Leopoldo Gerhardinger

Leopoldo Gerhardinger
University of São Paulo | USP · Oceanographic Institute (IO) (São Paulo)

PhD in Environment and Society

About

80
Publications
21,829
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1,227
Citations
Citations since 2016
27 Research Items
787 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (80)
Technical Report
Full-text available
O relatório apresenta a sistematização de conflitos socioambientais costeiros e marinhos relacionados à atividade de pesca artesanal no litoral norte, centro e sul de São Paulo. O diagnóstico foi conduzido a partir de um formulário e oficinas participativas, mobilizando ao todo mais de uma centena de pessoas, entre pescadores(as), governo, represen...
Article
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We used Brazil as a Global South case study to analyze the evolution of the coastal governance in a young and still unstable democracy. Based on twenty-five years of documentation related to a federal-level actor interaction hub named Coastal Management Integration Group (GIGERCO) we explored the opportunity context for the transformation of the Br...
Article
Full-text available
Coastal and marine spaces all around the world are committed to a current global sustainability agendas, in the seas and coasts, as well as their public policies and territorial governance agendas have received a special role in international discussions on the directions of development and conservation. In this context, the establishment of the Su...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The COVID-19 and the Future of Oceans Sustainability process brought together 25 diverse stakeholders from across the globe to understand how COVID-19 is impacting ocean sustainability. The contributors to the process and co-creators of this report all work extensively in ocean sustainability and together provided a systemic perspective. The stakeh...
Article
This paper analyses the perception of Brazilian high-level ocean-related governmental authorities in charge of steering future pathways for the national ocean economy. We adapted and applied a model for evaluating sustainability transition experiments to visualize what ought to be the ingredients of an experimental agenda focused in advancing the c...
Article
We investigate the operationalization of an integrated and deliberative multidimensional assessment (distribution of socioeconomic activities across marine spaces, risk to ecosystem levels, pressures on ecosystem services, and conflicts) in a Brazilian subtropical coastal-estuarine social-ecological system that is currently changing from a fragment...
Article
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The unpredictable Anthropocene poses the challenge of imagining a radically different, equitable and sustainable world. Looking 100 years ahead is not easy, and especially as millennials, it appears quite bleak. This paper is the outcome of a visioning exercise carried out in a 2-day workshop, attended by 33 young early career professionals under t...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation science is a mission-driven discipline, yet there are few assessments on whether conservation practices follow scientific recommendations, and thus missed opportunities for improvement. Brazil has among the greatest gaps in species protection by Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) globally and is thus a priority for future marine conservatio...
Article
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O estuário da Baía Babitonga desempenha um papel importante para a ictiofauna da região, sendo evidenciado pela elevada abundância de indivíduos juvenis registrados na área de estudo. No presente trabalho, apresentamos uma revisão bibliográfica sobre a ictiofauna estuarina e marinha presente no Ecossistema Babitonga (Baía Babitonga e áreas marinhas...
Article
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In this paper we explore the challenges for transforming a wide and fragmented coastal governance system toward an ecosystem-based regime by translating shared values of nature into radically novel territorial development policies at highly disputed seascapes. We report an official coastal management institutional experiment in South Brazil, where...
Article
A double intergenerational conundrum abounds in sustainability science as young generations of researchers have relatively little influence on current strategic decisions, but inherit their potential future consequences as professionals as well as human-beings. Collaborating with early career researchers (ECRs) in global sustainability initiatives...
Article
A novel blue planning discourse has been elevated through marine spatial planning (MSP) discussions in Brazil since 2011, following the evolution of international ocean governance policy innovation in the past decades. This paper investigates the early evolution stages of a socio-political arena around MSP in Brazil using as reference the IOC-UNESC...
Article
Full-text available
HIGHLIGHTS The Anthropocene compels unlocking of ocean-related network capabilities. Orchestration of local, regional, and global knowledge networks can augment transformative capacity. Transdisciplinary network diagnostics are promising social learning tools. Strategic advice for transformational research in ocean territories are provided. The Ant...
Data
Este documento apresenta um diagnóstico sobre a condição passada, presente e os rumos possíveis para o desenvolvimento territorial sustentável na região da Baía Babitonga (Santa Catarina, Brasil). Adotamos uma abordagem de conceptualização e análise colaborativa do “Ecossistema Babitonga”, que envolveu a coleta de dados primários sobre a percepção...
Article
Full-text available
The Atlantic goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara) is a critically endangered reef fish that has suffered from overfishing. In Brazil, the species has been under a fishing ban since 2002; however, there are no evidences of population recovery. In this context, data to help improve management programs are sorely needed. We assessed fisheries landing...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is the Strategic Document for the Brazilian Future Ocean Panel - PainelMar, an initiative that aims to " Perform as a multi-sectorial collaborative platform of individuals and organizations on the interface of knowledge and decision-making processes, aiming at qualifying policies for the sustainable use and health of the oceans" -illuminating,...
