Lato Pezo

Lato Pezo
Institute of General and Physical Chemistry University of Belgrade

PhD

About

346
Publications
61,796
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Introduction
Lato Pezo currently works at University of Belgrade. Lato does research in Industrial Design, Biochemistry and Chemical Kinetics. Their current project is 'TR 31055'.

Publications

Publications (346)
Article
Full-text available
The availability period of fresh wild garlic is very limited, only during the spring season. After harvest, the leaves quickly lose their sensory, nutritious and functional properties. The stability and availability of this valuable herb material can be extended by adequate drying technique. The aim was to evaluate the influence of used osmotic sol...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Ocimum has many species that are used to treat diverse kinds of illnesses and sicknesses from ancient times. One of them, Ocimum basilicum L., commonly known as basil, has a vital role due to its various medicinal goods. It is best known as a plant with pharmacological activities, but also as an antioxidant, antimicrobial, and larvicidal...
Article
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Winter savory (Satureja montana L.) is a well-known spice and medicinal plant with a wide range of activities and applications. Two subspecies of S. montana, subsp. montana and subsp. variegata, were used for the preparation of seven different extracts: steam distillation (essential oil (EO) and hydrolate (HY)), subcritical water (SWE), ultrasound-...
Article
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Essential oil (EO) obtained by hydrodistillation in a Clevenger-type apparatus from aerial parts of Nepeta cataria L. var. citriodora (Becker), cultivated in Serbia was subjected to gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) to determine the composition. Furthermore, N. cataria var. citriodora essential oil wastested to determine its antimicrobia...
Article
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Cereal grain is processed using different combinations of heat, moisture, time, and mechanical action in order to improve its digestibility. The objective of the present research was to quantitatively represent the physicochemical properties of raw and processed starch using an in vitro methodology, as well as to describe the changes that occurred...
Article
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Yeasts are considered an extraordinary alternative source of natural carotenoids and pigmented terpenoids with multiple applications. Production of carotenoids by yeast fermentation technology has many benefits; it is cost-effective, easily scalable, and safe. The aim of this research is the isolation of yeasts from natural resources and selection...
Article
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Raspberries are considered valuable fruits due to their high levels of nutrients and phytochemicals, which have many beneficial effects on humans. As many external factors affect the composition of these fruits (the type of cultivation, soil characteristics, ripeness, storage time and post-harvest technologies, cultivar/genotype, and climatic condi...
Article
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Given that global amounts of waste are growing rapidly, it is extremely important to determine what amount of waste will be generated in the near future. Accurate waste forecasting is also important for planning and designing a sustainable municipal solid waste (MSW) management system. For that reason, there is a need to build a model to predict th...
Article
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This study aimed to investigate the chemical composition of steam distillate essential oil and corresponding hydrolate obtained from S. officinalis grown in Serbia, as well as the influence of weather conditions (temperature and precipitations) on their chemical profiles. Furthermore, their antimicrobial activity was investigated in vitro. The main...
Article
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A novel rice-based snack enriched with chicory root flour (CRF) was developed by twin-screw extrusion. Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) is one of the promising medicinal plants for the development of innovative food and may be considered a functional food ingredient. Central composite design (CCD) was employed to generate snack formulations by varyin...
Article
Rapeseed losses during storage can lead to undesirable difficulties in oil and biodiesel production. In this paper, three artificial neural networks were created to anticipate the main quality parameters of thirteen rapeseed varieties - cultivars and hybrids (Brassica napus L.) - during drying and storage. The varieties, drying temperature, air vel...
Article
Bioactive system for reducing nitrate content in brick and limestone was developed using mineral poultice and aerobic denitrifier Pseudomonas stutzeri cells. The efficiency of the systems with P. stutzeri D1 was considerably higher compared with the reference strain for the both examined materials. After 9 days of application of the bioactive syste...
Article
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The osmotic dehydration (OD) of celery root in sugar beet molasses was studied at three temperatures (20, 35, and 50 °C) and three immersion periods (1, 3, and 5 h) in order to examine the changes in antioxidant potential and phenolic profile of celery root throughout the process. The antioxidant capacity (AOC) of dehydrated samples was evaluated b...
Article
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Garden angelica (Angelica archangelica L.), native to the northern temperate region, is widespread in Europe and Asia. Since the middle ages, it has been used for healing and as a vegetable in traditional dishes. In the modern era, it has been proven that A. archangelica has a complex chemical composition. The main derivatives that contribute to th...
