Laura Ioana Macavei

Laura Ioana Macavei
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia | UNIMO · Department of Life Sciences

PhD
Post-Doc Position on SCALIBUR Project (WP5)

About

30
Publications
12,093
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
342
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2016 - April 2018
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Position
  • Fellow
April 2015 - July 2015
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia;
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Internship, in collaboration with both Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia and Plant protection service of Modena; Studies on cherry pests with focus on SWD - Drosophila suzukii Mats; Monitoring actions for BMSB- Halyomorpha halys Stal;
October 2013 - February 2014
Poznań University of Life Sciences
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • ERASMUS internship. I participated to several experiments related to monitoring and control of aphids
Education
October 2012 - October 2015
October 2010 - May 2012
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Field of study
  • Plant Protection - Entomology

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
The food and feed sector requires new sustainable sources of protein and innovative solutions for upcycling of food waste (former foodstuffs), which today is downcycled into energy or even wasted. This study aimed at evaluating the use of former foodstuff waste streams as feed substrate for Hermetia illucens (L.) larvae (black soldier fly larvae, B...
Article
Full-text available
Insects are becoming increasingly relevant as protein sources in food and feed. The Black Soldier Fly (BSF) is one of the most utilized, thanks to its ability to live on many leftovers. Vegetable processing industries produce huge amounts of by-products, and it is important to efficiently rear BSF on different substrates to assure an economical adv...
Article
Aiming at reducing the environmental impact of low density polyethylene (LDPE) when employed as mulching film, this study was focused on the partial substitution of the material with proteins extracted from Hermetia illucens, also known as black soldier fly (BSF). Insects were reared on chicken manure and food leftovers in a circular economy perspe...
Article
Full-text available
Worldwide, thousands of insect species are consumed as food or are used as feed ingredients. Hermetia illucens, 'black soldier fly', is one of them, and a large amount of puparia and dead adults flies are accumulated during rearing. These materials represent important wastes but no studies are still present in the literature regarding their functio...
Article
Le industrie agroalimentari producono ingenti volumi di scarti, alcuni dei quali possono essere utilizzati come substrati per l’allevamento della mosca soldato, dalle cui larve è possibile ricavare nutrienti ad alto valore energetico utilizzabili sia in ambito alimentare-mangimistico, sia come combustibili, sia come ammendanti per l’agricoltura
Article
Full-text available
A protein-based film (PBF), obtained from black soldier fly prepupae proteins, was assessed for its agronomic performance as mulch. PBF was investigated in a potting experiment and compared with Mater-Bi (MB), polyethylene (PE) and bare soil. During the experiment, degraded surface area, weight and thickness of the film, water evaporated from the p...
Article
Full-text available
The potential utilization of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) as food or feed is interesting due to the nutritive value and the sustainability of the rearing process. In the present study, larvae and prepupae of H. illucens were reared at 20, 27, and 33 °C, to determine whether temperature affects the whole insect microbiota, described using m...
Article
Full-text available
The black soldier fly Hermetia illucens is gaining growing interest as a tool for the valorisation of bio-waste in a circular economy perspective. Although a wide variety of studies are available for larvae rearing, the indoor breeding of adults still presents a great challenge for industrial purposes. This study was designed to assess the simultan...
Article
BACKGROUND The total amount of bio‐waste produced annually in the EU by the food and beverage chains is estimated at 37 Mtons. The possibility to use insects for the valorization of by‐products from these value chains may represent a sustainable solution. This study aims at investigating the by‐products obtained from different food chains for the r...
Article
Full-text available
The increased request for poultry meat and eggs of a rising human population requires more efficient and cleaner methods to manage increasing quantities of chicken manure. The black soldier fly Hermetia illucens is known as an efficient bio-converter of organic waste in proteins and fats, with the advantage that the larval frass is supposed to have...
Article
Most of the leftovers from agricultural productions and industrial processing of vegetables are currently discarded as waste, augmenting production costs and environmental impacts. Black soldier flies (BSF) are non-pest insects that can grow on various types of organic materials. The larvae initially act as fast and efficient bioconverters, before...
Presentation
Full-text available
The total amount of bio-waste produced by food and beverage chains is huge due to the rise of the world population and the lack of adequate strategy to manage the problem. The opportunity to use insects as biotransformers of agri-food leftovers is very attractive and represents a sustainable solution in a circular economy framework. This study aim...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural intensification is a major driver of wild bee decline. Vineyards may be inhabited by plant and animal species, especially when the inter‐row space is vegetated with spontaneous vegetation or cover crops. Wild bees depend on floral resources and suitable nesting sites which may be found in vineyard inter‐rows or in viticultural landscap...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to monitor the cherry fruit fly, as well as for possible actions to combat it by non-chemical methods. The Entomology Department of the USAMV Cluj-Napoca in collaboration with the UBB Cluj-Napoca researchers, started a study regarding the functionality of some Semi-chemical products to attract adults of Rhagoletis cerasi L. The chem...
