Lena Gumaelius

Lena Gumaelius
KTH Royal Institute of Technology | KTH · Learning

About

53
Publications
9,422
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784
Citations

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
A number of key graduate outcomes related to industry-based interventions and work-industry-related activities (WIA's) are specified by the Swedish Higher Education Ordinance for all Engineering Degree Programmes. A paucity of research regarding student perceptions of these WIAs and their role in student's motivation for learning motivates the curr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Understanding the factors that impact learners with respect to their academic achievement is critical for enhancing educational provision, and the nature of these factors can vary widely. They could be, for example, cognitive, conative, physiological, or physical. With increased understanding of such factors teachers can better meet learner needs....
Article
Full-text available
Design is core element of general technology education internationally. While there is a degree of contention with regards to its treatment, there is general consensus that the inclusion of design in some form is important, if not characteristic, of the subject area. Acknowledging that design is important, there are many questions which need to be...
Article
Full-text available
Males are generally overrepresented in higher education engineering. However, the magnitude of this variance differs between countries and engineering fields. Evidence associated with the field-specific ability beliefs hypothesis suggests that perceptions of intelligence held by actors within engineering affects the engagement of underrepresented g...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This Work in Progress paper describes considerations relative to the development of a follow-up exploratory quantitative design for examining student motivation in higher engineering education. The intent of the current work is to build on the outcomes of a previous qualitative study exploring the perceptions of students with regard to work industr...
Article
Full-text available
Teachers’ teaching practice plays a key role in the learning process of pupils, and for teaching to be successful, teachers must have knowledge in many different fields. This obviously also applies to teaching the subject technology. However, lower secondary school technology education in Sweden has reportedly been described in terms of teaching no...
Article
Full-text available
The urgent need for actions in the light of the global challenges motivates international policy to define roadmaps for education on all levels to step forward and contribute with new knowledge and competencies. Challenge-Driven Education (CDE) is described as an education for Sustainable Development (ESD) approach, which aims to prepare students t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This full research paper aims to investigate the nature of industry-related activities engineering students encounter at a Swedish university, as well as the impact these activities have on their motivation to study engineering. Over the last decade, many studies have been conducted concerning university-industry engagement which chart the landscap...
Article
Full-text available
In Sweden, there have been multiple large scale interventions to support compulsory school teachers generally and within specific subjects. Due to the costs associated with such interventions it is critical that interim evaluation measures exist which can indicate potential success. Additionally, evaluation measures which can measure the actual imp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper a framework of key competencies for sustainability defined by UNESCO is used to evaluate the relevance of the CDIO Syllabus for promoting engineering education for sustainable development. The evaluation is performed in two steps. First, topics, terms and concepts in the CDIO Syllabus that corresponds to the different UNESCO key compe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper establishes a theoretical position from which to analyse and reason about the difficulties associated with closing the gap between the provision of engineering education in universities and the needs of society. Broadly speaking, the disparity between societal expectations and university graduate profiles highlights that despite achievin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Women are significantly underrepresented in engineering and engineering related disciplines. One area where this is clearly illustrated is in the percentage of females enrolled in higher education engineering courses. The 2016 data on enrolment by field from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) shows that the maximum pe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Gender representation in technology and engineering education is generally not equitable with females being underrepresented in many areas (e.g. Sultan, Axell, & Hallström, 2018; Yoder, 2017). While there are many perspectives on gender representation in technical fields, from the perspective of advancing engineering and technology as disciplines,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Programming was introduced as a core-content in the Swedish national curriculum during a 2018 revision. The introduction of programming as part of Technology and Mathematics has been surrounded with a lot of questions of how, when, what and by whom programming should be taught. It is acknowledged that teachers do not often have the content expertis...
Article
Full-text available
Like many areas of curricula internationally, technology education has encountered difficulties in achieving continuity between the rhetoric of prevailing policy and the reality of enacted practices. In technology education, the conceptually oriented nature of curricular goals is theorised to play a significant part in influencing this relationship...
