Laurent Calvier

Laurent Calvier
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center | UT Southwestern · Department of Molecular Genetics

PhD

About

36
Publications
3,904
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1,085
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2017 - August 2020
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Biomarkers and therapeutic targets in chronic inflammatory diseases
August 2013 - January 2017
Hannover Medical School
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Postdoc topic: Biomarkers and treatments in pulmonary hypertension
December 2012 - July 2013
University of Lorraine
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Postdoc topic: Biomarkers and cardiorenal syndrome Postdoc subject: The impact of galectin-3 inhibition on aldosterone-induced cardiac and renal injuries.

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Full-text available
The low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene family includes LDLR, very LDLR, and LDL receptor–related proteins (LRPs) such as LRP1, LRP1b (aka LRP-DIT), LRP2 (aka megalin), LRP4, and LRP5/6, and LRP8 (aka ApoER2). LDLR family members constitute a class of closely related multifunctional, transmembrane receptors, with diverse functions, from em...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a type II nuclear receptor, initially recognized in adipose tissue for its role in fatty acid storage and glucose metabolism. It promotes lipid uptake and adipogenesis by increasing insulin sensitivity and adiponectin release. Later, PPARγ was implicated in cardiac development and in criti...
Article
The hippocampal formation (HF) is a neuroanatomical region essential for learning and memory. As one of the earliest regions to display the histopathological hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), determining the specific mechanisms of the HF’s vulnerability is of capital importance. Reelin, a glycoprotein crucial in cortical lamination during embr...
Article
Under normal conditions, the blood-brain barrier effectively regulates the passage of immune cells into the central nervous system (CNS). However, under pathological conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS), leukocytes, especially monocytes, infiltrate the CNS where they promote inflammatory demyelination, resulting in paralysis. Therapies target...
Article
Full-text available
Natalizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody (mAb) against α4-integrin, reduces the number of dendritic cells (DC) in cerebral perivascular spaces in multiple sclerosis (MS). Selective deletion of α4-integrin in CD11c ⁺ cells should curtail their migration to the central nervous system (CNS) and ameliorate experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis...
Article
Objective Reelin and its receptor Apoer2 (apolipoprotein E receptor 2) play a prominent role in endothelial cell dysfunction by promoting leukocyte–endothelial cell adhesion, an important component of the inflammatory process underlying atherosclerosis. We, therefore, hypothesized that pharmacological depletion of circulating reelin represents a no...
Article
Full-text available
Neuroinflammation as a result of immune cell recruitment into the central nervous system (CNS) is a key pathogenic mechanism of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, current anti-inflammatory interventions depleting immune cells or directly targeting their trafficking into the CNS can have serious side effects, highlighting a need for better immunomodu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Natalizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody (mAb) against α4-integrin, reduces the number of dendritic cells (DC) in cerebral perivascular spaces in multiple sclerosis (MS). Selective deletion of α4-integrin in CD11c ⁺ cells should curtail their migration to the CNS and ameliorate experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Method...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of review: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by pulmonary arterial endothelial cell (PAEC) dysfunction and apoptosis, pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation, inflammation, vasoconstriction, and metabolic disturbances that include disrupted bone morphogenetic protein receptor (BMPR2)-peroxisome prol...
Article
Full-text available
Translational research is essential to develop reverse-remodeling strategies for the treatment of pulmonary vascular disease, pulmonary hypertension and heart failure via mechanistic in vivo studies using animal models resembling human pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), cardiovascular remodeling and progressive right heart failure. Since 2007 p...
Article
Full-text available
Background: It has been proposed that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) agonists might reduce renal fibrosis, however, several studies had contradictory results. Moreover, the possible interaction of TGF-β1, PPARγ, and transcription factors in renal fibrosis have not been investigated. We hypothesized that oral pioglitazone trea...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale: Arterial remodeling-a hallmark of many cardiovascular pathologies including pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)-is regulated by TGFβ1 (transforming growth factor-β1)-TGFβ receptors and the antagonistic, vasoprotective BMPR2 (bone morphogenetic protein receptor 2)-PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ) axis. However, it i...
