Laura Giusti

Laura Giusti
University of Camerino | UNICAM · Scuola di Scienze del Farmaco e dei Prodotti della Salute

Professor

About

159
Publications
10,072
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2,393
Citations
Citations since 2016
36 Research Items
1197 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200

Publications

Publications (159)
Article
Full-text available
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is an aggressive malignancy with poor prognosis. Unilateral pleural effusion is frequently the initial clinical sign requiring therapeutic thoracentesis, which also offers a diagnostic opportunity. Detection of soluble biomarkers can support diagnosis, but few show good diagnostic accuracy. Here, we studied the expres...
Article
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Nutrition has relevant consequences for human health and increasing pieces of evidence indicate that medicinal mushrooms have several beneficial effects. One of the main issues in Western countries is represented by the challenges of aging and age-related diseases, such as neurodegenerative disorders. Among these, Parkinson’s disease (PD) affects 1...
Article
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Metformin, a drug widely used in type 2 diabetes (T2D), has been shown to protect human β-cells exposed to gluco- and/or lipotoxic conditions and those in islets from T2D donors. We assessed whether metformin could relieve the human β-cell stress induced by pro-inflammatory cytokines (which mediate β-cells damage in type 1 diabetes, T1D) and invest...
Article
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Aging is a multifactorial phenomenon characterized by degenerative processes closely connected to oxidative damage and chronic inflammation. Recently, many studies have shown that natural bioactive compounds are useful in delaying the aging process. In this work, we studied the effects of an in vivo supplementation of the stilbenoid pterostilbene o...
Article
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Treatment of anxiety and depression predominantly centres around pharmacological interventions, which have faced criticism for their associated side effects, lack of efficacy and low tolerability. Saffron, which is reportedly well tolerated in humans, has been recognised for its antidepressant and anti-anxiety properties. Indeed, we previously repo...
Article
Background/aim: The lack of specific parathyroid carcinoma (PC) biomarkers in clinical practice points out the importance of analyzing the proteomic signature of this cancer. We performed a comparative proteomic analysis of PC and parathyroid adenoma (PA) co-existing in the same patient. Patients and methods: PC and PA were taken from a 63-year-...
Article
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Aims Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni leaf extracts have gained increasing attention for their potential protection against type 2 diabetes. In this study, we have evaluated the possible beneficial effects of Stevia rebaudiana leaf extracts on beta-cells exposed to lipotoxicity and explored some of the possible mechanisms involved. Methods Extracts, deri...
Article
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Acadesine (ACA), a pharmacological activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), showed a promising beneficial effect in a mouse model of colitis, indicating this drug as an alternative tool to manage IBDs. However, ACA displays some pharmacodynamic limitations precluding its therapeutical applications. Our study was aimed at evaluating the in...
Article
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The autonomic nervous system (ANS) plays a crucial role both in acute and chronic psychological stress eliciting changes in many local and systemic physiological and biochemical processes. Salivary secretion is also regulated by ANS. In this study, we explored salivary proteome changes produced in thirty-eight University students by a test stress,...
Article
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Neurodegenerative diseases are driven by several mechanisms such as inflammation, abnormal protein aggregation, excitotoxicity, mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. So far, no therapeutic strategies are available for neurodegenerative diseases and in recent years the research is focusing on bioactive molecules present in food. In particu...
Article
Background: Galectin-3 ( LGALS3 ) is an important glycoprotein involved in the malignant transformation of thyrocytes acting in the extracellular matrix, cytoplasm and nucleus where it regulates TTF-1 and TCF4 transcription factors. Within LGALS3 gene, a common genetic polymorphism (c.191C>A, p.Pro64His; rs4644) encoding for the variant Proline to...
Article
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Graphical Abstract Highlights d Human b cell dysfunction induced by metabolic stress may be persistent or transient d Specific transcriptomic changes associate with durable or reversible damage d Type 2 diabetes (T2D) b cells have several functional and molecular alterations d T2D and irreversibly or temporarily impaired b cells share key transcrip...
