Ladislav Mucina

Ladislav Mucina
Murdoch University · Harry Butler Institute

Professor

About

448
Publications
385,403
Reads
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13,772
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - present
Murdoch University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
March 2013 - December 2018
University of Western Australia
Position
  • Professor (Full)
July 2009 - February 2013
Curtin University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Research Professor in Biodiversity Science and Targeted Senior Research Fellow
Education
June 1989 - February 1990
Technische Universität Berlin
Field of study
  • Botany
December 1979 - May 1983
Slovak Academy of Sciences
Field of study
  • Geobotany (Vegetation Ecology)
July 1979 - November 1979
Comenius University Bratislava
Field of study
  • Geobotany (Vegetation Ecology)

Publications

Publications (448)
Article
The taxonomy and systematics of Urgineoideae (Hyacinthaceae) have been controversial in recent decades with contrasting taxonomic treatments proposed based on preliminary and partial studies that have focused on morphology and/or solely plastid DNA sequence data. Some authors have recognised only two genera, with a very broadly conceived Drimia, wh...
Article
Classical theory identifies resource competition as the major structuring force of biotic communities and predicts that: (i) levels of dominance and richness in communities are inversely related, (ii) narrow niches allow dense ‘packing’ in niche space and thus promote diversity, and (iii) dominants are generalists with wide niches, such that locall...
Article
Full-text available
The first comprehensive checklist of European phytosociological alliances, orders and classes (EuroVegChecklist) was published by Mucina et al. (2016, Applied Vegetation Science). However, this checklist did not contain detailed information on the distribution of individual vegetation types. Here we provide the first maps of all alliances in Europe...
Article
Full-text available
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are a ubiquitous group of plant symbionts, yet processes underlying their global assembly — in particular the roles of dispersal limitation and historical drivers — remain poorly understood. Because earlier studies have reported niche conservatism in AM fungi, we hypothesized that variation in taxonomic community c...
Article
Organisms on our planet form spatially congruent and functionally distinct communities, which at large geographical scales are called “biomes”. Understanding their pattern and function is vital for sustainable use and protection of biodiversity. Current global terrestrial biome classifications are based primarily on climate characteristics and func...
Article
Recent molecular phylogenetic studies showed that the genus Sansevieria (excluding S. sambiranensis) forms a monophyletic clade nested within the paraphyletic genus Dracaena. Consequently, the genus Sansevieria was sunk into the genus Dracaena and new combinations were published to accommodate the transfer of taxa from Sansevieria into Dracaena. Si...
Article
1. Negative conspecific interactions have been shown to promote diversity in plant communities, as have some heterospecific interactions such as intransitive competition and facilitation. However, it is unclear whether combinations of conspecific and other heterospecific interactions can also promote diversity in plant communities. We therefore inv...
Article
In the present study, we tested the chronological and geographic origins of the mostly arid Australian Ptilotus (Amaranthaceae) and its close relatives (i.e. the ‘aervoids’) by reconstructing a dated phylogeny with near-comprehensive sampling for Ptilotus and estimating ancestral geographic ranges. We investigated climatic niche evolution within Pt...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing biodiversity status and trends in plant communities is critical for understanding, quantifying and predicting the effects of global change on ecosystems. Vegetation plots record the occurrence or abundance of all plant species co‐occurring within delimited local areas. This allows species absences to be inferred, information seldom provid...
Article
Full-text available
Many plant species native to Europe have naturalized worldwide. We tested whether the phylogenetic structure of the species pools of European habitats is related to the proportion of species from each habitat that has naturalized outside Europe (habitat’s donor role) and whether the donated species are more phylogenetically related to each other th...
Article
The forests of South Africa and the neighbouring countries, including Lesotho, eSwatini, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique (south of the Zambezi River), were mapped and classified according to the global system of biomes. The new four-tier hierarchical biome system suggested in this paper includes zonobiome, global biome, continental biom...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents description protocols of 13 new associations, 12 alliances, and 1 order of the Algerian forest and forest-associated vegetation of the classes Quercetea ilicis, Junipero-Pinetea sylvestris, Quercetea pubescentis, Alno glutinosae-Populetea albae, Alnetea glutinosae, Franguletea and Nerio-Tamaricetea.