Conference Paper
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Artificial neural network (ANN) is a mathematical tool in artificial intelligence, made up of interconnected neurons. Similar to brain, these neurons have the ability to process data, learn, and memorize. The ANN model provides better prediction compared to the multiple linear regression. Machine learning models are handy for studying living organi...
Article
Aim: Artificial neural network (ANN) development to find optimal carriers (pea protein-P, maltodextrin-M, and inulin-I) mixture for encapsulation of pumpkin waste bioactives (β-carotene and phenolics). Methods: Freeze-drying encapsulation and encapsulates characterisation in terms of bioactives contents and encapsulation efficiencies, water acti...
Article
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The present study investigated the effect of incorporating 10, 20, and 30% apple powder obtained by freeze-drying, and apple powder produced with osmotic pre-treatment in sugar beet molasses solution, into muffins. The powder was freeze-dried and introduced as a whole spelt wheat flour replacement in muffins. The obtained products were investigated...
Article
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This study presents a detailed characterization of 27 honey samples from the Tara Mountain region in Serbia using different comprehensive techniques and methods. The types of the honey samples were defined as monofloral (4 samples), honeydew (5 samples) and polyfloral (18 samples) honey based on determined polyphenol content, antioxidant activity,...
Article
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Using modern analytical techniques, a comprehensive study of the chemical composition of fruits from apple cultivars grown in Western Norway during 2019 and 2020 was done. Metals, sugars, organic acids, antioxidant tests, and polyphenol content have been observed. In all investigated samples, the most dominant sugars were glucose, fructose, and suc...
Article
The sugar industry is facing problems with high amount of molassigenic metal ions remained after the purification step in sugar juice. In this investigation the application of unmodified sugar beet pulp as a weak monofunctional cation-exchange biosorbent for molassigenic metal ions (Na+, K+ and Ca2+) removal from the alkalized sugar juice was studi...
Article
Edible insects are acknowledged as a valuable nutritional source and promising alternative to traditional feed ingredients, while the optimization of rearing conditions is required for their wider utilization in the animal feed industry. The main goal of this study was to compare and optimize the rearing conditions of the two species’ larvae and id...
Article
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The aim of this study was to determine the quantity of particular toxic metals (Pb, Cd, As, Hg) and micronutrients (Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Se) in the recommended daily dose of 51 food supplements based on beehive products. Samples taken from the Croatian market were submitted for the identification/quantification of studied metals and micronutrien...
Article
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Artificial neural intelligence was established for the estimation, prediction, and optimization of many agricultural and food processes to enable enhanced and balanced utilization of fresh and processed fruits. The predictive capabilities of artificial neural networks (ANNs) are evaluated to estimate the phytochemical composition and the antioxidan...
Article
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Red beetroot is well known for its high proportion of betalains, with great potential as functional food ingredients due to their health-promoting properties. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of processing techniques such as Soxhlet, cold, ultrasound and supercritical fluid extraction on the betalains content and its ant...
Preprint
Miscanthus is a perennial energy crop that produces high yields and has the potential to be converted into energy. The ultimate analysis determines the composition of the biomass and the energy value in terms of the higher heating value ( HHV) , which is the most important parameter in determining the quality of the fuel. In this study, an artifici...
Article
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Consumer knowledge about pasta quality differs around the world. Modern consumers are more sophisticated compared to past times, due to the availability of information on pasta types and quality. Therefore, this study investigated the nutritional, physical, textural, and morphological quality of durum wheat pasta enriched with carrot waste encapsul...
Article
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Since inulin utilization as a sugar or fat replacer, texture modifier, and emulsifier is increasing in the food industry, there is a need for its determination for food control and labeling. This study reports the development and validation of an advanced high-performance liquid chromatographic method with evaporative light-scattering detection (HP...
Article
The microbiologically induced calcite precipitation (MICP) can be an emerging approach that could tap onto soil bacterial diversity and use as a bioremediation technique. Based on the concept that bacteria with biomineralization capacity could be effective CaCO3 inductance agents, this study aimed to evaluate the simultaneous influence of 11 operat...
Article
Full-text available
Steam distillation was used for the isolation of Dracocephalum moldavica L. (Moldavian dragonhead) essential oil (DMEO). This aromatic herbaceous plant is widespread across the Northern Hemisphere regions and has been utilized in health-improving studies and applications. In addition to the DMEO, the hydrolate (DMH), a byproduct of the distillation...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, influence of the extraction techniques on the quality of the sage essential oil was investigated. Obtained samples were analyzed for chemical composition by GC/MS, thermal properties by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and for biological activity: antioxidant (DPPH, CUPRAC, FRAP, ABTS, HRSA and TBARS), microbiological (Staphylococcu...
