Leon Muntean

Leon Muntean
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine | USAMV Cluj · Department od Plant Breeding

Doctor of Agronomy

About

71
Publications
14,231
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209
Citations
Introduction
Leon Muntean currently works at the Department od Plant Breeding, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine. Leon does research in Agronomy. Their current project is 'Wheat genomic selection'.
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - March 2016
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Position
  • Vice Dean, Faculty of Agriculture

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
Full-text available
Hypericum perforatum L. popularly called St. John's wort is a medicinal plant recognized especially for its therapeutic effects used in moderate depressive states. The article presents the importance of alternative medicine and also highlights the therapeutic effects of St. John's wort explicitly reported following various scientific studies with a...
Article
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Ten Mentha varieties collected from Botanical Garden of UASVM Cluj-Napoca were studied for genetic diversity among them and to identify of some commercial variety using molecular RAPD markers. A total of thirteen RAPD primers were used, but after amplification only eight was polymorphic. All eight RAPD primers gave a total of 270 amplified products...
Article
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At the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine in Cluj-Napoca there is an old and valuable tradition regarding the knowledge and valorification of medicinal and aromatic plants. In this institution, a Medicinal Plant Resort was established (in 1904), with activity until between the two world war period, being known and appreciat...
Article
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Corn (Zea mays L.) is one of the highest yield crops. Brought in Romania about 300 years ago, our country comes up to the largest corn-growing states with 2.3-2.5 million hectares/year, in EU being recognized as the largest maize grower. The biological material used by Romanian farmers has different origin, thus its agronomic performance is often r...
Article
Cannabis sativa is among the first cultivated plants for producing fibres from the stalks and consumption of the seeds. Later, the medicinal properties were discovered. The oldest written record of using cannabis for the medicinal and recreational purposes is from China. Over the time many experimental researches were carried out that emphasize the...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabis sativa is among the first cultivated plants for producing fibres from the stalks and consumption of the seeds. Later, the medicinal properties were discovered. The oldest written record of using cannabis for the medicinal and recreational purposes is from China. Over the time many experimental researches were carried out that emphasize the...
Article
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Drought is one of the abiotic stress factors which affects the global production of grain cereals and is an important risk factor even for consecrated cultivation sites. This is even more acute for spring grains which are the most vulnerable to drought. This is the case for two-row spring barley which is highly sensitive to heat, especially in the...
Article
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Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is one of the essential cereal crops for humankind, the harvested area with barley ranks the 3rd place regarding grains cereals, after wheat and rice. The yield potential of barley, trait with complex genetic determinism, represents the maximum level of biomass which a genotype can realize under optimal conditions of growth...
Article
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Nowadays, probiotic bacteria are extensively used as health-related components in novel foods with the aim of added-value for the food industry. Ingested probiotic bacteria must resist gastrointestinal exposure, the food matrix, and storage conditions. The recommended methodology for bacteria protection is microencapsulation technology. A key aspec...
Article
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Mint (Mentha spp.), one of the most used plants in traditional medicine, is cultivated since antiquity, being mentioned by ancient writings. Besides its use for improving the human health, mint extracts are found in food, cosmetics, detergents, perfumes, biopesticides, etc. Due to its multiple benefits mint consumption has increased continuously in...
Article
Barley is considered one of the oldest cultivated plants that played an important role in the development of human civilization, agronomic, physiological, genetic sciences and plant breeding. Since ancient times, barley was used for human food and animal feed. In addition to the already known uses, barley also has therapeutic qualities discovered o...
Article
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Furthermore to additive action of polygenes, in heredity of quantitative traits, other types of intra-allelic (dominance and recessiveness) and inter-allelic (epistasis) interactions are also involved, all this ultimately leading to a complex heredity of these traits. Although it was initially believed that the constitutive elements of yield had a...
Article
Full-text available
Barley is considered one of the oldest cultivated plants that played an important role in the development of human civilization, agronomic, physiological, genetic sciences and plant breeding. Since ancient times, barley was used for human food and animal feed. In addition to the already known uses, barley also has therapeutic qualities discovered o...
Article
Full-text available
Development of high-yielding hybrids of maize depends on good understanding of combining ability and inheritance of yield trait. To achieve this goal, synthetic populations of lines are developed and improved upon by recurrent selection to be utilized as initial material for the creation of inbred lines. Therefore, the aims of the present paper wer...
Article