Article
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Background: A patient-tailored therapeutic approach in the field of Heroin Use Disorder (HUD) still seems to be in its infancy. The study of patients' specific psychopathology, craving behaviours and stress reactivity pointed to novel information in making treatment choices and improving outcomes. Indeed, biological features appear to be scarce. Me...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to define the proteome profile of fine needle aspiration (FNA) samples of malignant major salivary gland tumors (MSGT) compared to benign counterparts, and to evaluate potential clinical correlations and future applications. Patients affected by MSGT (n = 20), pleomorphic adenoma (PA) (n = 37) and Warthin’s tumor (WT)...
Article
Background: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) a rare neoplasm linked to asbestos exposure is characterized by a poor prognosis. Soluble mesothelin is currently considered the most specific diagnostic biomarker. The aim of the study was to identify novel biomarkers by proteomic analysis of two MPM cell lines secretome. Materials and methods: T...
Article
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Neurodegenerative diseases are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by a progressive dysfunction and death of neural cells which lead to compromised motor or cognitive function. Currently, there are no therapeutic approaches to treat or even halt the inexorable progression of these debilitating disorders. In this context, great attentio...
Article
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Neuroinflammation is one of the main contributors to the onset and progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. Microglial and astrocyte activation is a brain defense mechanism to counteract harmful pathogens and damaged tissues, while their prolonged activation induces neuroinflammation that can trigger o...
Article
Pro-inflammatory cytokines (CYT) lead to several changes in human islet (HI) protein expression, but few data are available on CYT-induced alterations at the whole proteome level, including post-translational modifications (PTM). We used label-free shotgun analysis (SG) and bi-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) to explore how CYT modify the prot...
Article
Introduction: This review is an update on recent progress in proteomic studies of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues, which open the opportunity to investigate diseases and research potential biomarkers, particularly when availability of fresh/frozen tissues is low. Areas covered: We described improvement of existing protocols or the n...
Article
Creatine (Cr) is a small metabolite with a central role in energy metabolism and mitochondrial function. Creatine deficiency syndromes are inborn errors of Cr metabolism causing Cr depletion in all body tissues and particularly in the nervous system. Patient symptoms involve intellectual disability, language and behavioral disturbances, seizures an...
Article
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Neurodegenerative diseases represent a heterogeneous group of disorders that share common features like abnormal protein aggregation, perturbed Ca2+ homeostasis, excitotoxicity, impairment of mitochondrial functions, apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Despite recent advances in the research of biomarkers, early diagnosis, and pharmacoth...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The submission deadline is postposed to July 20th 2018. Young investigators: Many oral presentations (15') will be selected from presented abstracts!! G Coffee Breakes Welcome party, lunches and coffee breakes will be served at the Congress venue and included in registration fee as well as abstract book.
Article
Significance: FM is one of the most common chronic pain condition which is associated with significant disability. The fibromyalgic pain is a peculiar characteristic of this disease and FM patients suffer from reduced quality of life, daily functioning and productivity. Considering the deep complexity of FM, the discovery of more objective markers...
Article
Matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) of intact proteins is mostly performed using time-of-flight (TOF) based mass spectrometers, operated in linear mode. Linear MALDI-TOF systems provide limited mass resolving power and mass accuracy, which complicates assigning identities to the peaks in the MSI dataset...
Article
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Type 2 diabetes is characterized by progressive β cell dysfunction, with lipotoxicity playing a possible pathogenetic role. Palmitate is often used to examine the direct effects of lipotoxicity and it may cause mitochondrial alterations by activating protein acetylation. However, it is unknown whether palmitate influences protein acetylation in β c...
Article
The mitochondrial Human Proteome Project aims at understanding the function of the mitochondrial proteome and its crosstalk with the proteome of other organelles. Being able to choose a suitable and validated enrichment protocol of functional mitochondria, based on the specific needs of the downstream proteomics analysis, would greatly help the res...
Article
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Exposure to asbestos is the main cause of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), a highly aggressive cancer of the pleura. Since the only tools for early detection are based on radiological tests, some authors focused on serum markers (i.e., mesothelin). The aim of this study was the evaluation of new serum biomarkers to be used individually or in c...
Article
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Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by unexplained fatigue not improved by rest. An area of investigation is the likely connection of CFS with defective mitochondrial function. In a previous work, we investigated the proteomic salivary profile in a couple of monozygotic twins discordant for CFS. Follo...
