Laurent Fontaine

Laurent Fontaine
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · Langues et Civilisations à Tradition Orale

PhD

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19
Publications
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105
Citations
Citations since 2017
0 Research Items
58 Citations
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
201720182019202020212022202302468101214

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Full-text available
Yucuna incantations are mumbled in a low voice and without an audience, as are those of the Desana described by Dominique Buchillet to question Lévi-Strauss’s explanation of symbolic efficiency. The use of the term “belief” is criticized in light of the definitions of epistemic modality from the perspective of modal linguistics and modal logic. Usi...
Article
El mambeadero is a nocturnal meeting, a situation where elders chew coca publicly in front of their community to conduct rituals or for being questioned about their knowledge. Nighttime meetings are historically recent among the Yucuna; they became organized after the first daytime meetings in the mid-seventies. Nocturnal meetings follow the same r...
Book
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Ce document présente l’éventail de mes recherches depuis 1997 chez les Yucuna et Tanimuca, dont les langues appartiennent respectivement aux familles linguistiques arawak et tucano, et qui entretiennent des relations d’alliance exogamiques privilégiées. Pluridisciplinaires dès mes travaux de troisième cycle universitaire, mes recherches ont toujour...
Book
Il s’agit de l’étude d’un corpus de dix-huit longues incantations recueillies auprès de Milciades Yucuna. Les deux annexes de ce travail restituent et présentent ces données sur les incantations dans un format ayant pour objectif de faciliter leur consultation, leur compréhension et leur analyse. Les incantations yucuna sont en grande partie compos...
Article
The metaphorical argumentation of elders in the meetings of Colombian Amazonia Yucuna In regular contact with whites for a little over a century, Yucuna Indians gradually shifted from a foreign domination imposed by force to an internalised domination accepted by a majority of Indians, and now adopted by the leaders running community meetings. Elde...
Article
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This article presents a new analysis of the myth of Kawáirimi (Jacopin, 1981), based on a second, more detailed version recorded in 2008 from Mario Matapi, a well-known healer, who agreed to explain key passages, linking them to several incantatory verses. On the basis of this comprehensive version of the myth of Kawáirimi transcribed in Yucuna lan...
Article
The new public spaces of the Yucuna Indians (Colombian Amazon). Since the beginning of the twentieth century, the regular contacts of the Yucuna Indians with some new external actors have gradually led them to experience new public spaces, permanently transforming their social organization. This article reviews the history of these spaces. The anal...
Article
Rivers in shamanic incantations of Yucuna Indians (Colombian Amazon). For Yucuna Indians, every river has its history, its masters or original inhabitants. They are mentioned in invocations called juní maná (« invocations of water »). These invocations are one of fundamentals of the shamanism of the Yucuna : they constitute a basic structure repeat...
Article
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The goal of this paper is to introduce a new field of anthropological research: the night. In meetings of psychophysiologists and anthropologists, persistent questions reveal an amazing theoretical and methodological gap in research on the nocturnal segment of the 24-hour day-night cycle, or nychthemeron. Thus, a more general question has taken sha...
Article
Full-text available
Membre du Laboratoire des langues et civilisations à tradition orale (Lacito, UMR 7107 du CNRS) La nuit est l'une des deux faces possibles de toute situation interactive ou interlocutive : certaines activités se déroulent de nuit, d'autres de jour. Même s'il arrive qu'elles passent de l'une à l'autre, ou embrassent les deux à la fois, on peut remar...
Article
From an ethnographic perspective, the notion of agency is extremely interesting, since it challenges our observations on the laws and means indigenous people recognise for conceiving the influences exerted between agents and patients. After proposing a sufficiently broad formal definition of agency, we will attempt to clarify our stated view by exa...
Article
Full-text available
Modal Logic and Anthropology: From the Rules of Logic to Speech Among the Yucuna of Amazonia. — The formal means are brought to light that now allow us to perfect and systematically undertake the analysis of social rules and norms. These means mainly come from Georg von Wright’s deontic logic, which, since this philosopher’s famous text in 1951, ha...
Article
The formal means are brought to light that now allow us to perfect and systematically undertake the analysis of social rules and norms. These means mainly come from Georg von Wright’s deontic logic, which, since this philosopher’s famous text in 1951, has been substantially developed, especially in France, through the work of Kalinowski and Bailhac...
Article
Full-text available
The formal means are brought to light that now allow us to perfect and systematically undertake the analysis of social rules and norms. These means mainly come from Georg von Wright's deontic logic, which, since this philosopher's famous text in 1951, has been substantially developed, especially in France, through the work of Kalinowski and Bailhac...
Article
Cet article étudie les règles sociales, en exposant par quels moyens formels il est aujourd'hui possible de perfectionner et de systématiser leurs analyses. Ces moyens, nous les devons en particulier à la logique déontique de Georg von Wright, qui depuis son célèbre texte de 1951 a connu d'amples développements, notamment en France, grâce à des aut...
Article
Full-text available
This article shows the fundamental role played by mambe amongst the yukuna, a role similar to that of modern currency in mercantile societies, for it has a privileged position over any other traditional "good" in indigenous exchange practices. Furthermore, be it in terms of kinship, shamanism, or the maloca, coca leaf is the highest expression of i...
Article
Full-text available
El nombre Imani es una voz indígena de la lengua uitoto que puede ser traducida como «río grande», queriendo así significar el río Amazonas. Pero como toda voz indígena, cualquier traducción es inexacta y se desliza a nuevos campos semánticos. Imani es ho si

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