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Cultivation of spring wheat varieties has expanded into areas with abundant winters where winter wheat is not suitable. Due to lack of research in Romania regarding the influence of different factors on hard red spring wheat, the present study aimed at a better understanding of the influence of genotype, climatic conditions and nitrogen fertilizati...
Article
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Stalk lodging resistance is a particularly important trait on maize, especially in terms of mechanized harvesting of the crop. Stalk lodging represents a major problem of corn with yield losses. Because of this reason, it takes a special attention on the breeding process. The purpose of this research was the study of maize stalk lodging resistance...
Article
Full-text available
The role of medicinal and aromatic plants in prophylactic and curative medicine is long known, being increasingly appreciated worldwide and in our country. Man used natural resources in the middle of which he lived, from the beginning of its existence. He found in the vegetal and animal world the livelihood, food, clothes and solutions to remedy th...
Book
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The Treatise of Cultivated and Wild Medicinal Plants, now at its second edition, is developed by the same authors as the first edition (published at Risoprint Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2007). The second edition includes chapters and new species of medicinal plants and modern aspects of the presentation and capitalization of these species of pl...
Article
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Taking into account the importance of root and coleoptile and mesocotyl length of maize young plants, we considered appropriate to analyse the variability of these traits in a set of maize local populations. The root system development, the mesocotyl and the coleoptile were studied in a number of 41 local populations at The Maize Breeding Departmen...
Article
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The objectives of the present study were to examine the combining ability for grain yield of seven maize (Zea mays L.) synthetic populations obtained from Transylvanian local populations and their potential use as source populations in breeding programmes. General combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) effects were calculated...
Article
Synthetic populations of maize (Zea mays L) are low-cost and stable varieties, obtained by cross pollination of a group of inbred lines, local population or hybrids. The main advantage of these populations is that the heterosis does not diminish significantly in F2. In order to complete the research on the combining ability of maize synthetic popul...
Article
Synthetic varieties of corn are open-pollinated populations obtained by cross-pollination of a group of inbred lines. Besides the inbred lines, corn synthetics can be obtained from local populations or hybrids. In general, they are superior to local populations but not exceeding heterotic hybrids. The main advantage of corn synthetic varieties is t...
Patent
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Soiul „Cluj” de Echinacea purpurea L. (Moench.), creat la U.S.A.M.V. Cluj-Napoca, testat (2007 şi 2008) şi înregistrat (2010). Certificat privind înregistrarea soiului de Echinacea pallida „Cluj”, nr. 2797/26.04.2010 eliberat de Institutul de Stat pentru Testarea şi Înregistrarea Soiurilor Bucureşti (I.S.T.I.S.). (Brevet nr. 00253, la data de 9.03...
Article
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The “Cluj” cultivar (Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench, has been created at Hop and Medicinal Plants Crop Research Center USAMV Cluj-Napoca through repeated mass selection from echinacea that had been imported to our contry and studied in yield trials (with the temporary name CN - 15/92). The biological material from which the “Cluj” cultivar was obta...
Article
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The “Napoca” cultivar (Echinacea pallida Nutt.) has been created at Hop and Medicinal Plants Crop Research Center U.S.A.M.V. Cluj-Napoca through repeated mass selection from echinacea that had been imported to our country and studied in yield trials (with the temporary name of CN 11/992). Here are some of the morpho-physiological, productivity and...
Book
Full-text available
MEDICINAL PLANTS
Article
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The “Ardeal” hop cultivar (Humulus lupulus L., ssp europeus Ryb.) was created at “Hop and Medicinal Plants Crop Research Center” - U.S.A.V.M. Cluj-Napoca through clonal selection from the Hallertauer Magnum cultivar (temporarily called CN 21/96). Among the morpho-physiological, productivity and quality features of this hop cultivar some ought to be...
Article
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Valeriana officinalis L. is considered to pertain to European species, with great ecologic plasticity, which allows its adaptation to climate conditions characteristics to plain areas and also to mountain areas up to an altitude of 2400 meters. The species is a well-known curative plant, with a long history and multiple uses. Essential oils derivin...
Article
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In order to induce somaclonal variation in purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench), the selected material from five elite plants was cultured in vitro. Optimum callus formation was observed on Murashige and Skoogs' (MS) medium supplemented with 10mg/l of 2,4-D. The best shoot regeneration was achieved upon transferring the callus to MS m...
Article
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Our research determined the optimum nutritional space for Valeriana officinalis L. (the Magurele 100 cultivar), as an ecological crop created through seedling transplants in the second decade of April, using the following densities: V1=200 thousand of plants/ha, V2=133 thousand of plants/ha, V3=100 thousand of plants/ha, V4=80 thousand of plants/ha...
Patent
Full-text available
Soiul de hamei (Humulus lupulus L.) "Ardeal" (Superalfa), creat la U.S.A.M.V. Cluj-Napoca, testat (2003 şi 2004) şi înregistrat (2005). Certificat privind înregistrarea soiului de hamei “Superalfa” nr. 2.700/09.06.2005, eliberat de Institutul de Stat pentru Testarea şi Înregistrarea Soiurilor – Bucureşti (I.S.T.I.S.). (Brevet nr. 00160, la data de...
