Leonhard Dobusch

Leonhard Dobusch
University of Innsbruck | UIBK · Department of Organization and Learning

Professor

About

102
Publications
22,184
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,533
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2016 - February 2016
University of Innsbruck
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Education
October 2005 - May 2008
Freie Universität Berlin
Field of study
  • Business Administration
October 1999 - May 2004
October 1998 - October 2003
Johannes Kepler University Linz
Field of study
  • Business Administration

Publications

Publications (102)
Preprint
Full-text available
We are currently witnessing a fundamental structural transformation of the scientific public sphere, characterized by processes of specialization, metrification, internationalization, platformization, and visibilization. In contrast to explanations of this structural transformation that invoke a technological determinism, we demonstrate its histori...
Article
Being open about failure as an entrepreneur is an increasingly common practice in and beyond startup communities, for example by proactively and strategically crafting public statements to frame subsequent failure conversations. Combining an impression management perspective with an analysis of communicative genres of failure narratives, we empiric...
Article
Full-text available
Wir beobachten aktuell einen grundlegenden Strukturwandel der wissenschaftlichen Öffentlichkeit, der charakterisiert ist durch Prozesse der Spezialisierung, Metrifizierung, Internationalisierung, Plattformisierung und Visibilisierung. In Abgrenzung zu technikdeterministischen Erklärungen des Strukturwandels versuchen wir mit einem organisationstheo...
Preprint
Wir beobachten aktuell einen grundlegenden Strukturwandel der wissenschaftlichen Öffentlichkeit, der charakterisiert ist durch Prozesse der Spezialisierung, Metrifizierung, Internationalisierung, Plattformisierung und Visibilisierung. In Abgrenzung zu technikdeterministischen Erklärungen des Strukturwandels versuchen wir mit einem organisationstheo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Many early-career researchers are motivated by the prospect of creating knowledge that is useful, not just within but also beyond the academic community. Although research facilities, funders and academic journals praise this eagerness for societal impact, the path towards such contributions is by no means straightforward. In this article, we addre...
Chapter
The public sphere is important for democracy and it is changing. Its current development is taking place at the point where three sequences of institutional change meet and interact: globalisation, commodification and the digitalisation of social dimensions. The contributions to this volume examine these developments in discussion with the public s...
Article
Full-text available
Soziale Medien spielen eine paradoxe Rolle für Interessenvertretung in globalen Wertschöpfungsnetzwerken. Zum einen bieten Social-Media-Plattformen Arbeitnehmer:innen und Gewerkschaften die Möglichkeit der Mobilisierung über geografische und institutionelle Distanzen hinweg. Zum anderen lassen diese Plattformen aber auch zu, dass Dritte die digital...
Preprint
Social media play a paradoxical role for matters of interest representation in global value-creation networks. On the one hand, social media platforms offer workers and trade unions the possibility to mobilize across geographical and institutional distances. On the other hand, these platforms also allow third parties to extract and process the digi...
Article
Full-text available
Given the excessive power of Google and other large technology firms, transparency and accountability have turned into matters of great concern for organization scholars. So far, most studies adopt either a causal or critical perspective on the relationship between the two concepts. These perspectives are pitted against each other but share some ba...
Preprint
Transparency is in vogue, yet oftentimes used as an umbrella concept for a wide array of phenomena. More focused concepts are needed to understand the form and function of different phenomena of visibility. In this article, we develop a definition of organizational transparency as systematic disclosure programs that meet the information needs of ot...
Article
Full-text available
Openness and collaboration in scientific research are attracting increasing attention from scholars and practitioners alike. However, a common understanding of these phenomena is hindered by disciplinary boundaries and disconnected research streams. We link dispersed knowledge on Open Innovation, Open Science, and related concepts such as Responsib...
Article
While many large and well-known companies publicly advertise their commitment to values of diversity and inclusion, their sheer number of applicants forces them to continuously negotiate both premises for and actual exclusion decisions. By looking at a particularly public membership negotiation process at the company Google, we thus investigate the...
