Leonardo Tunesi

Leonardo Tunesi
Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA) | ISPRA · Dipartimento di Difesa della Natura

About

153
Publications
54,113
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3,405
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1991 - present
Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA)
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (153)
Book
Full-text available
Chapter 1.1: Purpose and scope The purpose of this Document is to guide Member States in the review and update of the assessment of their marine waters in respect of each marine region or subregion, according to Article 17(2)(a) in conjunction with Articles 8(1) and 9(1) MSFD, which is due for reporting by 15 October 2024 and in subsequent reportin...
Article
Full-text available
This study reports the first attempt to quantitatively describe a Dendrophyllia ramea population on the Apollo bank (Ionian Sea), revealed in summer 2021 through a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) survey. The habitat description, bathymetric distribution, population density, and structure of the species were assessed by image analysis. A well-develo...
Article
Fish assemblages inhabiting a complex of south Tyrrhenian seamounts and banks were characterized using a remotely operated vehicle (ROV). Fish distribution was assessed through surveying 15 ROV transects. Video segments of each transect were split into two bathymetric ranges, above and below 200 m depth. In total 28 fish taxa belonging to 22 famili...
Article
Full-text available
Every 6 years, the European Commission requires Member States to report on their progress in implementing the Habitats Directive through a process involving the assessment of the conservation status (CS) of the Directive’s species and habitats. The results of the marine species assessment undertaken by Italy in the fourth report (2013–2018) are pre...
Article
Full-text available
EUSeaMap 2021 is the fifth iteration of EUSeaMap. All versions have been produced as part of the EMODnet Seabed Habitats project, which is one of several thematic lots in EMODnet. The project has brought together a European consortium of specialists in benthic ecology and seabed habitat mapping. The partners first collaborated in EMODnet phase 1 (2...
Article
Scleractinian cold-water corals (CWCs) are among the main habitat engineers of the deep Mediterranean Sea, hosting a high diversity of species and playing a significant ecological role. In the last two decades, many new living scleractinian CWC sites throughout the Mediterranean Basin have been recorded and their distribution has been updated. In t...
Book
Full-text available
Le Direttive Habitat (92/43/CEE) e Uccelli (2009/147/CE) rappresentano il principale pilastro della politica dell‟UE per la conservazione della natura. A queste si è recentemente aggiunto il Regolamento UE 1143/2014, volto a prevenire e contrastare l‟introduzione e la diffusione delle specie esotiche invasive sul territorio dell‟Unione Europea. Per...
Article
The Mediterranean Sea supports high levels of biodiversity and complexity but is facing increasing human pressures, so that strategies to protect and recover its ecosystems must be a priority in environmental policies. Benthic cartography represents the first step of marine spatial planning for the proper management and protection of our sea. Univo...
Article
The Mediterranean Sea is one of the most polluted marine basins and currently serves as a hotspot for marine litter. The seafloor represents the ultimate sink for most litter worldwide. Nevertheless, the knowledge about litter distribution and its interactions with benthic organisms in deep water is poorly understood. In 2018, we investigated spati...
Article
• Dendrophyllia ramea is a poorly known arborescent scleractinian coral, whose worldwide distribution is limited to the southern part of the Mediterranean basin, and to the Atlantic Ocean between Macaronesia and Gulf of Cadiz. The geographical distribution and abundance of D. ramea were herein updated, considering a total of 19 records, seven of wh...
Article
Full-text available
Marine ecosystems are under high demand for human use, giving concerns about how pressures from human activities may affect their structure, function, and status. In Europe, recent developments in mapping of marine habitats and human activities now enable a coherent spatial evaluation of potential combined effects of human activities. Results indic...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Since its inception, in 2009, EMODnet Seabed Habitats has brought together a European consortium of specialists in benthic ecology and seabed habitat mapping to develop a transnational broad-scale seabed habitat map, named EUSeaMap. EUSeaMap is the only pan-European cartographic product that provides a standardised trans-boundary overview of the sp...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents major gaps and challenges for implementing the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030) in the Mediterranean region. The authors make recommendations on the scientific knowledge needs and codesign actions identified during two consultations, part of the Decade preparatory-phase, framing them in the Medi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This technical report presents an overview of the spatial distribution of marine protected areas (MPAs) in Europe’s seas established as of 2019 (excluding overseas territories). It represents an updated rerun and advancement of the spatial statistics and of the coherence analysis run by the European Topic Centre on inland, coastal, and marine water...