Patent
Full-text available
Soiul „Napoca” de Echinacea pallida Nutt., creat la U.S.A.M.V. Cluj-Napoca, testat (2004 şi 2005) şi înregistrat (2006). Certificat privind înregistrarea soiului de Echinacea pallida „Napoca”, nr. 1955/11.04.2006, eliberat de Institutul de Stat pentru Testarea şi Înregistrarea Soiurilor Bucureşti (I.S.T.I.S.). (Brevet nr. 00161, la data de 30.12.2...
Article
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The valuable characteristics of red clover (productivity, resistance to biotic and non-biotic factors, as well as quality) depend on a series of morphological and physiological traits which, in turn, are influenced by genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of our research, carried out at Cluj-Napoca, was to study the variability of the morp...
Article
Full-text available
The valuable characteristics of red clover (productivity, resistance to biotic and non-biotic factors, as well as quality) depend on a series of morphological and physiological traits, which, in turn, are influenced by genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of our research, carried out at Cluj-Napoca, was to study the variability of the mor...
Article
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The phenotypic effect and the mutations frequency very much depend on the genetic background in which they produce and become manifest, as well as on the gene nature or the genetic material upon which the inductive agent drives. There were taken under study two Vicia faba L. genotypes. There were applied mutagen treatments with gamma rays in seven...
Article
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Studying the correlations between productivity elements of red clover (green matter, dry matter and seed yield) is a very important aspect of breeding programs because it helps obtaining highly productive cultivars. Positive correlations, statistically assured, were observed between green and dry matter yields in both years of vegetation, for both...
Article
Full-text available
Echinacea species come from North America. Preparations of Echinacea pallida Nutt. and Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench are used in healing many diseases owing to their immunostimulative, antivirus and bacteria, scarifying and anti-inflammatory properties. Echinacea pallida Nutt. displays tap root, linear spear-shaped leaves. Seedling plantation with...
Article
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The necessity of cultivating aromatic and medicinal plants in Romania stems from the fact that spontaneous flora cannot face the ever-rising demand for raw material. Then, some species take up at random vast areas within spontaneous flora, sometimes difficult get at; thus spotting picking and transport become cumbersome, the rhythmus hindered and p...
Article
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The objectives of aromatic and medicinal plant breeding are complex: of these, the establishment of numerous traits: yield level, raw-material quality (content in active substances), uniformness of the material and reaching of technological maturity of harvesting, ability to adaptation and hardiness to diseases, pests, laying, frost, drought etc.,...
Article
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Oenothera biennis L., a biennial plant is recommended in the treatment and healing of wounds, sore throat; it also possesses cleansing, emollient and antidiarrhoeia properties. Seeds of Oenothra biennis L. are rich in fatty oils possessing important therapeutically qualities due to the presence of linolenic gamma acid. The biological investigations...
Article
Full-text available
The role of medicinal and aromatic plants in prophylactic and curative medicine is long known, being increasingly appreciated worldwide and in our country. Man used natural resources in the middle of which he lived, from the beginning of its existence. He found in the vegetal and animal world the livelihood, food, clothes and solutions to remedy th...
Article
Full-text available
Cnicus benedictus est recommande dans les maladies du foie, de l'estomac, des voies respiratoires. Les parties aeriennes de la plante (Herba Cardui Benedicti) constituent la matiere premiere vegetale qui contient des substances ameres, de l'huile volatil, des mucilages, des tanins, des phytosterines, des sels mineraux etc. Des recherches de biologi...
Article
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Galena officinalis, a herbaceous plant, is used with medicinal purposes. The plant product (Herba Galegae) has galactogogue; galactogenic, hypoglyceniant, diaphoretic and anthelmintic effect and influence the cardio-vascular system; it is also antispasmotic in children's epilepsy. The plant is perennial and, in the 1st year of vegetation, plants fr...
Article
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In the second year of vegetation, after emergence, Echinacea pallida Nutt. and Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench, form a leaf rosette and the first floral shoots appear in June. Plant vigour is significantly higher in Echinacea purpurea than in E. pallida, saved for roots. E. pallida is tetraploid, 2n=4x=44 chromosomes, of small size, between 5,87 and...
Article
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Echinacea angustifolia (Dc.) Moench and Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench species have been highly appreciated for their therapeutic qualities, both of them belong to the few plants of immunostimulative and antiviral properties. The adaptation and cultivation process of these plants has been initiated for medical purposes at the Cluj-Napoca Agronomy I...
Article
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Colchicum autumnale L. derived from seed, develops in the first five years only vegetative organs (tuberobulbs, roots, leaves). In the sixth year the plants develop three leaves in spring and flowering takes place in autumn. The fructification of the plants derived from seed takes place in the seventh year only. Colchicum autumnale L. has 38 chromo...
Article
