Larry Fauver

Larry Fauver
University of Tennessee | UTK · Department of Finance

About

37
Publications
4,430
Reads
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1,474
Citations
Citations since 2017
10 Research Items
765 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Introduction

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
We examine how boardroom gender diversity reforms impact the monitoring role of institutional investors. Using reforms from 25 countries that aim to improve gender diversity on boards, we find that the reforms increase the association between institutional ownership and subsequent female directorships for foreign investors, but not for domestic inv...
Article
We show that initial public offerings (IPOs) have nontrivial positive spillover effects on local labor markets, business environments, consumer spending, real estate, and migration. We mitigate endogeneity concerns about unobserved heterogeneity with restrictive geographic fixed effects coupled with a matching procedure. We show that it is the list...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the valuation impact of an employee-friendly (EF) culture. Using a sample of 3446 firms from 43 countries for the period 2003 to 2014, we show that firms with a more EF culture are valued higher and perform better (ROA, ROE). Consistent with the good governance view, the impact is stronger for firms in countries with better investor prot...
Article
We examine the impact of corporate board reforms on firm value in 41 countries. Using a difference-in-differences design, we find that board reforms increase firm value. Reforms involving board and audit committee independence, but not reforms involving separation of chairman and chief executive officer positions, drive the valuation increases. In...
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We examine the impact of the enactment of the Market Abuse Directive (MAD) and the Prospectus Directive (PD) across 18 EU countries on seasoned equity offerings (SEOs). Using a difference-in-differences methodology, we document a significant reduction in earnings management, improved post-SEO stock return performance, and a decline in the adverse r...
Article
We examine social characteristics (individualism and risk aversion) and their interaction with firm governance and capital structure across the G20 countries from 1995 to 2009 using roughly 13,000 firms. We show that higher levels of individualism are associated with increased firm use of debt and lower cost of capital, whereas higher risk aversion...
Article
We examine the impact of differences in time varying social views towards sin stocks across G20 nations on firm valuation and excess returns. Sin stocks have an 8% lower equity valuation in countries where society is strongly against such industries. After controlling for other factors, sin stocks have excess returns of about 1-2% annually. However...
Article
We examine the impact of social norms (individualism, risk aversion, and authoritarian control index) on firm capital structure in the G20 countries from 1995 through 2009. Our results show that increases in individualism increase firm willingness to use debt and decrease the average cost of capital (a move from below median to above median individ...
Article
This paper examines the impact of social norms on firm value and the capital structure of firms engaged in the production of tobacco, alcohol, and gambling services ('sin stocks') in the G20 nations. We first demonstrate that sin stocks are undervalued in countries where social norms are strongly against such firms. The negative impact on these fir...
Article
“Rhetoric is cheap, evidence comes more dearly.” John Fund (former WSJ conservative columnist)According to a Wall Street Journal article (“Inside capitol, investor access yields rich tips,” Dec 20, 2012), the number of hedge funds specializing in political intelligence in the U.S. increased from 20 in 1995 to 65 in 2010. Anecdotal evidence suggests...
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We examine firm governance choices and firm valuation in the presence of expropriation risk. We argue that firms have fewer incentives to practice good governance and disclose more information when the state is likely to expropriate firm profits. We empirically confirm our arguments using several comprehensive panel data sets on governance, disclos...
Article
Using derivative usage data on over 1746 firms headquartered in the U.S. during the 1991 through 2000 time period, we find that firms with greater agency and monitoring problems (i.e., firms that are less transparent, face greater agency costs, have weaker corporate governance, larger information asymmetry problems, and overall poorer monitoring) e...
Article
We show that state corruption and political connections have strong effects on municipal bond sales and underwriting. Higher state corruption is associated with greater credit risk and higher bond yields. Corrupt states can eliminate the corruption yield penalty by purchasing credit enhancements. Underwriting fees were significantly higher during a...
Article
We investigate how investment banks determine the gross spreads paid by American Depositary Receipts (ADRs) from 1980 to 2004. We begin by comparing the gross spreads of ADR IPOs and ADR SEOs to those of matching US IPOs and US SEOs. We document clustering at the 7% level for our ADR IPO sample (44% for the ADR IPO firms without a previous equity l...
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In this paper we explore the information conveyed by earnings and revenue surprises for IPO firms. Further, we examine the persistence of earnings and revenue surprises and the characteristics of IPO firms with extreme earnings and revenue surprises. We find a positive relation between announcement returns and both standardized unexpected earnings...
Article
We investigate how predatory government policies (expropriation, lack of property rights protection, corruption, crime) interact with managerial incentives in shaping firm governance structure. Our model shows that owners have lower incentives to encourage valuemaximization by managers if the government is likely to expropriate firm profits. This r...
Article
Within the German corporate governance system, employee representation on the supervisory board is typically legally mandated. We propose that such representation of labor on corporate boards confers valuable first-hand operational knowledge to corporate board decision-making. Indeed, we find that labor representation provides a powerful means of m...
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In this paper, we investigate how investment banks determine the gross spreads paid by American Depositary Receipts (ADRs) during 1981 to 2004. We then compare the gross spreads of ADRs to those of matching U.S. IPO and SEO firms to see if there are differences in gross spreads across types of firms. We conclude that ADR gross spreads can be explai...
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We use a sample of 86 counties to examine the cross-sectional determinants of sovereign credit ratings. We find that the quality of a country's legal and political institutions plays a vital role in determining these ratings. A one-standard-deviation increase in our legal environment index results in an average credit rating increase of 0.466 stand...
Article
We provide evidence on the value of industrial and international diversification for more than 3000 firms from Germany, the U.K., and the U.S. Consistent with prior studies, we find that industrial diversification reduces firm value in the U.K. and the U.S. Furthermore, similar to the recent findings of Denis et al. [J. Finance 57 (2002)], we find...
Article
We examine the pricing of U.S. initial public offerings (IPOs) by foreign firms that are already seasoned in their domestic countries. Presumably, these equity offers have less downside risk for investors than typical IPOs since domestic share prices can be used to help establish a preoffer value for the firm's equity. In spite of the presumed dimi...
Article
Using a database of more than 8,000 companies from 35 countries, we find that the value of corporate diversification is related to the level of capital market development, international integration, and legal systems. Our results suggest that the financial, legal, and regulatory environments each have an important influence on the value of diversif...
Article
Full-text available
We study the impact of labor unions on the agency costs of debt. We hypothesize that, in pursuing their own interests, labor unions curb shareholders' incentives to take actions that expropriate bondholders and other fixed claimants. Consistent with this hypothesis, we find that firms in more unionized industries are associated with statistically a...
Article
Full-text available
We would like to thank Dinara Bayazitova for outstanding research assistance. This project was funded in whole or in part through Grant Number S-LMAQM-04-GR-0145 provided by the United State Department of State and administered by the William Davidson Institute. The opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed herein are those of...

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