Lei Gu

Lei Gu
Nanjing Normal University · Department of Biology

Ph.D Candidate

About

43
Publications
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454
Citations

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
The cover image is based on the Original Article Predator kairomone triggers sexual reproduction of Daphnia population via increasing population density, by Qiming Zhou et al. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.13969.
Article
Both predation risk and crowding can induce sexual reproduction in Daphnia, and predator kairomones can also cause population crowding. It is, however, unclear as to whether sexual reproduction is caused by kairomone per se or indirectly by kairomone‐induced crowding. In this study, we cultured Daphnia pulex in the presence of fish kairomone, with...
Preprint
Inducible defenses of prey are evolved under diverse and variable predation risks. However, during the co-evolution of prey and multiple predators, the responses of prey to antagonistic predation risks, which may put the prey into a dilemma of responding to predators, remain unclear. Based on antagonistic predation pressure from an invertebrate (Ch...
Article
Daphnia can develop a VARIETY of inducible defensive traits when they sense predator kairomone and transmit the predation risk information from females to their offspring. However, limited research has focused on how Daphnia females transmit predation risk information across multiple broods when the mothers and offspring are respectively exposed or...
Article
Full-text available
Fish can maintain a stable intracellular concentration of ions in environments of variable salinities through osmoregulation. In this study, we focused on obscure puffer Takifugu obscurus (T. obscurus), an anadromous fish with high commercial value and rapid depression of wide populations, to investigate changes at molecular and physiological level...
Article
The decline in freshwater calcium has become a new environmental stressor to Daphnia with high calcium demand, however, the population dynamics and sexual reproduction of Daphnia under low calcium stress are still lack of deep understanding. To evaluate the impact of declined calcium on Daphnia from population level, we respectively exposed two clo...
Article
Microbes perform a variety of vital functions that are essential for healthy ecosystems, ranging from nutrient recycling, antibiotic production and waste decomposition. In many animals, microbes become an integral part by establishing diverse communities collectively termed as “microbiome/s”. Microbiomes defend their hosts against pathogens and pro...
Article
Eutrophication of natural water bodies worldwide has led to cyanobacteria becoming the dominant species in phytoplankton communities, causing serious harm environmentally and economically. Cyanobacterial succession makes effective treatment of cyanobacterial blooms a challenge. Although there are many studies about cyanobacterial dominance and succ...
Article
Microplastics are an emerging and increasingly serious pollutant in freshwater environment, which have become a threat to freshwater organisms. However, whether microplastics interfere with the responses of organisms to their predators is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of microplastics with tiny different particle size (d...
Article
Full-text available
Host genotype and environment are considered crucial factors in shaping Daphnia gut microbiome composition. Among the environmental factors, diet is an important factor that regulates Daphnia microbiome. Most of the studies only focused on the use of axenic diet and non-sterile medium to investigate their effects on Daphnia microbiome. However, in...
Article
Understanding resource allocation strategies underlying inducible defense is a challenging scientific issue, because of the difficulty in measuring resource allocations of defensive traits. We examined allometric changes to evaluate resource allocation strategies on the tail spine of Daphnia within and between species and further explore the allome...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Gut microbiota plays an important role in host physiology and fitness. The gut microbiota can promote host health by influencing life history traits, especially in arthropods. However, it is not clear whether the performance of host defense traits in response to predator pressure in natural food webs is related to their gut microbiota c...
Preprint
Inducible defenses of prey are evolved under diverse and variable predation risks. In the co-evolution of prey and multiple predators with antagonistic selection pressures, whether inducible defense responses of prey will fall into a dilemma and its underlying mechanism are still unclear. Based on the antagonistic predation pressure from invertebra...
Article
Declining calcium in freshwater lakes has become a serious threat to aquatic organisms, which may affect the anti‐fish defense of cladocerans with high calcium demand. To evaluate the effects of low calcium on life history strategies of cladocerans for defending against fish predation, we exposed Ceriodaphnia cornuta to eight concentrations of calc...
Article
Inducible defenses occur in various taxa of prey organisms. Many phytoplankton species, including the freshwater Chlorophyta Tetradesmus spp., can form defensive morphs under the zooplankton‐released grazing cues. However, definite statements on the actual mechanisms of inducible defense in phytoplankton are quite deficient. In the present study, t...
Article
• Phenotypic plasticity is common, and the induction and reversibility of plastic traits is closely related to the fitness of organisms in fluctuating environments. However, understanding the expression and reversion patterns of inducible traits in environments with fluctuating predation intensity is still a challenge. • The present study focused o...
Article
Many prey organisms adaptively respond to predation risk by inducible defenses with underlying tradeoffs in resource allocation. Cyanobacterial blooms expose zooplankton to poor food conditions, affecting the herbivores’ fitness. Given the interferences on resources allocation and life history traits, poor-quality cyanobacteria are predicted to aff...
Article
The gut microbiota has been increasingly recognized to regulate host fitness, which in turn is dependent on stability of community structure and composition. Many biotic and abiotic factors have been demonstrated to shape gut microbiota of cladocerans. However, the interactive effects of these variables on cladocerans fitness due to alteration of g...