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Based on genetic resources found in house-gardens of Cluj-Napoca, the cultivation experiment was started with Papaver bracteatum Lindl. in 1980. Best germination of seeds was found in the second year after harvest at 24 degree. The phenology of plant growth and development was registered and the thebain accumulation analysed. The highest thebain yi...
Article
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A spontaneous population of Herniaria glabra L. collected in Valea Ierii (Distr. Cluj) was introduced in cultivation as a medicinal plant used in uro-genital diseases. The experiment was performed in the field of Agronomy Institute Cluj-Napoca. After an unsuccesfull attempt of cultivation by sowing, the plants established were used for vegetative p...
Article
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III. Common Autumn Crocus grown from seeds formed in the third year after sowing a new bulbotuber part with many fasciculate and one stake-like roots and a single aboveground leaf. The stake-like root, developed from the bulbotuber has a histological structure of a primary root with stocking functions and has a probable role in the formation of the...
Article
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The development of the first school-botanical garden from Blaj is strongly connected with the development of botanical research at the University and Agronomy Insitute from Cluj-Napoca. The first curators of the garden A. Uilacan, A. Cheteanu, Al. Borza and I. Popu-Cimpeanu studied in Cluj. Prof. Al. Borza developed the medicinal and crop plant col...
Article
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Common Autumn Crocus planted in spring of 1979, under the protection of Lolium perenne, has sprouted in 1980. during the first vegetative year the following plant parts had developed: the mezocotyl, root, hypocotyl, a small bulbotuber below the surface of the ground and the leaf, above it. The blooming spreads over a rather long period of time, rea...
Article
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In order to cultivate Colchicum autumnale L. as regular crop, there were studied the phenology, colchicine accumulation in organs, the morphological variability and the seed germination. The paper introduces results of research obtained at "Dr. P. Groza" Agronomy Institute in 1977 and 1978. The analyzed population displayed high variability in quan...
Article
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The behaviour of certain plants in young stage concerning their resistance to soil salinity was measured. The plants involved were the following: Secale cereale, Hordeum vulgare, Sorghum vulgare, Medicago sativa, Melilotus officinalis, Onobrychis viciaefolia, Cicer arietinum, Helianthus annuus, Carthamus tinctorius and Beta vulgaris. The measuremen...
Article
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Pour le lupin les recherches se referent: aux facteurs externes de germination (12), a la succession des forces et des regions qui determinant l'absorption de l'eau (8, 9, 10,) ils envisagent aussi quelques aspects metaboliques (2, 4), differents stimulateurs de germination (7, 11, 13) et les possibilites de reduire les graines dures (1, 3, 5, 14)....
Article
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Polyploidy induction is an extremely important method for breeding red clover, as the characteristics of this species perfectly meet the requirements of this procedure. The purpose of this study was to complete the existing research on polyploids by a comparative analysis of two groups of currently cultivated diploid and tetraploid cultivars, with...
Article
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Research aimed at the evaluation and selection of biological material, genetically valuable for several genotypes of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench. The experiment, that took place during the years 2008 şi 2009, aimed the phenological study and the content of active principles in several genotypes of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench received from 8 d...
Article
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Numerous studies write about the essential oil obtained from the plant Angelica archangelica L., like having carminative, stimulant, diaphoretic, stomach, tonic and expectorant properties. One problem we face in recent years is the raw material derived from this species, which is quit few compared with the requirements. A cause for this situation i...
Article
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The multiple usages of Angelica archangelica L. species are given by its medicinal properties due to high content of essential oils and also, aromatization capacity which makes it useful in the food industry to flavor their various additives or alcoholic beverages, its habitus is highly appreciated for its ornamental value. The major problem of thi...
Article
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The marigold inflorescences are much appreciated for their medicinal purposes and they are used as healers, analgesic, bactericide, bile secretor and many other. In our study we have analyzed nine cultivars of marigold, as well as local populations and local selection from different geographic areas from Romania. We have analyzed the total weight o...

Network

Cited By
    • National Institute of Research - Development for Machines and Installations Designed to Agriculture and Food Industry
    • University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
    • University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
    • Institute for Agricultural Fisheries and Food Research
    • Iuliu Haţieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The BISON project had the following objectives - Identify research and innovation needs for biodiversity mainstreaming in transport infrastructure. - Detect the methods and materials that can be used by different transport modes to mitigate pressure on biodiversity. - Make infrastructure more performant and reliable. - Support European Member States to fulfil their regional and international commitments for sustainable development. - Develop collaboration among European Member States to become political leaders on jointly addressing biodiversity and infrastructure challenges.
Project
Breeding wheat using some genomic models for main traits selection.