Article
Demersal fish assemblages on the rocky bottoms of the Aeolian Archipelago were investigated using a Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) within the framework of research activities aimed at drawing up the zoning proposal of a new Italian national marine protected area. Visual assessments were conducted around the seven main islands by means of a total o...
Technical Report
Full-text available
EUSeaMap 2019 is the third iteration of EUSeaMap. All versions have been produced as part of the EMODnet Seabed Habitats project, which is one of several thematic lots in EMODnet. In the new version, the spatial coverage has been extended further North in order to include the Barents Sea. The spatial detail has substantially been improved. This has...
Article
Full-text available
This long-lived bivalve is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, where it has a range from Spain to Turkey along the northern and southern coasts and coasts of the Mediterranean islands. Since 2016, a devastating and geographically widespread mass mortality event (MME) has impacted P. nobilis populations throughout the Mediterranean Sea. Previous to th...
Article
Full-text available
This long-lived bivalve is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, where it has a range from Spain to Turkey along the northern and southern coasts and coasts of the Mediterranean islands. Since 2016, a devastating and geographically widespread mass mortality event (MME) has impacted P. nobilis populations throughout the Mediterranean Sea. Previous to th...
Book
Full-text available
There has been progress since 2012. The 1 215 MPAs and OECMs now cover 6.81 % of the Mediterranean through a large variety of conservation designations, with national designations accounting for only 1.27% and no-go, no-take or no-fishing zones for 0.04%. Over 72.77% of the surface covered is located in the Western Mediterranean. Designations cover...
Article
Biodiversity of coral forests and occurrence of Derelict Fishing Gears (DFGs) have been assessed in canyon systems of the western Ligurian Sea (Dramont, Monaco, Bordighera, Arma di Taggia and Bergeggi) exposed to different anthropic pressures. Arborescent cnidarians were elected as representative species due to their role as structuring organisms a...
Article
Temperate mesophotic reefs (circalittoral and offshore circalittoral hard/firm habitats), host complex three-dimensional animal forests and are vulnerable habitats protected by international agreements. In order to evaluate and monitor the environmental status of these ecosystems, the multi-parametric index Mesophotic Assemblages Conservation Statu...
Article
The anthropogenic marine debris, especially abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded Fishing Gear (ALDFG), represents a rising concern, because of its potential harmful impact on the marine animal forests. We carried out 13 km of video recordings, by means of a remotely operated vehicle, from 10 to 210 m depth, in an anthropised area of the Tyrrhenia...
Article
Full-text available
The Natura 2000 (N2k) network is an important site-based protection tool for the protection of biodiversity in Europe. However, for highly mobile and adaptable marine species, such a tool might not be the most effective way to achieve conservation objectives, unless this includes a broader consideration of the direct threats to these species throug...
Method
Full-text available
This pdf contains the supplementary information to Andersen et al. (2018): European Broad-scale Seabed Habitat Maps Supoort Implementation of Ecosystem-based Management published in Open Journal of Ecology
Article
Full-text available
We have analyzed the development of “Broad-Scale Seabed Habitat Maps” (BSHM) and their potential use in a European context with regard to the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) implementation, MPA designation and network assessment as well as other applications of BSHMs. The analyses are anchored in BSHMs developed by a series of interli...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This technical report presents an overview of the spatial distribution of marine protected areas (MPAs) in Europe’s seas established as of 2016 (excluding overseas territories). It represents a rerun and advancement of the spatial statistics run by ETC/ICM on MPA reported data in 2012 (EEA 2015a) and as such provides insight on the observed changes...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The European Topic Centre for Inland, Coastal and Marine Waters (ETC/ICM) has over the past two years developed a methodology to define a harmonised dataset of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in Europe’s seas based on the analysis of spatial and tabular data reported by Member States within the framework of EU-reporting fora and at the regional sea c...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In order to most benefit from the potential offered by the European marine basins in terms of growth and employment (Blue Growth), and to protect the marine environment, we need to know more about the seafloor. European Directives, such as the MSFD, but also the Horizon 2020 roadmap explicitly called for a multi-resolution full coverage of all Euro...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document aims to establish guidelines for inventorying and monitoring Mediterranean deep-sea habitats and marine caves in order to settle the basis for a regional-based assessment. Furthermore, it aims at reviewing the known distribution and main characteristics of these ecosystems. Although the Dark Habitats Action Plan covers entirely dark c...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Although scientific knowledge on dark habitats has increased during the last decades, there is still a significant gap today. The number of human activities and pressures impacting marine habitats has considerably increased throughout the Mediterranean, including deep-sea habitats (e.g. destructive fishing practices such as bottom trawling, oil and...
