Lev V. Eppelbaum

Lev V. Eppelbaum
Tel Aviv University | TAU · Department of Geophysics

PhD
Geodynamics, Tectonophysics, Potential fields, Geophysical-Geological Mapping, Environmental & Archaeological Geophysics

About

648
Publications
191,591
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
5,027
Citations
Introduction
Lev Eppelbaum, in 2005, received the position of Principal Research Assoc. (Associated Professor) at Tel Aviv University. In 2020 he was awarded 'Honorary Professor' of Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University. Lev receives several awards, including the Christian Huygens medal of the EGU (2019). He authored about 410 publications, including ten books and nearly 175 articles. Web of Science: 153 publications. Google Scholar citations: 5,801. Homepage: https://www.tau.aс.il/~levap .
Additional affiliations
June 2005 - present
Tel Aviv University
Position
  • Principal Investigator
October 1998 - present
Tel Aviv University
Position
  • Teaching Courses at Tel Aviv University: (1) Potential Geophysical Fields, (2) Environmental Geophysics, (3) Archaeological Geophysics
October 1998 - present
Tel-Aviv University, Israel
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
July 1991 - June 1993
Tel Aviv University
Field of study
  • Geophysics
May 1984 - March 1989
September 1977 - September 1982

Publications

Publications (648)
Article
Full-text available
The Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret) is located in northern Israel in a complex tectonic setting where the Dead Sea Transform crosscuts other fault systems. The practical absence of wells in the sea hinders geological-geophysical data interpretation. The total magnetic field map shows an intricate pattern of the magnetic field distribution caused by...
Book
Full-text available
This book describes the advantages and applications of potential and quasi-potential field interpretation in the complex environments of the Caucasus. The specifics of the media, the petrophysical supports, and various types of geophysical surveys are discussed. Extensive findings have shown that a common approach to the analysis of magnetic (prima...
Book
Full-text available
This book describes the origin and characteristics of the Earth’s thermal field, thermal flow propagation, and some thermal phenomena in the Earth. Description of thermal properties of rocks and methods of thermal field measurements in boreholes, underground, at near-surface conditions enables us to understand the principles of temperature field ac...
Article
Full-text available
Magnetic prospecting is one of the most widely used methods for archaeological prospection in the world. Noise both of natural (main factors are inclined magnetization, complex geological (archaeological) structure of investigated sites, and uneven terrain relief and noise of artificial origin strongly obscure interpretation of observed magnetic an...
Article
Full-text available
The tectonic–geodynamic characteristics of the North African–Arabian region are complicated by the interaction of numerous factors. To study this interaction, we primarily used satellite gravimetric data (retracked to the Earth’s surface), which has been acknowledged as a powerful tool for tectonic–geodynamic zonation. The applied polynomial averag...
Book
The book reviews global karst problems, including those in the Dead Sea (DS) region. Different geophysical methodologies for resolving these problems are described and explained in detail. The book's first part presents an overview of the karst problem worldwide. It includes general classifications of the karst types, the solubility of rocks, dis...
Chapter
The Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret) is located in northern Israel in a complex tectonic setting where the Dead Sea Transform crosscuts other fault systems. The practical absence of boreholes in the sea hinders geological-geophysical data interpretation. For the first time, gravity, magnetic, paleomagnetic, radiometric, and seismological data were an...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of infinitesimal elastic deformation and the theory of elastic seismic waves was formed in the first part of the 19th century and was based mainly on the Fermat, Huygens and Snell developments in the theory of optics. At the same time, seismic wave propagation (utilized in geophysical prospecting) and optic wave propagation through defi...
Article
Full-text available
The easternmost Mediterranean is a distinct transition zone from the ocean to the continent located at the junction between the largest Earth's lithospheric segments: Eurasian and African. The methodology of paleomagnetic mapping of such transition zones is based on integrating the mapping techniques for both continental and oceanic platforms: pale...
Preprint
The study of the ancient anthropological sites of the Levantine Corridor is very significant for understanding the evolution of ancient hominins and the time of their dispersal from East Africa to the Caucasus and Eurasia. The paleomagnetic studies and event stratigraphy of the latest Cenozoic for the Levantine region are comprehensively generalize...
Preprint
