Laure Cabantous

Laure Cabantous
City, University of London · Faculty of Management

PhD

About

82
Publications
33,931
Reads
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1,982
Citations
Citations since 2016
29 Research Items
1579 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Additional affiliations
August 2015 - present
City, University of London
Position
  • Professor of Strategy and Organization
January 2014 - present
M@n@gement
Position
  • Editor-in-Chief M@n@gement
Description
  • http://www.management-aims.com/
June 2013 - July 2015
City, University of London
Position
  • Associate Professor / Senior Lecturer
Education
September 2000 - March 2006
Toulouse School of Economics
Field of study
  • Economics
September 1999 - August 2000
Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Field of study
  • Economics (Environmental Economics)
September 1996 - August 2000
Ecole normale supérieure de Cachan
Field of study
  • Economics and Management

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
This paper employs a strong process approach to leadership – one that focuses on leadership moments in action – to explore how collaborative leadership emerges within a hierarchical context. Drawing on observation in three Haute Cuisine restaurant kitchen brigades – highly hierarchical teams that deal with intense time pressures – we document empir...
Article
Full-text available
As many high-profile business leaders purport to make decisions based on gut feelings, a growing number of management scholars are seeking to explain how leaders use intuition in organizational settings. In line with dual-process theories, management scholars argue that the most effective decision makers are cognitively versatile, which means that...
Chapter
In this chapter, we use Austin’s view of performativity as a framework to comprehend the effects of strategic discourse on strategic outcomes. Our review of the literature reveals a paradox: On the one hand, and contrary to what many managers believe, strategic discourses have limited illocutionary power - they seldom engender the reality they desc...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies on the construction and use of “small world representations” in strategic decision-making under Knightian uncertainty say little about how such representations should be updated over the implementation phase. This paper draws on the psychology of reasoning to take a step towards answering this question. We begin by theorizing small w...
Article
Full-text available
This study contributes to a holistic understanding of sensemaking by going beyond the mind–body dualism. To do so, we focus analytically on a phenomenon that operates at the nexus of mind and body: intuition. By observing four film crews, we unpack how people act their intuition into sense—that is, how they transform, through action, an initial sen...
Article
Full-text available
We welcome Etzion et al.’s (2019) effort to critically assess the role of cat models in insurance markets, by combining a sociology of finance lens with statistical analysis. Nonetheless, we believe there are two flaws in their analysis. First, their interpretation of the model-as-engine metaphor, as well as the way they test for this metaphor, is...
Article
Full-text available
This special issue groups a set of contributions that together question and extend the boundaries of strategy research by examining strategy work as a performative pursuit. In this introduction, we position the special issue papers within the broader context of performativity studies in organization and management theory. To do so, we ground the an...
Article
Full-text available
Decision support systems (DSS) are sophisticated tools that increasingly take advantage of big data and are used to design and implement individual- and organization-level strategic decisions. Yet, when organizations excessively rely on their potential the outcome may be decision-making failure, particularly when such tools are applied under high p...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose to approach performativity and processuality as mindsets. We suggest that researchers interested by or pursuing performative studies should recognize more explicitly the inherent processuality of performativity. After offering broad overviews on performativity and process thinking, we highlight that both mindsets rest on a...
Article
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This article analyses the role of academics in the production and maintenance of alternative organizations within the capitalist system. Empirically, we focus on academics from the University of Buenos Aires who, through the extension programme Facultad Abierta, have supported worker-recuperated enterprises since their emergence in Argentina in the...
Article
Full-text available
How do things become ‘strategic’? Despite the development of strategy-as-practice studies and the recognized institutional importance of strategy as a social practice, little is known about how strategy boundaries change within organizations. This article focuses on this gap by conceptualizing ‘strategifying’ – or making something strategic – as a...
Article
This paper considers the practices of coordination in financial markets that do not rely on a common market device (e.g., trading platform or calculative tool) to organize trading between buyers and sellers. Our case focuses on the coordination of the pricing cycle within the reinsurance sector. Building on social studies of finance, we adopt a pra...