Data
Figure S1: Global principal component analysis (PCA) of the world environmental conditions. The PCA is based on the matrix of all terrestrial grid cells (n = 8,384,404, spatial grain = 2.5 arcmin) by 30 environmental variables. The PCA space represents the full environmental space of all terrestrial habitats on Earth, irrespective of whether a grid...
Code
This demo illustrates how to import and manipulate sPlotOpen data to create some basic graphics or tables together with a reference list.
Article
Full-text available
The taxonomic identity and phylogenetic relationships of several South African perennial taxa often synonymised to the European Spergularia media are discussed. In particular, the case of Arenaria glandulosa Jacq., a species described as native to the Cape region of South Africa, was revisited. We found this taxon to be a Spergularia, endemic to sa...
Article
Vegetation patterns of are the result of environmental drivers operating across a range of ecological and evolutionary scale.
Article
Questions What are the functional trade‐offs of vascular plant species in global alpine ecosystems? How is functional variation related to vegetation zones, climatic groups and biogeographic realms? What is the relative contribution of macroclimate and evolutionary history in shaping the functional variation of alpine plant communities? Location G...
Article
Long‐term studies of vegetation recovery following post‐mining restoration in low productivity, high stress areas are limited, but essential for understanding underlying ecological processes and evaluating management practices. This study's goal was to describe temporal patterns of recovery (up to 37 years) in vegetation structure, floristic divers...
Article
A new species, Spergularia quartzicola, is described from the quartz outcrops of Knersvlakte (Namaqualand, South Africa). It was sometimes confused with S. media because of perennial habit and white flowers, but the new species differs by the subshrubby, strongly woody at base, habit (vs. herbaceous, suffruticose at the base); the leaves with a lon...
Article
Full-text available
The arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are a globally‐distributed group of soil organisms that play critical roles in ecosystem function. However, the ecological niches of individual AM fungal taxa are poorly understood. We collected >300 soil samples from natural ecosystems worldwide and modelled the realized niches of AM fungal virtual taxa (VT; a...
Article
Full-text available
The unigeneric tribe Heliophileae encompassing more than 100 Heliophila species is morphologically the most diverse Brassicaceae lineage. The tribe is endemic to southern Africa, confined chiefly to the southwestern South Africa, home of two biodiversity hotspots (Cape Floristic Region and Succulent Karoo). The monospecific Chamira ( C. circaeoides...
Article
Full-text available
Aim The EUNIS Habitat Classification is a widely used reference framework for European habitat types (habitats), but it lacks formal definitions of individual habitats that would enable their unequivocal identification. Our goal was to develop a tool for assigning vegetation‐plot records to the habitats of the EUNIS system, use it to classify a Eur...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores which traits are correlated with fine-scale (0.25 m 2) species persistence patterns in the herb layer of old-growth forests. Four old-growth beech forests representing different climatic contexts (presence or absence of summer drought period) were selected along a north-south gradient in Italy. Eight surveys were conducted in ea...
Article
Full-text available
Procheş (2020) criticism of Mucina's (2019) research review on the evolution of the biome concept raises several points. It argues that that evolutionary history is a tool reserved for delimiting phytochoria (phytogeographic regions) and it is not appropriate for biomes. Procheş notes that the'only things biomes and kingdoms [phytochoria] have in c...
Article
Question Habitat‐specific species pools are shaped by ecological and evolutionary processes such as speciation, extinction, and migration. However, their role is poorly known because of the lack of robust data on species pools across a large number of plant community types and large areas. Here, we analyse a unique dataset of species pools of diagn...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Kalusová, V., Chytrý, M., Padullés, J.C., Dawson, W., Essl, F., Fristoe, T., van Kleunen, M., Kreft, H., Mucina, L., Pergl, J., Pyšek, P., Weigelt, P., Winter, M. & Lososová, Z. 2020. Phylogenetic relatedness of alien plants depends on their donor habitats. 11th International Conference on Biological Invasions: The Human Role in Biological Invasion...
