Lai Xu

Lai Xu
Bournemouth University | BU

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102
Publications
26,213
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (102)
Chapter
Full-text available
Sustainable industry is a part of The European Green Deal, which aims to achieve the EU’s climate and environmental goals based on the circular economy. Digital twins are important technologies for realizing industry 4.0 and related sectors. In this paper, we looked at building the DTs for manufacturing, healthcare and construction industrial secto...
Chapter
Simulation is a significant tool that can be used to evaluate, monitor and enhance the processes and to predict the behaviour of a system in a particular scenario. Collaborative processes involving multiple organisations are becoming important in the changing landscape of the manufacturing industry towards industry 4.0. Simulating these processes r...
Chapter
In Industry 4.0 manufacturing collaborative network, product design processes, manufacturing processes, maintenance processes should be integrated across different factories and enterprises. The collaborative manufacturing network 4.0 allows the amalgamation of manufacturing resources in multiple organizations to operate processes in a collaborativ...
Chapter
Coronavirus pandemic has changed our lives and is likely to have a lasting impact on our economic development, i.e., industry and services. Most organisations must change their businesses and services to comply with the strategies and rules published by the governments of different countries for providing agility, sustainability, and resilience in...
Article
Full-text available
The Industry 4.0 paradigm is the focus of modern manufacturing system design. The integration of cutting-edge technologies such as the Internet of things, cyber–physical systems, big data analytics, and cloud computing requires a flexible platform supporting the effective optimization of manufacturing-related processes, e.g., predictive maintenance...
Chapter
The H2020 FIRST project addresses the virtual factories, which are digital abstractions of real factories. The exploitation of virtual factories enables interoperability between real components inside a factory as well as between different factories belonging to the same supply chain. Moreover, virtual factories can be exploited to manage and compo...
Chapter
Evidently, COVID-19 has changed our lives and is likely to make a lasting impact on our economic development and our industry and services. With the ongoing process of digital transformation in industry and services, Collaborative Networks (CNs) is required to be more efficient, productive, flexible, resilient and sustainable according to change of...
Chapter
In Industry 4.0 context, manufacturing related processes e.g. design processes, maintenance processes are collaboratively processed across different factories and enterprises. The state i.e. operation, failures of production equipment tools could easily impact on the collaboration and related processes. This complex collaboration requires a flexibl...
Article
Full-text available
The data interoperation between VF (virtual factory) platform and MES (Manufacturing Execution System) plays an important role in intelligent factory construction. The study focuses on the integration strategy between the VF and the MES by incorporating VF manufacturing assets in two ways, i.e., vertical integration (used for production line perfor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
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The core problem of the application of MES (Manufacturing Execution System) in intelligent manufacturing systems is integration, which solves the problem of the data interoperation between the distributed manufacturing systems. The previous researches on MES integration rarely considered the problem of system data security access. A three-level dat...
Chapter
Industry 4.0 has shifted the manufacturing related processes from conventional processes within one organization to collaborative processes across different organizations. For example, product design processes, manufacturing processes, and maintenance processes across different factories and enterprises. This complex and competitive collaboration r...
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Compliance to regulatory requirements is key to successful collaborative business process execution. The review of the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) brought to the fore the need to comply with data privacy.
Chapter
Compliance to regulatory requirements is key to successful collaborative business process execution. The review of the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) brought to the fore the need to comply with data privacy. Access control and authorization mechanisms in workflow management systems based on roles, tasks, and attributes do not sufficie...
Chapter
Full-text available
Production processes are nowadays fragmented across different companies and organized in global collaborative networks. This is the result of the first wave of globalization that, among the various factors, was enabled by the diffusion of Internet-based Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) at the beginning of the years 2000. The recent...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents a new method for autonomous computer aided process planning (A-CAPP) in intelligent manufacturing system, in which the related input and output of the system are discussed on the basis of comparative analysis of traditional CAPP. The crucial functional components of the A-CAPP system, such as event scheduling management, manufac...
Article
Full-text available
Collaborative business process management allows for the automated coordination of processes involving human and computer actors. In modern economies, it is increasingly needed for this coordination to be not only within organizations but also to cross organizational boundaries. The dependence on the performance of other organizations should, howev...
