Lan Xue

Lan Xue
Tsinghua University | TH · School of Public Policy and Management

Ph.D. in Engineering and Public Policy

About

104
Publications
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1,689
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Publications

Publications (104)
Article
As one of the top ten environmental problems to be solved in the world, marine plastic waste and microplastic pollution seriously affect the health of marine ecosystems and the sustainable development of Marine economies. It is necessary to promote the establishment of a scientific and systematic Marine plastic waste and microplastic pollution cont...
Article
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In recent years, many have considered how best to govern increasingly powerful genome editing technologies. Since 2015, more than 60 statements, declarations, and other codes of practice have been published by international organizations and scientific institutions (1). In particular, the 2018 birth of two twins, Lulu and Nana—whose HIV-receptors C...
Preprint
BACKGROUND COVID-19 vaccines are in short supply globally. China was among the first countries to pledge supplies of the COVID-19 vaccine as a global public product, and to date the country has provided more than 600 million vaccines to more than 200 countries and regions with low COVID-19 vaccination rates. To date, however, no research has determ...
Article
Background: COVID-19 vaccines are in short supply globally. China was among the first countries to pledge supplies of the COVID-19 vaccine as a global public product, and to date the country has provided more than 600 million vaccines to more than 200 countries and regions with low COVID-19 vaccination rates. Understanding the public's attitude in...
Article
Building upon the global innovation system (GIS) framework, this paper develops an analytical approach to incorporate data as a foundation-level resource in data-driven innovation systems and to unravel how the interplay of system resources’ spatial characteristics, multi-scalar institutions and actor strategies leads to the emergence of China’s ar...
Article
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Whereas the pivotal role of trust in the adoption of e-government was highlighted in prior research, attention was rarely paid thus far to investigate the role of post-use trust and its impact on citizens’ continuous-use intention of e-government. This study develops a comprehensive model, which consists of antecedents of post-use trust, perceived...
Article
Experts play important roles in global biotech governance. In serving their roles, they are often selected based on their expertise rather than the representativeness of social diversity. However, current biotechnology development generates many value-laden issues. This led us to ask what may affect experts’ attitudes towards such issues, besides e...
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The Lancet COVID-19 Commission Task Force for Public Health Measures to Suppress the Pandemic was launched to identify critical points for consideration by governments on public health interventions to control coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Drawing on our review of published studies of data analytics and modelling, evidence synthesis and cont...
Article
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By a synthesis and contextualisation, and behavioural science evidence and theory on public health interventions from a range of sources, we outline evidence for a range of institutional measures and behaviour-change measures. We cite examples of measures adopted by a range of countries, but especially jurisdictions that have, thus far, achieved lo...
Article
The sectoral system framework has been adopted to study innovation and industrial dynamics in a wide range of sectors. However, recent development of the so-called “fourth industrial revolution” technologies, such as artificial intelligence, cloud computing, additive manufacturing, advanced robotics, Internet of Things, smartphones, and autonomous...
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突发事件协同研判指不同主体对突发事件形成共同认识的过程。新冠肺炎疫情及我国近年来发生的若干突发事件均暴露出我国在跨层级协同研判、专家参与协同研判、跨部门协同研判等方面的短板。本文回顾了心理学、组织研究等领域协同研判研究的进展,梳理了影响突发事件协同研判的个体、组织内、组织间等不同层次的因素,以及研判理论在身体、情绪、物理环境等方面的新进展。基于已有文献和多方获取的经验材料凝练出该领域的关键研究议题,包括一线工作人员风险感知与研判行为研究,专家分布式知识综合研判行为研究,跨部门协同研判行为研究,信息载体对研判行为影响研究等。在研究方法上,可加大对多模态分析技术等新兴方法的使用。
Article
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Rapid responses in the early stage of a new epidemic are crucial in outbreak control. Public holidays for outbreak control could provide a critical time window for a rapid rollout of social distancing and other control measures at a large population scale. The objective of our study was to explore the impact of the timing and duration of outbreak-c...
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There are thousands of earthquakes every year, but most of them are small and are not disasters. This study explored whether non‐destructive earthquake experience affects public risk perception and motivates preparedness. The study respondents were from the Jiaodong Peninsula, China, where more than 20 small earthquakes have occurred during the pas...
Article
The selection of environmental regulation instruments determines the effect of environmental protection. Government can either leave the regulated firms with complete discretion to act according to their own interests, or it can impose regulations taking that discretion away. According to the discretion left to regulated firms by the government, th...