Book
Full-text available
The main objectives of this research are: 1) the creation of an expert network for the evaluation of the extinction risk of marine bony fish species in Italy; 2) the evaluation of the extinction risk for marine bony fish species; 3) the creation of a baseline for future evaluations of the trends in biodiversity conservation in Italy. The assessment...
Article
Full-text available
The fish assemblages of the coastal area of the promontory of Cape Milazzo (Italy, Central Mediterranean), which has been recently designated by Italian Law to become a national marine protected area (MPA), were characterized by visual censuses carried out over different habitats (rocky algal reef, Posidonia oceanica meadow and soft bottom) and dep...
Book
Full-text available
The European Red List of Habitats provides an overview of the risk of collapse (degree of endangerment) of marine, terrestrial and freshwater habitats in the European Union (EU28) and adjacent regions (EU28+), based on a consistent set of categories and criteria, and detailed data and expert knowledge from involved countries1. A total of 257 benthi...
Book
Full-text available
La surveillance du milieu marin et la protection de sa biodiversité, objectifs premiers de l’Accord RAMOGE qui unit la France, l’Italie et la Principauté de Monaco depuis 40 ans, ont pris une importance croissante en méditerranée alors que la dégradation des milieux naturels est devenue une préoccupation majeure pour la société et la communauté sci...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The EUNIS habitats classification has been developed since the mid-1990s and has not changed significantly since 2004. In October 2011 the European Environment Agency held a meeting to discuss the classification and it was agreed that a revision was necessary, particularly for the marine component. An expert workshop held in November 2013 agreed th...
Book
Full-text available
The European Red List of Habitats provides an overview of the risk of collapse (degree of endangerment) of marine, terrestrial and freshwater habitats in the European Union (EU28) and adjacent regions (EU28+), based on a consistent set of categories and criteria, and detailed data and expert knowledge from involved countries. A total of 257 benthic...
Technical Report
Report on the exploration by ROV of: Nioulargue bank, Dramont, Monaco, Bordighera and Arma di Taggia banks and Monaco deep rocks.
Article
Full-text available
New records of the rare Messina rockfish Scorpaenodes arenai (Scorpaenidae) stranded on the Sicilian coast of the Strait of Messina (central Mediterranean Sea) are reported. Morphometric and meristic characters are given together with information on age data. The first underwater observations by ROV in different Mediterranean areas contributed to i...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution of gold coral Savalia savaglia is modified on the basis of bibliographic information and recent occurrence data collected by ROV (Remotely Operated Vehicle) and SCUBA divers. The species is long-lived, rare and has been exploited in the past by divers for collection purposes. S. savaglia is listed in Annex II of the SPA/BD Protocol...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document reports on progress made to date in establishing MPAs and MPA networks in Europe's seas, specifically MPAs reported by European Union (EU) Member States up to and including 2012. It also discusses how best to assess the effectiveness of these MPAs and determine their effectiveness in protecting biodiversity across Europe's seas. This...
Article
Full-text available
Studies to support the establishment of a Marine Protected Area: an opportunity to apply the ICZM principles The establishment of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) in Italy requires specific studies in order to formulate the zoning proposal which defines the management framework of the forthcoming MPA. Effective zoning requires the application of spati...
Book
Full-text available
The Action Plan for the conservation of habitats and species associated with seamounts, underwater caves and canyons, aphotic hard beds and chemosynthetic phenomena in the Mediterranean Sea follows a series of eight Action plans adopted by the Mediterranean countries within the framework of the Barcelona Convention, devoted to the conservation of s...
Article
The distribution of gold coral Savalia savaglia is modified on the basis of bibliographic information and recent occurrence data, collected using a ROV (Remotely Operated Vehicle) and SCUBA divers. The species is long-lived, rare and has been exploited in the past by divers for collection purposes. S. savaglia is listed in Annex II of the SPA/BD Pr...