Laszlo Bodai

Laszlo Bodai
University of Szeged · Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

PhD

About

83
Publications
10,047
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,725
Citations
Citations since 2016
39 Research Items
1430 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
Research in my lab is focused on the gene regulatory aspects of neurodegeneration (epigenetic regulation, role of miRNAs) and epigenetic phenomena in general. We use Drosophila models of Huntington's and Alzheimer's disease and apply genetic, behavioral, transcriptomic and molecular biology research methods.
Additional affiliations
November 2010 - June 2014
University of California, Irvine
Position
  • Research Assistant
February 2008 - present
University of Szeged
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2005 - November 2007
University of California, Irvine
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 1997 - September 2004
University of Szeged
Field of study
  • biology
September 1992 - June 1997
University of Szeged
Field of study
  • biology

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
Deficiency of the sleep-wake cycle can accelerate the progression of Huntington’s disease (HD) and exacerbate symptoms making it a target of investigation to better understand the molecular pathology of the disorder. In this study we analyzed sleep defects in a Drosophila model of HD and investigated whether disturbed sleep coincides with alteratio...
Article
Full-text available
Post-translational modifications of histone proteins play a pivotal role in DNA packaging and regulation of genome functions. Histone acetyltransferase 1 (Hat1) proteins are conserved enzymes that modify histones by acetylating lysine residues. Hat1 is implicated in chromatin assembly and DNA repair but its role in cell functions is not clearly elu...
Article
Full-text available
His4r is the only known variant of histone H4 in Drosophila. It is encoded by the His4r single-copy gene that is located outside of the histone gene cluster and expressed in a different pattern than H4, although the encoded polypeptides are identical. We generated a null mutant (His4rΔ42) which is homozygous viable and fertile without any apparent...
Article
Huntington's Disease (HD) is a dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by alterations in the huntingtin gene (htt). Transcriptional dysregulation is an early event in HD progression. Protein acetylation and methylation particularly on histones regulates chromatin structure thereby preventing or facilitating transcription. Although pro...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of viruses is less explored in Mucoromycota as compared to other fungal groups such as Ascomycota and Basidiomycota. Recently, more and more mycoviruses are identified from the early-diverging lineages of fungi. We have determined the genome of 11 novel dsRNA viruses in seven different Umbelopsis strains with next-generation sequencing...
Article
Full-text available
Due to their often age-dependent nature, neurodegenerative diseases impact an increasing portion of modern societies [...]
Article
Full-text available
Mucor lusitanicus and some other members of the fungal order Mucorales display the phenomenon of morphological dimorphism. This means that these fungi aerobically produce filamentous hyphae, developing a coenocytic mycelium, but they grow in a multipolar yeast-like form under anaerobiosis. Revealing the molecular mechanism of the reversible yeast-h...
Article
Full-text available
Histone variants are different from their canonical counterparts in structure and are encoded by solitary genes with unique regulation to fulfill tissue or differentiation specific functions. A single H4 variant gene ( His4r or H4r ) that is located outside of the histone cluster and gives rise to a polyA tailed messenger RNA via replication-indepe...
Article
Full-text available
Methylation of cytosine in CpG dinucleotides is the major DNA modification in mammalian cells that is a key component of stable epigenetic marks. This modification, which on the one hand is reversible, while on the other hand, can be maintained through successive rounds of replication plays roles in gene regulation, genome maintenance, transgenerat...
Article
Full-text available
We previously screened the total nucleic acid extracts of 123 Mucor strains for the presence of dsRNA molecules without further molecular analyses. Here, we characterized five novel dsRNA genomes isolated from four different Mucor hiemalis strains with next-generation sequencing (NGS), namely Mucor hiemalis virus 1a (MhV1a) from WRL CN(M) 122; Muco...
Article
Full-text available
Oral epithelial cells monitor microbiome composition and initiate immune response upon dysbiosis, as in the case of Candida imbalances. Candida species, such as C. albicans and C. parapsilosis , are the most prevalent yeasts in the oral cavity. Comparison of healthy oral epithelial cell responses revealed that while C. albicans infection robustly a...