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Raising public awareness of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is a critical prerequisite for their implementation. However, little is known about attitude formation among the public toward SDGs at the national level. We explored this topic in China, a country that has emerged as a leading world economy with strong transformational imperative...
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Emissions trading scheme (ETS) has been adopted by an increasing number of countries and regions for carbon mitigation, but its actual effect depends on specific program design and institutional context. Before launching the world largest ETS, China experimented with seven independent regional pilots, whose effects are only indirectly explored. Her...
Article
Integrating public policy schools from developing countries with public policy school from the West into a global public policy school community will be a gradual and mutual learning process.
Chapter
As an infectious respiratory disease, influenza is prone to cause pandemics for its fast mutation, easy dissemination, susceptibility to humans, and its elusive nature in terms of treatment. Three influenza pandemics occurred in the 20th century which caused huge losses worldwide.
Chapter
The impact of a public health emergency on a society and economy depends upon two factors: one is the harmful nature of the event along with its duration, and the other is the effect of the social response and measures. Both of these factors are wrought with uncertainty. Firstly, the nature of the event itself is uncertain, for example there may be...
Chapter
The foregoing Chaps. 3– 7 have dealt with the five aspects of China’s Influenza A (H1N1) prevention and control efforts respectively, namely, strategies, systems and mechanisms, emergency response measures, costs and benefits, and social comments. This chapter will summarize the evaluation team’s findings in three respects of Influenza A (H1N1) pre...
Chapter
Innovation in institutional mechanisms is a fundamental issue in effectively dealing with public health emergencies. In the wake of the 2003 SARS Epidemic, China initially established a public health emergency management system and an emergency organization and management network, placing emphasis on “government leading, unified command, local mana...
Chapter
Assessments of policy formulation and implementation by domestic and international stakeholders, especially domestic stakeholders, comprise a crucial component of policy evaluation. The end goals of the state’s prevention and control efforts were: to ensure the public health and safety, protect social order, and maintain the status quo in work and...
Chapter
In order to stay up to date on epidemic trends and monitor possible mutations of the virus in the wake of an outbreak, China invested nearly 400 million RMB on testing large amounts of specimens and expanding the influenza monitoring network to include 411 influenza monitoring network laboratories and 556 sentinel hospitals - a network which covere...
Chapter
The first case of Influenza A (H1N1) in China was found in Hong Kong, on May 1st, 2009, where the patient had flown from Mexico to Hong Kong via Shanghai. On May 11th, Sichuan Province reported the first imported Influenza A (H1N1) case in mainland China, and the first domestic case was reported on May 29th.
Book
This book is a third-party evaluation of H1N1 prevention and control effects in China. Based on the characteristic of H1N1 pandemic around the world and current public health management system in China, this book evaluates the comprehensive effects by considering the countermeasures, joint prevent and control mechanism operated by central and local...
Article
China has launched a series of low-carbon policies that promote the diffusion of green technologies, in order to advance what is now the world's largest manufacturing area toward more sustainable and environmentally friendly practices. Specifically, alliances between manufacturers (as one of the policy initiatives) have been set up to expedite tech...
Article
en The time dimension has not attracted enough attention in policy process research in China, yet speed is the most distinctive feature of China’s recent development. This article, based on observations of China’s policy practices, proposes a new research perspective for understanding how the Chinese government has been able to address policy chall...
Article
The BRICS group of countries is widely held to offer the prospect of a new approach to sustainable development, renewable energy and green economic growth in Africa. This paper examines the BRICS’ approach to renewable energy cooperation. It argues that, following a robust declaratory intent, implementation has taken time to achieve but there are s...
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Addressing climate change requires sustained effort from all levels of society. Garnering and maintaining the attention of policy elites can be optimized through understanding what drives their attention to climate change. This study goes beyond the focus on democratic regimes to unravel the dynamics of attention to climate change in China. To do t...
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This study evaluates the effect of the documentary Under the Dome on the concern and responsive behaviors of the public regarding air pollution in China, with two surveys conducted before and after watching the documentary. Employing difference‐in‐differences regression, this study answers two research questions: (1) Does Under the Dome change publ...
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The literature has traditionally regarded the rise and fall of Chinese think tanks as a product of the relaxation or tightening of control over the ideological domain by the Communist Party of China (CPC). However, since 2013, think tanks in China have continued to prosper in spite of the general perception that the ideological domain became more r...
Article
In 2015, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted by all member states of the United Nations. This paper argues that actually implementing the SDGs is far more challenging than reaching agreement to adopt them. To overcome these challenges, a Four‐Step Adaptive Governance Framework was set up to facilitate implementation of these go...
