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Laura Vandenbosch

Laura Vandenbosch
KU Leuven | ku leuven · Leuven School for Mass Communication Research

PhD

About

94
Publications
99,651
Reads
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1,990
Citations
Citations since 2016
65 Research Items
1875 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Introduction
Laura Vandenbosch (PhD) is a postdoctoral researcher (Research Foundation Flanders; FWO-Vlaanderen) at the Leuven School for Mass Communication Research. She also works as a part-time Assistant Professor at the Department of Communication Studies, at the University of Antwerp (Belgium). The relationship between media and well-being is the core subject of her research.
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - September 2015
University of Amsterdam
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2013 - August 2014
KU Leuven
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (94)
Preprint
Although the relationship between social media and narcissism in adolescents has been widely studied, the direction of this link remains unclear to date. This is striking given the potential deconstructive consequences of narcissism for adolescents’ peer relationships. Therefore, this three-wave panel study (Nw1=1032) examined at both the between-...
Article
Research has rarely looked into links between adolescents’ media use, internal attribution of professional success, and well-being. The current study among 940 late adolescents (M = 17.21 years old, SD = .94; 60.9% girls) found that exposure to malleable professional ideals in traditional as well as social media was positively related to internal a...
Article
Full-text available
Social media literacy is assumed to protect adolescents from negative social media effects, yet research supporting this is lacking. The current three-wave panel study with a four-month interval among N = 1,032 adolescents tests this moderating role of social media literacy. Specifically, we examine between- vs. within-person relations of exposure...
Article
Full-text available
Research has extensively studied the negative effects of digital communication on adolescents’ well-being. However, positive digital experiences and behavior in adolescence are still poorly understood. The recently developed Digital Flourishing Scale addresses this gap and focuses on the positive perceptions of a user’s experiences and behaviors in...
Article
Full-text available
Mobile dating applications (MDAs) have become commonly used tools to seek out dating and sexual partners online. The current review aimed to systematically synthesize empirical findings in 72 quantitative studies on mobile dating, published in ISI-ranked journals between 2014 and 2020. This review focused on summarizing different approaches toward...
Article
The current literature on nonidealized media content (i.e., content that presents media models that do not follow traditional beauty standards) rarely includes novel positive body image outcomes, such as a broad conceptualization of beauty. Moreover, little is known about more positively oriented explanatory mechanisms, such as inspiration (i.e., f...
Article
Unauthentic social media self-presentation practices relate to lower self-esteem, yet research replicating these findings at the within-person level is lacking. By means of a three-wave longitudinal survey (N=1032), the present study addresses this gap by examining the reciprocal within-person relations between social media positivity-biased behavi...
Article
The literature on body image ramifications of girls’ uses of appearance-focused social media (ASM) is limited, and even non-existing in terms of TikTok uses. With this brief report, we aimed to fill this gap in the literature by analyzing three waves of data on girls’ ASM use and body image-related constructs (i.e., internalization of beauty ideals...
Article
Social media use has often been linked to adolescents' body dissatisfaction, but longitudinal investigations of this relation are scarce. This three-wave panel study among N = 1032 adolescents contributes to the existing literature by testing the within-person relations between different interactions with appearance-focused social media content (i....
Article
Traditionally, content analyses of body image (BI) messages in youth-oriented series have focused on negative messages. Thus, studies have not addressed the potential for youth-oriented series to promote positive BI (PBI). Using the main principles of the General Learning Model, this study fills this gap in the literature through a content analysis...
Preprint
Unauthentic social media self-presentation practices relate to lower self-esteem, yet research replicating these findings at the within-person level is lacking. By means of a three-wave longitudinal survey (N=1032), the present study addresses this gap by examining the reciprocal within-person relations between participating in the social media pos...
Article
The aim of the present investigation was to develop a comprehensive tool to measure positive sexuality among adolescents. We first conducted an extensive literature review to develop the Positive Sexuality in Adolescence Scale (PSAS). We also conducted focus group interviews with adolescents (N = 14) to explore their understanding of positive sexua...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, sexual health scholars have expressed concerns regarding adolescents’ use of sexually explicit internet materials (SEIM) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, using latent growth curve modeling, the current study explored adolescents’ changes in the frequency of SEIM use before, during, and after a strict lockdown period was establishe...