Article
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Lavandula sp. essential oil and hydrolate are commercially valuable in various industry branches with the potential for wide-ranging applications. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of these products obtained from L. x intermedia cv. ‘Budrovka’ for the first time cultivated on Fruška Gora Mt. (Serbia) during three successive seasons (2019, 20...
Article
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Kombucha as a tea-based fermented beverage has become progressively widespread, mainly in the functional food market because of health-improving benefits. As part of a daily diet for adults and children, kombucha stood out as a valuable non-alcoholic drink containing beneficial mixtures of organic acids, minerals, vitamins, proteins, polyphenols, e...
Article
In this study, the influence of the mowing and drying on the chemical profile, thermal behavior, antioxidant activity (DPPH, CUPRAC, FRAP, ABTS, HRSA, and TBARS), microbiological data (Candida albicans (ATCC 10231), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Candida albicans (ATCC 10231), Bacillus subtilis (ATCC 6633), Prote...
Article
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Two major cannabinoids are present in Cannabis plants. The first one is a psychoactive cannabinoid substance (-)-trans-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, well-known as THC, based on which medicinal cannabis is categorized as a prohibited narcotic. The other one is cannabidiol (CBD), presented specifically in hemp. CBD is familiar as a pharmacologically activ...
Article
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Osmotic treatment (OT) is an important method for preserving food, which involves partial water removal from samples immersed in hypertonic solutions. This study aimed to investigate the effects of OT in two different solutions on nettle leaves' mineral content. Nettle leaves were dehydrated in sugar beet molasses (80%) and an aqueous solution of s...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of different extrusion parameters, including screw speed (250–750 rpm), feed rate (15–25 kg/h) and feed moisture content (15–25%), on the textural and color properties of spelt wholegrain snack products produced on a co-rotating twin-screw extruder with added betaine was investigated. In order to determine the relative influence of in...
Article
A series of novel polyurethane network/organoclay nanocomposites (PUN-NCs) with different soft segment contents (30–60 wt%) was prepared by in situ polymerization in solution and characterized. PU network (PUN) was made from poly(dimethylsiloxane)-based macrodiol as the soft segment and 4,4′-methylenediphenyldiisocyanate and hyperbranched polyester...
Article
The most abundant volatile compounds of sweet wormwood (Artemisia annua L.) essential oil were artemisia ketone (25.4 %) and trans‐caryophyllene (10.2 %), followed by 1,8‐cineole, camphor, germacrene D and β‐selinene. The major volatile compounds in the hydrosol were camphor (25.1 %), 1,8‐cineole (20.5 %) and artemisia ketone (10.7 %), followed by...
Article
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A new type of functional food products-bread supplemented with yeast extract-was developed and optimized. In the next product development phase, samples of bread with yeast extract were tasted and evaluated by 536 randomly selected consumers, and their acceptability was analyzed.. The survey results showed that consumers in all groups had a high le...
Article
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One of the most common techniques for wine analysis is gas chromatography coupled with the flame ionization detector and headspace autosampler (HSS-GC/FID) for the analysis of the volatile compounds in the wine samples. The main goal of this thesis was to develop the method for the analysis of volatiles (methanol, higher alcohols, and esters) in wi...
Article
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Unlike other studies that only determined the chemical composition of essential oils depending on their geographic origin, this research investigated the effect of weather conditions (temperature, precipitation, and insolation) on the chemical composition of Nepeta nuda L. essential oil. The collection of wild-growing N. nuda was carried out during...
Article
Following the objectives of the 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the European Green Deal strategy to 2050, renewable energy sources have been defined as an important factor in the process of climate change mitigation. Renewable energy sources are the basis of the aspirations of the EU to achieve low-carbon energy self-sufficiency. Under...
Article
Thermoplastic poly(urethane-siloxane)/organoclay nanocomposites (TPU NCs) with different hard segment content (20-55 wt.%) were prepared by in situ polymerization in the presence of organically modified montmorillonite as a nanofiller (Cloisite 30B; 1 wt.%). Hydroxyl-terminated ethoxypropyl-poly(dime-thylsiloxane) was used as soft segment, while 4,...