Conference Paper
This paper considers the practices of coordination in financial markets that do not rely on a common market device (e.g., trading platform or calculative tool) to organize trading between buyers and sellers. Our case focuses on the coordination of the pricing cycle within the reinsurance sector. Building on social studies of finance, we adopt a pra...
Article
Full-text available
John Austin introduced the formulation ‘performative utterance’ in his 1962 Book How to Do Things with Words. This term and the related concept of performativity have subsequently been interpreted in numerous ways by social scientists and philosophers such as Lyotard, Butler, Callon or Barad, leading to the coexistence of several foundational persp...
Article
Full-text available
In this rejoinder, we draw attention to some of the possible performative effects of Spicer et al.’s (2016) commentary and reaffirm the importance, in our eyes, of the fundamentally political and material dimensions of performativity.
Article
Full-text available
The rise of modern corporations has been accompanied by an expansion of salaried executives who have replaced owner-managers. With this expansion, the new class of managers/executives came to regard themselves as stewards of large and complex corporations, and not principally or exclusively as agents for the owners. Emerging as a self- styled ‘prof...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on the 40-year experience of academia-industry interfacing in the operations research (OR) field in Montréal. We focus on five spin off companies that academic entrepreneurs from the CIRRELT and the GERAD created between 1976 and 2003: INRO Consultants, GIRO, AD OPT, Omega Optimisation/Planora, and ExPretio. The importance of uni...
Article
Full-text available
Despite ample research on the topic of business model innovation, little is known about the cognitive processes whereby some innovative business models gain the status of iconic representations of particular types of firms. This study addresses the question: How do iconic business models emerge? In other words: How do innovative business models bec...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since John Austin introduced the expression “performative utterance” in 1962, the concept of performativity has been subjected to multiple translations by social scientists and philosophers such as Derrida, Butler, Callon, Barad or Lyotard, and each of its sequels has nurtured the development of organizational theory. This chapter provides an accou...
Chapter
Since John Austin introduced the expression “performative utterance” in 1962, the concept of performativity has been subjected to multiple translations by social scientists and philosophers such as Derrida, Butler, Callon, Barad or Lyotard, and each of its sequels has nurtured the development of organizational theory. This chapter provides an accou...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, we have witnessed the emergence of ‘critical performativity’, a concept designed to debate relationships between theory and practice and encourage practical interventions in organizational life. Notwithstanding its laudable ambition to stimulate discussion about engagement between CMS researchers and practitioners, we are concerned...
Article
Full-text available
Most decision-making research in economics focuses on individual decisions. Yet, we know, from psychological research in particular, that individual preferences can be sensitive to social pressures. In this paper, we study the impact of a group environment on individual preferences for risky (i.e., known probabilities) and ambiguous (i.e., unknown...
Article
Full-text available
John Austin introduced the formulation ‘performative utterance’ in his 1962 book How to Do Things with Words. This term and the related concept of performativity have subsequently been interpreted in numerous ways by social scientists and philosophers such as Lyotard, Butler, Callon and Barad, leading to the coexistence of several foundational pers...
Article
Full-text available
Intuition is a way of processing information that is largely unconscious, associative, fast and contextually dependent. As part of the growing cognition-oriented research agenda in the entrepreneurship field, the specific cognitive construct of intuition has attracted relatively little attention. The authors find this position surprising, particula...
Article
Full-text available
This paper draws from a case study of decision analysis—a discipline rooted in Bayesianism aimed at supporting managerial decision making—to inform the current discussion on the adoption of Bayesian modes of thinking in management research and practice. Relying on concepts from the science, technology, and society field of study and actor-network t...
Article
The issue of “why, when and how” some people, but not others, identify opportunities is central to our understanding of entrepreneurship. Research suggests that entrepreneurs become more adept at identifying opportunities as they gain experience, but the cognitive processes underlying this relationship remain unclear. Our study explores this gap by...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnography has often been seen as the province of the lone researcher; however, increasingly management scholars are examining global phenomena, necessitating a shift to global team-based ethnography. This shift presents some fundamental methodological challenges, as well as practical issues of method, that have not been examined in the literature...