Article
Individual traits responding to predation cues are widespread in many aquatic and terrestrial organisms. However, linking individual traits to population dynamics in response to predation cues is poorly understood despite its important role in shaping ecosystems. In this study, we investigated the individual traits associated with population dynami...
Article
Full-text available
Mixotrophs account for a high proportion (occasionally up to 80%) of the phytoplankton biomass. Chrysophyte is one major component of mixotrophs. Because of their possible toxicity and linkage between microbial community and higher trophic levels, the effect of mixotrophic golden algae on potential grazers received much attention. The present study...
Article
Antidepressants discharged into natural waters are likely to become a new type of endocrine pollutant, which may impact the interspecific relationship in aquatic ecosystem. Induced defense of cladocerans plays an important role in maintaining the balance of interspecific relationships between cladocerans and higher trophic levels. Here we studied t...
Article
Driven by global warming and eutrophication, outbreaks of cyanobacterial blooms severely impact ecosystem stability and water safety. Of the organisms used to control cyanobacteria, protozoa can highly resist cyanotoxins, efficiently control cyanobacterial populations, and show considerably different feeding strategies from those of metazoans. Thus...
Article
Calcium decline and cyanobacterial blooms pose a serious threat to the crustacean zooplankton Daphnia, which has a high demand for calcium. In the present study, we exposed two different clones of Daphnia pulex to different combinations of calcium concentrations (0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 5.0, 10.0 mg L-1) and food types (100% Chlorella; 80% Chlorella and 20%...
Article
Cyanobacterial blooms are an increasing problem in a more eutrophic world. It is still a challenge to fully understand the influence of cyanobacteria on the interactions between predator and prey at higher trophic levels. The present study was mainly undertaken to understand the inducible anti-predator responses of cladocerans while using cyanobact...
Article
Eutrophication and warming lead to frequent occurrence of cyanobacterial blooms, which significantly impact on zooplankton. Freshwater zooplankton Daphnia adopts two distinct ways of reproduction: asexual (parthenogenetic) reproduction for rapidly reproducing many offspring in favorable environment and sexual reproduction for producing resting eggs...
Article
The gut microbiota has a crucial role in host physiology and fitness. Host-microbiota relationships can be disrupted by environmental stressors, which further affect host growth and survival. However, the link between host performance and the gut microbiota composition shaped by increasing antibiotic pollution under different food conditions is not...
Article
We argue that predator-prey dynamics, a cornerstone of ecology, can be driven by insufficiently explored aspects of predator performance that are inherently prey dependent: that is, these have been falsely excluded. Classical (Lotka-Volterra-based) models tend to consider only prey-dependent ingestion rate. We highlight three other prey-dependent r...
Article
Most coastal waters are at risk from microplastics, which vary in concentration and size. Rotifers, as important primary consumers linking primary producers and higher trophic consumers, usually coexist with the harmful alga Phaeocystis and microplastics in coastal waters; this coexistence may interfere with rotifer life-history traits and ingestio...
Article
The elimination of cyanobacteria blooms has become an urgent concern in aquatic environmental protection. Allelopathic control is considered a potential approach because of its exclusive and ecological safety properties. The present study evaluated the allelopathic effect of juglone, a derivative from the genus Juglans, on the toxic Microcystis aer...
Article
Full-text available
Cyanobacteria have become more prevalent than other phytoplankton in freshwater assemblages during summer. In such conditions, cyanobacterial traits may reduce zooplankton fitness and the energy flow efficiency from primary producers to aquatic herbivores. Cladocerans, as the dominant zooplankton grazers in freshwater ecosystems, exhibit clonal var...
Article
Cyanobacterial blooms, caused by eutrophication and climate warming, exert severely negative effects on aquatic ecosystem. Some species of protozoans can graze on toxic cyanobacteria and degrade microcystins highly efficiently, which shows a promising way to control the harmful algae. However, in the field, many different species of algae coexist w...
Article
Full-text available
Cladoceran species are important model organisms for studying aquatic ecology and evolution and are textbook examples of inducible defense against predators. To test the defense traits of Moina macrocopa in response to different fish species that co-occur or do not co-occur with the prey species in their native habitat, we conducted experiments wit...
Article
Elevated temperatures and nutrients can favor phytoplankton dominance by cyanobacteria, which can be toxic to zooplankton. There is growing awareness that maternal effects not only are common but can also significantly impact ecological interactions. Although climate change is broadly studied, relatively little is known regarding its influence on m...
Article
Full-text available
Ochromonas sp. (Chrysophyceae) occupies different trophic levels depending on its prevalent nutritional strategy in the field. Ochromonas sp. can utilize inorganic and organic carbon to grow photoautotrophically, mixotrophically, and heterotrophically. To examine how exogenous organic carbon influences population growth and photosynthesis in Ochrom...
Article
Obscure puffer Takifugu obscurus, a species of anadromous fish, experiences several salinity changes in its lifetime. Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metal that can potentially induce oxidative stress in fish. The present study aimed to detect the combined effects of Cd (0, 5, 10, 20 and 50 mg L−1) and salinity (0, 15 and 30 ppt) on juvenile T. obscu...

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