Article
Full-text available
The quality of protein is based on their amino acid composition, especially on the content and availability of essential amino acids. Cereals are important sources of protein for human nutrition, but are limited in the amounts of essential amino acids, notably lysine. The aim of this study was to analyze the chemical composition and amino acid prof...
Article
Although regular intake of fruits and vegetables has an essential role in a healthy diet and well-being, a majority of consumers in Serbia have a suboptimal intake of these groceries. To understand the main determinants of this unsatisfactory situation, the study tested an extended model of the theory of planned behavior intending to suggest necess...
Article
In this research, chicken meat was inoculated with selected microorganisms and subjected to the osmotic dehydration process in two osmotic solutions, in an effort to investigate the effect of storage time duration on its microbiological and chemical characteristics. Total viable counts, numbers of Enterobacteriaceae, Salmonella spp., Listeria monoc...
Article
Full-text available
As one of the greatest agricultural challenges, yield prediction is an important issue for producers, stakeholders, and the global trade market. Most of the variation in yield is attributed to environmental factors such as climate conditions, soil type and cultivation practices. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) and random forest regression (RFR) a...
Article
Full-text available
In the essential oil of yarrow (Achillea millefolium L. sensu lato) collected from natural population on Mt. Rtanj (Serbia) and distilled by Clevenger apparatus 104 compounds were detected, and the most abundant were camphor (9.8%), caryophyllene oxide (6.5%), terpinen-4-ol (6.3%) and 1,8- cineole (5.6%). The quantitative structure-retention relati...
Article
Effects of extrusion processing parameters of co-rotating twin-screw extruder – screw speed (SS = 500, 650, 800 rpm), feed rate (FR = 22, 26, 30 kg/h), and moisture content of the material (MC = 20, 25, 30 g/100 g), on the reduction rate of deoxynivalenol (DON), 3- and 15- acetyldeoxynivalenol (3- and 15-AcDON), HT-2 toxin (HT-2), tentoxin (TEN) an...
Article
Salvia sclarea L. or clary sage is cultivated worldwide in temperate and sub-tropical climates, as an ornamental and essential oil (EO) bearing plant. EO is obtained from fresh spikes in full flowering stage and is recognized as an important commercial product for food, beverage and cosmetic industries. This study investigated the EO composition of...
Article
The aim of this work was to determine the pigments content, colour characteristics, unsaponifiable matter as well as phenolic compounds of virgin olive oils (VOO) from the olive cultivar 'Roghiani', harvested in five different regions of northern Libya. The colour of virgin olive oils was evaluated by determining chlorophyll and carotenoids content...
Article
Full-text available
The numerical model of the granular flow within an aggregate mixture, conducted in the vertical static and/or the conveyor blender, was explored using the discrete element method (DEM) approach. The blending quality of limestone fine aggregate fractions binary mixture for application in self-compacting concrete was studied. The potential of augment...
Article
Stinging nettle is annual plant from Urticaceae family used as food and medicine. Due to the nonsufficient data, this work aimed to isolate the bioactive compounds from the stinging nettle leaves by supercritical carbon dioxide. Extracts were analyzed and assessed for antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. Main fatty acids were α-linolenic (31.06-58...
Article
As the main goal of this study was the verification of Satureja kitaibelii Wierzb. ex Heuff. in form of the crude extract obtained by subcritical water extraction (SWE) technique in terms of polyphenolic composition, in vitro antioxidant capacity, antihyperglycemic, and anti-inflammatory activities as well as an antimicrobial effect against 10 micr...
Article
Full-text available
Surface sediments collected from twelve stations in the Boka Kotorska Bay were analyzed for the level and distribution of twenty-six elements and ten oxides, grain sizes, organic matter, and carbonate content. Potentially toxic elements (Al, Fe, Mn, Cr, Zn, Ni, Cu, Pb, As, Co, U) were determined to assess the contamination status and potential envi...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the microbiological quality of 72 minced beef meat samples collected during six months from a local butcher was defined after laboratory analysis and developing advanced mathematical models. This new simultaneous approach provided adequate precision for the prediction of the microbiological profile of minced beef meat as one of the e...
Article
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This work aimed to obtain a validated model for the prediction of retention times of compounds isolated from Origanum heracleoticum, Origanum vulgare, Thymus vulgaris, and Thymus serpyllum essential oils. In total 68 experimentally obtained retention times of compounds, which were separated and detected by GC-MS were further used to build the predi...