Article
Full-text available
Collaborative business processes are increasingly driven by business flexibility and agility. Cloud-based business process management services have provided small medium enterprises (SMEs) with a pay-per-use manner for their daily business needs, i.e. some simple business process applications, e.g. salesforce provides cloud-based CRM to boost SMEs'...
Conference Paper
Industry 4.0 is a key strategic trend of the economy. Virtual factories are key building blocks for Industry 4.0 where product design processes, manufacturing processes and general collaborative business processes across factories and enterprises are integrated. In the context of EU H2020 FIRST (vF Interoperation suppoRting buSiness innovaTion) pro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The internet and pervasive technology like the Internet of Things (i.e. sensors and smart devices) have exponentially increased the scale of data collection and availability. This big data not only challenges the structure of existing enterprise analytics systems but also offer new opportunities to create new knowledge and competitive advantage. Bu...
Conference Paper
Identifying services is one of the most important step in developing service-oriented business systems. Existing service identification methods still have some shortcomings, e.g. unrepeatable approach, inapplicable to all enterprise information systems and unadaptable to business factor change. Some approaches focus on fixed cases or certain types...
Conference Paper
Process management allows for the automated coordination of processes involving human and computer actors. In modern economies it is increasingly needed for this coordination to be not only within organizations but also to cross organizational boundaries. The dependence on the performance of other organizations should however be limited, and the co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Logistics section is one of the most important industrial sections to contribute to European economy. To improving efficiency and energy efficient of logistics, European Commission call new research theme ‘smart, green and integrated transport’ in its H2020 program. The paper presents a version on providing a cloud based platform for supporting big...
Conference Paper
Big data is nowadays progressively turned into a valuable asset. The ability to produce insights from data, and exploit them into actionable opportunities has increasingly made a great impact on the industries. Thus, the organizations recognize the significant advantage of their enormous data and try to make sense of it. The insurance sector is con...
Conference Paper
Since the trend of adopting SOA into enterprise application, the needs for definition and identification of services has been recognised. There is a growing body of research carried out on the identification of different types of services. Identifying right granularity services is important: if the service is of large size, it goes against the reus...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Over dozens of years, applying new IT technologies into organizations has always been a big concern for business. Big data certainly is a new concept exciting business. To be able to access more data and empower to analysis big data requires new big data platforms. However, there still remains limited reference architecture for big data systems. In...
Conference Paper
Cloud based Business Process Management (BPM) systems have provided SMEs with BPM in a pay-per-use manner. Previous work has focused on looking at cloud based BPM from the perspectives of distribution of data, activity or/and process engine and related issues, such as scalability of system, security of data, distribution of data and activities. To...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper explores the support provided by big data systems developed in the cloud for empowering modern logistics services through fostering synergies among 3/4PL (third / fourth party logistics) in order to establish interoperable or highly integrated and sustainable logistics supply chain services. However, big data applications could have limi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The manufacturing industry is entering a new era. This emerging era starts with the integration of new ICT technologies and collaboration applications into traditional manufacturing practices and processes, such as manufacturing 2.0. Manufacturing 2.0 has been conceptualised as a system that goes beyond the factory floor, and paradigms of “manufact...
Article
Full-text available
Business Process Management (BPM) systems have been deployed in many large organizations to improve their business effectiveness and efficiency. Cloud based BPM systems have provided SMEs using BPM in a pay-per-use manner. Previous work has focused on looking at cloud based BPM from the perspectives of distribution of data, activity or/and business...
Conference Paper
Due to its intrinsic advantages such as the ability to automatically handle complex shapes and topological changes, the level set method has been widely used in image segmentation. Nevertheless, in addition to be computational expensive, it has the limitation to very often lead to a local minimum because of the energy functional to be minimized is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Business process models can help to improve process visibility and shared understanding, particularly across internal and external stakeholders. By supporting knowledge transfer and enhancing documentation, they aid compliance and ultimately improve software quality. However, many current process modelling approaches and tools require significant l...
Conference Paper
From Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster to the recent India blackout, industrial incidents are inevitable and once occurred, their impact on the society and economy can be catastrophic. In an end user perspective, reducing such impact relies on not only efficient service recovery but also effective public communications. To achieve the latter, it r...
