Lavinia Barone

Lavinia Barone
University of Pavia IT

Full Professor

About

117
Publications
62,500
Reads
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1,881
Citations
Citations since 2017
46 Research Items
1357 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Introduction
Full Professor of Developmental Psychology in the University of Pavia. Psychologist and psychotherapist. I have been working as both researcher and clinician at IRCCS San Raffaele of Milan (1988-1995) and as a researcher at the University of Trieste (1995 - 2000). Since 1990 I have been psychologist and psychotherapist. My main research interests are in the field of attachment, socio-emotional development, evidence based interventions, parenting and personality disorders.
Additional affiliations
November 2017 - November 2022
University of Pavia
Position
  • Head of Psychology courses
December 2000 - October 2017
University of Pavia
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (117)
Article
Institutional rearing and structural neglect represent a primary caregiver deprivation experience and fall outside the range of the average expected typical childhood environment. Research indicates that variables related to proximal processes, such as the quality of care, rather than only distal variables, such as the duration of institutionalisat...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Maternal–fetal attachment (MFA) is considered to be related to the quality of subsequent maternal care of the infant and maternal health behaviour during pregnancy. Objective: The aims of the present study were to investigate the internal structure of a questionnaire used for assessing MFA, the Prenatal Attachment Inventory (PAI), and t...
Article
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Abstract. The current study examined whether attachment theory could contribute to identifying risk factors involved in filicide. Participants were 121 women: mothers from the normative population (NPM, n=61), mothers with mental illness (MIM, n=37) and filicidal mothers, i.e., mothers who had murdered their child (FM, n=23). Descriptive variables...
Article
Full-text available
Nell’articolo sono presentati tre modelli di riferimento per lo studio dell’interazione individuo-ambiente sugli esiti di sviluppo: il Diathesis-stress e i più recenti Differential Susceptibility e Vantage Sensitivity. Partendo dai presupposti teorici e dalle risultanze empiriche del primo, più diffuso, vengono illustrati i presupposti teorici, le...
Article
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Il presente contributo si configura come opportunità di condivisione dei risultati e delle principali linee guida emerse nell’ambito di un importante evento scientifico per l’attaccamento, la 6th International Attachment Conference, tenutosi quest’anno a Pavia, in Italia. La Conferenza ha riunito la comunità mondiale dei più illustri ed emergenti r...
Article
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Proximity-seeking in distress situations is one of attachment theory’s primary strategies; insecure individuals often also develop secondary strategies. The mechanisms implied in attachment deactivation constitute a key issue in the current debate related to their role in support-seeking. The main aim of this study is to investigate the attachment...
Article
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Assisted reproduction techniques (ARTs) are employed by single individuals and couples who are not otherwise able to conceive spontaneously. While the use of ARTs is increasing, research is lacking on the attempts made by adolescent offspring conceived via ARTs to integrate their ART conception into their identity and negotiate a connection with, a...
Article
Introduction: Identifying longitudinal trajectories of emerging personality (EP) is crucial to highlight developmental patterns that might foster personality pathology in adolescence and early adulthood. Research on the exacerbation of personality pathology in adolescence identifies the significant contribution of internalizing and externalizing p...
Article
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Background Maternal substance use disorder (SUD) represents a risk condition for quality of parenting and child development. The current literature highlights the need to identify interventions that effectively enhance the quality of parenting and to better understand which mechanisms are involved in the process of change. The present study protoco...
Article
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Investigating pediatric overweight and physical activity correlates is essential to design effective preventive programs. We used regional data (Lombardy, northern Italy) from the 2019 survey “OKKio alla Salute” (3093 children aged 8–9 years with measured anthropometric data), and from the 2018 wave of the “Health Behaviour in School-aged Children”...
Article
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La théorie et les recherches sur l’attachement sont utilisées dans de nombreux cadres d’application, y compris dans les tribunaux compétents en matière familiale [1], mais les incompréhensions sont fréquentes et sources d’erreurs lorsqu’il s’agit de les mettre en pratique. L’objectif de cet article de consensus est donc d’accroître la compréhension...
Article
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In molti contesti professionali, compreso quello del Tribunale per i minorenni, si fa rife-rimento alla teoria dell'attaccamento e alla relativa ricerca, con fraintendimenti ampiamente diffusi che spesso si traducono in applicazioni scorrette. La finalità di questa dichiarazione di consenso è, pertanto, quella di migliorarne la comprensione, contra...