Article
Full-text available
Editorial Die aktuelle Covid-19-Pandemie zeigt uns, dass fast nichts mehr ist wie vorher. Menschen müssen in ihren Wohnungen und Häusern bleiben, falls sie nicht obdachlos sind, um sich vor Ansteckung mit dem Virus zu schützen. Viele wirtschaftliche Sektoren mussten ihre Betriebe schließen, die Arbeitslosigkeit nimmt in einem noch nie dagewesenen T...
Chapter
Nachdem die niederösterreichischen Grünen sich für ein Wahlvideo bei Star Wars bedienten, schlägt Disney jetzt mit dem Copyright-Schwert zurück.
Chapter
Eine zeitgemäße, öffentlich-rechtliche Medienplattform sollte jenseits der bestehenden Rundfunkanstalten etwa Inhalte kuratieren, Algorithmen entwickeln und Innovationen fördern. Ein gemeinsam mit Christoph Bieber und Jörg Müller-Lietzkow verfasstes Impulspapier skizziert die Eckpunkte einer Internetintendanz.
Article
Full-text available
Predatory journals have emerged as an unintended consequence of the Open Access paradigm. Predatory journals only supposedly or very superficially conduct peer review and accept manuscripts within days to skim off publication fees. In this provocation piece, we first explain how predatory journals exploit deficiencies of the traditional peer review...
Article
Recognizing the performative effects of organization and management theory, scholars increasingly not only reflect on these but also come up with approaches that are supposed to be intentionally performative. However, we know little about directions and performative potential of such programmatic approaches. By comparing how the literatures on incl...
Article
Full-text available
Vor dem Hintergrund akademischer Debatten über Wohl und Weh der sogenannten „Sharing Economy“ führt dieser Essay die Unterscheidung zwischen allmende-basierten und markt-basierten Formen von Sharing Economy ein. Mit Hilfe einer von Polanyi inspirierten Perspektive auf diese beiden Typen von Sharing Economy lassen sich in der Folge nicht nur gegenlä...
Chapter
Full-text available
Two facets are all but universally present in current works on Open Strategy. First, while being aware of and addressing challenges and dilemmas associated with openness in strategy making (Hautz et al., 2017), increasing openness is mostly perceived as normatively good, as an ideal that should be achieved. […] Second, openness is mostly considered...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines how the relationship between competition, cooperation and creativity is shaped by regulatory uncertainty related to intellectual property (IP) rights in knowledge-intensive industries like music and pharma. By focusing on music and patent attorneys as key actors dealing with uncertainty about IP rights, we show that these legal...
Article
This study proposes a theoretical framework for understanding how and why certain memes prevail as a form of political discourse online. Since memes are constantly changing as they spread, drawing inferences from a population of memes as concrete digital artifacts is a pressing challenge for researchers. This article argues that meme selection and...
Article
Full-text available
Die veröffentlichten Beiträge im Jahr 2017 zeichnen sich durch eine große inhaltliche und disziplinäre Breite bei einem gleichzeitig starken Fokus auf zentrale gesellschaftliche Herausforderungen aus. Die thematische Vielfalt reicht von der Rolle von Klein-und Mittelunternehmen im politischen Kampf um TTIP, syrischen Aktivistinnen im Bürgerkrieg, S...
Article
Full-text available
A growing number of organizations subscribe to ideals of openness in areas such as innovation or strategy-making, supported by digital technologies and fuelled by promises of better outcomes and increased legitimacy. However, by applying a relational lens of inclusion and exclusion, we argue that, paradoxically, certain forms of closure may be nece...
Article
Full-text available
Transparency is in vogue, yet it is often used as an umbrella concept for a wide array of phenomena. More focused concepts are needed to understand the form and function of different phenomena of visibility. In this article, the authors define organizational transparency as systematic disclosure programs that meet the information needs of other act...
Book
Full-text available
„OER“ hat sich in den letzten Jahren, auch im deutschsprachigen Raum, als Abkürzung für „Open Educational Resources“ (engl. für offene Bildungsressourcen) etabliert. OER-Schulbücher bieten unter anderem die Möglichkeit der rechtssicheren Nutzung, des kostenlosen Zugangs auf die digitale Version sowie die Möglichkeit der Modifikation und Wiederveröf...
