Lene B Oddershede

Lene B Oddershede
University of Copenhagen · Niels Bohr Institute

PhD

About

200
Publications
31,699
Reads
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7,022
Citations
Citations since 2017
46 Research Items
3615 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600
Additional affiliations
September 1998 - present
University of Copenhagen
Description
  • Group leader
January 1996 - November 1997
University of Illinois at Chicago
Position
  • Research at the University of Chicago
January 1994 - December 1998
Education
September 1994 - September 1998
University of Southern Denmark
Field of study
  • Experimental Physics

Publications

Publications (200)
Article
Optical tweezers are tools made of light that enable contactless pushing, trapping, and manipulation of objects ranging from atoms to space light sails. Since the pioneering work by Arthur Ashkin in the 1970s, optical tweezers have evolved into sophisticated instruments and have been employed in a broad range of applications in life sciences, physi...
Article
Full-text available
A panoply of new tools for tracking single particles and molecules has led to an explosion of experimental data, leading to novel insights into physical properties of living matter governing cellular development and function, health and disease. In this Perspective, we present tools to investigate the dynamics and mechanics of living systems from t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Optical tweezers are tools made of light that enable contactless pushing, trapping, and manipulation of objects ranging from atoms to space light sails. Since the pioneering work by Arthur Ashkin in the 1970s, optical tweezers have evolved into sophisticated instruments and have been employed in a broad range of applications in life sciences, physi...
Article
Full-text available
The transcription factor NF-κB plays a vital role in the control of the immune system, and following stimulation with TNF-α its nuclear concentration shows oscillatory behaviour. How environmental factors, in particular temperature, can control the oscillations and thereby affect gene stimulation is still remains to be resolved question. In this wo...
Article
Maintaining the integrity of the cell plasma membrane (PM) is critical for the survival of cells. While an efficient PM repair machinery can aid survival of healthy cells by preventing influx of extracellular calcium, it can also constitute an obstacle in drug delivery and photothermal therapy. We show how nanoscopic holes can be created in a contr...
Article
Full-text available
Material properties of living matter play an important role for biological function and development. Yet, quantification of material properties of internal organs in vivo, without causing physiological damage, remains challenging. Here, we present a non-invasive approach based on modified optical tweezers for quantifying sub-cellular material prope...
Article
Full-text available
The cellular cytoskeleton provides the cell with a mechanical rigidity that allows mechanical interaction between cells and the extracellular environment. The actin structure plays a key role in mechanical events such as motility or the establishment of cell polarity. From the earliest stages of development, as represented by the ex vivo expansion...
Preprint
Full-text available
Maintaining the integrity of the cell plasma membrane (PM) is critical for the survival of cells. While an efficient PM repair machinery can aid survival of healthy cells by preventing influx of extracellular calcium, it can also constitute an obstacle in drug delivery and photothermal therapy. We show how nanoscopic holes can be applied to the cel...
Article
Full-text available
The biophysical properties of polymer based gels, for instance the commonly used Matrigel, crucially depend on polymer concentration. Only certain polymer concentrations will produce a gel optimal for a specific purpose, for instance for organoid development. Hence, in order to design a polymer scaffold for a specific purpose, it is important to kn...
Preprint
Full-text available
Filopodia are actin-rich structures, present on the surface of practically every known eukaryotic cell. These structures play a pivotal role in specific cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions by allowing cells to explore their environment, generate mechanical forces, perform chemical signaling, or convey signals via intercellular tunneling nano-bri...
Article
Full-text available
Nanomedicine approaches based on targeted delivery of nanoparticles have enormous therapeutic potential. For this to succeed, the nanoparticles, possibly functionalized or activatable by lasers, need to reach their target in the organism and preferably accumulate at this target. However, administration of nanoparticles in vivo results in rapid clea...
Preprint
Full-text available
The cellular cytoskeleton provides the cell with mechanical rigidity and mediates mechanical interaction between cells and with the extracellular environment. The actin structure plays a key role in regulating cellular behaviors like motility, cell sorting, or cell polarity. From the earliest stages of development, in naïve stem cells, the critical...
Article
Full-text available
In a nanoplasmonic context, copper (Cu) is a potential and interesting surrogate to less accessible metals such as gold, silver or platinum. We demonstrate optical trapping of individual Cu nanoparticles with diameters between 25 and 70 nm and of two ionic Cu nanoparticle species, CuFe2O4 and CuZnFe2O4, with diameters of 90 nm using a near infrared...
Article
Full-text available
Background Heat generated from plasmonic nanoparticles can be utilized in plasmonic photothermal therapy. A combination of near-infrared laser and plasmonic nanoparticles is compelling for the treatment of brain cancer, due to the efficient light-to-heat conversion and bio-compatibility. However, one of the challenges of plasmonic photothermal ther...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Photothermal therapy (PTT) exploits the light-absorbing properties of nanomaterials such as silica-gold nanoshells (NS) to inflict tumor death through local hyperthermia. However, in in vivo studies of PTT, the heat distribution is often found to be heterogeneous throughout the tumor volume, which leaves parts of the tumor untreated and im...
Article