Article
Eco-Industrial Parks are a proven approach that balances environmental protection practices and regional industrial development. However, it is a challenge to relocate small and medium-sized enterprises into industrial parks. Recently in China, there is a new phenomenon where interfirm alliances have started to facilitate local government in promot...
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The Chinese Government attempts to use market-oriented measures, such as energy performance contracts (EPCs) rather than mere policy mandates, to encourage manufacturers to voluntarily adopt green technologies. However, the low use rate of EPCs in existing diffusion projects calls for an in-depth examination. This paper, therefore, aims to invest t...
Article
It is critical for “catching-up” countries to narrow innovation gaps with developed countries by developing emerging industries. This research introduces a data-mining based method to systematically assess the national innovation gap that is specifically for emerging industries. The method examines the five key attributes of emerging industries, in...
Article
Small-and-medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are significant to China’s emission reducation programme. This research aims to improve our understanding of the challenge of diffusing green-manufacturing technologies among SMEs in China. Specifically, this study examines the Chinese Government’s effort to facilitate reduction of energy consumption among...
Article
China’s resource-driven foreign policies have led to closer relations with Africa where mineral resources remain the primary draw for Chinese investment. The expanding Chinese presence in Africa’s extractive industries has been portrayed as dominated by state-owned enterprises with central government sponsorship, taking the form of ‘package-financi...
Article
The concept of global governance first appeared in research on international political governance in the early 1990s. At the time much of the theoretical research on global governance was to some extent isolated from the realities of world development, but since the beginning of the 21th century, global governance research has been turning to real...
Article
Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains worldwide show genetic and phenotypic diversity and their population substructures are greatly affected by their technological application or geographical origins. Msalais is a traditional wine obtained via a unique method of spontaneous fermentation of local boiled grape juice in Southern Xinjiang. We analyzed 436...
Article
China has achieved very impressive economic growth in the past three decades, but this success is unlikely to continue unless future economic growth is based on technological innovation, derived from a strong and sustainable basic research. The Chinese leadership has clearly recognized the need for the development of world-class research universiti...
Article
The prominent feature of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is cell tropism specificity for human fetal nervous system, which leads to severe fetal nervous system damage especially in first-trimester gestation. In this study, human astrocytes isolated from fetal brain were infected with HCMV AD169 and whole genome transcriptome profile was performed. The...
Article
The current technological shift from high to low carbon development coincides with a geographical shift: the rapid expansion of green production and innovation capacity in China and India. This constellation gives rise to the question: to what extent, how and why do the innovation paths in Europe and in Asia differ? The articles in this Special Iss...
Article
In recent years, emerging technologies have been attracting increasing attention, especially when those technology-follower countries attempt to develop new technology-based industries that contribute to their global innovation competitiveness. This paper proposes a framework for strategising and planning the emerging technologies-based industry in...
Article
China built a new National Emergency Management System (NEMS) after the 2003 SARS crisis to cope with the challenges of crisis and disaster management, particularly the challenge of joint sense-making. This article investigates how the NEMS addresses joint sense-making challenges in crisis management. It explores several recent crises in China to u...
Article
An epoxy-functionalized silica support was prepared through 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxylsilane(KH560)modified silica sol in the presence of triblock copolymer F127 (F-560-S). The surface chemistry, micromorphology and pore structure of the supports were characterized by TG, FTIR, SEM and N2 adsorption-desorption, which showed that the BET surface a...
Article
Background: Rectal cancer is an important contributor to cancer mortality. Objective: The objective of this paper is to identify key genes across three phenotypes (fungating, polypoid and polypoid & small-ulcer) of rectal cancer based on multiple differential expression networks (DENs). Methods: Differential interactions and non-differential i...
Article
In recent years, emerging technologies have been attracting increasing attention, especially when those technology-follower countries attempt to develop new technology-based industries that contribute to their global innovation competitiveness. This paper proposes a framework for strategising and planning the emerging technologies-based industry in...
Article
Three-dimensional geological modeling is an important way to realize the breakthrough of deep mineral exploration. This method is based on the three-dimensional modeling of ore-controlling geological bodies, which can directly describe the spatial, genetic and evolutionary relationship between the ore controlling factors. At present, the 3D modelin...
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Public policy has played an important role in the development of wind energy technology. However, compared to the rich literature on the supporting mechanisms for frontrunner countries, little research has focused on the latecomers, especially regarding the catch-up and take-over process. The key policy initiatives that would enable latecomers to f...