Article
La teoría y la investigación sobre el apego se utilizan en muchos contextos aplicados, incluidos los juzgados de familia, pero hay malentendidos muy extendidos y que a veces dan lugar a aplicaciones erróneas. El objetivo de este documento de consenso es, por lo tanto, mejorar la comprensión, contrarrestar la desinformación y dirigir el uso de la te...
Article
The present study represents the first empirical investigation of the mechanisms—a Hostile-Helpless (HH) attachment and reflective functioning (RF)—through which childhood abuse and neglect (CA&N) experiences may impact a mother’s likelihood to commit filicide. The sample was comprised of 46 mentally ill mothers. Differences in attachment-derived r...
Article
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In a randomized controlled trial with 25 Colombian rural low-SES mothers and their children (aged 1–3 years), the effectiveness of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) in enhancing maternal sensitivity and food habits was tested pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at a 6-month follow-...
Article
Research Question: Gay fathers through cross-border surrogacy are facing unprecedented challenges in their attempts to create a family during the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study was the first to investigate the psychological implications of the pandemic for father–child bonding and mental health among Italian gay fathers pursuing surrogacy in...
Book
Full-text available
Carocci editore Studi Superiori Che cosa sono le emozioni? Come incidono sul benessere psicologico? E che cosa succede nei casi in cui quest'ultimo è minacciato da eventi ambientali o contesti di difficoltà e rischio? A partire da tali interrogativi il volume affronta i temi che percorrono in senso trasversale lo sviluppo emotivo, relazionale e soc...
Article
Introduction: Secure attachment in adolescence, related to caregiving quality, is a robust predictor of positive behavioral adjustment in early adulthood and beyond. Nevertheless, few attempts have been made to develop treatments to promote parent–adolescent attachment security. Methods: Using a longitudinal, multicenter, randomized controlled tria...
Article
Gay and heterosexual single fathers through surrogacy may be targets of microaggressions (i.e., subtle and implicit stigma-related stressors), as they present highly contested aspects of family formation: single parenthood, surrogacy conception, and, in the case of gay single fathers, non-heterosexual orientation. However, to date, no research has...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, research focused on the surroundings' influence over schools, but only a few studies investigated whether the presence of a school may increase its surroundings' safety. Still, the characteristics of the school which could ameliorate the surroundings' safety are still unclear. The current study hypothesizes that: i. a higher nu...
Article
Thirty-one children of gay single fathers and 28 children of heterosexual single fathers, all born through surrogacy, were compared with 31 children of gay partnered fathers through surrogacy and 30 children of heterosexual partnered fathers through in-vitro fertilization on their perceptions of self-worth and their father- and caregiver-reported i...
Article
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This perspective paper aims at discussing theoretical principles that could explain how emotion regulation and physical diseases mutually influence each other in the context of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Furthermore, this paper discusses the clinical implications of the functional relationships between emotion regulation, BPD and medica...
Article
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Attachment theory and research are drawn upon in many applied settings, including family courts, but misunderstandings are widespread and sometimes result in misapplications. The aim of this consensus statement is, therefore, to enhance understanding, counter misinformation, and steer family-court utilisation of attachment theory in a supportive, e...
Article
In the last decades, research focused on the surroundings’ influence over schools, but only a few studies investigated whether the presence of a school may increase its surroundings’ safety. Still, the characteristics of the school which could ameliorate the surroundings’ safety are still unclear. The current study hypothesizes that: i. a higher nu...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The present study examined father-child relationships, parenting quality, and child psychological adjustment in 35 gay single father surrogacy families, 30 heterosexual single father surrogacy families, 45 gay two-father surrogacy families, and 45 heterosexual two-parent IVF families, when children were aged 3-10 years. Methods: In ea...
Article
In adolescenza le ragazze subiscono più cyberbullismo dei ragazzi. Il presente studio ha l’obiettivo di indagare quali fattori si associno alla possibilità di subire cyber-vittimizzazione in un campione di adolescenti femmine (N = 1535, età media = 13.74) a cui è stato somministrato il protocollo Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC, 2014...
Article
The present study investigated the antecedents of cyberbullying victimization and addressed the commonalities and differences between visual and written forms of cyberbullying victimization among 3172 Italian adolescents (51.6% male, Mage = 13.74 years, SD = 1.70) who participated in the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC, 2014) survey....
Article
Full-text available
Adolescents' challenges could be effectively addressed by treating their parents. Prior evaluations of CONNECT, an attachment-based program intervention for parents of adolescents at risk, indicated that improving parenting skills and the quality of parent-adolescent relationship may result in decrease of adolescents' behavioural problems. The pres...
