L. Serafini

L. Serafini
INFN - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare | INFN · Milan

Physics

About

343
Publications
35,103
Reads
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4,400
Citations
Introduction
Presently MariX CDR Coordinator at University of Milan and INFN. Project main designer of 4 accelerator based Research Infrastructures: SPARC at INFN-LNF, ELI-NP Gamma Beam System, STAR at University of Calabria and MariX/BriXS at University of Milan. Main scientific achievements: I derived the invariant envelope theory for laminar high brightness particle beams, invented the technique of velocity bunching, the Hadron-Photon-Collider technique for TeV muon beam generation, and conceived the two-pass two-way CW Linac for CW X-ray FELs.
Additional affiliations
January 1996 - December 1997
University of California, Los Angeles
April 1981 - present
University of Milan
Position
  • Research Director
April 1981 - present
INFN - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
Position
  • Research Director

Publications

Publications (343)
Article
Full-text available
A new kind of nonresonant optical recirculator, dedicated to the production of γ rays by means of Compton backscattering, is described. This novel instrument, inspired by optical multipass systems, has its design focused on high flux and very small spectral bandwidth of the γ-ray beam. It has been developed to fulfill the project specifications of...
Article
Full-text available
The machine described in this document is an advanced Source of up to 20 MeV Gamma Rays based on Compton back-scattering, i.e. collision of an intense high power laser beam and a high brightness electron beam with maximum kinetic energy of about 720 MeV. Fully equipped with collimation and characterization systems, in order to generate, form and fu...
Article
Full-text available
A systematic study of the polarization of x-gamma rays produced in Thomson and Compton scattering is presented, in both classical and quantum schemes. Numerical results and analytical considerations let us to establish the polarization level as a function of acceptance, bandwidth and energy. Few sources have been considered: the SPARC_LAB Thomson d...
Article
Full-text available
The need of a fs-scale pulsed, high repetition rate, X-ray source for time-resolved fine analysis of matter (spectroscopy and photon scattering) in the linear response regime is addressed by the conceptual design of a facility called MariX (Multi-disciplinary Advanced Research Infrastructure for the generation and application of X-rays) outperformi...
Article
Full-text available
We present a design study of an innovative scheme to generate high rep rate (MHz-class) GeV electron beams by adopting a two-pass two-way acceleration in a superconducting (SC) linac operated in continuous wave (CW) mode. The electron beam is accelerated twice by being reinjected in opposite direction of propagation into the linac after the first p...
Preprint
Energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) have been emphasised by the recent (2020) update of the European Strategy for Particle Physics as one of the most promising technologies for the accelerator base of future high-energy physics. The current paper has been written as a base document to support and specify details of the recently published European roadmap...
Article
We present the design study of an innovative scheme to generate high repetition rate (multi-MHz-class) THz radiation pulses by using an Energy Recovered Super Conducting Linac operating in Continuous Wave mode driving a Free-Electron Laser Oscillator. The FEL performance is illustrated for one and two color operation. Start-to-end simulations are p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ACTIS (Arc Compressor Test In a Synchrotron) is an experiment aimed to demonstrate the reliability of arc com-pressors as lattices capable to increase peak current and brightness of an electron beam as it is bent at large angles. This kind of devices has been proposed at theoretical level in several works over the past decades and could be the key...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Energy recovery linacs represent the new frontier of energy sustainability in the field of particle accelerators while providing remarkable performance in terms of high average current and average brightness. Operating superconducting radio-frequency cavities in continuous wave make high repetition rates (GHz-class) affordable and allow the constru...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present the conceptual design of a compact light source named BriXSinO. BriXSinO was born as demonstrator of the Marix project, but it is also a dual high flux radiation source Inverse Compton Source (ICS) of X-ray and Free-Electron Laser of THz spectral range radiation conceived for medical applications and general applied research. The acceler...
Article
Full-text available
