Laure Dussubieux

Laure Dussubieux
Field Museum of Natural History · Anthropology

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107
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Publications

Publications (107)
Article
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For centuries, glass money beads (udoud) have played a critical role in cultural and economic exchanges in the Palauan archipelago (western Micronesia) since their first appearance ca. AD 600-950 from East Java and mainland Southeast Asia. Later, as part of their stone money (rai) quarrying activities, visiting Yapese islanders negotiated access to...
Article
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In most African contexts, glass beads are evidence of direct and indirect exchanges between communities and are often useful chronological markers. Their analysis contributes to a better understanding of the social relationships between ancient societies. Over the last decade, the archaeometric analysis of glass beads has gained ground in Sub-Sahar...
Chapter
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Of the more than 2,150 beads and pendants examined in this article, the overwhelming majority come from a ceramic vessel found on the northern side of the lower church at Banganarti, in a layer dated to the eighth to tenth centuries. The remaining objects were collected from other Banganarti contexts dated between the sixth/seventh and fourteenth c...
Article
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The fourteenth-to-sixteenth-century AD site of Songo Mnara, in the Kilwa archipelago in southern Tanzania, is a stone town with many standing coral buildings. Extensive excavations at the site have produced over 9,000 beads, 7,444 of which are glass. A subset of 140 of these was chemically analyzed using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-ma...
Article
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The technological, stylistic, and chemical analyses of carnelian beads from archaeological sites in Mongolia provide evidence for local production and use of carnelian beads during the Late Bronze Age (c. 1400–1000 BCE) and Early Iron Age (1000–300 BCE) through the Xiongnu period (c. 250/200 BCE–CE 150). Beads dating to the historical Mongol Empire...
Article
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International expeditions extensively excavated Lower Nubia (between the First and Second Nile Cataracts) before it was submerged under the waters of Lake Nasser and Lake Nubia. The expeditions concentrated on monumental architecture and cemeteries, including sites at Qustul and Serra East, where the New Kingdom, and Napatan, Meroitic, Nobadian, an...
Article
Compositional analysis of Chinese porcelain often uses the production region as an analytical unit, whereas the possible compositional similarities and differences between different production loci within the region have rarely been considered. This research assesses the worth of conducting chemical composition analysis at the micro level and evalu...
Chapter
Glass composition has become a key tool for the study of ancient glass. This approach consists of measuring the concentrations of the different elements present in the glass. Information are then used to identify glass types and glass recipes to infer glass technology, provenance, circulation and sometimes, relative dating. Decades ago, only the ma...
Chapter
The use of lead, strontium and neodymium isotope signatures in ancient glass is developing rapidly and allows the identification of the geological origin of the different raw materials entering the composition of the glass. This approach has been recently applied to glass manufactured in India to define the possible regions of production. Three gla...
Chapter
The elemental analysis via laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) of ancient glass beads from archaeological sites located in Kenya, Tanzania and the island of Mayotte revealed the presence of two different types of mineral soda–high alumina (m-Na-Al) glasses. One of them is the already known m-Na-Al 2 glass type th...
Chapter
For the last decade, Southeast Asia has been an area where glass research has been extremely active. Although many questions remain unanswered, a clearer picture of the organization of the glass industry and trade/exchange through time has emerged. At a very early period (fourth–second century BCE), glass ornaments were manufactured in modern Thail...
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The mobility of the Blemmyes between the Nile Valley and the Red Sea coast, and their skill in trading, are well attested in the literary sources and in the archaeological record. While they operated mainly in the Eastern Desert, their cemeteries, dated to the mid‐fourth century AD, were located in the strategic region of the Dodekaschoinos of Lowe...
Article
Full article: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/share/author/3HEMR4MXREFW6XASPCGB?target=10.1111/arcm.12683 Glass beads from archaeological sites in the North American Great Lakes region have been subject to chemical analysis for several decades. Early work identified key elements in glass beads using Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA),...
Article
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The investigation of Islamic archaeology in Ethiopia has until recently been neglected. Excavations at Harlaa, a large urban centre in eastern Ethiopia, are now beginning to redress this lack of research attention. By establishing occupation and material sequences, and by assessing the chronology and material markers of Islamisation, recent work pr...
