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Laura Nahuelhual

Laura Nahuelhual
Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas Universidad Austral de Chile · Economía

PhD

About

133
Publications
55,963
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3,252
Citations
Citations since 2017
51 Research Items
2199 Citations
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Introduction
Laura Nahuelhual currently works at the Economics Department in the School of Economics at Universidad Austral de Chile. Her research focuses on socioecological systems and terrestrial and marine ecosystem services.

Publications

Publications (133)
Chapter
Recreation opportunities are among the most noticeable cultural ecosystem services. The capacity of an ecosystem to provide these and other ecosystem services depends on the state of its structure, functions and attributes, in interaction with the social system (e.g, preferences, infrastructure). Single and interacting drivers of ecosystem change c...
Article
Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) are key instruments to foster environmental conservation and, arguably, social development goals. PES are, however, commonly designed based on a single environmental objective (e.g., conservation of native forest areas), and expected to simultaneously fulfil social goals which are rarely evaluated. Thus, to mee...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Mechanisms that reliably and efficiently guide practitioners to find relevant evidence are urgent for conservation decision‐making in Chilean Patagonia. The objective of this study was to systematically collect, characterize, and synthesize the extensive evidence about conservation knowledge in Chilean Patagonia focusing on the impacts of...
Article
At present, most governments, particularly in low and middle-income countries, are not effectively using ecosystem services (ES) indicators for conservation monitoring, which is in part due to the complexity of current indicators. This study seeks to contribute to this implementation gap by illustrating the performance of a remote sensing based ind...
Chapter
Implementation means turning the ecosystem service (ES) recognition into incentives and institutions that will guide wise investments and actions to conserve natural capital, on a large scale. Like many other countries, Argentina and Chile face a discrepancy between the conceptual understanding of ES in science and the limited implementation. This...
Chapter
The Patagonia region that lies within two countries (12% in Chile and 88% in Argentina) has some of the most extensive wilderness areas in the planet (forests, shrublands, grasslands, and wetlands), as well as many low affected coastal-marine ecosystems. However, this “last frontier of capitalism” has started to experience the simultaneous expansio...
Chapter
Gains in biodiversity from marine conservation might not correlate with a fair distribution of benefits across different social actors. In this chapter, we analyze the case of the marine protected area of multiple uses (MPA-MU) Seno Almirantazgo in the Magallanes region, created by the Chilean Government in 2018. We apply the ecosystem services (ES...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter we pose two questions: (i) Does land size relates to forests and ecosystem service (ES) provision concentration? (ii) Do these spatial concentration patterns relate to expressions of vulnerability such as poverty, low human development, and natural capital loss at the municipality level? For the entire Chilean Patagonia and neighbor...
Chapter
Socially shared expectations about people’s behavior and worldviews, both in terms of how they work and how they should work, are part of the concept of social imaginaries. Beyond representing the idiosyncrasy of a society, imaginaries can play cohesive, critical, or transformative roles over societies and their supporting systems. Therefore, we po...
Chapter
In this closing chapter, we provide a synthesis of the Patagonian ecosystems and ES that were more frequently addressed in the preceding chapters, along with the main transformations and associated drivers. We also synthetize the research gaps and the recommendations provided by the authors and delineate future directions for ES research in Patagon...
Chapter
In this chapter, we propose a framework of analysis based on the ecosystem service cascade model, to describe and explore the distribution mechanisms of ecosystem services (ES) and their benefits and to inquire into the processes of co-production, capture and access to benefits. As a case study, we selected the Magallanes region in the southern Chi...
Chapter
Employment is a largely neglected indirect benefit in ecosystem services (ES) assessments, despite its relevance in countries with abundant rural landscapes. We present an analysis of the spatial connections between landscape composition (as a proxy of natural capital and ES) and employment level as measured by the number of people employed in tour...
