Lara Maistrello

Lara Maistrello
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia | UNIMO · Department of Life Sciences

PhD

About

147
Publications
72,715
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Introduction
Lara Maistrello is Associate Professor in General and Applied Entomology qualified as Full Professor. Research on sustainable pest management, safeguarding of useful species and use of insects as resources in a circular economy perspective. Coordinator of projects on biology, biocontrol and sustainable management of the invasive Halyomorpha halys, and on the use of Hermetia illucens as bioconverter for the valorization of organic waste/byproducts into compounds useful in the feed/food industry
Additional affiliations
January 2002 - present
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Position
  • Researcher in General and Applied Entomology
January 2002 - November 2017
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Position
  • Professor
October 2001 - January 2002
Louisiana State University
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (147)
Article
Full-text available
This study follows a circular economy approach through the preliminary implementation of a coated porous inorganic material (PIM), studied as sustainable controlled release fertilizer, and its application for lettuce Lactuca sativa L. cultivar Chiara growth. The PIM was made of pumice scraps that partially replaced clay as a natural raw material, s...
Article
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The egg parasitoids Trissolcus japonicus (Ashmead) and Trissolcus mitsukurii (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) are the most effective biocontrol agents of the invasive agricultural pest Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in its native range (east Asia). Trissolcus japonicus and T. mitsukurii are sympatric in the native areas. I...
Conference Paper
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In this work, we consider the problem of using a drone to collect information within orchards in order to scout insect pests, i.e., the stink bug Halyomorpha halys. An orchard can be modeled as an aisle-graph, which is a regular and constrained data structure formed by consecutive aisles where trees are arranged in a straight line. For monitoring t...
Article
Full-text available
1. Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855) is an invasive agricultural pest in North America and Europe. 2. Most of the information on H. halys predators in invaded areas comes from North America. This work focused on the molecular identification of arthropod predator species capable of feeding on H. halys in northern Italy. Predatory arthropods were collec...
Article
Full-text available
Demand for eggs from laying hens is increasing as the world population continues to grow. The use of insects as animal feed is a strategic opportunity to find a new innovative, economic and sustainable source of protein. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Italian consumer inclination for eggs produced with the use of insect-fed hens. The inv...
Article
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Background: Many groups of insects utilize substrate-borne vibrations for intraspecific communication. This characteristic makes them a suitable model for exploring the vibrations as a tool for pest control in alternative to chemicals. The detailed knowledge of the species communication is a prerequisite to select the best signals to use. In this...
Article
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Insects are becoming increasingly relevant as protein sources in food and feed. The Black Soldier Fly (BSF) is one of the most utilized, thanks to its ability to live on many leftovers. Vegetable processing industries produce huge amounts of by-products, and it is important to efficiently rear BSF on different substrates to assure an economical adv...
Conference Paper
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A seguito del decreto "Misure di emergenza per la prevenzione, controllo e contrasto della cimice asiatica" del 29 aprile 2020, nell'estate 2020 è iniziato un lavoro coordinato di lotta biologica classica tramite rilasci inoculativi del parassitoide esotico Trissolcus japonicus (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) che ha coinvolto un'ampia area del Nord Ital...
Article
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In recent years, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae, Cappaeini) has become an invasive pest in North America and Europe, where it caused extensive damage to agriculture, resulting in great economic losses. Evaluating the potential of native predators in the invaded areas, ants might represent good candidates thanks to their biology,...
Article
Full-text available
Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), native to East Asia, has become a globally invasive pest, as a serious threat to agricultural production and a notorious nuisance pest in urban areas. Considerable efforts have been made so far to develop effective pest control measures to prevent crop damage. Biological control of this invasive stink bu...
Article
Brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is native to Asia and has invaded North America and Europe inflicting serious agricultural damage to specialty and row crops. Tools to monitor the spread of H. halys include traps baited with the two-component aggregation pheromone (PHER), (3S,6S,7R,10S)-10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ol and (3R,6S,7R,10S)-...