The easternmost Mediterranean is a distinct transition zone from the ocean to the continent located at the junction between the largest Earth's lithospheric segments: Eurasian and African. The methodology of paleomagnetic mapping of such transition zones is based on integrating the mapping techniques for both continental and oceanic platforms: pale...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrospheric disturbances played a vital role in developing the stratigraphic scale and the planetary periodization scale during the Late Cenozoic. The most exceptional in paleogeographic and sedimentation-biotic terms is the Akchagylian basin. It is anomalously elongated far to the north and characterized by a typology of transition from a brackis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The geodynamic-paleomagnetic mapping makes it possible to reveal the multilevel structural heterogeneity and display complex elements of the geodynamics of different ages inherent in the junction (transition) zones. Two main geodynamical processes are developed in the region under study: (1) final collisional and (2) initial spreading. Paleomagneti...
Chapter
Full-text available
Geophysical potential fields (magnetic, self-potential, gravity, resistivity, and thermal) are effective, low-cost, and rapid tools for studying most archaeological remains globally. Innovative interpretation methodologies developed in magnetic prospecting for complex physical-geological (archaeological) environments (oblique magnetization (polariz...
Article
Full-text available
The origin of the man on Earth is directly associated with determining the directions of the flow distribution of the ancient man dispersal to adjacent regions. In such studies, mainly landscape and climatological changes are traditionally analyzed. We suggest that regional tectonic-geodynamic factors played a dominant role in the character of disp...
Data
Cover for a book 'Handbook of Cultural Heritage Analysis', Springer, January 2022
Preprint
The origin of the Man at the Earth is directly associated with the determination of directions of the flow distribution of the ancient man dispersal to adjacent territories. In such studies, traditionally, mainly landscape and climatological changes are considered. We suggest that regional tectonic-geodynamic factors played a dominant role in the c...
Article
Full-text available
Investigation of the electromagnetic (EM) fields from distant VLF military transmitters is one of the most prompt and low-expensive geophysical methods. It currently finds frequent applications in prospecting for various deposits, a search of subsurface underground water, archaeogeophysical studies, and various types of geological mapping. The VLF-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When a tsunami wave comes from the ocean and spreads along the shelf, it is very important to predict several hazardous factors: (a) the maximum flooding of the coast, (b) the height of the tsunami wave on the coast, (c) the speed of propagation of the tsunami front, (d) the time of arrival of the tsunami at a given point on the coast and around it...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
К физико-химическим процессам, протекающим в нижней ионосфере Земли с участием электронно-возбужденных состояний, в настоящее время проявляется значительный интерес, что связано, в первую очередь, с проблемами дистанционной пассивной локации поверхности Земли. Спонтанный рост солнечной активности сопровождается значительным увеличением электромагни...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The methodology known as paleomagnetic mapping was precipitated by developing two scientific directions: (1) paleomagnetic stratigraphy and (2) the examination of magnetic anomalies in the World Ocean. Conventional paleomagnetic mapping has been methodologically formed as the problem of identifying the bedding conditions of magnetostratigraphic uni...
Data
The Eastern Mediterranean, in the Neo-Tethyan collision zone, consists mainly of the Mesozoic terrane belt and the adjoining oceanic crust complex of the northern part of the Sinai plate. Combined analysis of geophysical (magnetic, paleomagnetic, gravity, seismic, and thermal) data, tectonic, structural, and paleogeographical data sheds light on th...
Conference Paper
The Eastern Mediterranean is a tectonically complex region composed of a set of structures of the Tethys Ocean remnant. The initial discovery and mapping of the Kiama zone of inverse polarity have been performed based on 3D combined modeling of magnetic and gravity fields with the attraction of paleomagnetic and seismic data (initially, it was pres...
Chapter
Full-text available
Self-potential (SP) method is one of the most non-expensive and unsophisticated geophysical methods. However, its application is limited due to the absence of reliable interpreting methodology, first for the complex geological-environmental conditions. A brief review of the available interpretation methods is presented. The essential disturbances a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The self-potential (SP) method is one of the most non-expensive and unsophisticated geophysical methods. However, its application is limited due to the absence of a reliable interpreting methodology, first for complex geological-environmental conditions. The essential disturbances appearing in the SP method and some ways for their removal (eliminat...
Conference Paper
The Hebron magnetic anomaly is the most significant magnetic anomaly observed in the territory of Israel. Some investigators have associated this anomaly with the magnetic sources occurring at comparatively small depths (5-7 km). Quantitative analysis of airborne data (1000 m over the Earth's surface) indicates that the upper edge of the anomalous...
Article
Full-text available
When a tsunami wave comes from the ocean and propagates through the shelf, it is very important to predict several dangerous factors: (a) maximum flooding of the coast, (b) tsunami wave height on the coast, (c) velocity of the tsunami front propagation through the coast, and (d) time of tsunami arriving at a given point in the coast and around it....