Article
This review presents recent trends in social media and body image research, with a particular focus on different social media platforms, features unique to social media and potentially positive content for body image. First, it was found that visual platforms (e.g., Instagram) were more dysfunctional for body image than more textual platforms (e.g....
Preprint
Social media use has often been linked to adolescents’ body dissatisfaction, but longitudinal investigations of this relation are scarce. This three-wave panel study among N = 1,032 adolescents contributes to the existing literature by testing the within-person relations between different interactions with appearance-focused social media content (i...
Article
The ubiquity of mobile media devices provides an abundance of new challenges and opportunities relevant to mass communication research. In an ever-connected and “always-on” society, it seems as if the users have become an inseparable entity with their mobile devices, leading to novel online/offline social norms dynamics, demands for disconnecting a...
Article
Content analyses on sexual messages in youth-oriented series have traditionally focused on the distribution of negative or antisocial sexual messages. As such, the potential of youth-oriented series to promote prosocial sexual messages (PSM) has been neglected. Grounded in the 3AM model, this content analysis fills this gap in the literature by exa...
Preprint
Social media literacy is assumed to protect adolescents from negative social media effects, yet research supporting this is lacking. The current three-wave panel study among N = 1,032 adolescents tests this moderating role of social media literacy. Specifically, we examine between- vs. within-person relations of exposure to the positivity bias, soc...
Article
This study contextualizes Belgian adolescents' (12–18 years old) sexting behaviors between romantic and non-romantic partners during a strict lockdown period of the COVID-19 pandemic. An online survey among 543 Belgian respondents (Mage = 15.29, 68% girls) showed that 40.9% of the adolescents engaged in at least one type of sexting (i.e., type one...
Article
The current study aimed to examine how mediated portrayals of popularity relate to adolescents’ well-being. We hypothesized that exposure to malleability messages in entertainment television and magazines related to a higher belief in the malleability of popularity, which was, in turn, believed to relate to a duality of well-being outcomes. On the...
Article
The present study conceptualized and developed new measurement instruments to assess adolescents’ a) exposure to, b) liking, and c) posting of positive content on social media. By means of an integrative review of the literature, six focus groups and 14 in-depth interviews, 19 items were developed for each scale. Based on a cross-sectional study am...
Chapter
Sexually oriented digital media use plays an important role in adolescents' sexuality development. The literature points to unique affordances of these media uses (e.g., accessibility, anonymity), which invite adolescents to use these media for the construction of their sexuality and the engagement in sexual behaviors. Different theories that have...
Article
Current literature is inconsistent about the effects of idealized (i.e., thin) vs. non-idealized (i.e., average or plus-size) models on young women’s well-being. This inconsistency may be explained by different frames (i.e., passive body, active body, and subject) surrounding beauty ad models. The current experimental study among 568 women aged 18–...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we aimed to offer a conceptualization of positive body image during adolescence and psychometrically examine a new scale developed to measure this conceptualization. A literature review on positive body image and adolescence was conducted, which shaped the development of the Positive Body Image among Adolescents Scale (PBIAS). In Stu...
Article
This cross-national survey among Austrian, Belgian, Spanish, and South Korean boys and girls (N = 1,983; M age = 14.41, SD = 1.08) investigated the association between mass media use, self-objectification, and positive body image. In doing so, we (a) extended existing research on the link between media use and positive body image by including diffe...
Article
The current cross-sectional study among adolescent boys and girls ( N = 640, M age = 15.47, SD = 1.63) examined whether exposure to popular television programs and Facebook predicts the extent to which adolescents objectify their same-sex friends. Two pathways were tested to explain these relationships. The first included internalization of rewarde...
Article
The literature indicates that media content popular among young users frequently shows biased sexual messages. Different media effect theories (e.g., social cognitive theory and cultivation theory), but also self‐effects theories (e.g., self‐perception theory) explain how sexually‐oriented media interactions may shape and change sexual identities i...
Article
Full-text available
Although current literature has extensively discussed media literacy processes, few theories exist explaining the role of social media literacy. Social media is used daily by a substantial number of young people and may exert an important influence on its users' well-beings. Considering media literacy, media effects, social psychology, interpersona...