Article
La teoria dell'attaccamento ha contribuito in modo importante al diffondersi di una serie di interventi rivolti alla diade genitore-bambino, la cui efficacia è stata dimostrata su base sperimentale, grazie ai rigorosi strumenti metodologici di cui dispone. Si tratta di programmi di intervento volti a sostenere lo sviluppo positivo della diade e in...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence is lacking about the factors that are pivotal in enhancing the exploration of surrogacy origins in children of gay fathers during middle childhood. The present study examined the separate and combined influences of child attachment security and parental scaffolding (i.e., fathers’ attempts to accept, encourage, and emotionally support thei...
Article
This paper provides a systematic review of the empirical evidence on the association between attachment relationships and involvement into cyberbullying. Ten studies meeting the eligibility criteria are summarized, analysed, and discussed. Results indicate that attachment bonds, both to parents and peers, constitute crucial factors to explain invol...
Article
Parental control and family dinners attendance may constitute protective factors against alcohol consumption during adolescence, with different patterns for boys and girls, though evidence thus far have produced mixed findings. The present study analyzed Health Behaviour in Schoolaged Children (HBSC, 2014) data from 906 adolescents living in Northe...
Poster
Full-text available
L'obiettivo del presente studio è analizzare la relazione tra ruoli assunti nel bullismo faccia a faccia (bullo, vittima, bullo-vittima) e cyber-vittimizzazione, al netto dell'effetto del genere e dell'uso interattivo e non-interattivo della rete.
Book
Full-text available
L’edizione aggiornata e riveduta del manuale si rivolge agli studenti dei corsi di laurea che promuovono una conoscenza critica, aggiornata e rigorosa della psicologia dello sviluppo contemporanea ed è corredata di prove per l’autovalutazione dell’apprendimento e di slide utili per la didattica disponibili on line. Il volume costituisce un utile ri...
Article
The primary concern of this study is to address parenting stress and adolescents' behavioral and emotional problems through an attachment based parenting intervention (Connect parents group) for parents of adolescents, in particular to test whether this intervention led to reduced levels of parenting stress, and adolescents' emotional and behaviora...
Article
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p>La educación positiva implica una disciplina sensible y se define como un comportamiento de los padres basado en el interés superior del niño que ofrece una guía y orientación, involucrando el establecimiento de límites para permitir el pleno desarrollo del niño. La educación positiva se centra en el fortalecimiento y el empoderamiento de los pad...
Article
To date, few studies have investigated the social-emotional func- tioning of planned lesbian families, wherein only one parent is the biological mother of the child. We examined if being a biological versus non-biological mother plays a role in planned lesbian cou- ple functioning and mother-infant play interactions. The present study analyzes the...
Article
Obiettivo della rassegna è esaminare, attraverso un'analisi sistematica degli ultimi dieci anni (2007-2017), la produzione scientifica sulla relazione tra genere e cyberbullismo in adolescenza. Sono presi in considerazione 22 articoli estratti tramite procedura PRISMA da originari 197 pro-dotti individuati su banche dati scientifiche (Scopus, PsycA...
Article
Parenting interventions represent a means for experimentally inquiring socio‐emotional change of post‐institutionalized children after adoption. We used this approach in a three time point RCT study involving 83 post‐institutionalized children (Mage = 33.5 months, SD = 17.1) and their adoptive mothers (Mage = 42.6, SD = 3.9), attending either the V...
Article
Full-text available
Los artículos pueden ser descargados en su versión preliminar y deben ser referenciados tal como se sugiere a continuación. Tenga en cuenta que la referencia bibliográfica puede variar al finalizar el proceso editorial del número 2(2). Agradecemos su visita a nuestra Revista Enfoques.
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the effectiveness of a newly integrated version of an intervention targeting adoptive mothers’ positive parenting for promoting children’s emotional availability, by testing the moderating role of both two maternal genetic polymorphisms (i.e., 5HTTLPR and DRD4-VNTR) and emotional availability-EA on intervention outcomes. Mot...
Article
Full-text available
The first year after adoption constitutes a sensitive period for both strengthening the new emotional bond in the family and checking its appropriate development by adoption services. A key variable for children’s catch-up are adoptive parents’ socioemotional and individual features. The aim of this study is to investigate links between adoptive mo...
Conference Paper
Recent studies have shown a rapid development of attachment bonds following placements in adoptive families (Carlson, Hostinar, Mliner & Gunnar, 2014). Nevertheless adoptees’ emotive signals can be difficult to interpret and for parents is challenging to react in a sensitive way. Attachment based interventions, like Video Feedback Intervention to P...
