Laith Al-Ani

Laith Al-Ani
University of Baghdad · College of Agriculture - Department of plant protection

Doctor of Plant Pathology

About

75
Publications
355,748
Reads
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993
Citations
Citations since 2017
51 Research Items
974 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
Introduction
The aim of my research is to biocontrol of plant pathogens, and induce of plant defences by used several biocontrol agents as well as reduce pathogenicity of plant pathogens, as following: I. Trichoderma, II. Non-pathogenic Fusarium, III. Endophytes, IV. Saprophytes, V. PGPR
Additional affiliations
April 2010 - April 2016
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Position
  • PhD
February 2010 - August 2015
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Position
  • Study
January 2008 - June 2016
school of biology science
Position
  • PhD

Publications

Publications (75)
Article
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Phytophthora infestans is a destructive pathogen in the tropical and the sub-tropical areas of the world. Identification of pathogens is very important to find successful disease control strategies. Here, we isolated and identified P. infestans, as well as, determined the morphological characteristics, on different media. The phenotypic characteris...
Chapter
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Nacobbus aberrans is a plant-parasitic nematode that causes great losses in economically major vegetable crops of the American continent. Crops such as tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.), chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.), potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), and sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) are severely damaged. Nacobbus abe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Nacobbus aberrans is a plant-parasitic nematode that causes great losses in economically major vegetable crops of the American continent. Crops such as tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.), chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.), potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), and sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) are severely damaged. Nacobbus abe...
Article
Full-text available
AimChromium (Cr) is a toxic elements and in high concentrations are phytotoxic. This study aimed to test the combined applications of poultry litter biochar and inorganic-fertilizers to ameliorate Cr toxicity.Methods Biochar, made of poultry litter, was added to Cr contaminated soils (0, 30 and 60 mg kg-1 Cr) either solely or in combination with mi...
Research
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Botrytis cinerea is a plant fungal pathogen causing the grey mold disease of rose ‎‎(Rosa indica L.). Finding new and alternative environment-friendly control strategies than ‎hazardous chemicals on different crop diseases is a crucial and healthy step to cope with ‎the current challenges of climate change. ‎ Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate...
Article
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Less nutrient availability and drought stress are some serious concerns of agriculture. Both biotic and abiotic stress factors have the potential to limit crop productivity. However, several organic extracts obtained from moringa leaves may induce immunity in plants under nutritional and drought stress for increasing their survival. Additionally, s...
Article
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In this review, we supply a framework for the importance of nematophagous fungi (nematophagous fungi [NF]) and their role in agricultural ecosystems.We characterize the taxonomy, diversity, ecology, and type of NF, depending on their interaction with plant- parasitic nematodes (PPNs). We described potential mechanisms of NF in the control of PPNs,...
Preprint
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Drought stress is among the major constraints that threat agricultural productivity within the arid and semi-arid regions, worldwide. In this study, wheat (a strategic crop) was selected to test its growth under drought stress and the mechanisms beyond this adaptation while considering two factors, i.e., (1) deficit irrigation at 35% of the water h...
Article
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Plant growth promoting microbes (PGPMs) play major roles in diverse ecosystems, including atmospheric nitrogen fixation, water uptake, solubilization, and transport of minerals from the soil to the plant. Different PGPMs are proposed as biofertilizers, biostimulants, and/or biocontrol agents to improve plant growth and productivity and thereby to c...
Chapter
Biofilm is an interesting niche for fungi and essential for growth, pathogenicity, and resistance that form high challenges both in current trends and in the future in the management of fungal diseases. Fungi cause many problems for different organisms in several fields such as in agriculture, livestock, and public health. Fungicides are widely uti...
Chapter
Fungi are producing many secondary compounds such as siderophores that play an important role in the agriculture field. Siderophores are an essential compound produced by some fungal communities such as plant growth-promoting fungi (PGPF), biocontrol agent, and phytopathogen during iron deficiency. Iron is an essential compound for the fungi physio...
Chapter
Fungi are very important microorganisms that are potentially utilized in different fields such as in agriculture and others. Fungi interact with plants as a useful factor or harmful factor. Useful fungi display a big role in agriculture sustainability. These fungi are of many types such as endophytic fungi and symbiosis fungi. The role of beneficia...
Article
This study evaluated in vitro the morphology of ten strains of edible mushroom: Pleurotus ostreatus (strains 1123 and 0152), P. eryngii (strains 1290 and 1291), P. cornucopiae (strains 1328 and 1330), Coprinus comatus (strain 1103), Panus sp. (strain 801), Lentinula edodes (strain 401) and L. boryanus (strain 402) on different growing media. In add...
Article
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Fusarium is producing several important mycotoxins including beauvericin (BEA). Two species of Fusarium viz. F. subglutinans and F. sacchari cause the Pokkahboeng disease of sugarcane. The studies on the occurrence and toxicity of BEA are scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the isolates of Fusarium and detect their ability to produce BE...