The absorption of light by plasmonic nanostructures and their associated temperature increase are exquisitely sensitive to the shape and composition of the structure and to the wavelength of light. Therefore, much effort is put into synthesizing novel nanostructures for optimized interaction with the incident light. The successful synthesis and cha...
Preprint
Heat generated from plasmonic nanoparticles can be utilized in plasmonic photothermal therapy. A combination of near-infrared laser and metallic nanoparticles are compelling for the treatment of brain cancer, due to their efficient light-to-heat conversion and bio-compatibility. However, one of the challenges of plasmonic photothermal therapy is to...
Article
Novel RNA-based technologies provide an avenue of possibilities to control the regulation of gene expression in cells. To realize the full potential of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-based therapy, efficient delivery vehicles and novel strategies for triggering release from carrier vehicles have to be developed. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with sizes...
Article
Full-text available
Increased tissue stiffness is a classic characteristic of solid tumors. One of the major contributing factors is increased density of collagen fibers in the extracellular matrix (ECM). Here, we investigate how cancer cells biomechanically interact with and respond to the stiffness of the ECM. Probing the adaptability of cancer cells to altered ECM...
Article
Herein, a novel drug photo-release system based on gold nanostars (AuNSts) coated with a mesoporous silica shell and capped with paraffin as thermo-sensitive molecular gate, is reported. Direct measurements of the surface temperature of a single gold nanostar irradiated by a tightly focused laser beam, are performed via a heat-sensitive biological...
Article
Full-text available
Mechanical forces are important factors in the development, coordination and collective motion of cells. Based on a continuum-scale model, we consider the influence of substrate friction on cell motility in confluent living tissue. We test our model on experimental data of endothelial and cancer cells. In contrast to the commonly used drag friction...
Article
Full-text available
We present a versatile three-lens optical design to improve the overall compactness, efficiency, and robustness for optical tweezers based applications. The design, inspired by the Cooke-Triplet configuration, allows for continuous beam magnifications of 2-10×, and axial as well as lateral focal shifts can be realized without switching lenses or in...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale: Since its first implementation nanoparticle-assisted photothermal cancer therapy has been studied extensively, although mainly with focus on optimal nanoparticle design. However, development of efficient treatment protocols, as well as reliable and early evaluation tools in vivo, are needed to push the therapy towards clinical translatio...
Article
Absorption of near infrared (NIR) light by metallic nanoparticles can cause extreme heating and is of interest for instance in cancer treatment since NIR light has a relatively large penetration depth into biological tissue. Here, we quantify the extraordinary thermoplasmonic properties of platinum nanoparticles and demonstrate their efficiency in...
Article
Remote control over fusion of single cells and vesicles has a great potential in biological and chemical research allowing both transfer of genetic material between cells and transfer of molecular content between vesicles. Membrane fusion is a critical process in biology that facilitates molecular transport and mixing of cellular cytoplasms with po...
Article
Nanostructures with exceptional absorption in the near infrared (NIR) regime are receiving significant attention due to their ability to promote controlled local heating in biological material upon irradiation. Also, such nano-structures have numerous applications in nano-electronics and for bio-exploration. Therefore, significant effort is being p...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Nanoparticle-assisted photothermal therapy relies on photo-absorbing agents that accumulate in tumors and upon irradiation with near-infrared light, generate hyperthermal temperatures sufficient to ablate surrounding cancerous tissue. In this study, we used small animal PET imaging to compare the tracers ¹⁸F-FDG and ¹⁸F-FLT, that are glucose a...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Nanoparticle-assisted photothermal therapy is a new promising therapeutic strategy that utilizes photo-absorbing nanoparticles irradiated with near infrared light to generate a local temperature increase in tumor tissue. Here we used small animal ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT to evaluate the treatment response of silica-gold nanoshell (NS)-assisted photother...
Article
Full-text available
Within the field of nanoparticle-assisted photothermal cancer therapy, focus has mostly been on developing novel heat-generating nanoparticles with the right optical and dimensional properties. Comparison and evaluation of their performance in tumor-bearing animals are commonly assessed by changes in tumor volume; however, this is usually a late-oc...
Article
The targeted spatial organization (sorting) of Gprotein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is essential for their biological function and often takes place in highly curved membrane compartments such as filopodia, endocytic pits, trafficking vesicles or endosome tubules. However, the influence of geometrical membrane curvature on GPCR sorting remains unknow...
Article
Full-text available
From microbial biofilms to human migrations, spatial competition is central to the evolutionary history of many species. The boundary between expanding populations is the focal point of competition for space and resources and is of particular interest in ecology. For all Escherichia coli strains studied here, these boundaries move in a counterclock...
Article
Full-text available
Two of the classical hallmarks of cancer are uncontrolled cell division and tissue invasion, which turn the disease into a systemic, life-threatening condition. Although both processes are studied, a clear correlation between cell division and motility of cancer cells has not been described previously. Here, we experimentally characterize the dynam...
Article
Full-text available
Complete fusion of two selected cells allows for the creation of novel hybrid cells with inherited genetic properties from both original cells. Alternatively, via fusion of a selected cell with a selected vesicle, chemicals or genes can be directly delivered into the cell of interest, to control cellular reactions or gene expression. Here, we demon...