Book
Full-text available
Die Studie richtet sich an die (Bildungs-)Politik in NRW und entwirft Handlungsszenarien zur Förderung von Schulbüchern unter freier Lizenz (Open Educational Resources, OER). Der Fokus der Studie liegt auf der (sozio-)ökonomischen Bildung an Schulen in NRW und zwei ihrer akuten Probleme: Der zunehmende "Remix" digitaler Lehrmaterialien führt zu wac...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we examine how non-membership organizations that claim stewardship over a transnational public or common good, such as the environmental or digital commons, develop combinations of formal and informal recursivity to develop and maintain regulatory conversations with their dispersed user communities. Based on a case study of Creativ...
Article
In the wake of new digital technologies, organizations rely increasingly on contributions by external actors to innovate or even to fulfill their core tasks, including strategy-making processes. These external actors may take the form of crowds, where actors are isolated and dispersed, or of communities, where these actors are related and self-iden...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a systematic analysis of the similarities and differences between the fields of open innovation and open strategy. In particular, we examine the concept of openness from a communication-centered perspective and compare processes of open innovation and open strategy with regard to the openness they exhibit. By distinguishing betw...
Chapter
Full-text available
Nach einer ersten Phase des Hypes rund um (vermeintliche) Potentiale von „Sharing Economy“ ist mittlerweile Ernüchterung eingekehrt. Proteste gegen Mobilitätsplattformen wie Uber und der Boom von AirBnB in Gegenden mit knappem Wohnraum lassen die Skepsis gegenüber den Versprechen der Sharing Economy wachsen.
Article
Financialization–the increasing relevance of financial markets, financial actors and financial logics–and the related rise of originate-to-distribute-cycles in the mortgage industry have been considered key explanations for the emergence of financial crises. Analyzing a case study in the European real estate industry, we show how actors strategical...
Article
Full-text available
In der ersten Ausgabe des Jahres liefern die HerausgeberInnen einen Blick hinter die Kulissen von Momentum Quarterly und blicken zurück auf das vergangene sowie voraus auf das kommende Jahr.
Article
While previous open strategy studies have acknowledged open strategy's function as an impression management instrument, their focus has mostly been on short episodes. The impression management literature, meanwhile, pays openness scant attention. By studying how new ventures engage in open strategy-making, we track how open strategy-making and resp...
Article
In this paper we compare the emerging field of open strategy to the established field of open innovation in order to facilitate their cross-fertilisation both in research and practice. Taking a communication-centred perspective, we argue that in both fields ‘openness’ concerns opening-up the communication process towards previously excluded individ...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how fluid social collectives, where membership is latent, contested, or unclear, achieve “organizationality”, that is, how they achieve organizational identity and actorhood. Drawing on the “communicative constitution of organizations” perspective, we argue that the organizationality of a social collective is accomplished throug...
Article
By increasing transparency in corporate strategy-making, open strategy approaches potentially limit possibilities to tailor respective information to specific audiences. Taking an impression management perspective in this paper, we explore why and how new firms use open-strategy making to establish their position in the marketplace. Empirically, we...
Chapter
Full-text available
In seiner „Theorie der Gerechtigkeit“ erklärt John Rawls individuelle Freiheit zum zentralen normativen Orientierungskriterium und zum relevanten Maßstab für die Gestaltung einer gerechten Gesellschaft. Diese Betonung individueller Freiheit verleitet dabei so manche Kommentatorinnen und Kommentatoren dazu, Rawls als Vertreter eines ökonomischen Lib...
Book
Full-text available
Deutschland war in Sachen OER Spätstarter und ist verglichen mit Ländern wie den USA immer noch Nachzügler. Dennoch ist seit gut drei Jahren eine gestiegene Dynamik in der deutschen OER-Debatte zu beobachten, die inzwischen auch den Bundestag erreicht hat: Im Haushalt des laufenden Jahres 2015 sind erstmals explizit Gelder für OER eingeplant. Vor a...