Chapter
In this chapter, the authors explore fundamental links between business process management and Web services. The authors discuss how service technologies can extend traditional business process management into a cross-organizational environment (i.e., over Internet) to face the fast changing world. Particularly, the authors discuss the issues of bu...
Book
As businesses are continuously developing new services, procedures, and standards, electronic business has emerged into an important aspect of the science field by providing various applications through efficiently and rapidly processing information among business partners. Research and Development in E-Business through Service-Oriented Solutions h...
Conference Paper
Business Process Management (BPM) systems have been deployed in many large organisations to improve their business effectiveness and efficiency. Cloud-based BPM systems have provided SMEs using BPM in a pay-per-use manner. Previous work has focused on looking at Cloud-based BPM from the perspectives of distribution of data, activity or/and business...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Virtual enterprise (VE) relies on resource sharing and collaboration across geographically dispersed and dynamically allied businesses in order to better respond to market opportunities. It is generally considered that effective data integration and management is crucial to realise the value of VE. This paper describes a cloud-based data integratio...
Conference Paper
An important aspect of support for distributed work is to enable users at different sites to work collaboratively; models need to be accessible by more than one user at a time allowing them to modify them independently from each other supporting parallel evolution [1]. As design is a largely creative process users also use layout to convey meaning....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cloud computing is a new paradigm for emerging technology in the computing and IT industries. Cloud computing offers a new pathway for business agility and supports a faster time to market by offering ready-to-consume cloud-based IT services. SMEs can wisely take advantage of the cloud computing services, without the need for upfront costs. The per...
Article
Full-text available
As business environments change rapidly, the ability to quickly set up a collaborative automated business processes is desirable. Collaborative business processes are increasingly driven by business agility, adaptability and flexibility, particularly in a modern manufacturing enterprise environment. Traditionally, collaborative business processes a...
Conference Paper
Much work has been done in both industry and academia on filtering for research literature, however most existing studies have their limitations in coping with the inherent characteristics of research literature search, i.e., most articles attract very few readers among all the researchers, and the recommendations are often circulated through membe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The ever-increasing need for flexibility of business collaborations that ultimately involve a large number of virtual enterprises puts demands on their design. Competitive markets require the collaborations to be highly agile, effective, and efficient. This paper defines Internet scale virtual enterprise collaborations (ISVECs) as well as their cha...
Chapter
Full-text available
The ability to rapidly find potential business partners as well as rapidly set up a collaborative business process is desirable in the face of market turbulence. Traditional linking of business processes has a large ad hoc character. Implementing service-oriented business process mashup in an appropriate way will deliver the collaborative business...
Article
Full-text available
Mashups combine web 2.0 and web services technology to provide end-user programming on the web. We explore how the existing data-oriented functionality can be extended for enterprise use. In particular to support business processes. Completing this, a design of a process-oriented enterprise mashup system is presented.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Service oriented architecture (SOA) promotes highly standardized, loosely coupled and Web-enabled services to foster rapid, low-cost and easy composition of distribute applications. Critical to SOA software development is to acquire users' requirements and to provide service analysis and design techniques for identifying, conceptualizing, profiling...
Article
Full-text available
In the field of software architecture, a paradigm shift is occurring from describing the outcome of architecting process to describing the Architectural Knowledge (AK) created and used during architecting. Many AK models have been defined to represent domain concepts and their relationships, and they can be used for sharing and reusing AK across or...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper introduces a requirements framework intended to guide novice web developers. The work is based on two earlier studies which found that the requirements phase is not well served in web development methods and that there is no agreed set of requirements from practitioners as to what they would like to see in a web development method. The r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mashup is a new web 2.0 technology for data aggregation applications, combining data from different sources to create valuable information. The uses of mashups are often more data related than process related. In this paper, we explore the differences between data-oriented mashups and process-oriented enterprise mashups and consider how process mas...
