Letícia Couto Garcia

Letícia Couto Garcia
Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul · Institute of Biological Sciences

Professor

About

75
Publications
43,176
Reads
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1,601
Citations
Citations since 2017
45 Research Items
1397 Citations
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Introduction
I`m Adjunct Professor of the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS) in the Intervention Ecology Lab (LEI) contributing to the Plant Biology and the Conservation and Ecology Postgraduate Programs. BS in Biology at UFMG in Brazil with Honours in Ecology followed by a Master in Ecology, Conservation, and Management. PhD in the Plant Biology Program at the UNICAMP in Brazil, with a PhD exchange at the UWA in Australia. Postdoctoral fellow at the CRIA, Contact: garcialcbio@yahoo.com.br
Additional affiliations
August 2014 - August 2016
Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
Position
  • Professor
Education
August 2007 - January 2012
University of Campinas
Field of study
  • Plant Biology
August 2005 - June 2007
January 2001 - June 2005

Publications

Publications (75)
Article
Full-text available
The Native Vegetation Protection Law of Brazil, which replaced the Forest Code from 1965,is still undergoing regulation at federal and state levels, and the constitutionality of someclauses are still in question. In order to support legal rulings, decisions by public officers, andto inform other stakeholders, we present a balanced assessment of the...
Article
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Full text available: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eap.1461/epdf In November 2015, a large mine-tailing dam owned by Samarco Corporation collapsed in Brazil, generating a massive wave of toxic mud that spread down the Doce River, killing 20 people and affecting biodiversity across hundreds of kilometers of river, riparian lands, and At...
Chapter
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Nature was once vast and boundless, but in an industrialized, 21st century world, this is no longer the case. Across the globe, landscapes and seascapes are becoming more fragmented. Fragmentation is typically a symptom of landscape transformation and destruction. Maintaining or restoring connectivity between fragmented habitats or landscape patche...
Article
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Climate extremes, poor management and lax laws are making this World Heritage Site prone to fierce fires. Researchers and governments must develop a plan to manage these risks together.
Article
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Based on “user pays” and “provider gets” principles, the Payment for Environmental Services (PES) consists of providing economic incentives or compensation for land users who adopt activities that promote ecosystem services. These PES initiatives have grown rapidly in Brazil over the last few decades, however, studies that address the panorama of t...
Chapter
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Com o objetivo de fornecer uma visão sintética dos avanços das pesquisas em cenários futuros para a BAP, apresentamos neste capítulo alguns resultados recentes. Para tanto, selecionamos alguns estudos para exemplificar cenários futuros para a região, relacionados principalmente às mudanças climáticas e ao uso do solo. Assim, podemos avaliar quanto...
Article
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Advancing functional ecology depends fundamentally on the availability of data on reproductive traits, including those from tropical plants, which have been historically underrepresented in global trait databases. While some valuable databases have been recently created, they are mainly restricted to temperate areas and vegetative traits such as le...
Article
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The role of local biodiversity to cultural ecosystem services (CES) has been increasingly recognized. Yet, it is still unclear how local species can represent multiple CES in the same area for different people. We comprehensively evaluated the role of local biodiversity to the provision of multiple CES in the Pantanal, the largest continuous wetlan...
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Resumo 1. Os povos indígenas vêm gerindo paisagens propensas ao fogo há milênios, especialmente nas savanas tropicais, mantendo assim os estoques de carbono e a pirodiversidade e garantindo a sua segurança alimentar. Em algumas terras indígenas no Brasil, as brigadas de combate a incêndios são compostas por indígenas, integrando seus conhecimentos...
Article
In 2012, the Native Vegetation Protection Law 12.651 decreased the extent of Areas of Permanent Preservation in Brazil. While previously the distance from water was measured during the rainy season, the new version only considered the extent of the regular watercourse. This change affects conservation and restoration sites, and restoration programs...
Article
1. Indigenous peoples have been managing fire‐prone landscapes for millennia, especially in tropical savannas, thereby maintaining carbon stocks and pyrodiversity and ensuring food security. In some indigenous lands in Brazil, fire brigades are composed of indigenous people, integrating their traditional knowledge in Brazilian fire management polic...
Article
In 2020, fires in the Pantanal, the world's largest continuous tropical wetland, made global news. The flames destroyed almost one-third of the biome. Furthermore, 43% of the affected area was burnt for the first time in 20 or even more years. As the combination of extreme drought and anthropogenic actions that caused these extreme wildfires is sti...
Article
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Besides enabling economic activity, the domestication of indigenous species in situ configures a strategy for the conservation of genetic resources in Agroforestry Systems (AFSs), as well as an ecological restoration strategy. Successful productivity and restoration through AFSs require active intervention with agroecological practices, e.g., the u...
Article
Habitat loss is a main reason for population declines and thus increases extinction risk, particularly for endemic or specialist species. While protected areas are an important biodiversity conservation strategy in the face of native vegetation conversion, local and regional factors, such as anthropogenic pressure can jeopardise their effectiveness...