Article
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Article
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The brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys is an invasive agricultural pest with a worldwide distribution. Classical biological control has been identified as the most promising method to reduce the populations of H. halys. Adventive populations of two candidates for releases, Trissolcus japonicus and Trissolcus mitsukurii, have recently been...
Article
The brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys is an invasive agricultural pest in North America and Europe, and also a dwelling nuisance in autumn, due to the overwintering adults aggregating inside buildings. The repellent potential of ginger, clove, vetiver and turmeric essential oils (EOs) was tested on H. halys adults of three different phys...
Article
Aiming at reducing the environmental impact of low density polyethylene (LDPE) when employed as mulching film, this study was focused on the partial substitution of the material with proteins extracted from Hermetia illucens, also known as black soldier fly (BSF). Insects were reared on chicken manure and food leftovers in a circular economy perspe...
Article
Full-text available
Worldwide, thousands of insect species are consumed as food or are used as feed ingredients. Hermetia illucens, 'black soldier fly', is one of them, and a large amount of puparia and dead adults flies are accumulated during rearing. These materials represent important wastes but no studies are still present in the literature regarding their functio...
Article
Full-text available
Xylotrechus arvicola (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) is a polyphagous xylophagous beetle that is becoming a pest of increasing importance for vineyards in Spain, also because of the wood fungi developing in the galleries excavated by its larvae, which cause a progressive decline of the affected grapevines, until death. Between 1993 and 2015, a...
Article
Le industrie agroalimentari producono ingenti volumi di scarti, alcuni dei quali possono essere utilizzati come substrati per l’allevamento della mosca soldato, dalle cui larve è possibile ricavare nutrienti ad alto valore energetico utilizzabili sia in ambito alimentare-mangimistico, sia come combustibili, sia come ammendanti per l’agricoltura
Article
The cradle to grave Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was applied to the preparation of biomaterials derived from proteins, extracted from Black Soldier Flies (BSFs) prepupae, after the larvae were reared on poultry manure-based organic waste. In order to obtain higher added value biomolecules, extraction represents the fundamental step. Therefore, the e...
Article
Using native North American parasitoid species (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) that often unsuccessfully attack the eggs of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), we assessed variation in traits that may determine the parasitoids’ ability to adapt to the invasive host by either exploiting or avoiding H. haly...
Article
Invasive stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) are responsible for high economic losses to agriculture on a global scale. The most important species, dating from recent to old invasions, include Bagrada hilaris (Burmeister), Halyomorpha halys (Stål), Piezodorus guildinii (Westwood), Nezara viridula (L.), and Murgantia histrionica (Hahn). Bagrada hil...
Article
Full-text available
A protein-based film (PBF), obtained from black soldier fly prepupae proteins, was assessed for its agronomic performance as mulch. PBF was investigated in a potting experiment and compared with Mater-Bi (MB), polyethylene (PE) and bare soil. During the experiment, degraded surface area, weight and thickness of the film, water evaporated from the p...
Article
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The potential utilization of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) as food or feed is interesting due to the nutritive value and the sustainability of the rearing process. In the present study, larvae and prepupae of H. illucens were reared at 20, 27, and 33 °C, to determine whether temperature affects the whole insect microbiota, described using m...
Article
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A bbiamo già visto come le mo-sche soldato (Hermetia illu-cens) svolgano un ruolo im-portante nella ricerca (ne abbiamo parlato a pag. 56 del numero 4 di Waste, in merito al progetto NUTRI-FISH, realizzato dall'Università Politecnica delle Marche). Un altro progetto, che vede l'impiego di questi insetti è BIOECO-FLIES. Finanziato nel quadro del pro...
Article
Full-text available
The black soldier fly Hermetia illucens is gaining growing interest as a tool for the valorisation of bio-waste in a circular economy perspective. Although a wide variety of studies are available for larvae rearing, the indoor breeding of adults still presents a great challenge for industrial purposes. This study was designed to assess the simultan...
Article
The increase of waste, due to the rise of the world population, renders the use of the black soldier fly (BSF; Hermetia illucens) as agri-food leftover biotransformer very attractive. Indeed, feeding on these substrates, BSF is capable of transforming them into valuable fat, proteins, and chitin. The present study is aimed at evaluating different a...