Article
Full-text available
Since first conceived, the concept of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) has attracted much attention. Despite being lauded by educationalists as the unique knowledge base of teachers, research on the concept over the past 30 years has yet to result in a universally accepted definition being presented. Much of the contentions surrounding the lack...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper problematises the current status of technology education on curricula internationally. Contemporary understandings from the philosophy of technology are used to depict how technological knowledge differs from more conventional knowledge bases, leading to questions of how technology education can be compared to other areas on the curricul...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This full research paper approaches the teaching of STEM from a new multidisciplinary perspective. While the importance of the STEM agenda is not in dispute, the plurality in treatment of STEM as individual subjects or disciplinary areas of study potentially limits the evolution of a new conception of STEM education. In this paper, determinist disc...
Conference Paper
This paper contributes with a north-south perspective on the ongoing enhancement of engineering education for sustainable development by giving insights in and results from implementation of challenge driven education (CDE) through joint efforts by the KTH Royal Institute of Technology, the University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM) and other African partn...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since first conceived, the concept of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) has attracted much attention. Despite being lauded by educationalists as the unique knowledge base of teachers, research on the concept over the past 30 years has yet to result in a universally accepted definition being presented. Much of the contentions surrounding the lack...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Technology subject in general post-primary education is unique based on its conception and treatment of knowledge. The task specific utility of knowledge is emphasised and at the same time, in reflection of the breadth of technology in society, the variance in the context of learning tasks can be quite large. The subject is considered to have a...
Research
Full-text available
Hartell, E., Buckley, J., Gumaelius, L., Doyle, A., & Seery, N. (2018). Arbeta med komparativ bedömning (Working with comparative assessment). Skola & Samhälle. http://www.skolaochsamhalle.se/flode/skola/eva-hartell-m-fl-arbeta-med-komparativ-bedomning/
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Successful teaching and learning require teachers to have knowledge within many different fields. Since what pupils learn depends on the teachers’ knowledges and skills, it is of interest to further examine teachers’ competences. Based on interviews with four experienced teachers this study explores how they describe their teaching and what knowled...
Conference Paper
Successful teaching and learning require teachers to have knowledge in many different fields and therefore the understanding of teachers’ knowledgebase is of interest. In Sweden the debate about the role of teachers and teachers’ knowledgebase has been ongoing for some years. This study focus to further develop the understanding of teachers’ views...
Article
Full-text available
The philosophy and epistemology of technology education are relatively unique as the subject largely focusses on acquiring task specific relevant knowledge rather than having an explicit epistemological discipline boundary. Additionally, there is a paucity of intelligence research in technology education. To support research on learning in technolo...
Article
Full-text available
Since 1993, Swedish technical universities have engaged 15-year-old students and their teachers in the annual tournament “Teknikåttan” (technology for students in school year eight), which is aimed at increasing students’ interest in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) subjects, as well as at making them aware of career possibil...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 1990s, the low number of students choosing to study science and technology in higher education has been on the societal agenda and many initiatives have been launched to promote awareness regarding career options. The initiatives particularly focus on increasing enrolment in the engineering programmes. This article describes and compares...
Chapter
In recent years, the issue of students’ knowledge and interest in science and technology has attracted the attention of several international studies (e.g., PISA/OECD, ROSE, TIMMS). Findings from these studies have influenced debates about education in general and about STEM subjects in particular (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics)...
Chapter
Probably we would not know about pre-university (or K-12, in USA terms) engineering education if there had not been the discussion about STEM education. STEM is the acronym for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. The term started its existence as a rather political term in the mid-2000s.
Book
Pre-university engineering education has become the topic of increasing interest in technology education circles. It can provide content for the E in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education, which is in the interest of technology educators at different educational levels as it builds the bridge between them and the science...
Article
This study explores possible differences in the views on assessment between two groups of teachers teaching technology in compulsory school: (1) teachers with subject-specific teacher training in technology education; and (2) teachers without such training. This topic is of particular interest because of the recent changes in the regulations that g...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to identify faculty approaches to working life issues in engineering education. The paper focuses on faculty attitudes towards working life issues and their integration into the curriculum and on activities related to working life introduced to the curriculum. We used a mixed methods approach and performed a survey and...