Book
This book aims to quantify and discuss how societies have directly and indirectly benefited from ecosystem services in Patagonia; not only in terms of provisioning and cultural services, but also regulating and supporting services. Patagonia, a region that stretches across two countries (ca. 10% in Chile and 90% in Argentina), is home to some of th...
Article
In developing countries, especially in Latin America, unequal land distribution and access remain a significant problem. In this paper, we explore the potential of participatory action research (PAR) in promoting the social learning needed to mobilize actions that improve the situation for disadvantaged actors in the context of land tenure conflict...
Article
An essential part of ecosystem service (ES) assessments and a critical aspect of planning processes that aim at enhancing sustainability, is to identify where ES are supplied and where they are captured by beneficiaries. Based on the Magallanes region in southern Chile, we illustrate ES flows and the spatial coupling and decoupling between ES provi...
Data
La uniformidad es una media de similitud entre los valores del indicador para diferentes comunas dentro de las regiones, y dentro del área de estudio analizada, y se mide entre 0 y 1; siendo 1 la mayor uniformidad. Para medirla se utilizó el índice de uniformidad de Shannon (Ibáñez Martí y Alonso, 2000), derivado del índice de diversidad de Shannon...
Article
Gains in biodiversity from marine conservation might not correlate with a fair distribution of benefits, situation that has been narrowly documented. We analyzed how different social actors perceived changes in ecosystem services (ESs) and benefits from marine conservation and explored barriers preventing access to benefits, based on the Marine Pro...
Article
The relationships among social capital (SC) and collective actions (CA) for nature conservation and management were analyzed across five case studies characterised by specific land-use dynamics in the South American continent. Data on SC and CA were obtained through a semi-structured questionnaire to groups of selected social actors. Multivariate s...
Article
We assessed the gaps between current and "model mapping routines", which represent a benchmark for mapping marine ecosystem services (ESs). Model mapping routines comprised 17 selected variables and their best-rated alternatives depending on the mapping purpose, namely, marine spatial planning, environmental impact assessment, vulnerability and ris...
Article
Full-text available
We use the social-ecological trap (SET) concept and path-dependence analysis to explain the emergence and persistence of illegal fishing, taking the Chilean king crab fishery as a case study. The results suggest that the fishery is caught in a SET, which we label the “illegality trap”, characterized by positive feedbacks between regulation astringe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Desde los primeros habitantes canoeros hasta nuestros días, el mar de la región de Magallanes ha provisto de alimentos y materias primas, y en la actualidad es una fuente importante de riquezas con un alto potencial extractivo de diversas especies. La gran variedad de recursos y su fácil acceso, permitió la sobrevivencia de las familias canoeras ka...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Este reporte se basa en un estudio, cuyo objetivo fue analizar las percepciones de distintos actores sociales en relación a los cambios en los servicios ecosistémicos (SEs) y beneficios derivados de la creación del Área Marina Costera Protegida de Múltiples Usos (AMCP-MU) Seno Almirantazgo. La información se recopiló durante el año 2018 en las ciud...
Technical Report
Full-text available
En este reporte, preparado para la Región de Magallanes y Antártica Chilena, se evaluaron cinco servicios ecosistémicos estratégicos, específicamente: provisión de alimentos desde pesquerías artesanales, regulación del clima local (balance entre captura y emisión de carbono), oportunidades de recreación, sentido de lugar y oportunidades de educació...
Chapter
Traps in social-ecological systems depict situations where human actors and institutions interact with ecological dynamics and unintentionally steer development into vulnerable paths difficult to reverse. We use the social-ecological trap (SET) metaphor and path-dependence analysis to describe the emerge of trap situations in two contrasting cases:...
Article
Abstract Non-native tree plantations (NNTP) are an increasingly relevant global source of timber. Their expansion may lead to tradeoffs with important local ecosystem services (ES) that need to be evaluated for a sound and sustainable landscape planning. For a mountain area in southern Chile, we assessed the effects of NNTP expansion and potential...