Article
Excavations of a peri-abandonment deposit at Cahal Pech, a Classic Maya center in the Upper Belize Valley, showed an increase in Mount Maloney Black (MMB) ceramics compared with earlier Terminal Classic contexts. This change is intriguing because the type is closely associated with Xunantunich, a nearby political center. To explore the causes of th...
Article
Angkor Borei, Cambodia was an important urban center related to the early first millennium C.E. polity known as Funan. Excavations in the protohistoric period Vat Komnou Cemetery site uncovered over 1300 glass and stone beads, which are important material indicators of trade. In this article, we review data from earlier studies and add new previous...
Book
This book provides a comprehensive research on Ancient Indian glass. The contributors include experienced archaeologists of South Asian glass and archaeological chemists with expertise in the chemical analysis of glass, besides, established ethnohistorians and ethnoarchaeologists. It is comprised of five sections, and each section discusses differe...
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Nueva Cadiz and associated beads are among the earliest categories of European glass beads found in the Americas. Named after the site in Venezuela where they were first identified, these tubular, square-sectioned beads occur in regions of 16th-century Spanish colonial trade. A similar style occurs around Lake Ontario in northeastern North America...
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This paper describes a multi-center collaborative project involving curators, conservators, scientists and artists to investigate the Chinese ceramics known as numbered Jun Ware. This rare group of high-quality stoneware, which probably originates from the early fifteenth century, consists of flower pots and matching basins. They are most often dec...
Article
In order to carry out strontium isotope analysis, glass artifacts from South Asia were sampled with portable laser (pLA), a relatively novel sampling technique, that leaves damages invisible to the naked eye. Subsequently, thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) was used to obtain strontium isotope ratios after sample dissolution and separation...
Article
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This study of white pottery from the Merovingian and Carolingian periods traces the use of white clay resources in the Middle Meuse valley at the beginning of the Middle Ages. The petrographic study of 56 sherds, the chemical analysis of 40 samples, and XRD study of 12 of them coming from 4 sites reach the changes of the process between the two tim...
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The two neighboring late prehistoric/protohistoric sites of Aw Gyi and Maliwan, located in the southernmost part of Myanmar in the Isthmus of Kra, yielded large quantities of glass beads and wastes. The measurement of 61 glass compositions from these sites using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry has revealed two different...
Article
Excavations at several archaeological sites in and around Gao have resulted in the recovery of thousands of glass beads presumed to have been acquired from glass bead-producing centers through trade. The bead assemblages cover the period from the eighth to the fourteenth century CE . Here we report on the results of compositional analysis by LA-ICP...
Article
When Europeans and Virginia Indian polities first made contact, the Monacan of the Virginia Piedmont supplied the Powhatan of the lower Chesapeake Bay with copper, a material that Powhatan elites considered highly valuable. Scholars have long debated the provenience of this copper. Some suggest that throughout the Late Woodland Period (900–1600 CE)...
Article
En este artículo presentamos nuestros avances en el estudio comparativo de la composición química de una muestra representativa de fragmentos de vasijas de cerámica de Puerto Nuevo y de arcillas de los valles de Pisco e Ica. Con esto buscamos identificar las fuentes explotadas por los alfareros que elaboraron las vasijas de cerámica usadas y desech...
Article
In this study, 106 ceramics dating from the 9-15th c. CE from southern Kazakhstan were analyzed by neutron activation analysis (NAA) and laser ablation – inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) to characterize the extent of local production and trade in the region during the Early and Middle Islamic periods. The ceramics, both glaz...
Article
In Southeast Asia, archaeological research has recently shown that the earliest centralised polities qualifying as incipient States emerged by the late 5th and early 4th c. BCE (Kim, 2013; Stark, 2015; Bellina, 2017, 2018). Understanding of their hinterland is still very limited. This essay presents the results of a regional study conducted since 2...
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Although glass beads were found in large quantities in Southeast Asia during the Iron Age and into the first millennium CE, glass artifacts from the Angkorian period (ninth–fifteenth centuries CE) are less common and have not been as well-studied. This paper presents the results of an analysis of 81 glass beads and artifacts from the ninth-century...
Article
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This article presents the results of the first excavations at Maliwan and Maliwan, the earliest port-settlements from southern Myanmar in the Isthmus of Kra, showing their involvement in extensive networks as far as the West and China during the last centuries BC.