Article
Full-text available
Mucormycosis is a life-threatening opportunistic infection caused by certain members of the fungal order Mucorales. This infection is associated with high mortality rate, which can reach nearly 100% depending on the underlying condition of the patient. Treatment of mucormycosis is challenging because these fungi are intrinsically resistant to most...
Article
Full-text available
Annually, agricultural activity produces an enormous amount of plant biomass by-product. Many studies have reported the biomethane potential of agro-industrial wastes, but only a few studies have investigated applying the substrates in both batch and continuous mode. Tomato is one of the most popular vegetables globally; its processing releases a s...
Preprint
Oral epithelial cells monitor microbiome composition and initiate immune response upon dysbiosis, as in case of Candida imbalances. Comparison of healthy oral epithelial cell responses revealed that the inability of C. parapsilosis to induce a robust antifungal response was due to activation of various inflammation-independent pathways, while C. al...
Article
Full-text available
Candida parapsilosis causes life-threatening fungal infections. In the last 2 decades, the increasing number of azole-resistant C. parapsilosis clinical isolates has been attributable to the overuse and misuse of fluconazole, the first-line antifungal agent most commonly used in several countries. To date, the range of applicable antifungal drugs i...
Article
Full-text available
The plant-specific receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases (RLCKs) form a large, poorly characterized family. Members of the RLCK VI_A class of dicots have a unique characteristic: their activity is regulated by Rho-of-plants (ROP) GTPases. The biological function of one of these kinases was investigated using a T-DNA insertion mutant and RNA interferenc...
Article
Full-text available
Ischemic preconditioning (IPre) reduces ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the heart. The non-coding microRNA miR-125b-1-3p has been demonstrated to play a role in the mechanism of IPre. Hypercholesterolemia is known to attenuate the cardioprotective effect of preconditioning; nevertheless, the exact underlying mechanisms are not clear. Here we i...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although accumulating evidence suggests that the crosstalk between malignant cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) actively contributes to tumour growth and metastatic dissemination, therapeutic strategies targeting tumour stroma are still not common in the clinical practice. Metal-based nanomaterials have been shown to exert...
Article
Full-text available
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are promising antimicrobials, however, the potential of bacterial resistance is a major concern. Here we systematically study the evolution of resistance to 14 chemically diverse AMPs and 12 antibiotics in Escherichia coli. Our work indicates that evolution of resistance against certain AMPs, such as tachyplesin II and...
Article
Full-text available
Antibiotic resistance typically induces a fitness cost that shapes the fate of antibiotic-resistant bacterial populations. However, the cost of resistance can be mitigated by compensatory mutations elsewhere in the genome, and therefore the loss of resistance may proceed too slowly to be of practical importance. We present our study on the efficacy...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are key effectors of the innate immune system and promising therapeutic agents. Yet, knowledge on how to design AMPs with minimal cross-resistance to human host-defense peptides remains limited. Here, with a chemical-genetic approach, we systematically assessed the resistance determinants of Escherichia coli against 15...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem that increases the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction is a common cardiovascular complication of CKD. MicroRNA-212 (miR-212) has been demonstrated p...
Article
Full-text available
Myofibroblasts (MFs) are present in healthy tissues and are also key components of the tumor microenvironment. In the present study a comparative analysis of MFs obtained from various gastrointestinal tumor tissues and from tumor‑adjacent normal tissues of cancer patients was performed, with the aim to evaluate differences in MF morphology, gene ex...
Article
Full-text available
Candida parapsilosis is an opportunistic fungal pathogen with the ability to cause infections in immunocompromised patients. Echinocandins are the currently recommended first line of treatment for all Candida species. Resistance of Candida albicans to this drug type is well characterized. C. parapsilosis strains have the lowest in vitro susceptibil...
Article
Self-renewal and differentiation of stem cells is one of the fundamental biological phenomena relying on proper chromatin organization. In our study, we describe a novel chromatin regulator encoded by the Drosophila small ovary (sov) gene. We demonstrate that sov is required in both the germline stem cells (GSCs) and the surrounding somatic niche c...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The formation of matured and individual sperm involves a series of molecular and spectacular morphological changes of the developing cysts in Drosophila melanogaster testis. Recent advances in RNA Sequencing (RNA-Seq) technology help us to understand the complexity of eukaryotic transcriptomes by dissecting different tissues and develo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Self-renewal and differentiation of stem cells is one of the fundamental biological phenomena relying on proper chromatin organisation. In our study, we describe a novel chromatin regulator encoded by the Drosophila small ovary (sov) gene. We demonstrate that sov is required in both the germline stem cells (GSCs) and the surrounding somatic niche c...