Article
Full-text available
An emerging literature in economics suggests that individuals and groups make different decisions in most risky choice problems. In particular, groups tend to be more risk seeker than individuals. This paper contributes to this literature by focusing on two factors: the group decision rule – i.e., majority and unanimity rules – and the source of un...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the structure of the reinsurance industry has evolved rapidly in response to, among other factors, changes in the nature of risks to be insured (e.g., climate related risks), technological innovations (e.g., Cat models), the globalization of the financial services industry, and the concentration of the primary insurance industry. D...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This Masterclass is designed to help reinsurers take control of their future through the foresight technique of scenario planning. This practical managerial tool enables companies in the field of risk management to assess any external uncertainties and develop strategies in accordance.
Article
Organization scholars and sociologists have developed a rich array of insights about how markets function, and shown that organizational actors enact the market environment in which they operate. Not enough attention, however, has been devoted to the interpretative dimension of markets and to role of organizational interpretative processes in marke...
Article
This paper investigates the processes through which a new idea or practice is turned into strategy across and within organizations. We rely on institutional theory and the strategy-as-practice perspective to theorize two faces of strategizing as ‘making something strategic’ (institutional view) while ‘crafting strategy’ (practice-based view) within...
Article
Full-text available
des décisions organisationnelles. Nous approchons la prise de décision comme une praxis performative, c'est-à-dire un ensemble d'activités par lesquelles les acteurs produisant des décisions transforment des théories en réalité sociale. Nous généralisons l'approche en termes de praxis performative, qui articule les processus de conventionnalisation...
Article
Full-text available
This article deals with the impact of governmental assistance on insurance demand under ambiguity, i.e., in situations where probabilities are uncertain. First, using a model of insurance demand under ambiguity, we derive theoretical predictions about the impact of several governmental assistance programmes on optimal insurance demand. For example,...
Article
Full-text available
Two experiments show that violations of expected utility due to ambiguity, found in general decision experiments, also affect belief aggregation. Hence we use modern ambiguity theories to analyze belief aggregation, thus obtaining more refined and empirically more valid results than traditional theories can provide. We can now confirm more reliably...
Article
L’objet de cet article est de renouveler la compréhension du rôle joué par la théorie, comme par exemple la théorie du choix rationnel, dans la fabrication des décisions organisationnelles. Nous approchons la prise de décision comme une praxis performative, c’est-à-dire un ensemble d’activités au travers desquelles les acteurs produisant des décisi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports the results of the first experiment in the United States designed to distinguish between two sources of ambiguity: imprecise ambiguity (expert groups agree on a range of probability, but not on any point estimate) versus conflict ambiguity (each expert group provides a precise probability estimate which differs from one group to...
Article
Organizational theorists built their knowledge of decision making through a progressive critique of rational choice theory. Their positioning towards rationality, however, is at odds with the observation of rationality persistence in organizational life. This paper addresses this paradox. It proposes a new perspective on rationality that allows the...
Article
Full-text available
Organizational theorists built their knowledge of decision making through a progressive critique of rational choice theory. Their positioning towards rationality, however, is at odds with the observation of rationality persistence in organizational life. This paper addresses this paradox. It proposes a new perspective on rationality that allows the...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we build on the emerging literature on group decision-making to study the so-called ‘group shift’ effect, i.e., groups are less risk-averse than individuals. Our study complements past research in two ways. First, we study the group shift effect under two sources of uncertainty, namely risk where probabilities are known, and ambiguit...
Article
Full-text available
We address the question as to whether judgmental overconfidence, as assessed by probability miscalibration, is related to positive illusions about the self. We first demonstrate that judgmental overconfidence measured with interval production procedures can be considered a trait, due to correlations observed in miscalibration scores in two sets of...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the underlying practices whereby rationality – as defined in rational choice theory – is achieved within organizations. The qualitative coding of 58 case study reports produced by decision analysts, working in a wide range of settings, highlights how organizational actors can make decisions in accord with the axioms of rational...
Article
Testing whether risk professionals (here insurers) behave differently under risk and ambiguity when they cover catastrophic risks (floods and earthquakes) and non-catastrophic risks (fires), this paper reports the results of the first field experiment in the United States designed to distinguish two sources of ambiguity: imprecise ambiguity (outsid...