Article
Full-text available
Although non-consensual forwarding of sexts (NCFS) is an important type of online sexual harassment behavior, the predictors of this behavior are currently understudied. The present study aimed to fill this gap by investigating online pornography use as a predictor of adolescents’ and emerging adults’ willingness to engage in NCFS in different cont...
Article
Full-text available
Despite voiced concerns about sexual online risk behaviors related to mobile dating, little is known about the relation between mobile dating and sexting. The current cross-sectional study (N = 286) examined the relations between the use of geo-social dating apps and emerging adults’ willingness to sext with a dating app match. By drawing on the pr...
Article
Full-text available
Entertainment media consumed by adolescents have been criticized for their stereotyped depictions of sexual relationships. This longitudinal study among 182 boys and 218 girls from Belgium tests reciprocal relationships between adolescents’ acceptance of gendered sexual roles and their exposure to music television and online pornography over three...
Article
Media effects research has documented the prevalence of different ideals in media content, and their effects on media users. We developed a framework for the representation of such ideals, and that may increase our understanding of the effects media have on users' well-being. Drawing on cultural sociology, communication theory, and psychological li...
Article
Full-text available
Although previous findings suggest a link between adults' use of social networking sites (SNS) and relationship commitment, research has been lacking. This study of 427 emerging and young adults (aged 18–32 years, 71.20% female) indicated that exposure to alternative partners on SNS was indirectly related to relationship commitment through the purs...
Article
This study examines associations between adolescents’ exposure to two television genres that convey contradictory sexual messages and the expectation of sexual perfectionism over a period of 15 years (N = 161). All respondents were in a romantic relationship in the final wave of this longitudinal study. Sitcom viewing during adolescence was related...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The current study addresses how sexualizing online media practices, i.e., exposure to sexually explicit internet material and receiving negative appearance feedback on social media, relate to the acceptance of sexist attitudes among adolescents. Specifically, it extends previous research on the acceptance of rape myths by exploring a...
Article
Background: The limited literature on victim characteristics of offenders found not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI) shows that most victims are adults who are known to the offender. It is currently unclear whether victims are mainly male or female or whether there are differences in the type of victims according to the offenders' psychiatric d...
Article
Full-text available
Risky selfies are recent, but worrying phenomena in which adolescents take pictures of themselves during the act of risk behavior. By applying the principles of the prototype willingness model, the current cross-sectional study among adolescents (N = 686) aged 15–18 years old examined the relation between social media use and adolescents’ risky sel...
Article
In het huidige artikel wordt nagegaan hoe objectiveringsliteratuur een verklarend kader biedt voor de invloed van seksualiserende media op de seksualiteitsbeleving van adolescenten. Met name wordt er een structureel raamwerk gepresenteerd waarin de assumpties van de klassieke objectiveringsliteratuur tezamen met de aannames van recentere literatuur...
Article
Full-text available
This experiment examines the effect of movies portraying stereotypical sex roles on sexual gender stereotypes and rape myths among adolescents and emerging adults (N = 116). After watching a stereotypical sex role movie or a control movie, participants completed a survey on their acceptance of sexual stereotypes and rape myths. Results showed that...
Article
Full-text available
This experiment examines the effect of movies portraying stereotypical sex roles on sexual gender stereotypes and rape myths among adolescents and emerging adults (N = 116). After watching a stereotypical sex role movie or a control movie, participants completed a survey on their acceptance of sexual stereotypes and rape myths. Results showed that...
Article
Full-text available
A number of studies have suggested that social media use may be negatively related to adolescents’ well-being. One explanation for this relation may lie in the internalization of various types of ideals displayed on social media; however, research supporting this reasoning is largely absent. This survey study among 1,983 Austrian, Belgian, Spanish,...
Article
Full-text available
Mobile dating is more common with an increasing number of smartphone applications coming to market that aim to facilitate dating. In the current study, we investigated how dating app use and motivations related to demographic identity variables (i.e. gender and sexual orientation) and personality-based variables among young adults. Nearly half of t...
Article
Full-text available
Although media exposure has been related to cognitive preoccupation with appearance, research rarely investigated adolescents’ behavioral self-sexualization. To address this gap, the present study among 12- to 16-year-olds (N = 1527; 50.2% girls) in Austria, Belgium, Spain, and South-Korea (1) investigates whether different types of media use relat...