Article
Objectives: Green tea infusion contains a complex mixture of polyphenolic compounds that were shown to provide health benefits. It was previously demonstrated that (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate, one of the major polyphenols present in green tea, has a suppressing effect on various aspects of pathogenesis in models of Huntington’s disease (HD), an...
Preprint
Huntington’s Disease (HD) is a dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by alterations in the huntingtin gene ( htt ). Transcriptional dysregulation is an early event in HD progression. Protein acetylation and methylation particularly on histones regulates chromatin structure thereby preventing or facilitating transcription. Although p...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Transcriptional dysregulation is an early and reproducible feature of Huntington disease (HD); however, mechanisms underlying this dysregulation are unclear. This article describes a unique pattern of the chromatin mark H3K4me3 at transcriptionally repressed promoters in HD mouse and human brain identified by genome-wide analysis. Redu...
Article
Full-text available
Background ADA2 proteins, together with ADA3, SGF29 and GCN5 form the acetyltransferase module of GNAT-type histone acetyltransferase complexes. ADA2b is present in the SAGA complex, which plays roles in various chromatin-related processes via histone H3 modifications and by other mechanisms. Results In this report we present findings showing that...
Data
List of selected genes which display at least twofold expression change in dAda2b null and/or dAda2bS-EGFP transgene-carrier dAda2b (enhanced by gray background) mutants. mRNA levels are compared to that of wild type (w1118). Averages of three biological replicas, corresponding p values and gene ontology (GO) categories are shown. The gene ontology...
Data
Expression of dADA2bS isoform in transgene-carrier dAda2b larvae. Protein extracts prepared from equal numbers of late third instar larvae of the indicated genotypes were analysed on western blot developed with dADA2b specific antibody. The blot shows the high level expression of native dADA2bS isoform under the control of da-GAL4 driver in UAS-dAd...
Article
Full-text available
Posttranslational modification of histones regulates transcription but the exact role that acetylation of specific lysine residues plays in biological processes in vivo is still not clearly understood. To assess the contribution of different histone modifications to transcriptional activation in vivo, we determined the acetylation patterns on the e...
Data
dCBP acetylates the H3K27 residue in vivo. In engrailed-GAL4 UAS-GFP UAS-dCBP (A) and engrailed-GAL4 UAS-GFP UAS-dCBP-FLAD (B) transgene carrying embryos the expression pattern of the UAS transgenes are visualized by GFP fluorescence. Immunostaining using anti-acetyl-H3K27 specific antibody shows that the level of acetyl-H3K27 is increased in embry...
Data
Oligonucleotides used as PCR primers in transcriptional analyzes and quantitation of ChIP assays. a Chromosomal location data correspond to BDGP/FlyBaseGenBank assembly Release 5.44. b The distance of the 5′ end of the oligonucleotide primer relative to the transcriptional start site of the transcript in parentheses. (DOC)
Article
Activating the ERK pathway (extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway) has proven beneficial in several models of Huntington's disease (HD), and drugs that are protective in HD models have recently been found to activate ERK. Thus, the ERK cascade may be a potential target for therapeutic intervention in this currently untreatable disorder. HD...
Article
Full-text available
Huntingtin peptides with elongated polyglutamine domains, the root causes of Huntington’s disease, hinder histone acetylation, which leads to transcriptional dysregulation. However, the range of acetyltransferases interacting with mutant Huntingtin has not been systematically evaluated. We used genetic interaction tests in Drosophila to determine w...
Article
Activating the ERK pathway (extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway) has proven beneficial in several models of Huntington's disease (HD), and drugs that are protective in HD models have recently been found to activate ERK. Thus, the ERK cascade may be a potential target for therapeutic intervention in this currently untreatable disorder. HD...
Article
Full-text available
Using yeast two-hybrid screens we determined that Drosophila (Dm)p53 interacts with proteins involved in sumoylation (UBA2, UBC9 and PIAS) through different regions of its C-terminal domain. A K302R point mutation within a single canonical sumoylation site of Dmp53 did not abolish the observed interactions. These observations prompted us to analyze...