Technical Report
Full-text available
En el siglo XXI, el desarrollo de Chile está en juego debido a las amenazas planteadas por el Antropoceno. Esta época se caracteriza por la influencia humana sobre el sistema terrestre. Sin embargo, si se enfrenta con audacia, ofrece una oportunidad para un desarrollo sostenible. Independientemente de si hemos entrado en una nueva era geológica, el...
Article
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In this study, we describe what we term a Blue Transition, defined as the passage from fish biomass reduction to recovery in exploited aquatic resources, enabled by aquaculture. A Blue Transition is a key component of emergent “blue” discourses which support that the expansion of aquaculture would relieve pressure on declining capture fisheries, th...
Article
With the exception of subsistence economies, employment benefits along a value chain may represent a relevant, but also a generally neglected part of the wealth derived from nature. Our objective is twofold: i) to determine the extent to which ecosystem services (ES) supply at municipality scale relates to local employment in different regions and...
Article
Full-text available
Livelihood trajectories are a conceptual device to synthetize the collection of successive strategies displayed by individuals and groups to ensure survival and wellbeing over time. Using this concept, we conduct an explorative analysis of how various episodes, interventions, and ecological change have influenced different livelihood strategies of...
Chapter
Full-text available
Laterra, P., L. Nahuelhual y P. Barral, 2019. ¿De dónde salen y adónde van a parar los servicios ecosistémicos? La oferta, la demanda y sus indicadores. En: Paruelo, J. y P. Laterra (Eds.). El Lugar de la Naturaleza en la Toma de Decisiones. Servicios Ecosistémicos y Ordenamiento Territorial. Pp. 122-133. Editorial Ciccus. Buenos Aires.
Article
A main challenge in sustainability sciences is to incorporate distributional aspects into ecosystem management and conservation. We explored and contrasted land ownership, forest cover and ecosystem services supply (ES) distribution in two municipalities of southern Chile (Panguipulli and Ancud), comprising 5,584 private properties. We relied on fa...
Article
Full-text available
Latin America exhibits one of the highest rates of biodiversity and ecosystem services (ES) loss worldwide along with a remarkable asymmetry in the access to ES benefits (ecosystem services inequality, ESI hereafter). The objective of this manuscript is to propose and validate a conceptual model to understand the links between ESI and ecosystem ser...
Article
The Ecosystem Services Approach (ESA) has been developed outside Latin America, but quickly adopted by the academic sector in this region in the early 2000s. However, after several years of research and evolution of the conceptual framework, its mainstreaming in policies for ecosystem management has not fulfilled its potential. In this paper, we an...
Article
Full-text available
Multilateral efforts are essential to an effective response to climate change, but individual nations define climate action policy by translating local and global objectives into adaptation and mitigation actions. We propose a conceptual framework to explore opportunities for polycentric climate governance, understanding polycentricity as a propert...
Article
Full-text available
Land use change (LUC) is one of the most conditioning biophysical factors in the hydric regulation although the magnitude of its effects has been little studied. The objective was to analyze the changes in the magnitude of the ecosystem service of water regulation under future scenarios of LUC at watershed scale, taking as case study the municipali...
Article
Full-text available
Limited evidence exists on the a priori feasibility of implementing ecosystem services (ES) governance arrangements, to simultaneously ensure nature conservation, human wellbeing, and equity. Using a multiscale institutional approach, we explore rules, property rights, and stakeholders’ values and the extent to which such institutions may entail or...
Method
Full-text available
This is part of the Supporting Information of the paper “Focusing conservation efforts on ecosystem services supply may increase the vulnerability of socio-ecological systems” by Laterra, P, Barral, P, Carmona, A, Nahuelhual, L (PLOS ONE, 2016). ECOSER 2.0 (hereafter ECOSER) is a GIS modeling framework aimed to support local to regional land-use pl...