Article
Full-text available
Despite increasing interest in the implications of adolescents’ use of sexually explicit Internet material (SEIM), we still know little about the relationship between SEIM use and adolescents’ casual sexual activities. Based on a three-wave online panel survey study among Dutch adolescents (N = 1079; 53.1% boys; 93.5% with an exclusively heterosexu...
Article
Full-text available
Inconsistent results have been reported concerning the relationships between SNS usage and loneliness. The current two-wave panel study with a one year interval examined the possibility of reciprocal and curvilinear relationships between active public Facebook use and adolescents' social/emotional loneliness. Belgian adolescents from fifteen high s...
Article
This longitudinal study (N = 400, 54.5% female) explores the relationships between three components of self-objectification: the internalization of the media's appearance ideals, the valuing of appearance over competence, and body surveillance. The study adds to the self-objectification literature by taking a long-term, developmental approach. The...
Preprint
Full-text available
Inconsistent results have been reported concerning the relationships between SNS usage and loneliness. The current two-wave panel study with a one year interval examined the possibility of reciprocal and curvilinear relationships between active public Facebook use and adolescents’ social/emotional loneliness. Belgian adolescents from fifteen high s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A significant amount of previous research has examined media usage patterns among American and European adolescents. However, a recent update on adolescents’ daily media habits in the changed media environment is missing. Moreover, little is known about differences between countries. The current cross-sectional study among Austrian, Belgian, Spanis...
Article
Full-text available
Media literacy interventions partly aim at preventing undesirable media effects at a later point of time. However, longitudinal research on the interaction between media literacy education and media effects is lacking. In this longitudinal study among 1,947 13-25-years-olds, we started to address this lacuna by examining the potential of porn liter...
Article
Full-text available
The current cross-sectional study among 444 young Belgian women (Mage = 20.08; SD = 0.91) examined the influence of reality television exposure on tanning behavior, which is known to be a risk factor for the development of skin cancer among young women. In addition, it was explored whether the internalization of sun tan ideals from media content an...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – Using the theory of planned behavior, the purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between different types of media and the intention to buy sustainable apparel and test whether attitudes, social norms, and self-efficacy beliefs may explain these relationships. Design/methodology/approach – A cross-sectional survey study was...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about how exposure to sexually explicit Internet material (SEIM) relates to a performance-focused orientation toward sex. Based on a three-wave panel study among adolescents (N = 1,022), we found that watching SEIM predicted a sexual performance orientation from Wave (W) 2 to W3, but not from W1 to W2. A sexual performance orientati...
Article
Full-text available
Sexualizing media content is prevalent in various media types. Sexualizing media messages and portrayals emphasize unattainable body and appearance ideals as the primary components of sexual desirability. The internalization of these ideals is positively related to self-objectification and sexual body consciousness. In turn, self-objectification an...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has suggested that adolescents play out stereotypical gender roles in their self-presentations in social media. However, longitudinal research on the relationships between (sexy) online self-presentation and adolescents’ gender role orientation is lacking. The present study investigated whether endorsing a stereotypical gender rol...
Chapter
Full-text available
The current chapter presents a review on the portrayal of appearance ideals in popular entertainment media. Literature on the components of the ideal appearance in popular media and the nature of portrayals of appearance standards in popular media is examined. First, study findings on the characteristics of appearance ideals presented in the media...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated whether engaging in sexy self-presentations on social network sites (SNSs) or exposure to sexy self-presentations on SNSs predicts the willingness to engage in sexting. A second aim of the present study was to investigate whether adolescent girls demonstrate stronger relationships between (exposure to) sexy online sel...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated the relationship between different types of sexual media use (i.e., sexually explicit internet material, sexually oriented reality TV, and sexy self-presentations on social network sites) and adolescents' willingness to engage in casual sex, as well as underlying sociocognitive processes of this relationship. Drawing...
Article
Little research to date has focused on adolescents’ initiation of watching sexually explicit Internet material (SEIM) and its antecedents. Based on 400 adolescents who had never watched SEIM at baseline (in a three-wave panel study among 1,467 13–17 year-old Dutch adolescents), we examined antecedents of the initiation of watching SEIM one year lat...