Article
This laboratory experiment introduces rocket science from a chemistry perspective. The focus is set on chemical propulsion, including its environmental impact and future development. By combining lecture-based teaching with practical, theoretical, and computational exercises, the students get to evaluate different propellant alternatives. To comple...
Article
Nakivubo wetland, which has performed tertiary water treatment for Kampala city for the past 40 years, is ecologically stressed by agricultural and infrastructural developments. Field studies were carried out to assess the hydraulic loading, pollution profile, stability and water quality of this wetland. The upper and lower Nakivubo wetland receive...
Article
The objective of this study was to set-up a pilot plant and to evaluate its effectiveness for biological nitrogen and organic matter removal from tannery wastewater in Ethiopia. A pilot wastewater treatment plant consisting of a predenitrification-nitrification process was constructed and operated for 6 months. This was fed with a raw tannery waste...
Article
In order to identify potential microorganisms with high denitrifying capacity from tannery wastewaters, 1000 pure cultures of bacterial isolates from Modjo Tannery Pilot and Ethio-tannery wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), in Ethiopia, were investigated. Twenty-eight isolates were selected as efficient denitrifiers. These were Gram-negative rods,...
Article
The treatment efficiencies of constructed wetlands containing Cyperus papyrus L. (papyrus) and Miscanthidium violaceum (K. Schum.) Robyns (synonymous with Miscanthus violaceum (K. Schum) Pilg.) were investigated in a tropical climate (Kampala, Uganda). Papyrus showed higher ammonium-nitrogen and total reactive phosphorus (TRP) removal (75.3% and 83...
Article
A treatment plant using conventional biological treatment combined with hydroponics and microalgae is constructed in a greenhouse in the area of Stockholm, Sweden. The treatment plant is built for research purposes and presently treats 0.559 m3 of domestic wastewater from the surrounding area per day. The system uses anoxic pre-denitrification foll...
Article
Full-text available
To find a biomarker for denitrification in activated sludge, five denitrifying strains isolated from three wastewater treatment plants were studied. These strains were selected from among 1,500 isolates for their excellent denitrifying properties. They denitrify quickly and have no lag phase when switching from aerobic to anoxic conditions. All str...
Conference Paper
The change from brominated flame retardants to nonhalogenated alternatives has started in the electronics industry. Information about toxicological aspects concerning the involved chemicals is however limited. This study shows that one nonhalogenated alternative has lower toxicity than the brominated flame retardant TBBPA, when tested for inhibitio...
Article
Three pure culture assays for measurements of inhibition of the nitrogen removal process were tested and compared. The methods were performed using pure cultures of bacteria responsible for three reactions; ammonia oxidation, nitrite oxidation and nitrite reduction. The inhibition caused by 48 samples of industrial wastewater was determined and the...
Article
Laboratory experiments have been conducted to characterize the sensitivity of a pure-cultured denitrifying bacterium from wastewater sludge, selected by virtue of its exhibiting promising qualities as a biomarker, to wastewater process variables and potential toxic inhibition by a heavy metal, cadmium. A pure culture method offers the possibility o...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
to increase teaching in programming in grades 1-3 (7–9 year olds) with the ambition to increase teachers' self-efficacy to teach programming in technology education. This project also particularly addressed teachers and pupils with reading-challenges.
Project
Challenge Driven Education (CDE) has been promoted since 2015 in the InnoEnergy programme, to be adapted by each Master Programme with high flexibility of how this is designed in the 7 programs. In our research we look at the variations, drivers and barriers of implementations so far as well as how well or in which ways the CDE relates to teaching and learning in Sustainable development. The research team is a great mix of people from KTH, Stockholm and UPC, Barcelona.
Project
This research project aims to investigate the diverse nature of practice in design and technology education. The interactions between teacher knowledge and beliefs, and how they manifest in practice is of particular interest. The project is also concerned with the relationship between the goals of the discipline as outlined in policy and teachers’ altruistic ambitions for learning in the discipline.