Article
Full-text available
Halyomorpha halys is an invasive polyphagous pest with a high negative impact on fruit orchards and other agricultural crops in the USA. In Italy, it was first detected in 2012 in Emilia Romagna, a northern region that is among the major European tree fruit production areas. A specific monitoring programme using active techniques was carried out in...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys Stål (Heteroptera, Pentatomidae) is signaled for the first time in Romania, in the Botanical Garden of Bucarest. This polyphagous bug, native to Asia, is recorded as an extremely invasive pest of many agricultural crops in the countries where it has been introduced (USA, Italy). The c...
Article
Full-text available
Epicometis hirta Poda. is a dangerous pest which can be observed on annual crops and also on fruit tree species.The adult is a beetle can be easily recognized due to existing pubescence found all over it’s body. The pest causes damage by consuming the reproductive organs of flowers. Adults are phytophagous and feed on leaves and flowers of plants s...
Article
Full-text available
Rhagoletis cerasi L. is the main pest of sweet cherry and sour cherry orchards , whose attack may decrease the quality of fruits in a high percentage. The experiment took place in two locations from Cluj-Napoca city. During 2 experimental years we observed the population dynamics of European cherry fruit fly. In the year 2013 adults emergence took...
Article
Full-text available
The main pest of ornamental chestnut of landscaping in Cluj-Napoca is Cameraria ohridella Deschka-Dimić. Frequency of attacked leaves shows fluctuation from one year to another and from one location to another. Upon the numerical density of the population of this pest, an important role is repesented by useful entomofauna, especially species of par...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing interest for sustainable agriculture as a response to consumer's health interest. Vermicompost is a product that answers to this demand. Due to the complex chemical composition it can be used both as a fertilizer, and pesticide. The experiment was conducted in laboratory conditions. On infested branches with black cherries aphids...
Article
Full-text available
Pollen of 16 new sweet cherry cultivars (was collected and investigated microscopically in laboratory for viability and germination capacity. Pollen viability was determinated by applying the colorimetric method, and germination capacity by cultivating pollen on solid medium with 1.5 g agar + 15 g sucrose + 100 ml distilled water. It was noticed th...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys Stål (Heteroptera, Pentatomidae) is signaled for the first time in Romania, in the Botanical Garden of Bucarest. This polyphagous bug, native to Asia, is recorded as an extremely invasive pest of many agricultural crops in the countries where it has been introduced (USA, Italy). The c...
Article
Full-text available
The Monarthropalpus buxi Geoff. lives on Buxus senpenvirens bushes of landscaping in our country- in adult stage for 1 month only, whilst in larva stage for almost 9 months. The most poignant damages are made by larvae, which gnaw within the interior of the leaf, determining a goffering aspect of the leaf on its inferior side, yellow-rusty in colou...
Article
Rhageletis cerasi (L.) is the most important pest in cherry orchards and it’s attak can affect the quality of fruit on a large percentage (45-100%). The European cherry fruit fly is prezent in all cherry and sweet cherry orchards, therefore monitoring this population is required as an element of integrated protection. The aim of this study is to...
Article
Full-text available
The European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi (L.) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is one of the most destructive pest in cherry and sweet cherry orchards. Because of the low tolerance for damaged fruit on the market and the restrictions from E.U regarding insecticides, new envioramental safe methods begin to be developed. This paper prezents preliminar...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Valorization of organic waste through insects - working package 5
Project
The project aims to enhance waste from the livestock sector and other organic waste through the use of insects to produce biomaterials that can fall in the agricultural production cycle, from the perspective of overall sustainability of the technological process. These will consist in a demonstration plant where organic waste material from large companies in the region will be mixed. The larvae of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, will develop till they reach maturity on this substrate. At this point, the larvae will be stabilized and fractionated into proteic, lipidic and chitinous components. From these fractions, especially the proteins, optimal mixtures of components will be identified to target the development of innovative bio-plastics with specific properties, usable mainly for agricultural purposes (eg. mulch sheets and biodegradable pots) that, in addition to achieve their primary function, will act as a slow release fertilizers releasing nitrogen during decomposition. The residual substrate resulting from the growth of insects will be a high-quality compost; adding zeolitite, which act on the uptake and release of ammonia nitrogen, it will help to improve further compost performance, and reduce the unpleasant emissions as well. Suitable agronomic analysis will provide information on the use and reinstatement of those products within the disciplinary production of selected crops. The environmental and economic sustainability of the various phases of the project will be evaluated by careful analysis: LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) and LCC (Life Cycle Cost). The legal feasibility analysis of the described processes will elucidate the legal and regulatory aspects on the use of alternative organic waste to open innovative industrial prospects. Expected results: alternative use and sustainable exploitation of organic waste and livestock manure, obtaining innovative biomaterials