Laura Glasman

Laura Glasman
Medical College of Wisconsin | MCW · Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine

About

40
Publications
13,845
Reads
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2,306
Citations
Citations since 2017
19 Research Items
1107 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
A meta-analysis (k of conditions = 128; N = 4,598) examined the influence of factors present at the time an attitude is formed on the degree to which this attitude guides future behavior. The findings indicated that attitudes correlated with a future behavior more strongly when they were easy to recall (accessible) and stable over time. Because of...
Article
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Background: Behavioral assessments may change behaviors and responses to behavioral interventions, depending on assessment type and respondents' motivations. Purpose: We observed effects on sexual behavior and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention intervention efficacy of interviews assessing recent HIV risk behavior frequency or HIV ris...
Article
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In El Salvador, crack users are at high risk for HIV but they are not targeted by efforts to promote early HIV diagnosis. We evaluated the promise of peer-referral chains with incentives to increase HIV testing and identify undiagnosed HIV infections among networks of crack users in San Salvador. For 14 months, we offered HIV testing in communities...
Article
This meta-analysis examines whether exposure to HIV-prevention interventions follows self-validation or risk-reduction motives. The dependent measures used in the study were enrolling in an HIV-prevention program and completing the program. Results indicated that first samples with low prior condom use were less likely to enroll than samples with h...
Article
This meta-analysis tested the major theoretical assumptions about behavior change by examining the outcomes and mediating mechanisms of different preventive strategies in a sample of 354 HIV-prevention interventions and 99 control groups, spanning the past 17 years. There were 2 main conclusions from this extensive review. First, the most effective...
Article
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) created life‐disrupting stressors that disproportionately burden disadvantaged communities with devastating impacts that extend far beyond the burden of the disease itself, including joblessness, housing and food insecurity, educational system upheavals, isolation due to disrupted relationships, worsened mental h...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although Africa has long borne the brunt of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, until recently, the continent has been considered largely free of illicit drug use and injection drug use in particular. In Uganda, the number of people who use or inject drugs (PWUD and PWID, respectively) has increased, and PWID are a key pop...
Article
Objectives: We examined Latinx immigrants' perceptions of US policy related to restrictions on immigrants' use of public resources and their thoughts about the influence of these on immigrants' healthcare utilization. Design: A series of 16 focus group discussions with Latinx immigrant men and women (documented and undocumented) (N = 130) were c...
Article
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Immigration concerns can deter immigrants from utilizing healthcare services. We examined Latinx immigrants’ immigration concerns related to COVID-19 testing and treatment. A multi-state sample of 336 US Latinx immigrants (documented and undocumented) completed a cross-sectional online survey in Spanish. Factor analysis informed the construction of...
Article
Objective: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the success of multiple-behavior interventions and to identify whether the efficacy of such programs depends on the number of recommendations prescribed and the type of outcomes measured. Method: We conducted a synthesis of 136 research reports (N = 59,330) using a robust variance estim...
Article
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The present study evaluates a combination prevention intervention for crack users in San Salvador, El Salvador that included social network HIV testing, community events and small group interventions. We examined the cumulative effects of the social network HIV testing and small group interventions on rates of HIV testing, beyond the increase that...
Article
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Importance: Despite the contentious immigration environment and disproportionate rates of COVID-19 infection among Latinx individuals in the US, immigrants' concerns about engaging in COVID-19-related testing, treatment, and contact tracing have been largely unexplored. Objective: To examine the proportions of Latinx immigrants who endorse state...
Article
Death and morbidity associated with substance use have risen continuously over the last few decades, increasing the need for rigorous examination of promising programs. Interventions attempting to change multiple behaviors have been designed to address interconnected problems such as use of both alcohol and drugs. This meta-analysis aimed to examin...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Globally, two billion workers are employed informally but there is limited research on the relationship between informal work and health. Existing studies have focused on informality as an employment condition, with little emphasis on the diversity of physical and social contexts in which informal work takes place. The study considers...
Article
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This article examines the effects of a multi-level, community-based HIV prevention intervention for crack users residing in low-income neighborhoods in San Salvador, El Salvador conducted between August 2011 and June 2016. The intervention consisted of three components introduced sequentially: (1) rapid HIV testing in community settings; (2) a soci...
Article
Evidence suggests that migrants may underutilize USA health care because of misconceptions about immigration-related consequences of health care use. This study aimed to explore whether common misconceptions about the immigration consequences of seeking health care, receiving an HIV test, and being diagnosed with HIV were associated with participan...
Article
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Objectives: Latinos in the United States experience a disproportionate number of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and higher use of alcohol and illegal drugs, which has been attributed to increases in risk behaviors following immigration. Whereas substantial research documents these behavioral changes, little is known about how...