Chapter
The interactions of plant–microbe enable various types of transformations in the rhizosphere, which might be harmful, neutral, or beneficial. These interactions are proved helpful to plants for enhancing the biological, chemical, and physical properties of soil by facilitating the nutrients balance of the soil. Mutualistic plant–microbe interaction...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper reviewed publications on the nematocidal activity of edible mushrooms (EM) and their potential use as sustainable tools for the control of parasitic nematodes affecting agriculture and livestock industry. Nematodes are organisms living in the soil and animals’ guts where they may live as parasites severely affecting economically i...
Chapter
Technologies are indispensable in our lives; one of the branches of the use of technologies is in agriculture. Today, sustainable and environmentally friendly technologies are necessary. In this task, the use of microorganisms is carried out which helps to provide a benefit to plant crops; in addition, there are biofertilizers, biostimulants, and b...
Chapter
Full-text available
Microbes are present in the surroundings, on the surface, in the rhizosphere, and inside the plant all day. The continuous connection between microbes and plants leads to several interactions between them. The microbes play an important role for the improvement in plant growth and development. Microbes live in the environment of plants and exist on...
Chapter
Biological control agents (BCAs) play an interesting role in improving plant health in the world. BCAs include three groups such as microbes, animals, and plants. The big difference among groups constitutes a difference in the method of enhancing plant health. The first group includes viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi, whereas the second group...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides an outline of the classification of the kingdom Fungi (including fossil fungi. i.e. dispersed spores, mycelia, sporophores, mycorrhizas). We treat 19 phyla of fungi. These are Aphelidiomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiobolomycota, Basidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota, Calcarisporiellomycota, Caulochytriomycota, Chytridiomycota, Entomoph...
Article
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Different essential oils, fungicides and biocontrol agents against Aspergillus niger the causal agent of fruit rot in pomegranate. The importance of survey and sampling were done and the pathogenicity test against Aspergillus niger was performed. The antifungal potential of different essential oils like Laung, Turpentine, Castus root, Neem, Gulab a...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article provides an outline of the classification of the kingdom Fungi (including fossil fungi. i.e. dispersed spores, mycelia, sporophores, mycorrhizas). We treat 19 phyla of fungi. These are Aphelidiomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiobolomycota, Basidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota, Calcarisporiellomycota, Caulochytriomycota, Chytridiomycota, Entomoph...
Book
Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture explores their diverse interactions, including the pathogenic and symbiotic relationship which leads to either a decrease or increase in crop productivity. Focusing on these environmentally-friendly approaches, the book explores their potential in changing climatic conditions. It present...
Chapter
In this chapter we present an overview of the use of molecular techniques applied to beneficial microorganisms as biotechnological tools for the control of pathogens and pests of agricultural plants. The content of the chapter addresses issues such as: agricultural pests, diversity of pests that affect economically important media: viruses, bacteri...
Article
Full-text available
Meloidogyne spp. considered highly dangerous on soybeans. It is very difficult to find the suitable method for controlling without affecting on the environment. Therefore, in this study we used Four treatments with a newly developed Bio-nematicide, BAU-Biofungicide, Bio-nematicide + BAU-Biofungicide including control were tested against root-knot (...
Article
Meloidogyne spp. considered highly dangerous on soybeans. It is very difficult to find the suitable method for controlling without affecting on the environment. Therefore, in this study we used Four treatments with a newly developed Bio-nematicide, BAU-Biofungicide, Bio-nematicide + BAU-Biofungicide including control were tested against root-knot (...
Chapter
The Trichoderma genus is an inhabited the soil and rhizosphere of the host plant. Trichoderma has many useful mechanisms that possible utilize in introducing the best microbe to the plants. The mechanisms comprise parasitism and non parasitism which are affecting the plant enemies. The mechanisms comprise (I) parasitism, (II) producing the secondar...
Chapter
The avirulent strain of plant pathogens is spreading and living with a virulent strain of plant pathogen on the host or nonhost plant in the fields. The existence of many strains of plant pathogens, living in one niche leads the interaction among them. This interaction includes two kind, (A) Antagonism, and (B) Synergism. The useful role of avirule...
Chapter
Endophyte fungi are amazing organisms with the ability to grow inside the host plant, particularly the medicinal plant, without any side effects on the plant tissues. These endophyte fungi can colonize and proliferate without causing any damage to the tissues of the medicinal plant, although many of the fungi genera are isolated from the medicinal...
Chapter
Entomopathogenic fungi are very effective, ecofriendly alternative to the chemical pesticides for the biocontrol of pests and pathogens. Therefore, the focus on entomopathogenic fungi is back for having the high potential in control of insects. Entomopathogenic fungi are exposed to the loss in capabilities or trait in attacking and killing the host...
Chapter