Article
Background and aims: The idea that genome (size) evolution in eukaryotes could be driven by environmental factors is still vigorously debated. In extant plants, genome size correlates positively with stomatal size, leading to the idea that conditions enabling the existence of large stomata in fossil plants also supported growth of their genome siz...
Article
This report presents the European Weed Vegetation Database, a new database of vegetation plots documenting short-lived vegetation of arable and ruderal habitats from Europe and Macaronesia. The database comprises the phytosociological classes Papaveretea rhoeadis, Sisymbrietea, Chenopodietea and Digitario sanguinalis-Era-grostietea minoris. It is a...
Article
Full-text available
The 4th edition of the International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature (ICPN) was prepared by the Steering Committee of the IAVS Working Group for Phytosociological Nomenclature (GPN). The edition consists of 14 Definitions, 7 Principles, 53 Articles, and 7 Appendices. When compared with the previous edition, the main amendments are (1) the ac...
Article
Full-text available
Vegetation maps are essential tools for the conservation and management of landscapes as they contain essential information for informing conservation decisions. Traditionally, maps have been created using field-based approaches which, due to limitations in costs and time, restrict the size of the area for which they can be created and frequency at...
Article
We present a formal classification of thermophilous oak forests of the steppe and forest-steppe zones of Ukraine and Russia. Using 45 sources (synoptic tables; some from Central and Western Europe were also included for comparative purposes), we classified the data using cluster analyses, followed by post-classification tools aimed at formal identi...
Data
Publisher: Dryad https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9kd51c5cb Citation Tsakalos, James. L et al. (2020), Data from: Trait-based formal definition of plant functional types and functional communities in the multi-species and multi-traits context, v4, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.9kd51c5cb Abstract The concepts of traits, plant functional types...
Article
Full-text available
Plant traits—the morphological, anatomical, physiological, biochemical and phenological characteristics of plants—determine how plants respond to environmental factors, affect other trophic levels, and influence ecosystem properties and their benefits and detriments to people. Plant trait data thus represent the basis for a vast area of research sp...
Article
The concepts of traits, plant functional types (PFT), and functional communities are effective tools for the study of complex phenomena such as plant community assembly. Here, we (1) suggest a procedure formalising the classification of response traits to construct a PFT system; (2) integrate the PFT, and species compositional data to formally defi...
Article
We examined local and regional contribution on the grasslands dominated by Lygeum spartum from Southern Europe and North Africa to produce a formalised classification of this vegetation and to identify main factors driving its plant species composition. Mediterranean Basin and Iberian Peninsula. We used a dataset of 728 relevés, which were resample...
Poster
Full-text available
Classification of arable weed and annual ruderal vegetation according to phytosociological school of Braun Blanquet has been changing from its beginnings in the late 1920s. Using vegetation plot data with a complete list of species and their abundances, several hierarchical classification systems were proposed, influenced by the geographical region...
Article
Plantago sect. Coronopus contains our two focal species (P. coronopus L., P. crassifolia Forssk.), both with an overall conspicuous bi‐hemispheric distribution range (Mediterranean and Middle Eastern regions in the Northern Hemisphere and South Africa in the Southern Hemisphere). We have evaluated up to 27 morphological characters from 96 herbarium...
Article
Refugia are key environments in biogeography and conservation. Because of their unique eco-evolutionary formation and functioning, they should display distinct functional trait signatures. However, comparative trait-based studies of plants in refugia and non-refugia are lacking. Here, we provide a comparison between resource-rich (putative microref...
Article
Full-text available
A new species of Limonium from Namaqualand coast, South Africa is here described and named L. dagmarae. Shared morphological characters with related South African species place the new species within L. sect. Circinaria. Evidence is presented to segregate the new species from relatives based on discrete morphological and environmental characters. T...
Article
Full-text available
Biome is and remains a key community ecological and biogeographical concept and as such profited from overall progress of community ecology which was punctuated by two major innovations: shifting focus from pure pattern description to understanding functionality, changing approach from observational to explanatory and, most importantly, from descri...