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Public participation in environmental impact assessment is recognised as key to sustainable development. However, its role in public projects in China remains limited. The issue of non-participation is explored by focusing on the attitude and capacity of the citizens who experienced the Wuhan-Guangzhou High Speed Railway project through interviews...
Article
As China's engagement in low-income countries has deepened, particularly in Africa, so has criticism of China's development programmes and practices. New developments in Africa and the international aid architecture warrant a re-examination of China's foreign assistance and development architecture, and its capacity in managing this growing engagem...
Article
Emerging industries are attracting increasing attention as they engage in innovation activities that transgress the boundaries of science and technology. Policy makers and industrial communities use roadmapping methods to predict future industrial growth, but the existing bibliometric/workshop methods have limitations when analyzing the full-lifecy...
Article
Based on case studies of multinational R&D centres in China, this paper views the central task of corporate R&D globalisation as: differentiating R&D units to take advantage of location-specific resources and integrating R&D efforts in multiple locations to achieve the whole corporation's goals. Four differentiated R&D units are identified: the tec...
Article
This paper studies the 'catching-up' process of China's emerging wind turbine manufacturing ecosystem, and analyses the dynamics of the shifting collaborative innovation network for the period 1980-2011. We have focused on the leading wind turbine manufacturers [i.e., manufacturers of entire wind turbine system integrators (EWSIs)], as well as manu...
Article
Public administration has undergone a fundamental change in China since Deng Xiaoping initiated a process of openness and reform in the late 1970s. While reform is widespread in Greater China (China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau), only limited scholarship has been conducted to theorize these changes and empirically document them. This is somewhat s...
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This article tries to depict China’s public administration reform as an interactive process between two major themes, domestic reform and global integration. The development and implementation of public administration reforms in China from 1978 to 2008 are reviewed. The driving forces shaping the process of public administration reform in China are...
Article
To promote economic development, Chinese policymakers have implemented many policies to reform their country’s administration and civil service system since the late 1970s. In the area of civil service reform, the Chinese government adopted the Provisional Regulations on State Civil Servants in 1993 and then the Law of Civil Servants in 2005 to emp...
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This article examines recent government reforms in China to identify changes and lessons of the Chinese reform experience. The article provides a review of major government reform concepts and analyzes eight Chinese reform cases in four areas of government: personnel, structure, strategy, and process. These reforms have expanded the objectives and...
Article
Current research on multinational R&D assumes that main R&D is based in the home country and views overseas R&D as additional to the home base. However, case studies in China have found that the base itself is also internationalized. Besides home-based-augmenting, home-based-exploiting, and home-based-replacing discussed in the literature, we have...
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Domestic reform and global integration: public administration reform in China over the last 30 years This article tries to depict China’s public administration reform as an interactive process between two major themes, domestic reform and global integration. The development and implementation of public administration reforms in China from 1978 to 2...
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In the latter part of the 1990s the discussion of the knowledge economy became very intense in China, as a perception arose that China’s continuing development would take place in a quite new world. This discussion was vigorous and influential at the highest level, but became increasingly diffuse, as different participants used concepts in very dif...
Article
Using an analytical framework of the global production network (GPN), the present paper examines the external environment and the internal dynamics of China's integrated circuit (IC) industry. We analyze the transition of China's IC industry from a state-led integrated device manufacturers' model to deeper integration into the GPN. We also explore...
Article
This chapter discusses the catch-up process of China post-1949, especially after the initiative of "Open Doors" since 1978. Domestic firms adapted to the intellectual property right system through gradual innovation, especially using utility models, i.e. petty patents. Even though most Chinese firms have not been able to become true innovators, sev...
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This paper first reviews the evolution of China's IPR system with an emphasis on the patent system, which is mainly shaped by three forces including the transition to a market economy, the opening of the domestic market and the national initiatives for cultivating indigenous innovative capabilities. Then by using some unique data both at the nation...
Article
Since the late 1970s, China has experienced the most rapid and remarkable industrial development in history. The emergence of China, along with India and some other developing countries, potentially challenges Western hegemony in innovation. These challenges are not only for research institutes and universities, the business sector and government;...
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Pushes to globalize science must not threaten local innovations in developing countries, argues Lan Xue.
Article
There is a growing interest in China's think tanks within and outside China. But many questions remain to be answered. How have their roles changed over time? Why are some think tanks more active than others in some areas, but less so in others? To answer such questions, the authors classify China's think tanks according to organisational structure...
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This paper reviewed recent research in environmental governance as a response to environmental challenges at various spatial, temporal and administrative scales. I