Data
Several events and processes can occur at some particular thermodynamic conditions, which can serve as markers of these conditions. Some examples of such events and processes are the formation of BIFs, red beds and/or paleosols, the state of decomposition of carbonates, iron sulfides, and other rocks and minerals, and the process of serpentinizatio...
Data
It is well-known that many geological and environmental processes express nonlinear features as seen in fluid turbulence, heat transfer, kimberlite pipe propagation through the Earth’s crust, plume effects, plate tectonics, etc. (e.g., Keilis-Borok 1990; Beck and Schlögl 1995; Turcotte 1995; Bercovici and Kelly 1997; Eppelbaum and Kardashov 2001; V...
Data
Mud volcanoes are widespread both on land and in marine basins, in the collision and transtensional settings (e.g., Kholodov 2002; Limonov 2004). The main conditions for mud volcano formation are a thick sedimentary cover (several kilometers) and plastic clayey components with an anomalously high formation of pore pressure and the presence of therm...
Data
It is well-known that many geological and environmental processes express nonlinear features as seen in fluid turbulence, heat transfer, kimberlite pipe propagation through the Earth’s crust, plume effects, plate tectonics, etc. (e.g., Keilis-Borok 1990; Beck and Schlögl 1995; Turcotte 1995; Bercovici and Kelly 1997; Eppelbaum and Kardashov 2001; V...
Data
The behavior of thermal waters, like any other groundwaters, is described by hydrogeology and hydrology. For this reason, we will first take a look at some definitions and primary characteristics used in hydrogeology in Sect. 4.1.1. Thermal waters is a very broad term for all kinds of waters with high and elevated temperatures, which are usually di...
Data
During accretion, a magma-ocean with a surface temperature of at least 1,300–1,500 K was formed along with the thick, dense early terrestrial atmosphere (minimum pressure of 35 MPa) composed of supercritical fluids main layers (sulfur-layer, carbon-layer, and water-layer) separated by density. It is known (Malyshev 2004) that SO2 is the most stable...
Data
The reasons for ice ages in the Earth’s history—the so-called Milankovitch cycles (Milankovitch 1941) are beyond the scope of this book. However, the mathematical model of glaciation is summarized. It is widely accepted that such phenomena as the Earth’s glaciations and other climatic phenomena are nonlinear (e.g., Birchfield 1977; Moritz 1979; Ser...
Article
Full-text available
The measurements of Montenbrook et al. to determine the water surface level of the Walchensee Alpine lake in Bavaria (Germany) are a vivid example of the manifestation of the peculiarities of the relationship between the GPS satellite system and remote sensing of the Earth’s surface. The experiments were conducted in 2007 in the framework of the GO...
Article
Full-text available
The measurements of Montenbrook et al. to determine the water surface level of the Walchensee Alpine lake in Bavaria (Germany) are a vivid example of the manifestation of the peculiarities of the relationship between the GPS satellite system as a source and remote sensing of the Earth’s surface. The experiments were conducted in 2007 in the framewo...
Data
It is challenging to gather geothermal data (e.g., the inability to drill even shallow boreholes, etc.). In such cases, the thermodynamic conditions of different processes (e.g., serpentinization, different facies of metamorphism, rock and mineral stability, etc.) are the only way to estimate the temperature at various depths at different periods i...
Data
It is well-known that many geological and environmental processes express nonlinear features as seen in fluid turbulence, heat transfer, kimberlite pipe propagation through the Earth’s crust, plume effects, plate tectonics, etc. (e.g., Keilis-Borok 1990; Beck and Schlögl 1995; Turcotte 1995; Bercovici and Kelly 1997; Eppelbaum and Kardashov 2001; V...
Data
In this section, we look at the chronological evolution of geothermic theories. René Descartes (1644) first proposed that the Earth was initially a tiny star that subsequently cooled from a molten state and had a certain amount of internal heat. Kircher (1665) mentioned the subterranean heat that was felt at the bottom of mines which he attributed...
Data
The Earth is about 4.6 billion years old (Anderson 2007). In terms of its thermal regime, the planet is in the process of cooling. However, to have reached its current state, the Earth and the other objects making up the Solar System went through several stages, such as the accretion of the planet from the dust of the solar nebula, the formation of...
Article
Full-text available
The self‐potential (SP) method is one of the most inexpensive and unsophisticated geophysical methods. However, its application is limited due to the absence of a reliable interpreting methodology for the complex geological‐environmental conditions. A few ways for their removal (elimination) before quantitative analysis are presented to exclude dis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Tectonically the considered area of the junction of four lithospheric plates (Nubian, Arabian, Aegean- Anatolian, and Sinai) belongs to the Eastern Mediterranean, with its Cyprus-Levantine marine and Anatolian-Nubian-Arabian continental framing. The anomalousness of the region is manifested in the tectonic-structural features of the mantle, lithosp...