Article
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Pacific and Rapa Nui (Easter Island) volcanologists, geologists, and geochemists have set the stage for archaeological lithic sourcing studies by providing practical data regarding the island's geodynamic activity, geomorphological formation and dating, and the macroscopic, microscopic, and elemental proprieties of Easter Island stone. Drawing upon...
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Pulau Kampai is the name of a small island on the east coast of Sumatra and also the name of a village on this island. Excavations conducted at Pulau Kampai in the mid-1970s yielded glass beads likely manufactured in India. More glass beads dating from the 11th to the 14th c. AD were found during excavations undertaken more recently. Those beads we...
Article
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Glass beads from the East African coast obtained through the Indian Ocean trade have been known for a half-century to have been taken into the interior of southern Africa. Zhizo Hill and Makuru, both situated in central Zimbabwe, were among the first Early Iron Age sites where such beads were recovered. Zhizo Hill subsequently became the name site...
Article
Many publications document Easter Island's famous ahu (platform), moai (statue), pukao (topknot), and almost millennium-long culture. Yet, little investigation has been dedicated to basalt resources, artifacts, and their geochemistry. As part of the Rapa Nui Geochemical Project (2014-2017), we conducted comprehensive fieldwork , material culture an...
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The site of Igbo Olokun on the northern periphery of Ile-Ife has been recognized as a glass-working workshop for over a century. Its glass-encrusted crucibles and beads were viewed as evidence of secondary processing of imported glass until the high lime, high alumina (HLHA) composition of the glass was recognized as unique to the region. Archaeolo...
Article
This study presents the results of instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) and thin-section analysis of 74 majolica sherds from 16th-18th Century sites in the Zaña Valley and Magdalena de Cao Viejo, Peru, and Panama Viejo, Panama. The majority of majolica samples from...
Article
Khao Sek, a coastal settlement located in the Upper-Thai Peninsula and 80. km south of the early urbanized port of Khao Sam Kaeo in the Chumphon province, yielded an impressive quantity of glass waste and ornaments suggesting that glass bracelets and beads were manufactured at the site as early as the 4th c. BCE. This article discusses the glass ma...
Article
The trace element boron is present in most ancient glasses as an impurity, and high boron (≥ 300ppm) marks raw material sources that are geologically specific and relatively uncommon. Recent analyses of Byzantine glass with high boron contents suggest that glass-making was not limited to the traditional regions of the Levant and Egypt, and a produc...
Article
Recent excavations at the site of Igbo Olokun in the Yoruba city of Ile-Ife, in south-western Nigeria, have shed light on early glass manufacturing techniques in West Africa. The recovery of glass beads and associated production materials has enabled compositional analysis of the artefacts and preliminary dating of the site, which puts the main tim...
Article
Laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) and petrographic analyses helped us assess the provenance and distribution network of 128 ceramic and comparative materials from the ceremonial site of Kuntur Wasi (950–50 BCE), in the Department of Cajamarca, in the northern Peruvian highlands. The chemical and mineral analyse...
Chapter
LA-ICP-MS is now one of the most common methods used for glass analysis in archaeology, and has the potential to build large databases for comparison. However, the actual comparability of measurements generated in different laboratories has not yet been addressed systemically. Here, the results of a round-robin comparison test on two modern glass s...
Chapter
This chapter introduces some of advantages of using LA-ICP-MS to analyze non-siliceous materials (metals), highlighting the approaches utilized in the studies included in Part II of this volume.
Article
Agate and carnelian beads, imported from South Asia, were widely exchanged in Southeast Asia during the Iron Age period (500 BCE–500 CE). Recent studies have identified changes in bead types and manufacturing methods over time, as well as evidence for possible local production. In order to understand the broader implications of these developments,...
Article
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This paper presents results of an interdisciplinary study of thirty-five bead artifacts found at Quseir port sites and presently stored in the Oriental Institute Museum at the University of Chicago. Many of the glass beads were ascribed to chronologically mixed contexts of the Early Roman Myos Hormos (1st–3rd c. A.D.) and Late Ayyubid-Mamluk Quseir...
Article
This article focuses on the elemental analysis of glass material found at the 17th c. glass bead production site at the Hammersmith Embankment in London, UK, using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). The glass beads manufactured at this site are similar to those found at some North American Native sites. In orde...
