Leah Temper

Leah Temper
McGill University | McGill · Department of Natural Resource Sciences

About

51
Publications
43,017
Reads
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3,058
Citations
Citations since 2017
25 Research Items
2651 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - present
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Position
  • Scientific Coordination and Project Management, EJOLT project

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the political processes that activists engaged in contesting land grabbing have triggered to connect claims across borders and to international institutions, regimes and processes. Through a review of cases of land-grab resistance that have led to project cancelation or suspension, I argue that contextual elements of the land gr...
Article
Full-text available
A transformation to sustainability calls for radical and systemic societal shifts. Yet what this entails in practice and who the agents of this radical transformation are require further elaboration. This article recenters the role of environmental justice movements in transformations, arguing that the systemic, multi-dimensional and intersectional...
Preprint
Full-text available
The role of science and knowledge production is at a crossroads, as societal transformation calls for challenging dominant forms of knowledge production that have contributed to marginalizing other ways of knowing. This presents a challenge to mainstream science and invites a deeper reflection on our roles as scientists and exploration of alternati...
Article
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Indigenous peoples are among the most affected by environmental injustices globally, however environmental justice theory has not yet meaningfully addressed decolonisation and the resistance of Indigenous communities against extractivism in the settler-colonial context. This paper suggests that informing environmental justice through decolonial ana...
Article
Full-text available
The environmental movement may be “the most comprehensive and influential movement of our time” (Castells 1997: 67), representing for the ‘post-industrial’ age what the workers’ movement was for the industrial period. Yet while strike statistics have been collected for many countries since the late nineteenth century (van der Velden 2007),1 until t...
Article
In his seminal 2002 book Environmentalism of the Poor, Catalan ecological economist Joan Martinez Alier distinguished between three ‘currents of environmentalism’: the ‘Cult of Wilderness’, the ‘Gospel of Eco-Efficiency’, and the ‘Environmentalism of the poor’ (Martinez Alier, 2002a). It was the latter movement, made up of many local forms of resis...
Article
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The recent phenomenon of large-scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) is associated with what has been described as a global agrarian transition. New forms of land exploitation and concentration have led to profound socio-environmental transformations of rural production systems in Latin America, South-East Asia and Sub Saharan Africa. Scholars have point...
Chapter
The Pluriversity for stuck humxns is an exploratory dialogue between early career researchers and established researchers. It responds to the concern that dominant forms of knowledge production are not assisting us to move towards life affirming ways of being and that alternatives are possible. The production of this chapter is one of many new acts...
Article
Attempts in Canada to include citizens in decision-making around extractive processes have been tokenistic at best and generally fail to meaningfully include the voices, opinions, and rights of people on whose land a given project is being planned. Therefore, informal avenues for influencing decision-making are being taken by communities, often Ind...
Article
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In this article we undertake a systematic mapping of 649 cases of resistance movements to both fossil fuel (FF) and low carbon energy (LCE) projects, providing the most comprehensive overview of such place-based energy-related mobilizations to date. We find that (1) Place-based resistance movements are succeeding in curbing both fossil-fuel and low...
Article
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Through their synergies, trade-offs, and contradictions, the sustainable development goals (SDGs) have the potential to lead to environmental justices and injustices. Yet, environmental justice (EJ), and social justice more broadly, are not currently embedded within the language and spirit of the SDGs. We part from the premise that “many ‘environme...
Article
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Recent research and policies recognize the importance of environmental defenders for global sustainability and emphasize their need for protection against violence and repression. However, effective support may benefit from a more systematic understanding of the underlying environmental conflicts, as well as from better knowledge on the factors tha...
Article
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The crisis we face as a global community must be understood not only as a public health crisis, or as an economic crisis of the capitalist mode of production, but also, fundamentally, as a crisis of the reproduction of life. In this sense, it is a crisis of care: the work of caring for humans, non-humans, and the shared biosphere. The pandemic is a...
Article
The chapter analyzes how the Environmental Justice Atlas (EJAtlas.org), an online interactive platform developed to visualize and study struggles against environmental injustices worldwide, is used in higher education curricula to teach environmental justice and sustainability themes.
Article
Full-text available
Higher education in the global North, and exported elsewhere, is complicit in driving the planet's socio-ecological crises by teaching how to most effectively marginalize and plunder Earth and human communities. As students and activists within the academic system, we take a firm stand to arrest this cycle, and to redirect education toward teaching...
Chapter
Environmental justice (EJ) is the struggle for access to a safe and healthy environment free from pollution and for access to the environmental resources needed for survival, well being, and social reproduction. The term environmental justice was originally born in the United States from the resistance of African American communities linked to the...
Chapter
This Is Not an Atlas gathers more than 40 counter-cartographies from all over the world. This collection shows how maps are created and transformed as a part of political struggle, for critical research or in art and education: from indigenous territories in the Amazon to the anti-eviction movement in San Francisco; from defending commons in Mexico...
Article
Full-text available
The article Ecological distribution conflicts as forces for sustainability: an overview and conceptual framework, written by Arnim Scheidel, Leah Temper, Federico Demaria and Joan Martínez‑Alier was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 13 December 2017 without open access.
Article
Full-text available
Can ecological distribution conflicts turn into forces for sustainability? This overview paper addresses in a systematic conceptual manner the question of why, through whom, how, and when conflicts over the use of the environment may take an active role in shaping transitions toward sustainability. It presents a conceptual framework that schematica...
Article
Full-text available
The present article analyses a unique database of 220 dam-related environmental conflicts, retrieved from the Global Atlas on Environmental Justice (EJAtlas), and based on knowledge co-production between academics and activists. Despite well-known controversial, social, and environmental impacts of dams, efforts to increase renewable energy generat...