Article
In developing countries, the protection of biodiversity and ecosystem services (ES) rests on the hands of millions of small landowners that coexist with large properties, in a reality of highly unequal land distribution. Guiding the effective allocation of ES-based incentives in such contexts requires researchers and practitioners to tackle a large...
Article
Full-text available
We tested three models of ecosystem service supply-farm area relationships. • Farm size influenced forage and timber supply more clearly than recreation and water. • Larger farms were more effective in providing timber. • Small farms were more effective in providing forage. • Large and small farms were equality effective in providing recreation opp...
Article
There is a growing consciousness that the viability of landscape-related policy depends on support from the general public. However, during planning stages, knowledge regarding landscape perceptions and preferences of people is generally absent or limited. This study presents an observer-based landscape assessment, applying a physical landscape att...
Book
Full-text available
Este libro es testimonio del oficio de los hombres de mar de la Región de Magallanes y Antártica Chilena; una pincelada dentro de las miles de historias que componen el pasado, el presente y el devenir de la pesca artesanal en la región más austral del mundo. Busca contribuir al conocimiento de las personas y experiencias que dan vida a la activida...
Article
The ecosystem services approach has increasingly emerged as a core requirement of ecosystem-based management of the marine space. In this context, explicit quantification and mapping of ecosystem services is considered key. This research proposes a methodological framework that combines Geographic Information Systems and participatory techniques to...
Article
Increased production of commodities in Latin America has transformed the rural landscape with a potential loss of cultural ecosystem services (CES). The aim of our study was to assess the extent and mechanisms by which the agriculturisation process in Balcarce County in the Pampas region of Argentina has affected the supply of CES of the rural land...
Article
Full-text available
This research explores how wellbeing is built through social practices related to the use of products of natural medicine (PNM) in local communities of southern Chile. Research inquiry involved the reconstruction of life-history of relevant local stakeholders, particularly through in-depth interviews (life-history method). The analysis relies on th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
La representación espacial de servicios ecosistémicos (SE), entendidos como indicadores socioecológicos, se considera un paso clave para la incorporación de este enfoque en la toma de decisiones respecto al uso de la tierra. El presente reporte entrega una síntesis y análisis de calidad de indicadores para los siguientes SE: 1. Almacenamiento de ag...
Article
Full-text available
A growing interest in mapping the social value of ecosystem services (ES) is not yet methodologically aligned with what is actually being mapped. We critically examine aspects of the social value mapping process that might influence map outcomes and limit their practical use in decision making. We rely on an empirical case of participatory mapping,...
Article
Full-text available
Growing concern about the loss of ecosystem services (ES) promotes their spatial representation as a key tool for the internalization of the ES framework into land use policies. Paradoxically, mapping approaches meant to inform policy decisions focus on the magnitude and spatial distribution of the biophysical supply of ES, largely ignoring the soc...
Article
â–º Harmonization of SPS and quality measures is in debate in international trade. â–º The study analyzes SPS and quality measures for Chilean fresh fruit exports. â–º Results show a lack of homogeneity in SPS and quality measures and exporters perceived them as such.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Sequías de uno o dos años han afectado de manera recurrente la zona central de Chile durante su historia, asociadas a variaciones climáticas de origen natural. Ocasionalmente, el déficit hídrico ha superado el 50% (como sucedió en los años 1925, 1968 y 1989) impulsando la construcción de embalses, la creación de subsidios agrícolas y otras medidas...
Technical Report
Full-text available
¿Cómo se distribuye espacialmente la capacidad de los ecosistemas para contribuir al bienestar de la sociedad dentro de una cuenca o de un área administrativa, a través de servicios ecosistémicos tales como la provisión de agua limpia, o la amortiguación de inundaciones? ¿Dónde se localizan las mejores oportunidades para fortalecer los vínculos ent...
Research
Full-text available
El informe de FAO de la Situación de los bosques a nivel mundial, señala que la superficie forestal de Chile ha aumentado en 57.000 y 40.000 ha anuales durante las décadas 1990 - 2000 y 2000-2010, respectivamente (FAO, 2011). Dicho aumento, dado principalmente por la expansión de las plantaciones forestales de especies exóticas (principalmente pino...