An endophytic fungus is a very great microbe that can grow in all parts of plant, root, stem, leaf, and fruit. These fungi are alive inside the plant as symbiosis or mutualism. Through the life cycle of this type of fungi inside plant is coming from secreting secondary metabolite compounds that possible utilizing for plant and other fields. Many of...
Chapter
Full-text available
The inventors produced the recent patents of Trichoderma in high numbers. The recent patents included many fields not focused on biocontrol only. Although Trichoderma can be alternative method of the chemical pesticides, but it can be also involved in industries and clean the environment. Therefore, the inventors are working on discovery the recent...
Chapter
Full-text available
Many species of Trichoderma produce and secrete chemically diverse, bioactive secondary metabolites against various antagonistic microorganisms, including phytopathogens. Both volatile and non-volatile secondary metabolites are highly efficient for the management of phytopathogens, even under field conditions. Hence, secondary metabolites can be us...
Chapter
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Non-pathogenic Fusarium are spread in different environments such as in soil, in rhizosphere and in planta. Non-pathogenic Fusarium secret many chemically diverse secondary metabolites for competing with other soil microorganisms. The role of secondary metabolites is working together with other modes of action. These mechanisms were comprised of my...
Article
Fusarium proliferatum is a common pathogen for several crop plants and appearing in different climatic zones, and the entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana has been using as biological control agents widely. Wheat flour insect Tribolium confusum is causing economic damage wheat flour in the stores. In this study, the pathogenicity test of F. pr...
Article
Full-text available
Fusarium proliferatum is a common pathogen for several crop plants and appearing in different climatic zones, and the entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana has been using as biological control agents widely. Wheat flour insect Tribolium confusum is causing economic damage wheat flour in the stores. In this study, the pathogenicity test of F. pr...
Article
Full-text available
Fusarium wilt of banana is a very important fungus that caused the destruction of banana trees in the wide world. This strain is forming high dangerous on the banana Farming in many tropical and subtropical countries such as Australia, Malaysia, Jordan, Oman, and Africa (Ploetz, 2006; Ploetz et al., 2015). Fusarium wilt could not be controlled effe...
Chapter
Full-text available
The fungus Trichoderma is spreading throughout different climate zones. Therefore, this enhances the chance to get some isolates having the ability to confront poor conditions. Several extreme conditions affect Trichoderma. In this chapter I focus on important parameters that have large effects on growth, bioactivity, and antagonism as biological c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ICRES 2018, April 28- May 1, 2018 Abstract Book ISBN:978-605-67951-5-2
Chapter
Full-text available
Trichoderma as biological control agents have been widely used against many plant pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, nematodes, and higher parasitic plants. This species of fungi has been considered to be very beneficial for different levels of life. It features remote sensing and is fast in attacking and suppressing the growth of plant p...
Article
Full-text available
Fusarium proliferatum is a common pathogen for several crop plants and appearing in different climatic zones, and the entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana has been using as biological control agents widely. Wheat flour insect Tribolium confusum is causing economic damage to wheat flour in the stores. In this study, the pathogenicity test of F....
Chapter
Full-text available
This book includes 25 contributions from vastly experienced, global experts in PGPR research in a comprehensive and influential manner, with the most recent facts and extended case studies. Also, the chapters address the current global issues in biopesticide research.
Article
Full-text available
This study was done to explore the influence of stem cells on cutaneous wounds in comparison with treatment with methandrostenoloneon drug. Cutaneous wound was induced on the back of each dog using disposable dermal biopsy punches . Twenty five dogs were divided into five groups: 1stgroup (T1) was control. 2nd group (T2) was induced without any tre...
Data
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Tveg1 - Trichoderma harzianum translation elongation
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Fusarium solani
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Trichoderma parareesei
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Article
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This study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of Pseudomonas fluorescens in inducing systemic resistance against cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) in cucumber plants. Seeds and roots were treated by a suspension of Pseudomonas fluorescens followed by seedlings inoculation with CMV at three growth stages; cotyledonary leaves, primary true leaves, an...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of Pseudomonas fluorescens and the chemical fungicides $- aminobutyric acid to Fusarium oxysporum in banana disease has to the biocontrol solution of these bacteria. Under invitro conditions Pseudomonas fluorescens clearly inhibited Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. At a concentration of (50, 200, 250, 350) μg/ml BABA did not inhibited...
Article
Full-text available
Isolation and identification of fungi associated with food grains were carried out on 20 food grains including cereals: wheat, barley, corn, sorghum, fenugreek, millet; legumes: pea, peanut, chickpea, faba bean, kidney bean, cowpea, red and green lentil; oil-producing seeds, walnut, almond, hazelnut, sesame, pistachio and two animal feeds: diet and...
Article
Full-text available
Isolation and identification of fungi associated with food grains were carried out on 20 food grains including cereals: wheat, barley, corn, sorghum, fenugreek, millet; legumes: pea, peanut, chickpea, faba bean, kidney bean, cowpea, red and green lentil; oil-producing seeds, walnut, almond, hazelnut, sesame, pistachio and two animal feeds: diet and...