Article
BACKGROUND The total amount of bio‐waste produced annually in the EU by the food and beverage chains is estimated at 37 Mtons. The possibility to use insects for the valorization of by‐products from these value chains may represent a sustainable solution. This study aims at investigating the by‐products obtained from different food chains for the r...
Article
Full-text available
The increased request for poultry meat and eggs of a rising human population requires more efficient and cleaner methods to manage increasing quantities of chicken manure. The black soldier fly Hermetia illucens is known as an efficient bio-converter of organic waste in proteins and fats, with the advantage that the larval frass is supposed to have...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the difficulties associated with detecting and correctly identifying mirids, developing an accurate species identification approach is crucial, especially for potential harmful species. Accurate identification is often hampered by inadequate morphological key characters, invalid and/or outdated systematics, and biases in the molecular data a...
Article
Most of the leftovers from agricultural productions and industrial processing of vegetables are currently discarded as waste, augmenting production costs and environmental impacts. Black soldier flies (BSF) are non-pest insects that can grow on various types of organic materials. The larvae initially act as fast and efficient bioconverters, before...
Presentation
Full-text available
The total amount of bio-waste produced by food and beverage chains is huge due to the rise of the world population and the lack of adequate strategy to manage the problem. The opportunity to use insects as biotransformers of agri-food leftovers is very attractive and represents a sustainable solution in a circular economy framework. This study aim...
Chapter
Improved understanding of the function of insect vibrational signals has spurred development of a vibrational method for mass-trapping the brown marmorated stink bug, which is currently one of the most notorious invasive insect pests. We outline the ongoing research program, which started with the basic description of close-range sexual behaviour t...
Book
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This volume is a self-contained companion piece to Studying Vibrational Communication, published in 2014 within the same series. The field has expanded considerably since then, and has even acquired a name of its own: biotremology. In this context, the book reports on new concepts in this fascinating discipline, and features chapters on state-of-t...
Article
The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is an invasive agricultural and urban pest capable of feeding on over 100 species of host plants. The antennae of this bug play an important role not only in detecting food and mates but also in short-range location of conspecifics when aggregating for diapause. The morphology and distribution of a...
Article
The Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens (L.), Diptera: Stratiomyidae) is an insect whose larvae thrive on agro-industrial by-products. This study reports the first use of black soldier fly larvae processing residue (BSPR) as an innovative ingredient for growing media. BSPR was characterized and evaluated to partially replace commercial peat (CP) i...
Article
Full-text available
The generalist egg parasitoid Anastatus bifasciatus (Geoffroy) (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae) is the most prevalent egg parasitoid of the invasive Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Europe. To assess its efficacy against the pest H. halys and to validate the potential risks for non-target species in a realistic field setting, inundati...
Cover Page
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The cover image, by Elena Costi et al., is based on the Original Contribution Surveying native egg parasitoids and predators of the invasive Halyomorpha halys in Northern Italy DOI: 10.1111/jen.12590.
Article
Full-text available
Species identification is a crucial step in forensic entomology. In several cases the calculation of the larval age allows the estimation of the minimum Post-Mortem Interval (mPMI). A correct identification of the species is the first step for a correct mPMI estimation. To overcome the difficulties due to the morphological identification especially...
Article
Full-text available
The invasive Halyomorpha halys (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) is a key pest of fruits in the Emilia‐Romagna region of Italy. For the development of a sustainable management programme, knowledge of its native natural enemy community and its efficacy is essential. A three‐year field survey was conducted exposing H. halys egg masses in different types of...
Article
Full-text available
Polyphagous phytophagous organisms that shelter in man-made objects have a higher chance of becoming invasive fast-spreading pests, going undetected during phytosanitary checks and travelling with any type of goods. However, if the same organisms are also a household nuisance, they could be used in crowdsourcing surveys aimed at their early detecti...
Preprint
Polyphagous phytophagous organisms that shelter in man-made objects have a higher chance of becoming invasive fast-spreading pests, going undetected during phytosanitary checks and travelling with any type of goods. However, if the same organisms are also a household nuisance, they could be used in crowdsourcing surveys aimed at their early detecti...