Article
Full-text available
Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited, progressive and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by psychiatric, cognitive and motor symptoms. Among the pathways implicated in HD are those involving mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling and particularly the Ras-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) cascade. St...
Article
Full-text available
Uncovering mechanisms that regulate ecdysone production is an important step toward understanding the regulation of insect metamorphosis and processes in steroid-related pathologies. We report here the transcriptome analysis of Drosophila melanogaster dAda2a and dAda3 mutants, in which subunits of the ATAC acetyltransferase complex are affected. In...
Article
Full-text available
In Drosophila, the dADA2b-containing dSAGA complex is involved in histone H3 lysine 9 and 14 acetylation. Curiously, although the lysine 9- and 14-acetylated histone H3 levels are drastically reduced in dAda2b mutants, these animals survive until a late developmental stage. To study the molecular consequences of the loss of histone H3 lysine 9 and...
Article
Full-text available
Huntington’s disease (HD) is associated with transcriptional dysregulation, and multiple studies with histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors suggest that global approaches for restoring transcriptional balance and appropriate protein acetylation are therapeutically promising. To determine whether more targeted approaches might be effective, we have...
Article
Melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) and agouti signaling protein (ASIP) play pivotal roles in the regulation of human pigmentation. We aimed to study whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the MC1R and ASIP genes contribute to the pathogenesis of the polygenic pigment skin disorder, vitiligo. The PCR-amplified, full-length MC1R gene was studi...
Article
Full-text available
Daxx-like protein (DLP), the Drosophila homolog of Daxx, binds Drosophila melanogaster p53 (Dmp53) through its C-terminal region. We generated DLP mutants and found that although DLP expression is developmentally regulated, it is not essential for the execution of the developmental program. The effects DLP mutations show in the loss of heterozygosi...
Article
Full-text available
N-palmitoylethanolamine (PEA) and organic osmolytes are endogenous components of the human epidermis and are generated from phospholipids in the stratum granulosum. PEA has been shown to exert potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The endogenous organic osmolytes such as betaine and sarcosine control skin humidity, but have also been...
Article
Narrow-band ultraviolet B phototherapy is an effictive and safe treatment for atopic dermatitis. We have previously found that the 308 nm xenon chloride excimer laser was more effective than the narrow-band ultraviolet B light for the treatment of psoriasis, suggesting that ultraviolet B laser might offer advantages over narrow-band ultraviolet B....
Article
Acne is a common skin disorder of the pilosebaceous unit. In addition to genetic, hormonal and environmental factors, abnormal colonization by Propionibacterium acnes has been implicated in the occurrence of acne via the induction of inflammatory mediators. To gain more insight into the role that sebocytes play in the innate immune response of the...
Article
We earlier reported that intranasal irradiation with the 308 nm xenon chloride (XeCl) ultraviolet-B laser and irradiation with a combination of ultraviolet-B (UVB), ultraviolet-A (UVA) and visible light (VIS) is highly effective in the treatment of allergic rhinitis and inhibit the immediate-type hypersensitivity reaction in the skin. Since photoch...
Article
Topical immunosuppressant therapy is widely used in the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. Besides its beneficial therapeutic effects, application of topical anti-inflammatory drugs may render the epidermis more vulnerable to invading pathogens by suppressing innate immune responses in keratinocytes, su...
Article
Full-text available
Huntington's disease (HD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder caused by an expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) tract within the huntingtin protein (Htt). Identifying the pathways that are altered in response to the mutant protein is crucial for understanding the cellular processes impacted by the disease as well as for the rational development o...
Article
Full-text available
In Drosophila and several other metazoan organisms, there are two genes that encode related but distinct homologs of ADA2-type transcriptional adaptors. Here we describe mutations of the two Ada2 genes of Drosophila melanogaster. By using mutant Drosophila lines, which allow the functional study of individual ADA2s, we demonstrate that both Drosoph...
Article
Allergic rhinitis is a frequent disease, accompanied by significant social-economic costs and a negative impact on the quality of life. Phototherapy has a profound immunosuppressive effect and is effectively used in the treatment of several immune mediated skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis. The authors investigated the efficacy of intranasal...