Lesley Shawler

Lesley Shawler
Southern Illinois University Carbondale | SIU · School of psychological and behavioral sciences

PhD BCBA

About

18
Publications
13,161
Reads
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91
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (18)
Article
Full-text available
The functional analysis (FA) methodology was developed to provide an empirical basis for understanding the reinforcers contributing to the maintenance of problem behavior. Previous research has demonstrated that multiple formats have been established to address some areas, such as practicality, efficiency, and safety. We reviewed the research on a...
Article
Full-text available
Stereotypy has been defined as repetitive vocal or motor behaviors that are noncontextual with invariant topographies. One intervention to reduce vocal stereotypy and increase appropriate vocalizations is response interruption and redirection (RIRD). Previous research has suggested that RIRD's behavioral mechanism consists of punishment. The purpos...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has demonstrated low rater agreement when visually inspecting trends in single‐subject design graphs (see Wolfe, Seaman, & Drasgow, 2016). Didactic instruction of visual analysis of practicing behavior analysts has resulted in generally poor and unreliable performances (Danov & Symons, 2008; Diller, Barry, & Gelino, 2016). Therefo...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals diagnosed with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) frequently exhibit self-injurious behavior (SIB). Previous research has examined the published literature on behavioral treatments of SIB from 1964–2000. Results suggested that these treatments were highly efficacious at decreasing SIB, particularly when based on the resul...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of studies on mands for information. We used a combination of keywords to search for articles through PsycINFO® and then conducted reference and citation searches for all articles that met our inclusion criteria. In total, we identified 32 studies with 35 experiments. The most commonly in...
Article
Full-text available
Behaviors maintained by automatic reinforcement are often more difficult to treat due to difficulty with identifying the relevant maintaining variable(s). One common intervention to treat automatically maintained behavior includes competing stimuli. Competing stimuli promote item engagement which may replace challenging behavior (i.e., response com...
Article
If one of several stimuli in an equivalence class acquires a function, it transfers to all members of the respective class. Even though research has demonstrated this transfer across a variety of stimulus functions (e.g., discriminative), few studies have focused on the transfer of the reinforcing function. The current study extended previous liter...
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has had a global impact on lives everywhere and has led to the disruption of, and interference with, virtually every aspect of life. In response, leading experts, political leaders, doctors, and scientists have released guidelines that attempt to prevent and mitigate the exponential rate of infection. The respo...
Article
Over the last decade, the provision of applied behavior analysis (ABA) services within a telehealth delivery format has had a flourishing literature base. Research has demonstrated that caregivers can successfully conduct functional analyses and functional communication training to treat challenging behavior with coaching from practitioners via tel...
Article
Applied behavior-analytic skills are derived from precise, technical, objective operational definitions and exemplars of natural phenomena. In some cases, technical behavior-analytic terminology can be challenging for students and practitioners to learn and apply given a person's individual history with the concepts. One of the conceptual areas of...
Article
Full-text available
A practical functional assessment format was recently developed that informed a skill-based treatment for the problem behavior of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Since its inception there have been multiple replications of the procedures; however, the comprehensive model has rarely been applied to populations with more complex com...
Article
Full-text available
Online learning is extremely prevalent in education, more than ever given the COVID-19 pandemic that has shifted most educational services to an online platform. More specifically, in 2015, close to six million students were taking at least one online learning course, which was 29.7% of all postsecondary students (U.S. Department of Education, Nati...
Article
Systems and protocols based on emergent responding training have been demonstrated to be effective instructional tools for teaching a variety of skills to typically developing adult learners across a number of content areas in controlled research settings. However, these systems have yet to be widely adopted by instructors and are not often used in...
Article
Full-text available
In an analysis of publication rates in applied behavior analysis, Dixon, Reed, Smith, Belisle, and Jackson (2015a) argued the need to measure the research productivity of graduate programs as a means of informing prospective graduate students. The current study replicated and extended Dixon, et al. (2015a) by analyzing the number of publications an...
Article
Full-text available
The scientist practitioner model (SPM) or “Boulder Model” emphasizes training in research methods and the application of research findings to solving clinical problems. Within the science of applied behavior analysis (ABA), the scientist-practitioner model (SPM) is an integral component of the field. However, there are no data to report on the curr...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
To conduct research on, and develop practitioner resources for, emergent responding training protocols and systems
Project
The goal of this special issue of the Education and Treatment of Children is to present a collection of papers addressing the adoption of a scientist-practitioner model within behavior analytic training programs and in solving the education and treatment issues of children with developmental disabilities.