Larry Viterna

Larry Viterna
Nautica Windpower

PhD Engineering

About

30
Publications
5,420
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377
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Larry Viterna is the President of Nautica Windpower LLC. He has over 30 years of experience in technology and business development. He formerly held positions as the Technical Director of the Great Lakes Energy Institute at Case Western Reserve University as well as the lead for Strategic Business Development at the NASA Glenn Research Center. Dr. Viterna was on the team that developed the world’s first multi-megawatt wind turbines. He is the recipient of NASA awards for aerodynamic models that are part of international design tools for wind turbines. He has also received NASA’s engineering award for his pioneering energy storage work in large hybrid electric vehicles. He has a PhD in Engineering from the University of Michigan and has completed executive education at Harvard.

Publications

Publications (30)
Chapter
This third volume of the new ASME Press Book Series on Renewable Energy also edited by Dr. Rao and published by ASME Press is based on updated chapters from the classic 2011 Handbook of Energy and Power Generation in addition to a new chapter appropriate for the title of this book. The discussions in this book update Wind Energy since the publicati...
Article
Full-text available
A wind turbine power system for future missions to the Martian surface was studied for performance and feasibility. A C++ program was developed from existing FORTRAN code to analyze the power capabilities of wind turbines under different environments and design philosophies. Power output, efficiency, torque, thrust, and other performance criteria c...
Article
Full-text available
The power requirements for inner city transit buses are characterized by power peaks about an order of magnitude larger than the average power usage of the vehicle. For these vehicles, hybrid power trains can offer significantly improved fuel economy and exhaust emissions. A critical design challenge, however, has been developing the energy storage...
Article
Full-text available
A government, industry, and university cooperative is developing an advanced hybrid electric city transit bus. Goals of this effort include doubling the fuel economy compared to current buses and reducing emissions to one-tenth of current EPA standards. Unique aspects of the vehicle's power system include the use of ultra-capacitors as an energy st...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A government and industry cooperative is using advanced power technology in a city transit bus that will offer double the fuel economy, and emissions, one tenth of government standards. The heart of the vehicle's power system is a natural gas fueled generator unit. Power from both the generator and an advanced energy storage system is provided to a...
Article
Full-text available
PHASTRAN analyzes heat-transfer and flow behaviors of materials undergoing phase changes. Many phase changes operate over range of accelerations or effective gravitational fields. To analyze such thermal systems, it is necessary to obtain simultaneous solutions for equations of conservation of energy, momentum, and mass, and for equation of state....
Article
Full-text available
ACARA analyzes availability, life-cycle cost, and scheduling of resources. Uses statistical Monte Carlo method to simulate capacity states of system as well as failure and repair of components. Failures of components modeled mathematically by use of combination of exponential and Weibull probability distributions. Schedules replacement of component...
Article
Full-text available
ETARA is interactive, menu-driven program that performs simulations for analysis of reliability, availability, and maintainability. Written to evaluate performance of electrical power system of Space Station Freedom, but methodology and software applied to any system represented by block diagram. Program written in IBM APL.
Article
Full-text available
Resupply Scheduling Modeler (RSM) fully menu-driven computer program using integer programming techniques to determine optimum schedule for replacing components on or before ends of fixed replacement periods. Written to analyze electrical power system on Space Station Freedom, also used to model resupply of almost any system subject to user-defined...
Article
Full-text available
WT computer program developed to calculate rotor power required by, and output thrust produced by, fan in closed-loop wind tunnel. Uses blade-element theory to calculate aerodynamic forces along each blade of fan. Written in APL2.
Article
Full-text available
RSM, Resupply Scheduling Modeler, is a fully menu-driven program that uses integer programming techniques to determine an optimum schedule for replacing components on or before the end of a fixed replacement period. Although written to analyze the electrical power system on the Space Station Freedom, RSM is quite general and can be used to model th...
Article
Full-text available
WT was developed to calculate fan rotor power requirements and output thrust for a closed loop wind tunnel. The program uses blade element theory to calculate aerodynamic forces along the blade using airfoil lift and drag characteristics at an appropriate blade aspect ratio. A tip loss model is also used which reduces the lift coefficient to zero f...
Article
ACARA is a program for analyzing availability, lifecycle cost, and resource scheduling. It uses a statistical Monte Carlo method to simulate a system's capacity states as well as component failure and repair. Component failures are modelled using a combination of exponential and Weibull probability distributions. ACARA schedules component replaceme...
Article
Full-text available
Linear programming is a widely-used engineering and management tool. Scheduling, resource allocation, and production planning are all well-known applications of linear programs (LP's). Most LP's are too large to be solved by hand, so over the decades many computer codes for solving LP's have been developed. ALPS, A Linear Program Solver, is a full-...