Chapter
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This chapter contributes to clarifying the nature and shape of the global environmental movement, drawing on literature on the history of environmental protest as well as on the empirical evidence from the Global Environmental Justice Atlas. Through these narratives, as well as literatures from political ecology, environmental philosophy, eco-femin...
Chapter
Full-text available
The environmental movement has been described as ‘‘the most comprehensive and influential movement of our time’’ (Castells 1997: 67), representing for the ‘post-industrial’ age what the workers’ movement was for the industrial period. Yet while strike statistics have been collected for many countries since the late nineteenth century (van der Velde...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter draws on results of the project entitled EJOLT (Environmental Justice Organizations, Liabilities and Trade) focused on the analysis of ecological distribution conflicts across the world. We include comparative data on India and Latin America (and also for some variables on Africa and Europe) exploring the links between increases in the...
Article
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Firstly, we present some environmental conflicts gathered in 2016 in the EJAtlas, selecting a few that have implied deaths of environmental defenders around the world including India and South America. Such conflicts arise from changing trends in the social metabolism. Secondly, we compare India and South America in terms of internal metabolism and...
Article
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The Tana Delta, on the east coast of Kenya near Somalia, comprises riverine mangrove forests, wetlands and rangelands and is home to a range of indigenous pastoralist, farmer and fisher communities, whose traditional multi-user livelihood strategies have helped preserve exceptional local biodiversity. This study assesses conflicts over biomass thro...
Article
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One of the causes of the increasing number of ecological distribution conflicts around the world is the changing metabolism of the economy in terms of growing flows of energy and materials. There are conflicts on resource extraction, transport and waste disposal. Therefore, there are many local complaints, as shown in the Atlas of Environmental Jus...
Chapter
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The industrial economy works in practice by shifting costs to poor people, to future generations, and to other species. Could an industrial economy work otherwise? K. W. Kapp wrote in 1950 that capitalism is an economy of unpaid costs, but the socio-environmental impacts are not due to capitalism as such, they would not be different in another syst...
Article
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This article highlights the need for collaborative research on ecological conflicts within a global perspective. As the social metabolism of our industrial economy increases, intensifying extractive activities and the production of waste, the related social and environmental impacts generate conflicts and resistance across the world. This expansion...
Book
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The climate and environmental justice debates are heating up ahead of the United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP21, scheduled for December this year in Paris. In theory, the conference objective is to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate change, from all the nations of the world. However, within the United Nations Fra...
Article
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In their own battles and strategy meetings since the early 1980s, EJOs (environmental justice organizations) and their networks have introduced several concepts to political ecology that have also been taken up by academics and policy makers. In this paper, we explain the contexts in which such notions have arisen, providing definitions of a wide a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The two big global crises that erupted in 2008 – the world food crisis and the broader financial crisis that the food crisis has been part of – are together spawning a new and disturbing trend towards buying up land for outsourced food production. ‘Land grabbing’ as these acquisitions are now called, is often led by the private sector (with support...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explains the methods for counting the energy and material flows in the economy, and gives the main results of the Material Flows for the economy of India between 1961 and 2008 as researched by Simron Singh et al (2012). Drawing on work done in the EJOLT project, some illustrations are given of the links between the changing social metabo...
Data
Full-text available
In their own battles and strategy meetings since the early 1980s, EJOs (environmental justice organizations) and their networks have introduced several concepts to political ecology that have also been taken up by academics and policy makers. In this paper, we explain the contexts in which such notions have arisen, providing definitions of a wide a...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides an environmental and institutional history of the highly politicized and contested process of setting a Net Present Value (NPV) for forests in India, in a context of increasing conflicts over land for development, conservation and indigenous rights. Decision-making documents in the Supreme Court and in one specific case of a b...
Article
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The Susa Valley situated between Maurienne, France and Turin, Italy, has been urbanised by the economic development of the region. Scarred by infrastructure like the Frejus highway, an international railway, and numerous dams, tunnels and industries, this "development" has had significant environmental and social impacts. The high speed train line...
Article
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India's economic growth in the last decade has raised several concerns in terms of its present and future resource demands for materials and energy. While per capita resource consumption is still extremely modest but on the rise, its sheer population qualifies India as a fast growing giant with material and energy throughput that is growing rapidly...
Article
Full-text available
Activists are driven by interests and values, making use only of the evidence that supports their arguments. They are not dispassionate as scientists are supposed to be. There is therefore something antithetical between science and activism. Nevertheless, environmental justice organizations (EJOs) and their networks have accumulated large stocks of...
Article
Full-text available
This article outlines how the conflict over land and water resources on the territory of Israel/Palestine has shaped the agricultural systems on either side of the green line. Using a variety of sources we trace the co-evolution of land use practices, institutions and technological innovation from the Ottoman period to the present. Israeli agricult...
Article
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The argument that the best way for a growing economy to treat environmental problems is to get rich first and clean up the mess later is not defensible. India cannot replicate the processes of the developed west because it can neither shift environmentally damaging activities abroad nor can it "export" surplus labour released from agriculture to Eu...
Article
There are new voices from the South that are clamouring to make themselves heard on climate change. They demand "climate justice" and refuse the alms offered by the North in the form of so-called flexibility mechanisms and "adaptation loans", which transform the polluter pays principle into the "polluted adapts" principle.