Article
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Biodiversity promotion activities, such as ecological restoration, are recognized as instruments to arrest and mitigate the diminishing health of ecosystems. The restoration of fauna is a fundamental component of this process but, despite this, there are few studies that compile and discuss the knowledge produced on this topic. Hence, by seeking a...
Article
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Species distribution models have been used to assist decision-making in many different aspects of conservation, restoration, and environmental management. However, to apply species distribution models effectively, we need to discriminate between suitable and unsuitable environments and the models need to be developed at fine scales (i.e. covering s...
Article
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Smoke from wildfires worsened the situation of isolated, as well as urban communities, already under an increasing toll of COVID-19. Here we review the impacts and the possible causes of the 2020 mega-fires and recommend improvements for public policies and fire management in this wetland. We calculated the amount of area burnt annually since 2003...
Article
URL providing 50 days' free access: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1d8aq14Z6thO2i In the Brazilian Pantanal, wildfire occurrence has increased, reaching record highs of over 40,000 km² in 2020. Smoke from wildfires worsened the situation of isolated, as well as urban communities, already under an increasing toll of COVID-19. Here we review the impa...
Article
Optimal sexual reproduction in relation to fire effects varies in Fabaceae species. Calliandra species have a large investment in reproduction. We investigated the consequences of fire during the fruiting period of Calliandra parviflora Benth., by checking fruit exposure to fire, pre‐dispersal seed predator infestation, and the effect of fruit burn...
Article
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South America’s Pantanal is recognized as one of the largest wetlands in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its ecological significance (high biodiversity). The region experiences both seasonal wet/dry periods and pluriannual cycles of wet and dry years. Vegetation changes throughout the year as well as over the long-term with fires and...
Chapter
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Although they occupy only 3% of the global surface area, wetlands represent 43.5% of the global monetary value provided by ecosystem services (ES). The Pantanal is one of the biggest wetland areas and provides many types of ES as goods and services for humanity, including a highly diversified flora and fauna; food, freshwater, and pastureland; clim...
Article
Trans­plan­ta­tion of nat­u­rally re­gen­er­at­ing seedlings (here­after wildlings) has great po­ten­tial as a restora­tion tool as it in­volves the use of ac­cli­ma­tized in­di­vid­u­als and preser­va­tion of lo­cal and en­demic geno­types. When suc­cess­fully used, this tech­nique has the added ben­e­fits of in­creas­ing struc­tural and com­po­si...
Article
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Ecological restoration by direct seeding in the Cerrado biome still lacks information about native species germination, the need for dormancy overcoming and seed bank formation. This study aims to verify the effects of dormancy overcoming on germination of four tree species and the ability of 12 tree species to form seed banks for restoration use....
Article
Full-text available
Building bridges between environmental and political agendas is essential nowadays in face of the increasing human pressure on natural environments, including wetlands. Wetlands provide critical ecosystem services for humanity and can generate a considerable direct or indirect income to the local communities. To meet many of the sustainable develop...
Chapter
Degradation affects approximately three-quarters of the global wetland area. Depending on degradation drivers, resilience level, and environmental filters, different ecological restoration techniques are recommendable. The scope of this chapter is broadening the current analysis of the restoration effort made in Pantanal wetlands. We intended to in...
Article
Restoring fauna is a fundamental objective of ecological restoration. For organisms that depend on vegetation structures (e.g., hunting support), such as spiders, this can be difficult, especially in early stages of intervention. Multifunctionality in restoration practices occurs when one action can achieve more than one objective. Given the comple...
Data
Este documento é a tradução do artigo original (Qual arranjo espacial de semeadura de consórcio de adubo verde reduz danos herbívoros às espécies nativas e invasão de gramíneas exóticas? ) publicado em inglês na revista internacional Ecological Applications Resumo: A prática de usar o adubo verde para a restauração ecológica cresceu tão significati...
Article
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Modeling scenarios can help identify drivers of and potential changes in land use, particularly in rapidly changing landscapes such as the tropics. One of the places where most of the recent anthropogenic land use changes have been occurring is the "arc of deforestation" of the Amazon, where several scenarios have been constructed. Such modeling sc...
Article
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O Pantanal tanto depende como é perturbado pelos incêndios. Por isso, a pesquisa focada e a queima controlada são vitais para todos os pantaneiros: flora, fauna e pessoas.
Article
Full-text available
Building bridges between environmental and political agendas is essential nowadays in face of the increasing human pressure on natural environments, including wetlands. Wetlands provide critical ecosystem services for humanity, and can generate a considerable direct or indirect income to the local communities. In order to meet many of the sustainab...
Article
Full-text available
The practice of using green manure for ecological restoration has grown so significantly that there is a shortage of seeds for purchase on the market. Nonetheless, there is very little literature available demonstrating the effects and benefits commonly cited for green manure for addressing important environmental filters, as herbivorous and invasi...