Article
Full-text available
While open innovation is an established field, open strategy is on the verge of recognition as a newly emerging empirical research phenomenon. Taking a communication perspective, we introduce a framework that distinguishes between two different dimensions of openness: sharing information with external participants and audiences, and receiving a bro...
Article
Most research on organizational identity tends to adopt an essentialist perspective, usually differentiating between an organization’s identity, which is constructed internally by the organization’s members, and image, which is constructed by external actors. However, an essentialist view on identity does not capture adequately more fluid organizat...
Article
Alongside macro-institutional perspectives on the recent global financial crisis, organizational research is increasingly concerned with the rise of finance and seeks to unravel the intentionality of financialized forms of strategy-making. In this paper we add to these debates by exploring the relations between valuation and accounting practices. I...
Article
Full-text available
we study how event organizers with an eye towards shaping the evolution of organizational fields enact a situation of disruption in germany's popular music industry. we find that the organizers of three new industry event series experimented with alternative event formats, modeled alternative value chains, and embedded events regionally to stage al...
Article
Full-text available
Letzte Woche entschied der EuGH, dass Bibliotheken Bücher digitalisieren, auf Leseplätzen anbieten und auch den zumindest teilweisen Download ermöglichen dürfen (siehe auch “Lesen leicht gemacht“). Mit diesem Urteil ist aber die digitale Bibliothekswelt keineswegs in Ordnung – und nicht alle Bibliotheken profitieren gleichermaßen davon. Warum das s...
Article
Öffentliche Institutionen wie Städte und Gemeinden müssen sich zunehmend mit der Frage des offenen Zugangs zu digitalen Werken auseinandersetzen, insbesondere deshalb, weil digitale Gemeingüter immer mehr an Bedeutung gewinnen. Vor dem Hintergrund dieser Entwicklung wird in diesem Beitrag die Freigabe öffentlicher Archive und Datenbanken im Bereich...
Book
Full-text available
Die Bewegung für offenen Zugang zu Lehr- und Lernunterlagen (Open Educational Ressources, OER) ist getragen von der Idee, dass neue digitale Technologien mehr ermöglichen – und erfordern – als die bloße Digitalisierung von Schul- und Lehrbüchern. Organisationen wie die UNESCO, die OECD und zahlreiche Bildungseinrichtungen auf der ganzen Welt sehen...
Article
This panel will discuss tendencies promoting more open strategizing processes in a variety of contexts. Openness here refers both to greater transparency (internal and external), and to wider inclusion of stakeholders (internal and external). Panelists will draw on their empirical research across a range of sectors and types of organizations, inclu...
Article
In the literature on different forms of online collaboration, a growing variety of empirical phenomena is subsumed under labels such as “crowdsourcing” or “community”. Defining online collaboration as a form of organizing self-selected actors leading to a joint outcome, we try to clarify these concepts in form of a three-dimensional continuum. On o...
Article
Based on a conception of strategy as a practice and theoretical arguments related to ‘open strategy’, this paper analyzes six cases of open strategy initiatives situated in two transnational non-profit organizations (Wikimedia and Creative Commons). With regard to openness, we look specifically at the inclusion of external actors in strategy-making...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Research has shown the importance of a functioning governance system for the success of peer production communities. It particularly highlights the role of human coordination and communication within the governance regime. In this article, we extend this line of research by differentiating two categories of governance mechanisms. The first category...
Article
Full-text available
We argue that the main reason for the prevailing dissent in path dependence research methods is the futile attempt to capture “path dependence as a whole” within either a single-method research design or a single all-encompassing theoretical mechanism. By delineating two conceptual building blocks, path creation/emergence and positive feedback/lock...
Article
Full-text available
Inspired by new digital technologies, diverse actors in cultural and creative industries propagate conflicting visions of how to adequately innovate – or rather preserve and strictly enforce – copyright-related business models, which has resulted in substantial amounts of regulatory uncertainty. Looking at a decade of regulatory discourse at indust...