Conference Paper
The Internet and related technologies have created an interconnected world in which we can exchange information easily, process tasks collaboratively, and form communities among users with similar interests. This allows improved efficiency and performance. Mashups, a new web 2.0 technology, have become very important as Web applications to perform...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Internet and related technologies have created an interconnected world in which we can exchange information easily, process tasks collaboratively, and form communities among users with similar interests. This allows improved efficiency and performance. Allowing business users to model their needs is a trend of business process modelling. Based...
Chapter
Full-text available
The ability to rapidly find potential business partners as well as rapidly set up a collaborative business process is desirable in the face of market turbulence. Collaborative business processes are increasingly dependent on the integration of business information systems. Traditional linking of business processes has a large ad hoc character. Impl...
Chapter
A decade ago, IT — through its innovations in business process reengineering — led the way in breaking down the inefficiencies within companies. Firms in the new millennium now face relentless pressure to perform better, faster, cheaper, while maintaining a high level of guaranteed results. Firms must thus focus on their core competencies and outso...
Chapter
A decade ago, IT — through its innovations in business process reengineering — led the way in breaking down the inefficiencies within companies. Firms in the new millennium now face relentless pressure to perform better, faster, cheaper, while maintaining a high level of guaranteed results. Firms must thus focus on their core competencies and outso...
Article
Full-text available
Requirements engineering is essentially a social collaborative activity in which involved stakeholders have to closely work together to communicate, elicit, negotiate, define, confirm, and finally come up with the requirements for the system to be implemented or upgraded. In the development of large and complex systems, with a huge number of uncert...
Article
The Internet has continually changed our life. Social software is viewed as a set of web-based applications that allow users to interact and share data with each other. Mashups, a new web 2.0 technology, have become very important as Web applications to facilitate communities users with similar interests to achieve efficiency and improved performan...
Article
Full-text available
Collaborative business process can become unreliable when business partners collaborate in a peer- based fashion without central control. Therefore, reliability checking becomes an important issue that needs to be dealt with for any generic solution in managing business collaboration. In this paper, we propose a novel Choreographical Business Trans...
Chapter
To remain competitive, enterprises have to integrate their business processes with their customers, suppliers, and business partners. Increasing collaboration includes not only a global multi-national enterprise, but also an organization with its relationship to and business processes with its business partners. Standards and technologies permit bu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mashups, a new Web 2.0 technology provide the ability for easy creation of Web-Based applications by end-users. The uses of the mashups are often consumer related. In this paper we explore how mashups can be used in the enterprise area and hat the criteria for enterprise mashups are. We provide categories for the classification of enterprise mashup...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In solving the global obesity epidemic the realization has come that it is mainly an issue of behavioral change. Benefits have been shown in personalizing the information that induces these changes. At the same time obesity is a heavily researched field in which new discoveries are made every day. This brings the need for maintainability of these p...
Chapter
Organizations in the new millennium face relentless pressure to perform better, faster and cheaper, while maintaining high level of guaranteed results. To remain competitive, enterprises have to integrate their business processes with those of their customers, suppliers and business partners. Increasing collaboration is not only relevant within a g...
Chapter
A decade ago, IT — through its innovations in business process reengineering — led the way in breaking down the inefficiencies within companies. Firms in the new millennium now face relentless pressure to perform better, faster, cheaper, while maintaining a high level of guaranteed results. Firms must thus focus on their core competencies and outso...
Chapter
To remain competitive, enterprises have to integrate their business processes with their customers, suppliers, and business partners. Increasing collaboration includes not only a global multi-national enterprise, but also an organization with its relationship to and business processes with its business partners. Standards and technologies permit bu...
Article
Both the impact of software on life and our dependence on software is rapidly increasing. Using product software is an everyday phenomenon and product software is a major worldwide industry. Yet, there are very few scientific studies reported on the engineering of product software specifically. In this paper, we discuss specifics of the software bu...
Conference Paper
E-contracts have been broadly used to improve business-to-business collaboration. Different e-contracting activities have been identified to support e-contract establishment and e-contract fulfillment. In virtual organization domain, there exist different types of virtual organizations. Each of them has different purposes, missions and goals. As an...
Article
To remain competitive, enterprises have to integrate their business processes with their customers, suppliers, and business partners. Increasing collaboration includes not only a global multi-national enterprise, but also an organization with its relationship to and business processes with its business partners. Standards and technologies permit bu...