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
DOORS provides a forum for information and research dissemination on sustainable innovation, sustainable research, and learning materials concerning sustainable development. It is led by selected 112 members with influence in publication in sustainability. The group review articles, write technical notes, work on letters and agenda papers, and exhibits ideas in areas of sustainability science. Sustainability science is a cutting-edge applied sustainability on all aspects of bridging the gaps between scientific learning development and scientific research implementation addressing <sustainability> (as a whole). Interdisciplinary members in this group are gathered based on publications spanning the different aspects near to sustainability. Members featured are relevant to an international audience, with a focused theme, and cover timely topics that can be applied on sustainability science studies. (Members will receive deliberations soon and receive the reason for the additions will be delivered to email soon, as of now -- to respect the members will, there will be no misused of citation and no misused of reference name of scientist name
Project
This is a postdoctoral project funded by Kone Foundation, Maj and Tor Nessling Foundation and Foundation for Economic Education. The full title of the application is: Social entrepreneurship for post-growth societies in the global North: An ethnographic participatory study of self-employment practices for ecologically and socially just world. Abstract: This study focuses on exploring activities related to gaining a livelihood when aiming for an ecologically and socially just world. In the wake of changes in contemporary working life, such practices are attached to self-employment (entrepreneurship) and at times to ‘social entrepreneurship’. This multi-sited ethnographic study aims to understand the paradoxes related to self-employment for and in post-growth societies. The contributions of this study relate to rethinking the notion of entrepreneurship and raising awareness of alternative forms of economic activities in the Global North. Keywords: Ethnography; institutional ethnography; participatory methods; visual ethnography; practice theories; post-growth; degrowth; self-employment; ecofeminism.