Article
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Background Seahorses are endangered teleost fishes under increasing human pressures worldwide. In Brazil, marine conservationists and policy-makers are thus often skeptical about the viability of sustainable human-seahorse interactions. This study focuses on local ecological knowledge on seahorses and the implications of their non-lethal touristic...
Conference Paper
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Mapas mentais funcionam como uma ferramenta participativa eficaz para representar percepções sobre a dinâmica, diversidade e escala dos ecossistemas. A incorporação do mapeamento de paisagens marinhas no processo de gestão ambiental ajuda a sintetizar e valorizar diferentes tipos de conhecimento no processo decisório. O objetivo deste trabalho foi...
Poster
Full-text available
The Early Career Researchers Network of Networks (ECR NoN) was created in 2016 to facilitate cooperation between early career researcher organisations worldwide. Its goals and objectives are to: -- connect early career researcher organisations across the globe and serve as a platform for them to coordinate, (re)present, exchange information and sha...
Article
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An extinct sawfish fishery in mangroves of the Abrolhos Bank (eastern Brazil) was investigated through local ecological knowledge of four elderly and expert fishers. Sawfish was usually caught with gillnets and longlines, as a secondary target of snooks, Atlantic goliath grouper and acoupa weakfish fisheries. Insights on the locally collapsed sawfi...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing fiscal and political crisis in Brazil has already caused deep cuts to science and education (“Fiscal crisis has Brazilian scientists scrambling,” H. Escobar, In Depth, 28 August, p. [909][1]), and now the environment is in the crosshairs. On 2 October, the Federal Government
Chapter
Na 10ª Conferência das Partes (Nagoya, Japão) da Convenção para Diversidade Biológica (CDB), foram reafirmados os objetivos de preservar e gerir efetivamente 10% das zonas costeiras e marinhas através de Áreas Marinhas Protegidas (AMPs), até 2020 (meta No 11). AMPs são instrumentos de governança dos recursos marinhos e costeiros com níveis gradativ...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing exploitation effort and efficiency have been leading to population declines and extinctions among large marine animals. Understanding the magnitude of such losses is challenging because current baselines about species’ abundances and distributions in the sea were mostly established after humans had started affecting marine populations. F...
Chapter
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This chapter investigates governing interactions at the Baleia Franca Environmental Protection Area (Santa Catarina state, South Brazil) as an example of new opportunities and challenges to scale-up small-scale fisheries governability through Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Previous studies on MPAs in Brazil highlight the innovative aspects of these...
Article
Full-text available
Developing survey strategies for threatened species is often limited by access to sufficient individuals to acquire information needed to design appropriate conservation measures. The goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara) is a large reef fish, globally classified as critically endangered. In Brazil, fishing has been prohibited since 2002. Herein we...
Technical Report
Full-text available
On 15th October 2014 the Oceanographic Institute at the University of São Paulo and the Future Ocean Excellence Cluster Germany hosted a one-day workshop to discuss scientific topics and the public awareness of emerging threads for our future oceans due to human exploitation and climate change. Under the umbrella of the Future Ocean Dialogue Exhibi...
Conference Paper
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The vision of the Future Ocean Alliance™ (FOA™) is to build one single ocean community connected at all levels, across scales, and disciplines with the support of informatics to enhance knowledge and ocean governance processes. To implement FOA’s vision in Brazil, it is necessary to consider the implications of engaging the country’s coastal-marine...
Chapter
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By acknowledging and engaging with alternative forms of governance that are recently emerging (see [1]), this brief note reports on one of such processes in Brazil, namely the Ombudsperson of the Sea [2] event (Portuguese: Ouvidoria do Mar). We provide an overview and update of the on-going process of setting and implementing a Programmatic Agenda...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Developing survey strategies for rare and threatened species is often limited by access to sufficient individuals to acquire information needed to design appropriate conservation measures. The goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara) is a globally threatened reef fish. In Brazil, fishing has been prohibited over 11 years and one of the policy prescrip...
Article
This is a governance analysis of a large coastal-marine protected area encompassing over 156,000 ha and including nine coastal cities in south Brazil – Baleia Franca Environmental Protection Area (BFEPA). While the governance focus of BFEPA has been on participative incentives, progress has been challenging given the enormous size of the area prote...
Article
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We humans once thought the Earth was flat. Little did we know that the oceans extended far beyond the horizon, covering about 70% of the planet’s surface, containing more than 95% of its water. Once early explorers learned that planet earth is a sphere, the oceans morphed into a huge two-dimensional surface, largely uncharted – a mare incognitum. T...