Article
Background: The pharmacological blockade of galectin-3 (Gal-3), a β-galactoside-binding lectin, reduces renal impairment in acute kidney injury, hyperaldosteronism or nephropathy. We herein investigated the effects of pharmacological Gal-3 inhibition by modified citrus pectin (MCP) in renal damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Method...
Article
BMP2 and TGFβ1 are functional antagonists of pathological remodeling in the arteries, heart, and lung; however, the mechanisms in VSMCs, and their disturbance in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), are unclear. We found a pro-proliferative TGFβ1-Stat3-FoxO1 axis in VSMCs, and PPARγ as inhibitory regulator of TGFβ1-Stat3-FoxO1 and TGFβ1-Smad3/4,...
Article
Full-text available
Background Galectin-3 (Gal-3), a β-galactoside-binding lectin, is increased in kidney injury and its pharmacological blockade reduces renal damage in acute kidney injury, hyperaldosteronism or hypertensive nephropathy. We herein investigated the effects of pharmacological Gal-3 inhibition by modified citrus pectin (MCP) in early renal damage associ...
Data
Primers used in rats in real time PCR analysis. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Background Several studies have identified circulating biomarkers to be associated with the presence and severity of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Recent evidence supports a role for galectin-3 (Gal-3) and the mineralcorticoid aldosterone in left ventricular failure. However, studies on aldosterone together with Gal-3 in PAH are lacking. O...
Article
Full-text available
Extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling of the adipose tissue plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of obesity. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is increased in obesity and mediates inflammation and fibrosis in the cardiovascular system. However, the effects of Gal-3 on adipose tissue remodelling associated with obesity remain unclear. Male Wistar rats were...
Article
Full-text available
Hypertensive cardiac remodeling is accompanied by molecular inflammation and fibrosis, 2 mechanisms that finally affect cardiac function. At cardiac level, aldosterone promotes inflammation and fibrosis, although the precise mechanisms are still unclear. Galectin-3 (Gal-3), a β-galactoside-binding lectin, is associated with inflammation and fibrosi...
Article
Full-text available
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) but not soluble ST2 (sST2) exerts anti-inflammatory and protective effects in several tissues. Aldosterone, a proinflammatory mediator which promotes adipogenesis, is elevated in obese patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the interactions between IL-33/ST2 system and Aldosterone in adipose tissue. Rats fed a hig...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated whether galectin (Gal)-3 inhibition could block aldosterone-induced cardiac and renal fibrosis and improve cardiorenal dysfunction. Aldosterone is involved in cardiac and renal fibrosis that is associated with the development of cardiorenal injury. However, the mechanisms of these interactions remain unclear. Gal-3, a β-gala...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiotrophin 1 (CT-1), an interleukin 6 family member, promotes fibrosis and arterial stiffness. We hypothesized that the absence of CT-1 influences arterial fibrosis and stiffness, senescence, and life span. In senescent 29-month-old mice, vascular function was analyzed by echotracking device. Arterial histomorphology, senescence, metabolic, infl...
Thesis
Full-text available
Contexte : l'aldostérone (Aldo) est impliquée dans la rigidité artérielle et l'insuffisance cardiaque (IC), mais les mécanismes sous-jacents restent méconnus. La galectine-3 (Gal-3), une lectine se liant aux bêta-galactoside, joue un rôle important dans la fibrose et l'IC. Dans cette étude, nous avons recherché si la Gal-3 était impliquée dans la f...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Aldosterone (Aldo) is involved in arterial stiffness and heart failure, but the mechanisms have remained unclear. Galectin-3 (Gal-3), a β-galactoside-binding lectin, plays an important role in inflammation, fibrosis, and heart failure. We investigated here whether Gal-3 is involved in Aldo-induced vascular fibrosis. Methods and results...
Article
Cardiotrophin 1 (CT-1), a cytokine belonging to the interleukin 6 family, is increased in hypertension and in heart failure. We aimed to study the precise role of CT-1 on cardiac, vascular, and renal function; morphology; and remodeling in early stages without hypertension. CT-1 (20 μg/kg per day) or vehicle was administrated to Wistar rats for 6 w...
Poster
Objective: Resistant hypertension patients implanted with the Rheos® System showed sustained improvements in brachial blood pressure with concomitantly reduced left ventricular mass. Given its additional predictive value over peripheral blood pressure measurements, we tested the hypothesis that BAT also improves central arterial properties. Methods...

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