Article
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has a core embodied in affective and behavioral dysregulations, impulsivity, and relational disturbance. Clinical presentation might be heterogeneous due to a combination of different symptoms listed in the DSM-5. Clinical diagnosis and assessment of the severity of manifestations might be improved through the...
Chapter
Introduzione Vittorio Lingiardi, Roberto Baiocco 1 1. Famiglie moderne. Genitori e figli nelle nuove forme di famiglia Susan Golombok 3 2. Il benessere dei bambini con genitori gay e lesbiche: cosa dicono le ricerche internazionali e a che punto è la ricerca italiana 3. Funzioni genitoriali e benessere dei bambini nelle famiglie omogenitoriali tra...
Article
The current study investigates the contribution of children’s age at adoption (M = 46.52 months, SD = 11.52 months) and parents’ attachment on post-institutionalized children’s attachment and social–emotional adjustment. A total of 132 subjects, 48 post- institutionalized children aged 3–5 years, and their adoptive par- ents, took part in the study...
Article
The current study investigates the contribution of children’s age at adoption (M = 46.52 months, SD = 11.52 months) and parents’ attachment on post-institutionalized children’s attachment and social-emotional adjustment. 132 subjects, 48 post-institutionalized children aged 3 to 5 years, and their adoptive parents, took part in the study. One year...
Article
Borderline Personality (BPD) and Bipolar (BP) disorders stimulate an academic debate between their distinction and the inclusion of Borderline in the Bipolar spectrum. Opponents to this inclusion attribute the important differences and possible diagnostic incomprehension to overlapping symptoms. We tested 248 Borderline and 113 Bipolar patients, co...
Article
Objectives: In depressed patients, recent advances have highlighted impairment in mentalizing: identifying and interpreting one's own or other's mental states. Short-Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (STPP) has proven to be effective in reducing symptoms and improving relational/functional abilities in these subjects. Therefore, the first aim of ou...
Poster
Full-text available
Rationale and aims: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in childhood, with a prevalence of 5 -10% in Europe. ADHD core symptoms are inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, which can significantly affect quality of life. In approximately 80% of ADHD children, symptoms persist in lat...
Article
Full-text available
Leggendo l'articolo bersaglio di Vittorio Lingiardi e Nicola Carone si entra in un dibattito che sempre più sta occupando l'attenzione dei media, dell'opinione pubblica, del legislatore e di tutti coloro che si interessano alle questioni educative, sociali, etiche e politiche legate alla famiglia e al suo funzionamento. All'interno di questo varieg...
Book
This is the Italian edition of the book Modern families by Susan Golombok, dealing with several forms of modern families, i.e. homosexual, single, adoptive etc.
Book
The book is the Italian edition of the adapted DBT version for adolescents. pages 403
Article
Headache is a potentially disabling condition involving enduring pain that negatively influences the quality of family life. Behav-ioural problems are more common in children with headache and are potentially associated with higher levels of parental stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent to which children's behavioural problems w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The main purposes of the current presentation are: (1) to explore if children’s indiscriminate friendliness (IF) and behavioral problems (BP) decrease with the length of the time spent in the adoptive family and (2) to compare indiscriminate friendliness levels with normative population data. 30 institution-reared late-adopted children were recruit...
Article
Full-text available
Attachment theory (Bowlby, 1969) and its limitations are first described. Next, emotional availability (EA; Biringen et al., 1998; Biringen, 2008) is introduced as an expansion upon the original conceptualization of the parent–child attachment relationship. As a construct and as a measure, EA considers the dyadic and emotional qualities of adult–ch...
Article
Full-text available
Objective. To examine whether parent’s attachment states of mind and parenting alliance contribute to parental stress in the potentially demanding context of adoption. Design. Fifty mother–father pairs (n = 100) completed the Adult Attachment Interview within six months of adoption to investigate attachment states of mind. The Parenting Stress Inde...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we review the literature on attachment patterns in institutionalized children and then perform a meta-analysis on data from 10 attachment studies involving 399 children in institutional settings. We computed the overall attachment distribution of secure, insecure, and disorganized rates and explored the effect of a set of moderating...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
L’esperienza dell’istituzionalizzazione, connotandosi per l’assenza di uno stabile caregiver di riferimento, aumenta significativamente la presenza di pattern disorganizzati e insicuri. Obiettivo del contributo è presentare i risultati del Pavia Adoption Study e di come la teoria dell’attaccamento costituisca un framework utile per la comprensione...