Article
Full-text available
The ETARA system was written to evaluate the performance of the Space Station Freedom Electrical Power System, but the methodology and software can be modified to simulate any system that can be represented by a block diagram. ETARA is an interactive, menu-driven reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM) simulation program. Given a Relia...
Article
Full-text available
The Icing Research Tunnel is used extensively to test many classes of aircraft under atmospheric icing conditions. Because of the need to test models at higher Reynolds numbers, a new fan rotor was designed to increase test section wind speed. A preliminary study was made of the present fan rotor to suggest possible methods to increase tunnel wind...
Article
Full-text available
The Resupply Scheduling Model (RSM) is a PC based, fully menu-driven computer program. It uses integer programming techniques to determine an optimum schedule to replace components on or before a fixed replacement period, subject to user defined constraints such as transportation mass and volume limits or available repair crew time. Principal input...
Article
Full-text available
ALPS is a computer program which can be used to solve general linear program (optimization) problems. ALPS was designed for those who have minimal linear programming (LP) knowledge and features a menu-driven scheme to guide the user through the process of creating and solving LP formulations. Once created, the problems can be edited and stored in s...
Article
Full-text available
A user's manual describing an interactive, menu-driven, personal computer based Monte Carlo reliability, availability, and maintainability simulation program called event time availability reliability (ETARA) is discussed. Given a reliability block diagram representation of a system, ETARA simulates the behavior of the system over a specified perio...
Article
Full-text available
Detailed understanding of heat transfer and fluid flow is required for many aerospace thermal systems. These systems often include phase change and operate over a range of accelerations or effective gravitational fields. An approach to analyzing such systems is presented which requires the simultaneous solution of the conservation laws of energy, m...
Thesis
Full-text available
Detailed underst and ing of heat transfer and fluid flow is required for many aerospace thermal systems. These systems often include phase change and operate over a range of accelerations or effective gravitational fields. An approach to analyzing such systems is presented which requires the simultaneous solution of the conservation laws of energy,...
Article
Full-text available
A method for calculating the output power from large horizontal-axis wind turbines is presented. Modifications to the airfoil characteristics and the momentum portion of classical blade element-momentum theory are given that improve correlation with measured data. Improvement is particularly evident at low tip-speed ratios where aerodynamic stall c...
Article
Full-text available
Large wind turbines can generate both broad band and impulsive noises. These noises can be controlled by proper choice of rotor design parameters such as rotor location with respect to the supporting tower, tower geometry and tip speed. A method was developed to calculate the impulsive noise generated when the wind turbine blade experiences air for...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental fixed pitch wind turbine performance data is presented for both the DOE/NASA Mod-0 and the Danish Gedser wind turbines. Furthermore, a method for calculating the output power from large fixed pitch wind turbines is presented. Modifications to classical blade element momentum theory are given that improve correlation with measured data....
Article
Full-text available
The NASA Mod-0 Large Horizontal Axis 100 kW Wind Turbine was operated in free yaw with an unconed teetered, downwind rotor mounted on a nacelle having 8-1/2 deg tilt. Two series of tests were run, the first series with 19 meter twisted aluminum blades and the second series with 19 meter untwisted steel spar blades with tip control. Rotor speed were...
Article
Full-text available
Since regular operation of the DOE/NASA MOD-1 wind turbine began in October 1979 about 10 nearby households have complained of noise from the machine. Development of the NASA-LeRC with turbine sound prediction code began in May 1980 as part of an effort to understand and reduce the noise generated by MOD-1. Tone sound levels predicted with this cod...
Article
Full-text available
The performance and loading of a large wind rotor, 38.4 m in diameter and composed of two low-cost steel spar blades were examined. Two blades were fabricated at Lewis Research Center and successfully operated on the Mod-0 wind turbine at Plum Brook. The blades were operated on a tower on which the natural bending frequency were altered by placing...
Article
Full-text available
The design and fabrication of wind turbine blades based on 60 foot steel spars are discussed. Performance and blade load information is given and compared to analytical prediction. In addition, performance is compared to that of the original MOD-O aluminum blades. Costs for building the two blades are given, and a projection is made for the cost in...
Article
Full-text available
Preliminary test data on output power versus wind speed, rotor blade loads, system dynamic behavior, and start-stop characteristics on the Mod-1 wind turbine generator are presented. These data were analyzed statistically and are compared with design predictions of system performance and loads. To date, the Mod-1 wind turbine generator has produced...
Article
Full-text available
Wind turbines designed for fixed pitch operation offer potential reductions in the cost of the machine by eliminating many costly components. It was shown that a rotor can be designed which produces the same energy annually as Mod-0 but which regulates its power automatically by progressively stalling the blades as wind speed increases. Effects of...

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