Article
Full-text available
Land-use change can have negative effects on threatened species by modifying their habitat and population dynamics. The habitat of the Endangered Patagonian cypress Fitzroya cupressoides (Mol.) Johnst. (Cupressaceae), a conifer endemic to the temperate forests of southern Chile and Argentina, has been transformed by land-use change and overexploita...
Chapter
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RESUMEN: Este capítulo ene como obje vo ofrecer un análisis de los conceptos, enfoques metodológicos y herramientas relevantes para considerar y discu r la internalización de Servicios Ecosistémicos (SE) en el Ordena-miento Territorial Rural (OTR) con énfasis en los contextos de Argen na y Chile. Con ese fi n, primero se contrastan los principales...
Article
Full-text available
Modeling and mapping of cultural ecosystem services (CES) represents a significant gap in ecosystem service research. A GIS-based methodological framework was developed and applied to map agricultural heritage (AH), understood as a non-divisible combination of three cultural services (dimensions, D): the heritage value associated to a culturally si...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The concept of ecosystem services from landscapes is rapidly gaining momentum as a language to communicate values and benefits to scientists and lay alike. Landscape ecology has an enormous contribution to make to this field, and one could argue, uniquely so. Tools developed or adapted for landscape ecology are being increasingly used to a...
Chapter
Full-text available
RESUMEN: En el presente capítulo se analiza y describe la planificación del Ordenamiento Territorial Rural como una metodología proactiva para la toma de decisiones y como proceso prospectivo, contínuo, ordenado, participativo, e iterativo, enfocado a resolver problemas y que permite alinear fines, objetivos y metas para alcanzar un futuro deseado...
Article
Full-text available
The potential of landscapes to supply multiple benefits to society beyond commodities production has received increasing research and policy attention. Linking the concept of multifunctionality with the ecosystem services (ES) approach offers a promising avenue for producing scientific evidence to inform landscape planning, e.g., about the relative...
Article
Land use and cover change (LUCC) is among the most important factors affecting ecosystem services. This study examines the influence of LUCC on recreation and ecotourism opportunities over three decades in southern Chile. An in-depth analysis of the transition matrix was conducted based on Landsat images from 1976, 1985, 1999 and 2007. Main LUCC tr...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing stringency of world food markets requires farmers to adjust farm structure and commercial strategies to remain integrated in export supply chains. The goal of this study was to identify and characterize different types of fresh fruit farms with regard to farm structural and commercial strategies for a representative sample of fresh f...
Article
The question of how ecosystem services can be spatially defined and visualized continues to be challenging, particularly for cultural services such as recreation and ecotourism. This study proposes a methodological framework that combines Geographic Information System and participatory methods (Delphi method and Analytic Hierarchy Process) to map r...
Article
Monetary contributions might not be appropriate welfare measures in contingent valuation (CV) when household incomes are very low. In such cases, willingness to pay (WTP) is restricted by a household's ability to reduce its consumption of other goods to pay for the environmental good under valuation. Beneficiaries, however, may be willing to contri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Increasing awareness of food safety issues has brought a boost in sanitary and phytosanitary regulations and standards. Although is likely that these regulations have increased health and welfare in the countries that impose them, they may also have an important effect in exporting countries, affecting especially small producers in developing count...
Article
Full-text available
Timber plantation expansion is a significant form of landscape change with reported negative environmental and social impacts. We analyze the proximate drivers of plantation expansion in southcentral Chile, one of the countries in South America with the highest rates of afforestation and reforestation in the last decades. Satellite images from 1975...
Article
Investment in natural capital restoration is increasing as a response to the widespread ecological degradation of dryland forests. However, finding efficient mechanisms to promote restoration among private landowners is a significant challenge for policy makers with limited financial resources. Furthermore, few attempts have been made to evaluate t...