Article
INTRODUCTION: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a relatively rare tumor, with the epithelioid type occurring more frequently. Several biomarkers have been suggested for screening and early diagnosis of MPM. Currently, high levels of soluble mesothelin-related peptides (SMRP), plasma osteopontin (pOPN) and vimentin have been reported in patien...
Article
Introduction: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a relatively rare tumor, with the epithelioid type occurring more frequently. Several biomarkers have been suggested for screening and early diagnosis of MPM. Currently, high levels of soluble mesothelin-related peptides (SMRP), plasma osteopontin (pOPN) and vimentin have been reported in patie...
Article
Full-text available
Background Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by progressive fibrosis of the skin and the internal organs. In a previous work we suggested a correlation between levels of salivary psoriasin (S100A7) and pulmonary involvement in SSc patients. The goals of this study are to determine the distribution characteristics of ps...
Article
Introduction: Psychiatric disorders are severe, debilitating and heterogeneous diseases with a high impact on public health. In this review we address state of the art clinical approaches to diagnose psychiatric disorders and underline the necessity to found new tools to help clinicians. Areas covered: We provide an update on proteomic studies a...
Article
Thyroid nodules are common in the general population and vary widely in their propensity to harbor thyroid malignancies. The category of follicular lesion of undetermined significance, for instance, carries only a 15% risk of malignancy. The overarching aim of this work was the proteomic study of thyroid cancer because more effort needs to be place...
Article
Full-text available
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare cancer originated from pleural mesothelial cells. MPM has been associated with long-term exposure to asbestos. In this work we performed a comparative proteomic analysis of biphasic pleural mesothelioma (B-PM). Tissue biopsies were obtained from 61 patients who were subjected to a diagnostic thoracosco...
Article
Full-text available
Prolonged exposure to palmitate impairs insulin secretion and leads to beta-cells death. Some evidences suggest that palmitate could induce these effects through defects in mitochondrial function. However, the mechanisms of lipotoxicity are not well understood. In particular, little is known about mitochondrial responses to induced-palmitate stress...
Article
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Fazzini A. and D'Antongiovanni V. contributed equally to this work. Protease activated receptors (PARs) are G-protein coupled receptors that are activated by an unique proteolytic mechanism. These receptors play crucial roles in hemostasis and thrombosis but also in inflammation and vascular development. PARs have also been implicated in tumor pro...
Article
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The parathyroid glands play an overall regulatory role in the systemic calcium (Ca(2+) ) homeostasis. The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the presence of the Ca(2+) channels transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) 5 and TRPV6 in human parathyroid glands. Semi-quantitative and quantitative PCR was carried out to evaluate the pr...
Article
Background Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FM) is a chronic non inflammatory musculoskeletal disorder characterized by widespread pain and by the presence of at least 11 out of 18 specific tender points on physical examination and associated with a plethora of dysfunctional disorders. Currently no validated laboratory biomarkers are available for FM and the...
Article
Malignant mesothelioma is a neoplastic disease linked to asbestos exposure whose diagnosis is limited, so detection methods for an early diagnosis and treatment result essential. Here, we compared proteomic profiles of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and benign biopsies to search potential biomarkers useful in differential diagnosis. Tissue bi...
Article
Data on neurobiological mechanisms underlying mood disorders are elusive; the aetiology of such states is multifactorial, including genetic predisposition and environmental factors. Diagnosis is currently being made only on an interview-based methodology. Biological markers, which could improve the current classification, and in perspective, strati...
Article
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To study the effects of both balneotherapy and mud-bath therapy treatments in patients affected by primary fibromyalgia (FM) using rheumatological, psychiatric, biochemical and proteomic approaches. METHODS: Forty-one FM patients (39 females, 2 males), who fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology criteria received a 2-week thermal therapy pro...
Article
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Serotonin (5-HT) is a well-known modulator of eating behavior. However, the molecular mechanisms linking its action to body weight balance have been only partially elucidated. Since platelets are a suitable peripheral model to study 5-HT transport, metabolism and release, we herein evaluated the expression of the platelet 5-HT re-uptake system (SER...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a severe, systemic illness characterized by persistent, debilitating and medically unexplained fatigue. The etiology and pathophysiology of CFS remains obscure, and diagnosis is formulated through the patient's history and exclusion of other medical causes. Thereby, the availability of biomarkers for CFS could be u...