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Projects (10)
Project
The release of a new journal: Journal title: Journal of Applied Research in Plant Sciences (JOARPS) ISSN(online): 2708-3004 ISSN(print): 2708-2997 Frequency: 4 issues per year Established: 2020 DOI: https://doi.org/10.38211 The Journal of Applied Research in Plant Sciences publishes original research work in the broad areas of Agriculture sciences. The scope of the journal includes, but is not limited to: Plant Pathology Entomology Plant Protection Plant Breeding and Genetics Agronomy Microbiology Plant Physiology Soil Sciences Horticulture Agricultural Education Extension Agricultural Economics Environmental Biotechnology Plant Biotechnology, as well as Applied sciences related to the Agricultural practices. The journal welcomes all types of research work including: Original research papers Survey papers Review papers as well as Short communication papers and mini-reviews. The Journal publishes four issues per year. All the submitted manuscripts are subjected to a strict double-blind peer review process. For the detailed information on the submission, please see (www.joarps.org)
Project
The release of a new journal: The Journal of current research in Plant Sciences is a research publication; Journal publishes original work ‎in the fields of plant sciences comprising Biotechnology, Biochemical Engineering, Applied Genetics, ‎Applied Microbiology and cell physiology, Enivronemental microbiology, Environmental Biotechnology, ‎Plant Biotechnology, Plant Pathology, Entomology, Plant Breeding, Agronomy as well as Applied Sciences ‎related to Agricultural Practices . All papers are offered for scrutinizing by two referees of international and ‎national standing in secret. Articles are ‎accepted for publication on the condition that these are contributed ‎solely to the Journal of current research ‎in Plant Sciences.‎
Project
Determine the ability of Mycorrhizae against plant diseases