Article
The biomolecule is among the most important building blocks of biological systems, and a full understanding of its function forms the scaffold for describing the mechanisms of higher order structures as organelles and cells. Force is a fundamental regulatory mechanism of biomolecular interactions driving many cellular processes. The forces on a mol...
Conference Paper
A tightly focused laser beam can optically trap individual metallic nanoparticles. While in the trap, the particles will absorb part of the incident light and release this energy in the form of heat into the surroundings. The light-to-heat conversion efficiency of metallic nanoparticles can be quantified by the use of a bio-compatible assay and, if...
Chapter
As described in the previous chapters, optical tweezers have become a tool of precision for in vitro single-molecule investigations, where the single molecule of interest most often is studied in purified form in an experimental assay with a well-controlled fluidic environment. A well-controlled fluidic environment implies that the physical propert...
Article
Full-text available
Plasmonic nanoparticle-based photothermal cancer therapy is a promising new tool to inflict localized and irreversible damage to tumor tissue by hyperthermia, without harming surrounding healthy tissue. We developed a single particle and positron emission tomography (PET)-based platform to quantitatively correlate the heat generation of plasmonic n...
Conference Paper
A cell is in constant interaction with its environment, it responds to external mechanical, chemical and biological signals. The response to these signals can be of various nature, for instance intra-cellular mechanical re-arrangements, cell-cell interactions, or cellular reinforcements. Optical methods are quite attractive for investigating the me...
Article
Full-text available
Aerosol trapping has proven challenging and was only recently demonstrated.1 This was accomplished by utilizing an air chamber designed to have a minimum of turbulence and a laser beam with a minimum of aberration. Individual gold nano-particles with diameters between 80 nm and 200 nm were trapped in air using a 1064 nm laser. The positions visited...
Article
Uptake of nanoparticles by endothelial cells is dependent on shear stress adaptation and flow exposure conditions. Adaptation of primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to shear stress for 24 h was associated with reduced internalisation of unmodified 80 nm spherical gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) (mean hydrodynamic size of 99 nm in cul...
Article
Full-text available
Most progress on optical nanoparticle control has been in liquids while optical control in air has proven more challenging. By utilizing an air chamber designed to have a minimum of turbulence and a single laser beam with a minimum of aberration, we trapped individual 200 to 80 nm gold nanoparticles in air and quantified the corresponding trapping...
Article
Full-text available
Filopodia are active tubular structures protruding from the cell surface which allow the cell to sense and interact with the surrounding environment through repetitive elongation-retraction cycles. The mechanical behavior of filopodia has been studied by measuring the traction forces exerted on external substrates.11. Chan CE, Odde DJ. Traction dyn...
Article
Full-text available
F ilopodia are active tubular structures protruding from the cell surface which allow the cell to sense and interact with the surrounding environment through repetitive elongation-retraction cycles. The mechanical behavior of filo-podia has been studied by measuring the traction forces exerted on external sub-strates. 1 These studies have revealed...
Article
Full-text available
Membrane fusion can be accelerated by heating which causes membrane melting and expansion. We locally heated the membranes of two adjacent vesicles by laser irradiating gold nanoparticles, thus causing vesicle fusion with associated membrane and cargo mixing. The mixing time scales were consistent with diffusive mixing of the membrane dyes and the...
Article
Cells dynamically interact with and probe their environment by growing finger-like structures named filopodia. The dynamics of filopodia are mainly caused by the actin rich core or shaft which sits inside the filopodial membrane and continuously undergoes changes like growth, shrinking, bending and rotation. Recent experiments combining advanced im...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate in vitro fibrillation kinetics of the hormone peptide glucagon at various concentrations using confocal microscopy and determine the glucagon fibril persistence length 60μm. At all concentrations we observe that periods of individual fibril growth are interrupted by periods of stasis. The growth probability is large at high and low c...
Article
Full-text available
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are relevant in nanomedicine for drug delivery in the vascular system, where endothelial cells are first point of contact. We investigated the uptake of 80 nm AuNPs in primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) by flow cytometry, 3D confocal microscopy, nano-scale 3D-imaging using focused ion beam - scanning...
Poster
Full-text available
Cells use filopodia to interact with and sense the cellular environment. Filopodia interact with external substrates by linking the internal actin shaft to the extracellular matrix or other cells thus forming a rigid connection. Transduction of force by filopodia has been reported before [1-5], and has been linked to retrograde flow of actin [1]. I...
Article
Multiple-beam optical traps facilitate advanced trapping geometries and exciting discoveries. However, the increased manipulation capabilities come at the price of more challenging position and force detection. Due to unrivaled bandwidth and resolution, photodiode based detection is preferred over camera based detection in most single/dual-beam opt...
Article
The shape of biological membranes (membrane curvature) has been recognized to regulate the binding and thus the spatial localization of soluble proteins containing BAR domains, amphipathic helices or lipid anchors1-3. However, with few exceptions4,5, the overwhelming majority of the experiments that have validated quantitatively sensing of membrane...
Article
Full-text available
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