Article
With 2228 km of Bay of Bengal coastline, Myanmar occupies a critical geographic position at the juncture of South and East Asia, but its role in the burgeoning long-distance interaction networks of the mid-late 1st millennium BC is poorly understood due to a low research density. From 2001–2011 the Mission Archéologique Française au Myanmar excavat...
Book
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This book explores different aspects of LA-ICP-MS (laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry). It presents a large array of new analytical protocols for elemental or isotope analysis. LA-ICP-MS is a powerful tool that combines a sampling device able to remove very small quantities of material without leaving visible damage at the...
Article
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Venice and Bohemia are generally considered to be the principal bead manufacturers of Europe. Yet Germany, especially the Fichtelgebirge region of northeastern Bavaria, produced large quantities of glass beads for the world market beginning in the 15th century, if not even earlier, and continued to do so well into the 20th century. The Fichtelgebir...
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In this paper, we characterize the production and circulation of Early Green Glazed (EGG) Ware, an innovative variety of lead-glazed ceramics produced in Peru’s North Coast region in the wake of the Spanish colonization of the Andes. INAA of pastes and LA-ICP-MS of glazes of EGG Ware samples collected from sites in Peru’s Zaña, and Chicama river va...
Article
In North America, it is critical for archaeologists to differentiate between American native copper and European smelted copper. Indeed, native copper, a rather pure metal, was not smelted in this region, unlike European copper objects that later became available to Native Americans during trading encounters. Until now, archaeologists with a low bu...
Article
SEE ABSTRACT AT : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/arcm.12183/abstract. A total of 74 glass beads, included as grave goods in 15th–17th century ce jar burials from Cambodia's Cardamom Mountains, were analysed using laser ablation – inductively coupled plasma – mass spectrometry (LA–ICP–MS). Several glass types were identified, including t...
Conference Paper
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The site of Igbo Olokun in the city of Ife, in southwestern Nigeria has been identified as a primary glass and glass beads production center dating to the “Classic” period (12th-15th c.), but glass from well-recorded contexts has been rare. Excavations in 2011-2012 produced over twelve thousand drawn glass beads. LA-ICP-MS analysis of 49 glass bead...
Article
The later African Iron Age saw a shift to centralised polities, as seen in the expansion of hegemonies such as Great Zimbabwe. During this period, trade with the interior of Africa became increasingly centrally controlled. Excavations at the site of Kaitshaa, on the edge of the Makgadikgadi saltpans in Botswana, have revealed how a small settlement...
Article
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Excavations in 2001 and 2005 at Hammersmith Embankment in West London uncovered the remains of two glass furnaces with associated wasters relating to the manufacture of drawn glass beads during the second quarter of the 17th century. The site is significant as it represents the first archaeological evidence for the production of glass beads in post...
Article
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The archaeological community worldwide now readily recognizes the role and significance of interregional interaction in the development and sustenance of urban societies (e.g., Marcus and Sabloff 2008; Sinclair et al. 2010; Trigger 2003). Over the past two decades, we have carried out a systematic, problem-oriented research program on the Kenyan co...
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Along with Ghana, Gawgaw (Gao) was an important regional trading polity mentioned by Arab chroniclers in the later first millennium CE. In the later tenth century, al-Muhallabi wrote of the dual towns of Gawgaw, one the residence of the king and the other a market and trading town called Sarneh. The large settlement mound of Gao Saney, located seve...
Article
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The archaeological glasses found in Southeast Asia are discussed on the basis of 1500 chemical analyses, mostly obtained with LAICPMS. The area covered extends from Samarkand to Xian and is one of great cultural diversity. The glass evidence from two particular sites, Khao Sam Kaeo and Khlong Thom, on the Thai/Malay Peninsula is presented. Overview...
Article
Glass material at early South Asian archaeological sites is mostly constituted of beads, bangles and otherpersonal ornaments; glass vessels are extremely rare and usually easily identifiable as imports from the West. Instead, glass–workers developed efficient techniques to produce large quantities of drawn glass beads. Several glass trade networks...
Article
Actes du 2e colloque international de l’association Verre & Histoire, Nancy, 26-28 mars 2009, S. Lagabrielle & C. Maitte (eds.)