Article
Full-text available
Conclusion: This is the first study to demonstrate that online communication predicts the initiation of offline sexual and romantic activity as early as adolescence. Practitioners and parents need to consider the role of online communication in adolescents' developing sexuality. What is Known: • Adolescents increasingly communicate online with pee...
Article
Full-text available
Although the smartphone application Tinder is increasingly popular among emerging adults, no empirical study has yet investigated why emerging adults use Tinder. Therefore, we aimed to identify the primary motivations of emerging adults to use Tinder. The study was conducted among Dutch 18-30 year old emerging adults who completed an online survey....
Article
Little is known about the effects of playing sexualizing video games on adolescent boys’ and girls’ self-objectified body image. Early and middle adolescents (N = 115; Mage = 12.63, SD = 0.85) participated in a between-subjects experiment testing the effect of playing with a sexualized male or female avatar as compared to a control condition. We re...
Article
The current experimental study (N = 88) investigated the short-term effect of a popular teenage movie on early adolescent girls’ beliefs about romantic relationships, with particular attention to the moderating role of parasocial interaction with media characters and age. The results indicated that 11–14-year-old girls with higher levels of parasoc...
Article
While it is well understood that demographic, cultural, and personality characteristics predict adolescents’ television viewing, little is known about adolescents’ conformity to the television viewing behaviour of their peers. In particular, there is a lack of research that investigates the similarity in television programme preferences among adole...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this study was to investigate whether exposure to sexual reality television content and Internet pornography (IP) is related to sexual self-presentation on social media. Based on a two-wave panel survey among 1,765 adolescents aged 13-17 years, we found that watching sexual reality television content stimulated adolescents to produce an...
Article
Full-text available
Research has demonstrated that adolescents regularly use Internet pornography. This two-wave panel study aimed to test an integrative model in early adolescent boys (Mean age = 14.10; N = 325) that (a) explains their exposure to Internet pornography by looking at relationships with pubertal timing and sensation seeking, and (b) explores the potenti...
Article
Visiting social networking sites has become an important part of adolescents' leisure activities. The current cross-sectional survey (n = 674) of adolescents aged 13–16 years aimed to examine a conditional process model on the relationships between adolescents' use of social networking sites and their descriptive /injunctive peer norms, attitudes,...
Article
Communication scholars have repeatedly highlighted the importance of studying the type of content that media users are exposed to. However, although adolescents use sexually explicit Internet material (SEIM) frequently, we know little about which specific types of SEIM they are exposed to. Moreover, knowledge is lacking about the antecedents of exp...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has shown that mass media stimulate the development of an objectified self-concept. However, we know little about the role social networking sites (SNS) play in these relationships. The current longitudinal study (N = 1,041) aimed to fill this gap by studying adolescents’ frequency of SNS use in general and their use of SNS to mon...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Prior research has documented favorable effects of active and educational videogames among adolescents. However, research on potential negative effects of such games is limited. Scholars have called attention to games portraying sexualized female characters. The purpose of the current study was to experimentally investigate the effect of...
Article
Full-text available
A three-wave panel study (2010-2011) was conducted among 515 adolescents in Belgium (Flanders) (mean age = 14.07) to examine the role of perceived male and female peer norms in the reciprocal relationship between music television exposure and sexual behavior. Structural equation models revealed several unexpected findings. First, the previously rep...
Article
Two studies combining cross-sectional and daily experience methods tested whether watching sexualizing reality television is associated with self-objectification in women. In Study 1, an online survey of 495 undergraduate women, we demonstrated that watching sexualizing reality television was associated with higher levels of trait self-objectificat...
Article
Although much attention concerning the potential impact of sexualized media has focused on girls and women, less is known about how this content effects boys' perceptions of women and courtship. Accordingly, the current three-wave panel study investigated whether exposure to sexualizing magazines predicts adolescent boys' (N = 592) sexually objecti...
Article
A three-wave panel study of adolescent boys and girls (N = 1,041) tested an integrative model to explore whether the multidimensional process of self-objectification acts as an explanatory mechanism for the well-documented influence of sexual television messages on adolescents’ acceptance of gendered sexual roles. A structural equation model showed...
Article
Full-text available
This longitudinal study (N = 730) explored whether the three-step process of self-objectification (internalization of appearance ideals, valuing appearance over competence, and body surveillance) could explain the influence of sexual media messages on adolescents' sexual behaviors. A structural equation model sho