Article
Most research on organizational identity tends to take an essentialist perspective, differentiating between an identity construed internally by members of the organization and an image construed by external actors. However, the duality of identity and image struggles with capturing more fluid, open, or partial organizational arrangements, where it...
Article
Full-text available
Pluralism is a key term in the current discourse in heterodox economics, emphasizing the need for greater theoretical integration and institutional cooperation of different economic traditions. However, both the nature of pluralism and the concrete role ascribed to pluralist thinking for the development of economics have been somewhat contested, po...
Article
In this paper we analyse discursive struggles over what is referred to as legal and illegal user practices in the internet as an outcome of regulatory uncertainty. The latter, in turn, is examined in the context of a multi-layered transnational copyright regime characterised by three features: the absence of an universally recognized single authori...
Chapter
Full-text available
Implementing rules as a means of governance represents the attempt to replace fundamental uncertainty with regulatory uncertainty and thereby coordinate the conduct of different actors. One type of regulatory uncertainty is related to the ambiguities inherent in any rule, which, at least partially thwart the attempt to reduce uncertainty. Looking a...
Article
Full-text available
While many heterodox economic scholars hope for a paradigmatic change in economics due to the great financial crisis, this paper emphasizes that path-dependent elements and institutional factors within the economic community constitute a substantial barrier for paradigmatic change. Focusing on the citation behavior of economists in heterodox journa...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research on organized events highlights their transitory and distinctive nature. In contrast, we reconceptualize events by challenging their singularity. We focus on events as recurring and organized activities in terms of serial singularities, while still acknowledging their individual distinctiveness. Using a case study of Wikimedia, the f...
Article
Research on strategizing focuses primarily on intra-organizational settings at the expense of external contributors. Against this background that this exploratory case study elucidates how strategy is practiced in the case of the Wikimedia organization in a collaborative fashion by literally inviting thousands of globally dispersed volunteers to co...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of path dependence has often been criticized as vague and only narrowly applicable. Although we can find some very refined definitions of the concept, we also find a wide range of empirical phenomena being described as path-dependent. We argue that more detailed accounts of the positive feedback mechanisms that form paths can take path...
Article
Full-text available
Following the agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) intellectual property rights, and more specifically copyright, have become the subject of highly politicized conflicts. In this paper we analyze how these conflicts shifted from the political arena to private standard-setting sites, where two opposing coalition...
Article
After clarifying the notion and different areas of the (digital) "public domain" the paper engages in discussing literature on its relevance for society in general and economic innovation in particular. The effectiveness of the utilization of these abstract potentials however depends on the respective public domain regulation. In this context, the...
Article
Full-text available
Das "grundlegende Problem der Gegenwart" ist Colin Crouchs (2008) Buch "Postdemokratie" zu Folge die "Macht der Wirtschaftseliten". Eine Macht, die sich auf vielfältigste Weise manifestiert: als Verhandlungsmacht transnationaler Konzerne gegenüber Regierungen wenn es um Verlagerung von Produktionsstandorten geht; als Expertenmacht wirtschaftsnaher...
Article
After clarifying the notion and different areas of the (digital) "public domain" – specifically with reference to related terms such as public goods and (anti-)commons –, the paper engages in discussing literature on its relevance for society in general and economic innovation in particular. For one, the public domain is not only inherently relevan...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this paper we investigate the management of the relationship between formalized network organizations and informal digital communities by comparing the cases of Wikimedia and Creative Commons. Both cases are exemplary for the growing importance of contributions from communities external to organizations for the latter's proper service provision....
Chapter
Full-text available
Traditional regulation of copyright has recently been criticized from two opposing angles: While copyright holders and industries bemoan insufficient protection of copyrighted material in the digital era of lossless copying and file-sharing, a diverse coalition of dissident copyright lawyers, artists and activists claims that the prevalent copyrigh...
Article
Full-text available
Addressing the question why Economics as a discipline is not subject to evolutive processes itself, we explain the paradigmatical dominance of neoclassical theories in Economics as a path dependent process. Recognizing economics as "locked into neoclassical thinking," we first identify three positive feedback mechanisms leading to strong barriers t...