Article
Anne Stenger (***) Les tempêtes Lothar et Martin de décembre 1999 ont abattu 140 millions de m 3 de bois en France et 30 millions en Allemagne. Les incendies de l'été 2003 ont brûlé 500 000 hectares de forêt au Portugal, 150 000 en Espagne, 120 000 en Italie et 95 000 en France. L'ouragan Gudrun de janvier 2005 a abattu 75 millions de m 3 de bois e...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the results of an experiment designed to test theoretical predictions about the impact of public compensation schemes and ambiguity on insurance and self-insurance decisions. Consistent with theory, we find that government assistance significantly reduces willingness to pay (WTP) for insurance and self-insurance (compared with...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article examine l’effet de programmes d’aides publiques sur les comportements d’assurance des propriétaires forestiers privés. Nous analysons l’incidence de trois types de programmes existant actuellement : une aide forfaitaire, une aide forfaitaire contingente à l’assurance et une subvention à l’assurance. Nous nous interrogeons également sur...
Article
Sources of uncertainty appear to affect attitude towards ambiguity. For instance, when two advisors agree on a range of probabilities and, when they disagree - one advisor predicting the upper bound of the range while the other predicts the lower bound of the range †decision-makers might have different beliefs about the risk although in both case t...
Article
Full-text available
Transport generates many externalities, some related to atmospheric pollution. In this paper, we focus on two: greenhouse gases, and local pollution. In the search for optimal transport policies, these two externalities have usually been analysed separately. Here, we study them jointly, in a sequential decision-making model. Our model allows for th...
Article
Full-text available
Transport generates many externalities, some related to atmospheric pollution. In this paper, we focus on two: greenhouse gases, and local pollution. In the search for optimal transport policies, these two externalities have usually been analysed separately. Here, we study them jointly, in a sequential decision-making model. Our model allows for th...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyzes the effects of public intervention and ambiguity on insurance demand. It first defines some theoretical predictions about the impact of these two parameters on insurance decision. It then presents the results of an experiment, conducted with 78 participants, 42 real private forest owners and 36 students from a French Forest En...
Article
Cahier du LEF ; 2008-05. sous le titre : Insurance Demand for Disaster-type Risks and the Separation of Attitudes toward Risk and Ambiguity: an Experimental Study
Chapter
Full-text available
The first part of this article traces the rise and fall of rationality as a category in organizational decision-making research. The essential story here is one in which the ongoing work of rationalist decision analysts and the growing critique of organization theorists have developed largely in isolation from each other. This occurred not only bec...
Article
Full-text available
Information ambiguity and conflict are prevalent in insurance decision because experts may not agree on the probability of the risk. This research investigates insurance decision under either ambiguous and consensual or ambiguous and conflicting information about the probability of the risk. Seventy-eight professional insurers completed a questionn...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the results of a survey designed to test, with economically sophisticated participants, Ellsberg’s ambiguity aversion hypothesis, and Smithson’s conflict aversion hypothesis. Based on an original sample of 78 professional actuaries (all members of the French Institute of Actuaries), this article provides empirical evidence tha...
Article
Full-text available
Climate scenarios provide an essential foundation for research on the impacts of climate change on the built environment and for the identification of appropriate adaptation measures. They are, however, subject to uncertainties in the underlying greenhouse gas emissions and concentration scenarios as well as a range of scientific uncertainties asso...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to illustrate the contribution that taking a psychological perspective can bring to the study of decision-making in economics. The article pursues the idea that it can be useful to combine a psychological analysis of judgment and decision-making with an economic analysis of choice (traditionally focused on outcomes). Indeed...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental investigations of the probability weighting function usually investigate the impact of some characteristics of the context such as the domain of the consequence (gain or loss) or the size of the payoff but investigations of the impact of the quality of the probabilistic information are scare. The paper aims to give new insight into the...
Article
Mémoire de DEA : Analyse et modélisation économique / Paris I ; session de 2000.

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
Researchers of the Minhocao explore multiple angles of the Minhocão transformation, It goes from urbanism to sociological perspectives and includes researchers from a variety of backgrounds.
Project
Study attentional practices, and the interplay between intution and analysis in a wide range of settings (entrepreneurship, managerial decision making)
Project
how can management scholars have impact on society? What does it mean to be critically engaged (as a management scholar)?