Preprint
Polyphagous phytophagous organisms that shelter in man-made objects have a higher chance of becoming invasive fast-spreading pests, going undetected during phytosanitary checks and travelling with any type of goods. However, if the same organisms are also a household nuisance, they could be used in crowdsourcing surveys aimed at their early detecti...
Article
Black soldier fly (BSF, Hermetia illucens) represents a valuable source of biomolecules and it also constitutes an economic way to valorise residual biomasses. BSF prepupae contain high amounts of lipids (37% DM basis). The present investigation aimed at studying the composition of BSF lipids and the effect of killing/storage on their quality. The...
Article
Full-text available
Halyomorpha halys is an invasive stink bug pest originating from East Asia. In Europe, it was first detected in Switzerland in 2004. It is now present in thirteen countries, and seems to be spreading throughout the continent. In Italy, where it has been recorded since 2012, other than being an urban nuisance, it is causing severe damage in commerci...
Chapter
A standard is a technical document approved by a recognized certification body at national or international level, which defines and unifies the characteristics and specifications of a process, product or service, to ensure quality and safe, reliable performances in respect to environment. The use of international standards allows to remove barrier...
Article
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In the view of sustainable management of Rhagoletis cerasi (L.) (Diptera, Tephritidae), a key pest of cherry orchards in Europe, we tested the efficacy of five blends containing male produced volatiles that were used as lures on yellow sticky traps, during a two year field study. Results show a superior efficacy of one of the blends (RC1 = 2-hexano...
Article
Full-text available
Effects of Xylotrechus arvicola (Olivier, 1795) (Coleoptera Cerambycidae) infestation on some parameters of grapevine production in Spain. The wood borer Xylotrechus arvicola has recently become a pest of vineyards in most of the productive winegrowing areas of Spain. The activity of its larvae has important consequences on grapevine production. Di...
Article
Full-text available
Halyomorpha halys is a global invasive species, native to Southeast Asia, that is threatening agriculture in invaded regions. Our objectives were to: 1) establish the attractiveness of semiochemical stimuli paired with field-deployed traps in Europe (Greece, Hungary, Italy, and Switzerland), compared with Maryland, USA, and 2) identify H. halys...
Article
Cutaneous ulcers tend to become chronic and have a profound impact on quality of life. These wounds may become infected and lead to greater morbidity and even mortality. In the past, larvae (ie, maggots) of certain common flies (Lucilia sericata and Lucilia cuprina) were considered useful in ulcer management because they only remove necrotic tissue...
Thesis
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Halyomorpha halys (Stål) was detected in Italy in 2012, it has rapidly spread, causing severe economic loss on fruits and vegetables. Despite this, little is known about the potential predators of H. halys in its invaded range. In laboratory experiments six taxa of predatory or omnivorous insects were evaluated for their capacity to consume eggs, 1...
Article
Full-text available
Questo articolo si propone come un account, un resoconto dell'attività svolta nell'ultimo quinquennio dal gruppo di ricerca del prof. Predieri nel Dipartimento SCVSA UniPR (Dipartimento di Chi-mica, fino al 2016) e tesa a sviluppare materiali so-stenibili per la conservazione (restauro sostenibile [1]) di manufatti ligno-cel-lulosici. I risultati o...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the increasing number of studies on the use of acoustic stimuli to control agricultural pests, this approach is still theoretical. Many insect pests, in particular hemipterans, use vibrational signals for mating communication, and therefore the application of a control strategy based on acoustic interference is a promising option. The Brown...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Since the establishment of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Sta°l) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in North America and Europe, there has been a large, multi-group effort to characterize the composition and impact of the indigenous community of arthropod natural enemies attacking this invasive pest. In this review, we combine 9...
Article
Full-text available
The pest Halyomorpha halys is a recent example of severe worldwide biological invasion. In Italy, after the first detection in 2012, it has rapidly spread and economic damage has already been reported in commercial fruit orchards, eliciting enormous concern for Italian agricultural production. As a long-term solution, biological control investigati...