Article
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This article discusses the current problems and issues associated with the implementation of a National System of Marine Protected Areas in Brazil. MPA managers and higher governmental level authorities were interviewed about their perceptions of the implementation of a national MPA strategy and the recent changes in the institutional arrangement o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Gerhardinger, L. C. ; Godoy, E.A. ; Dapper, C.G. ; Campos, R. ; Marchioro, G.B. ; Sforza, R. ; Polette, M.. Mapeamento participativo da paisagem marinha no Brasil experiências e perspectivas. In: Albuquerque, U.P.; Lucena, R.; Cunha, Luiz Vital
Article
Full-text available
The goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara (Epinephelidae) is an exceptionally large marine fish that inhabits sub-tropical and tropical waters of the Americas and western Africa. Due to a lack of readily observable morphological variation in specimens across its range, the goliath grouper has been regarded as a single species. We tested the hypothesi...
Article
Full-text available
Goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara) aggregations and relative abundances were described and mapped through the use of fishermen's local ecological knowledge in Babitonga Bay in southern Brazil. Six well-experienced informants were asked to individually provide information about goliath grouper abundance and distribution, drawn over a satellite im...
Article
Full-text available
This manuscript discusses the role of fishers' Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK) in the management of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in Brazil. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken at nine MPAs to investigate MPA managers' (n = 9) and higher governmental level authorities' (n = 5) perceptions on these. Varying levels of MPA governance approache...
Article
Full-text available
We review the species of Acanthistius Gill (1862) (Osteichthyes, Percoidei) from the South-Western Atlantic, solving a discrepancy concerning the taxonomic status of Acanthistius brasilianus (Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828) and Acanthistius patachonicus (Jenyns 1842), and providing an objective diagnostic key for the two species. While Argentinean fish...
Article
Full-text available
We review the species of Acanthistius Gill (1862) (Osteichthyes, Percoidei) from the South-Western Atlantic, solving a discrepancy concerning the taxonomic status of Acanthistius brasilianus (Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828) and Acanthistius patachonicus (Jenyns 1842), and providing an objective diagnostic key for the two species. While Argentinean fish...
Article
Full-text available
Projeto Meros do Brasil. www.merosdobrasil.org RESUMO O mero Epinephelus itajara é uma espécie de peixe marinho de grandes proporções (>400 kg) e criticamente ameaçado, protegido em muitos países, incluindo o Brasil. Embora algum conhecimento acadêmico da biologia desta espécie exista no Hemisfério Norte, o fato de ser um grande predador e conseque...
Data
FIGURE 1. Geographic ranges of Acanthistius brasilianus (dotted line, 15 º to 23 º S) and A. patachonicus (solid line, 23 º to 48 º S). (1) Type locality of A. brasilianus (15 º S, off Ilehus); (2) Type localities of A. patachonicus, off Argentina (near mouth of La Plata River and 38 ° 20 ’ S).
Data
FIGURE 3. Photographs of Acanthistius brasilianus, recently caught (top) and in its natural habitat, Arraial do Cabo, Brazil, March 2007 (bottom).
Data
FIGURE 2. Reference specimens. (A) Syntype of Acanthistius brasilianus (MNHN, Paris). (B) “ Topotypic ” specimen of A. patachonicus collected in the immediacy of one of the two type localities (MACN Buenos Aires 5004, 38.4 ºS, 1963, TL 24.6 cm, preserved in ETOH).
Data
FIGURE 5. Photographs of Acanthistius patachonicus, recently caught (top) and in its natural habitat Golfo Nuevo, Argentina 2006 – 2007 (bottom).
Article
Full-text available
Diversos aspectos da biologia reprodutiva da garoupa verdadeira Epinephelus marginatus foram abordados através de uma metodologia colaborativa. Ao todo, 193 exemplares da garoupa verdadeira foram obtidas em peixarias colaboradoras no município de São Francisco do Sul, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Os funcionários das peixarias foram treinados e...
Chapter
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The Baía da Ilha Grande (BIG) was characterized as extremely rich in benthic species, reef and beach associated fish. The BIG is found in a unique oceanographic situation and its biodiversity is subjected to a series of human pressures. This situation means that the BIG is very important for the conservation, sustainable use and the distribution of...
Article
Full-text available
The goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara is a large sized (> 400 kg) and critically endangered marine fish, which is protected in many countries, including Brazil. Through the application of semi-structured interviews, we investigated the local ecological knowledge of seven fishermen specialist on catching E. itajara from the Babitonga bay, Santa Ca...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we report on the occurrence of Goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara, spawning aggregations in the South Atlantic Ocean (south Brazil), as indicated by surveys of fishermen's local ecological knowledge. Insights on Goliath grouper behaviour within aggregations and prospects for species conservation and research in Brazil are also provid...
Article
Full-text available
We report on the use of empty shells from mariculture of Perna perna mussels as nesting places for males of Hypleurochilus fissicornis (Blenniidae). Although its habitat preferences remain still unnoticed, this species was found to be surprisingly abundant in mariculture structures. Ten (ready to harvest) mussel ropes were collected in a maricultur...