, Fisheries Faculty, University of Sinop b Vocational School of Health Services, University of Sinop (*leventbat@gmail.com) ABSTRACT The European Parliament published in the field of...
Conference Paper
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Phytoplankton studies in 2014-2019 sampling seasons revealed a total of 190 species including 83 species of diatoms, 88 species of dinoflagellates and 19 species of other groups. The species composition in the 2014-2019 sampling seasons was composed of 46% of dinoflagellates, 44% diatoms and 10% other groups. Both abundance and biomass values were...
Conference Paper
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The European Parliament published in the field of Marine Environment Policy Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), ecological quality and integrity in estuarine, the coastal and open ocean systems, has been developed to protect and restore. MSFD is based on the principle of ecosystem-based management considers all pressures of the seas and app...
Article
Full-text available
In this study the amounts of mercury (Hg) were determined in tentacles and muscle tissues of O. ehrenbergii and S. buccalis from two coastal sites of Karachi; Buleji and Sunehri during Southwest monsoon (August and September) and Northeast monsoon (December and January) seasons of the year 2018. The mean amounts of Hg in edible tissues of sea cucum...
Article
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In this study four Polychaetes species namely Capitella capitata, Nereis zonata, Platynereis dumerilii and Perinereis cultrifera were selected to evaluate metal pollution in Karakum shores of Sinop Peninsula in the southern Black Sea. The Hg, Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn amounts in water, sediment as well as their existence in Polychaetes were studied to appr...
Article
Full-text available
The Black Sea is a unique sea with its characteristics and is Turkey's most important sea. The Black Sea is like a large laboratory and is one of the most interesting seas of the word both in scientific and non-scientific aspects. Although Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides, the fisheries activities are carried out in mostly the Black Sea....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this study to conduct a health risk assessment of six heavy metals attributed to consumption of Diplodus puntazzo (Walbaum, 1792) and Diplodus annularis (Linnaeus, 1758) available for consumers. Results of the present study showed that Fe and Zn were the most abundant among edible tissues of these species followed by Cu. The order of acc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was the investigation of Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd levels in entire gills, liver and muscle tissues in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) collected from Sırakaraağaçlar Stream in Sinop Province. It is very important to determine the levels of heavy metals which can be a risk to people health. The highest concentration of Pb (0.66 m...
Conference Paper
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Sinop, located in the northeast part of the Black Sea, is potentially threatened by domestic and industrial wastes. The aim of the present study was to monitor the heavy metal pollution in phylum Rhodophyta macroalgae species associated with sediment and water along Sinop coastal waters. Samples collected from eight different stations in 2015-2016....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Toxic metals (cadmium, mercury and lead) and essential trace elements (copper and zinc) were analysed in liver and edible tissues and entire gills of Chub mackerel collected from Sinop shores of the Black Sea using ICP-MS (Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometer) after wet digestion. The heavy metal amounts ranged from 0.022 to 0.058, 0.029 to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aim of this study was to assess the current heavy metals in sediments of Sinop shores of the Black Sea. Enrichments of the heavy metals were detected on the surface sediments of Sinop shores in the Black Sea. For this purposes, Hg, Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn and Fe levels in surface sediments were studied from five stations in Sinop shores of the Black Sea. Th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the present study, seasonally sampling was performed at Sarıkum Lake at 4 locations in the year of 2011. The lake is known as eutrophic. The environmental pollution parameters were analysed at the water samples and surface sediment collected from Sarıkum Lake of Sinop Provincial. On the water samples, dissolved oxygen values were found between 3...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Black Sea ecosystem for remediation and protection, thus metal data from this region is needed. In the present study, toxic heavy metals (Cd, Hg and Pb) in Rapana venosa and sediments in Sinop coasts of the Black Sea were investigated. Toxic metals analysis was performed by ICP-MS. The heavy metal levels in sediments occurred in descending orde...
Conference Paper
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The amounts of Pb, Cd and Hg in the edible tissues of Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 (Mediterranean mussel) collected from Sinop shores of the Black Sea during summer months of the years 2016, 2017 and 2018 have been determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometer (ICP/MS). The concentrations of toxic heavy metals in M. gallopro...
Article
Full-text available
Cystoseira barbata (Stackhouse) C. Agardh, 1820 and Cystoseira crinita Duby, 1830 widely distributed and dominant in the Black Sea collected from Sinop coastal zone to monitor the current situation of regional metal pollution during the 2015-2016. Macro-algae, sediments and seawater samples were analyzed for metal contents (Al, As, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe,...
Article
Full-text available
Static bioassays to assess acute toxicity of cadmium on Ophelia bicornis were first time conducted. Organisms were exposed to the different concentrations of cadmium for 24, 48, 72 and 96-hr. The LC 50 values for 24, 48, 72 and 96-h with 95% confidence limits were estimated by the probit method and were found as 26 (22.8-29.4), 18 (15-22), 12 (9.1-...
Article
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Connectivity between populations shapes the genetic structure of species being crucial for an effective management of environmental resources. Genetic approaches can provide indirect measures of connectivity, allowing the identification of genetically differentiated - unconnected - populations. In this study, we applied a 2b-RAD approach based on h...
Article
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This study analyzed three popular species of fish in raw and cooked (curried and fried) form, commonly consumed in Karachi coast and overall in Pakistan for their essential and heavy metal composition. The outcomes revealed that the content of toxic heavy metal (Hg) was observed in all raw samples particularly in raw Mulla fish (Lethrinus nebulosus...
Article
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In the Turkish Black Sea coasts fish is particularly consumed because of high protein supplies, essential amino acids, vitamin, and mineral content. Fish are exposed to contaminants such as heavy metals in polluted waters. The aims of the study are to determine heavy metals in Pleuronectiformes species from Sinop coasts of the Black Sea and determi...
Article
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The aim of this study was to identify differences in the distribution of Mn (Manganese), Fe (Iron), NO 3 − (Nitrates) and reactive phosphates (RP) in the water columns of the eastern and western basin of the Black Sea region. Accordingly, the selected sampling area covered offshore waters from west to east including Istanbul (station KD01), Ereğli...
Article
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In this study, gastric contents of the medusa Rhizostoma pulmo distributed along the Samsun coast of the Black Sea were investigated between August 2008 and January 2010. Moreover, the relationship between the umbrella diameter and prey selectivity was determined. Captured R. pulmo individuals during the sampling period varied from 14.5 to 42.5 cm...