Article
The nature of community patterns and environmental drivers in kwongan mediterranean‐type shrubland on nutrient‐poor soils occurring in Western Australia remain poorly examined. We aimed to determine whether (i) classification of the kwongan vegetation of the northern Swan Coastal Plain would be ecologically informative and (ii) which environmental...
Article
Full-text available
As part of a taxonomic revision of tribe Urgineeae, and informed by morphological and phylogenetic evidence obtained in the last decade, we present 17 new combinations in Austronea, Indurgia, Schizobasis, Tenicroa, Thuranthos, Urgineopsis, and Vera-duthiea. These are for taxa recently described in Drimia sensu latissimo or otherwise named during th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Global change impacts on the Earth System are typically evaluated using biome classifications based on trees and forests. However, during the Cenozoic, many terrestrial biomes were transformed through the displacement of trees and shrubs by grasses. While grasses comprise 3% of vascular plant species, they are responsible for more than 25% of terre...
Article
Global change impacts on the Earth System are typically evaluated using biome classifications based on trees and forests. However, during the Cenozoic, many terrestrial biomes were transformed through the displacement of trees and shrubs by grasses. While grasses comprise 3% of vascular plant species, they are responsible for more than 25% of terre...
Article
Cotula is a large genus of ca. 50 species, centred in the Cape Floristic Region of South Africa, but also extending into tropical Africa, Eurasia, Australia as well as the Americas. The urgent need for a taxonomic treatment of Cotula has long been acknowledged, with no formal revision available. To this end, a taxonomic revision of the Cotula turbi...
Poster
Full-text available
Ecological traits provide many characters that are not, or are only informally, evaluated in traditional taxonomy. Such traits may provide supporting evidence for lineage separation, particularly among closely related taxa, and help elucidate the role of natural selection on their populations and evolution. The Australian genus Ptilotus (Amarantha...
Article
Background. Refugia are island-like habitats that are linked to long-term environmental stability and, as a result, high endemism. Conservation of refugia and endemism hotspots should be based on a deep ecological and evolutionary understanding of their functioning, which remains limited. Although functional traits can provide such insights, a corr...
Article
The evolutionary history of the dracaenoid genera Dracaena and Sansevieria (Asparagaceae, Nolinoideae) remains poorly resolved, despite long-recognised issues with their generic boundaries and increased attention paid by both horticulturalists and taxonomists. In this study we aim to: (1) elucidate evolutionary relationships within and between Drac...
Article
Full-text available
Thesium nautimontanum M.A. García, Nickrent & Mucina, a new species from the Matroosberg Mt. of Western Cape Province of South Africa, is described and illustrated. This species shows several morphological features unusual for the genus including stem sympodial branching, indeterminate spicate inflorescences subtended by numerous bracts and fleshy,...
Article
Questions The community patterns in kwongan, a mediterranean‐type scrub on nutrient‐poor soils occurring in Western Australia, are poorly understood due to only few, focused studies using disparate sampling designs. We aimed to determine whether (1) classification of the kwongan vegetation of the Eneabba Sandplains leads to an ecologically informat...
Article
Full-text available
A molecular study on Ptilotus nobilis (Lindl.) F.Muell. var. nobilis and P. exaltatus Nees var. exaltatus led to the conclusion that these taxa are conspecific, resulting in the synonymisation of the latter under the former as P. nobilis subsp. nobilis. In this study, we test previous taxonomic concepts in the P. nobilis-P. exaltatus species group...
Cover Page
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Vale, David. Thank you for life well lived!
Data
Vegetation maps are models of the real vegetation patterns and are considered important tools in conservation and management planning. Maps created through traditional methods can be expensive and time-consuming, thus, new more efficient approaches are needed. The prediction of vegetation patterns using machine learning shows promise, but many fact...
Article
Full-text available
The role of intraspecific trait variability is increasingly recognized as a key factor shaping plant fitness and community assembly worldwide. Studying the direct effects of habitat heterogeneity on trait expression of individual plants of the same species is a useful tool to quantify intraspecific trait variability locally. We investigated how hab...