Article
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Background: Global Health Initiatives (GHIs) have been instrumental in the rapid acceleration of HIV prevention, treatment access, and availability of care and support services for people living with HIV (PLH) in low and middle income countries (LMIC). These efforts have increasingly used combination prevention approaches that include biomedical,...
Article
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To develop, pilot test, and conduct psychometric analyses of an innovative scale measuring the influence of perceived immigration laws on Latino migrants' HIV-testing behavior. The Immigration Law Concerns Scale (ILCS) was developed in three phases: Phase 1 involved a review of law and literature, generation of scale items, consultation with projec...
Article
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Background: In marginal urban communities in Latin America, female substance users are at high risk of HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and unintended pregnancies, which result, in part, from community violence and cultural sanctions against women who use substances. We did formative research and pilot work to develop what may be the fi...
Article
This study examined the association between Latino acculturation indicators (language and citizenship/nativity status) and periodontitis using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were performed and all analyses were adjusted for the complex survey...
Article
Since the mid-1990s, many developing countries have introduced and expanded the availability of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) to persons living with HIV (PLH). However, AIDS-related mortality continues to be high particularly among drug users. In this article, we present results from in-depth interviews with 13 HIV medical providers and...
Article
Objectives: We explored associations between awareness of New Jersey's HIV exposure law and the HIV-related attitudes, beliefs, and sexual and seropositive status disclosure behaviors of HIV-positive persons. Methods: A statewide convenience sample (n = 479) completed anonymous written surveys during 2010. We recruited participants through netwo...
Article
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This paper explores community structural factors in different low-income communities in the San Salvador, El Salvador, that account for differences in the social context in which crack is used and HIV risk behaviors among crack users. Results suggest that both more distal (type of low-income community, level of violent crime, and poverty) and proxi...
Article
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Men of Mexican descent (MMD) in the U.S. are disproportionately affected by HIV. Understanding MMD's access to HIV prevention is necessary to reduce their transmission rates. We explored disparities in access to HIV prevention among MMD of different assimilation status, healthcare access, and sexual risk behavior. 322 Midwestern MMD completed a sur...
Conference Paper
BACKGROUND. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) of HIV prevention interventions include risk behavior assessments to obtain baseline risk estimates, which can affect intervention outcomes by influencing risk awareness. Understanding this influence is necessary to interpret evidence from intervention RCTs. We examined the effects of different risk be...
Conference Paper
Background: The potential for self-report assessments of behavior to change behavior and to interact with experimental interventions is a concern in randomized controlled trials (RCT) of brief behavioral interventions. Methods: We tested the effects of a brief HIV risk reduction intervention among 1,728 young STD clinic patients in a black township...
Article
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In South Africa, approximately 20% of 15-49-year-olds are infected with HIV. Among black South Africans, high levels of HIV/AIDS misconceptions (e.g. HIV is manufactured by whites to reduce the black African population; AIDS is caused by supernatural forces or witchcraft) may be barriers to HIV prevention. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 15...
Article
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We present a model for HIV-related behaviors that emphasizes the dynamic and social nature of the structural factors that influence HIV prevention and detection. Key structural dimensions of the model include resources, science and technology, formal social control, informal social influences and control, social interconnectedness, and settings. Th...
Article
Changing HIV-related behaviors requires addressing the individual, dyadic, and structural influences that shape them. This supplement of AIDS & Behavior presents frameworks that integrate these three influences on behavior. Concepts from these frameworks were selected to model the processes by which structural factors affect individual HIV-related...
Article
Past studies have primarily focused on individual-level factors influencing the HIV risk practices of gay or bisexual men. The role of one's social network has been less explored. This study identified 75 indexes in venues frequented by men who have sex with men and then recruited all willing persons named as members of each index's egocentric soci...
Article
Full-text available
In the USA, a high proportion of men of Mexican descent (MMD) test for HIV late in the course of the infection and miss opportunities for prevention. Given the need to promote timely HIV testing among MMD, we studied how MMD's motivations and previous experiences with disease prevention influence their intentions to seek (i.e., client-initiated HIV...
Article
This chapter discusses a model of judgment maintenance and change, known as “activation/comparison model” that specifies the various processes that take place at the time of making a judgment on the basis of memory-based and online information. This model proposes that attitude maintenance and change depend on three processes: recalling a prior att...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed at determining the relative importance of motivational and control factors in the prediction of condom use in a high-risk heterosexual sample from two cities of Argentina. Participants reported their attitudes, norms, control perceptions, intentions, and condom use with regard to main and occasional partners. Control perceptions wa...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
understanding and finding ways of achieving optimal behavioral and clinical outcomes
Project
Cognition in persuasion model, sleeper effects, fear appeals, attitude-behavior relation, selective exposure