Article
Full-text available
Building bridges between environmental and political agendas is essential nowadays in face of the increasing human pressure on natural environments, including wetlands. Wetlands provide critical ecosystem services for humanity and can generate a considerable direct or indirect income to the local communities. To meet many of the sustainable develop...
Article
Full-text available
A adoção do conceito de “mesma identidade ecológica” pelo Supremo Tribunal Federal - STF, no julgamento da ADI 3547 MC/PR, em 2017, constitui-se numa tentativa de se garantir que as características bioecológicas das Áreas de Reserva Legal – ARL (p.e., biodiversidade, serviços ecossistêmicos, padrões edafo-climáticos), ainda não designadas em uma da...
Technical Report
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Estimativa do potencial de regeneração natural da vegetação nativa do Pantanal. Esta modelagem faz parte do estudo coordenado pelo Ministério do Meio Ambiente que estimou o potencial de regeneração nos biomas do Brasil a partir de dados interpretados por diversos especialistas. Estes resultados podem subsidiar ações de planejamento e implementação...
Article
Scenarios are important tools to facilitate the communication among scientists, practitioners, and decision-makers, and, thus to support policy and management decisions. The use of scenarios has an enormous potential to reduce ecosystem restoration costs and to optimize benefits, but this potential remains poorly explored. Here, we recommend and il...
Article
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Banded iron formations (BIF) have a particular vegetation type and provide a good model system for testing theories related to leaf phenology, due to unique stressful environmental conditions. As a consequence of the stressful conditions of BIF environment, we hypothesize that most species would retain at least some significant canopy cover, even a...
Data
Full-text available
In November 2015, a large mine-tailing dam owned by Samarco Corporation collapsed in Brazil, generating a massive wave of toxic mud that spread down the Doce River, killing 20 people and affecting biodiversity across hundreds of kilometers of river, riparian lands, and Atlantic coast. Besides the disaster's serious human and socioeconomic tolls, we...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring protocols are needed to evaluate the millions of hectares of land that are being proposed for forest restoration in the coming decades. Standardized proposals are critical to evaluate efficacy of restoration strategies, identify triggers for corrective actions, compare results across projects, and generally learn from past projects to in...
Data
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Em novembro de 2015, uma grande barragem de rejeitos de mineração no Brasil, pertencente à empresa Samarco rompeu, gerando uma onda expressiva de lama tóxica que se espalhou por todo Rio Doce abaixo matando 20 pessoas, afetando a biodiversidade ao longo de vários quilômetros do rio, bem como áreas ripárias e costa do oceano Atlântico. Além das perd...
Article
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Questions: Do different growth forms have distinct temporal patterns of recovery of their structure, diversity, and composition in restored Atlantic Rain forest? Are tree and non-tree assemblages structured by the same factors? Location: Atlantic Rain Forest, restored by planting an assemblage of highdiversity tree species, Brazil. Methods: We meas...
Article
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A Lei de Proteção da Vegetação Nativa (LPVN), que substituiu o Código Florestal de 1965, encontra‐se ainda em fase de regulamentação em nível federal e estadual e a constitucionalidade de algumas alterações ainda está sendo questionada. Visando subsidiar a tomada de decisão por parte de juristas e agentes públicos, bem como informar o público geral...
Book
Full-text available
Apresentamos uma análise científica e jurídica das principais alterações do Código Florestal de 1965 considerando detalhadamente o processo de aprovação da Lei de Proteção da Vegetação Nativa (Lei No 12.651, de 24 de maio de 2012). Classificamos e discutimos os artigos aprovados na nova Lei de Proteção da Vegetação Nativa quanto aos pontos negativo...
Article
Full-text available
Em novembro de 2015, uma grande barragem de rejeitos de mineração no Brasil, pertencente à empresa Samarco rompeu, gerando uma onda expressiva de lama tóxica que se espalhou por todo Rio Doce abaixo matando 19 pessoas, afetando a biodiversidade ao longo de vários quilômetros do rio, bem como áreas ripárias e costa do oceano Atlântico. Além das perd...
Chapter
Full-text available
Planejar os plantios para que ocorra o retorno do investimento feito nos projetos de restauração é essencial para o sucesso das florestas implantadas. Para isso, é preciso verificar se as áreas restauradas suportarão no futuro uma ampla gama de espécies, as interações entre elas e a prestação de serviços que as florestas nativas exercem. As espécie...
Article
Questions(1) Do species richness, flower functional diversity and redundancy of tree and non-tree species increase with restoration age; (2) are the flower traits of the reference forest similar to those found in restored sites; and (3) does species originality, in terms of unique combinations of different set of flower traits, differ among sites?L...
Article
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Currently, a large-scale restoration project aims to restore around 15 million hectares of Atlantic Forest in Brazil. This will increase forest cover and connectivity among remnant sites as well as restore environmental services. Currently, studies on recovery of fauna in restored areas of the Atlantic Forest are practically nonexistent. To address...
Data
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bstract Aim Biodiversity information is the focus of major initiatives aimed at assembling large-scale primary-data documentation (‘digital accessible knowledge’) of the distribution of life on Earth. Recent efforts within Brazil have assembled a massive amount of such documentation for Brazilian plants, which we analyse in this study. Our aim is t...