Article
Full-text available
Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) is usually applied to distinguish benign from malignant thyroid nodules. However, cytological analysis cannot always allow a proper diagnosis. We believe that the improvement of the diagnostic capability of pre-surgical FNA could avoid unnecessary thyroidectomy. In a previous study, we performed a proteome analys...
Data
Two-dimensional electrophoresis and NanoLC-ESI-MS/MS Analysis by LTQ-Orbitrap Velos analysis. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Major salivary gland tumours are uncommon neoplasms of the head and neck. The increase of precise pre-operative diagnosis is crucial for their correct management and the identification of molecular markers would surely improve the required accuracy. In this study we performed a comparative proteomic analysis of fine needle aspiration fluids of the...
Data
Full-text available
Naringenin (NAR), flavonoid abundant in the genus Citrus, has been reported to interact with the large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (BK). Since activators of BK channels expressed in cardiac mitochondria trigger protective effects in several models of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), this work aimed to evaluate the potenti...
Article
Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens represent a valuable informational resource of histologically characterized specimens for proteomic studies. In this article, the authors review the advancement performed in the field of FFPE proteomics focusing on formaldehyde treatment and on strategies addressed to obtain the best recovery...
Article
Psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are complex neuropsychiatric conditions of multifactorial etiology whose diagnosis is currently based solely on clinical interview methodology. Therefore, biomarkers which could improve the current classification and in perspective stratify patients on a biological basis into more homog...
Article
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Riedel's thyroiditis, a rare thyroid disease, can be difficult to diagnose prior to surgical removal and can be confused with malignancy both clinically and cytologically. We report the case of a 72-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with a goiter, which showed a rapid increase in size at ultrasound check, suggesting malignancy. Because of inco...
Article
We analyzed the platelet proteome of circulating platelets during the onset of clopidogrel therapy in patients with stable angina underwent percutaneous coronary intervention in order to investigate the mechanisms that control platelet reactivity and clopidogrel response in this context. Twenty patients were enrolled in this study. Blood samples we...
Article
Washing fluid (WF) from the colon rectal tract after surgical resection might represent a first step in obtaining a mixture of proteins derived from the secretion of tumoral epithelial cells potentially involved in the pathological progression of tissue. In this study, we performed a proteomic analysis of colorectal WF to search for potential bioma...
Article
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A growing interest has arisen in salivary proteomics as a tool for the identification of biomarkers for primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Nonetheless, only a limited number of preclinical validation studies have been performed, limiting the possibility of translating proteomic results into clinical practice. The primary aim of this study was to ref...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by the presence of chronic widespread pain throughout the musculoskeletal system and diffuse tenderness. Unfortunately, no laboratory tests have been appropriately validated for FM and correlated with the subsets and activity. The aim of this study was to apply a proteomic technique in saliva of FM pat...
Article
Full-text available
In the last years human proteomic has represented a promising tool to promote the communication between basic and clinical science. To explore the correspondence between salivary proteomic profile and clinical response, herein, we used a proteomic approach to analyse the whole saliva of a patient with primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS) and non-Hodgki...
Article
Full-text available
Proteomic research in the field of parathyroid tissues is limited by the very small dimension of the glands and by the low incidence of cancer lesions (1%). Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens are a potentially valuable resource for discovering protein cancer biomarkers. In this study we have verified the applicability of a hea...
Data
Protein spots identified by LC-ESI-MS/MS from FFPE extracts separated by gel-free approaches with probability over 95%.
Data
Protein spots identified by LC-ESI-MS/MS from FFPE extracts separated by the gel-based approach.
Article
Full-text available
Parathyroid tumours are heterogeneous and in some cases the diagnosis may be difficult using histological features. In this study we used a two-dimensional electrophoresis (2D)/mass spectrometry (MS)-based approach to examine the global changes of parathyroid adenoma tissues protein profile compared to the parathyroid normal tissues. Validation of...
Article
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a technique largely applied in the diagnosis of tumours. FNA is a safe diagnostic procedure that is widely employed in the examination of masses at relatively low cost and minimal risk to the patient. In this review, we report on the state-of-the-art and the potential role of FNA to search for protein biomarkers by t...