Chapter
The chapter presents an updated illustration of Video-feedback intervention to promote positive parenting VIPP-SD and discuss filed of applications and empirical findings in support of its evidence based status
Chapter
Full-text available
Emotional availability instruct is presented in its contribution to parenting assessment and intervention
Chapter
Il capitolo tratta del team della regolazione emotiva in chiave evolutiva e in connessione ai legami d'attaccamento intrafamiliari
Book
The Book is the Italian Edition of M-M: Linehan DBT skills training manual pp.900
Article
Full-text available
Three models of person-environment interaction are discussed: the Diathesis-stress and the two most recent Differential Susceptibility and Vantage Sensitivity models. This review provides a theoretical and empirical basis for a new perspective on individual-environment interaction, moving beyond the traditional and noteworthy Diathesis-Stress model...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: According to attachment theory, primary relationships developed in infancy continue to play an important role on subsequent development in childhood and beyond. From an attachment perspective, a less investigated field with mixed results is the one of cognitive development, with studies reporting an association between attachment, cog...
Conference Paper
The present study investigated attachment state of mind distribution at the Adult Attachment Interview in a group of filicidal mothers compared with a group of normative mothers. Specifically, both the traditional and the more recent Hostile/Helpless coding systems were employed. 46 subjects were enrolled in the study, 23 filicidal mothers and 23 n...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The issue of trauma and attachment is closely linked to what we refer to as disorganization, i.e. the dysregulation of attachment when it is chronically or too intensely activated but not assuaged. Several studies have been conducted till now in this field but to be definitely sure about what trauma and disorganization mean more research is needed....
Conference Paper
Adoption is a natural intervention for children’s recovery in socio-emotional development; however the high variability among adoptees’ adjustment pathways suggests the need of further investigating individual and intra-family variables involved in this process. Considering the role of children’s differential susceptibility to the environment and t...
Conference Paper
Maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) during pregnancy is recognized as a variable related to subsequent mother’s health and caring behaviors towards the child even after birth. Research conducted in this field aimed at investigating MFA predictors reported mixed results reported so far, suggesting the need of further studies to address which variables s...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of this study was to investigate the correlates of a Hostile-Helpless (HH) state of mind among 67 women belonging to a community sample and two different at-risk samples matched on socio-economic indicators, including 20 women from low-SES population (poverty sample) and 15 women at risk for maltreatment being monitored by the social s...
Article
Full-text available
Attachment disorganization is considered an important risk factor for socio-emotional development. Aim of the present review is to present the main cues of the traumatic experience discussing risk factors of attachment disorganization highlighted by the last twenty years of research. Special attention is given to the description of recent findings...
Article
Full-text available
Attachment disorganization is considered an important risk factor for socio-emo- tional development. Aim of the present review is to present the main cues of the traumatic experi- ence discussing risk factors of attachment disorganization highlighted by the last twenty years of research. Special attention is given to the description of recent findi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To explore protective and risk factors in adoption adjustment on a sample of 30 previously institutionalised adopted children by investigating the correspondence between mother and childrens’ pattern of attachment and children’s emotional competence. Method: Six to nine months after adoption, the Adult Attachment Interview was administer...
Article
Abstract The present study investigated attachment state of mind distribution at the Adult Attachment Interview in a group of filicidal mothers compared with a group of normative mothers. Specifically, both the traditional and the more recent Hostile/Helpless coding systems were employed. 46 subjects were enrolled in the study, 23 filicidal mother...
Data
Full-text available
Article
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The Manchester Child Attachment Story Task (MCAST) is a story stem method suitable for children aged about 4 to 8, aimed at assessing children's attachment representations with a doll-play format that is evaluated with a series of dimensional scales and classifications. Although this instrument has already been validated in previous studies, not al...
Article
I dati della ricerca internazionale attestano come l'esperienza dell'istituzionalizzazione costituisca un importante fattore di rischio per lo sviluppo fisico, emotivo, cognitivo e neurofisiologico del bambino. Tuttavia, recenti evidenze empiriche individuano la possibilità di recupero a seguito dell'ingresso del minore nella famiglia adottiva. Obi...
Article
Full-text available
Attachment and social competence in preschool aged children: A study using a Story StemTechnique.There is a growing interest in studying early socio-emotional development taking into account the role of previous experience in the family context, like attachment relationship. How- ever, there is a paucity of research data considering the role of att...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The aim of this study was to characterize the role of attachment in adoption, first by assessing the influence of adoptive parents on their late-adopted children and second by investigating the role of children's attachment on an emotional understanding task. Design On children's arrival into adoptive families, parents' attachment was eva...