One of the challenges of future muon colliders involves the production of muon beams carrying high phase space densities. In particular, the muon beam normalised transverse emittance is a relevant figure of merit used to meet luminosity requests. A typical issue impacting the achieved transverse emittance in muon collider schemes, thus far consider...
Article
Full-text available
Free-Electron Lasers area rapidly growing field for advanced science and applications, and worldwide facilities for intense field generation, characterization and usage are becoming increasingly popular due to their peculiarities, including extremely bright, coherent, wide band tunable ultra-short pulses which are not achievable with other techniqu...
Preprint
Full-text available
This Document contains a complete technical description of the system devoted to the upgrade of the STAR Linear Accelerator (STAR Linac). According to the Contract signed between Universita della Calabria (UniCal) and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) on May 7th, 2021, INFN is committed to install, test and commission the upgrade of the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present the conceptual designs of BriXS and BriXsinO (a minimal test-bench demonstrator of proof of principle) for a compact X-ray Source based on innovative push-pull ERLs. BriXS, the first stage of the Marix project, is a Compton X-ray source based on superconducting cavity technology with energy recirculation and on a laser system in Fabry-Pé...
Article
We propose an innovative method to shift the transversal position of the focal point of an optical cavity keeping it actively frequency stabilized. Our cavity is a 4 mirrors bow-tie cavity and the spatial shift of the resonant mode is obtained by properly rotating the two curved mirrors by piezo actuators. This method allows us to move the transver...
Article
Full-text available
Fine time-resolved analysis of matter—that is, spectroscopy and photon scattering—in the linear response regime requires fs-scale pulsed, high repetition rate, fully coherent X-ray sources. A seeded Free-Electron Laser, driven by a linac based on Super Conducting cavities, generating 108–1010 coherent photons at 2–5 keV with 0.2–1 MHz of repetition...
Preprint
Full-text available
One of the challenge of future muon colliders is the production of muon beams carrying high phase space densities. In particular the muon beam normalised transverse emittance is a relevant figure of merit to meet luminosity requests. A typical issue impacting the achieved transverse emittance in muon collider schemes so far considered is the phase...
Article
Full-text available
Fine time-resolved analysis of matter—i.e., spectroscopy and photon scattering—in the linear response regime requires a fs-scale pulsed, high repetition rate, fully coherent x-ray source. A seeded free-electron laser (FEL) driven by a super-conducting linac, generating 108–1010 coherent photons at 2–5 keV with about 0.5 MHz of repetition rate, can...
Preprint
Full-text available
Fine time-resolved analysis of matter - i.e. spectroscopy and photon scattering - in the linear response regime requires a fs-scale pulsed, high repetition rate, fully coherent X-ray source. A seeded Free-Electron Laser (FEL) driven by a Super-Conducting Linac, generating $10^{8}$-$10^{10}$ coherent photons at 2-5 keV with abou 0.5 MHz of repetitio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Positron beams, both polarized and non-polarized, low and high energy have a wide range of applications and many methods can be used to produce them. In this paper we analyse the two main methods used to produce positrons for accelerator applications, the "traditional" electro-production and the more recent "photo-production". After having determin...
Preprint
We propose an innovative method to shift the transversal position of the focal point of an optical cavity keeping it actively stabilized. Our cavity is a 4 mirrors bow-tie cavity and the spatial shift of the resonant mode is obtained by properly rotating the two curved mirrors by piezo actuators. This method allows us to move the transversal positi...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents the conceptual design of a new European research infrastructure EuPRAXIA. The concept has been established over the last four years in a unique collaboration of 41 laboratories within a Horizon 2020 design study funded by the European Union. EuPRAXIA is the first European project that develops a dedicated particle accelerator r...
Article
This report presents the conceptual design of a new European research infrastructure EuPRAXIA. The concept has been established over the last four years in a unique collaboration of 41 laboratories within a Horizon 2020 design study funded by the European Union. EuPRAXIA is the first European project that develops a dedicated particle accelerator r...
Article
Figure 20.1 was not correct in the published article. The original article has been corrected. The published apologizes for the inconvenience.
Article
MariX is a research infrastructure conceived for multi-disciplinary studies, based on a cutting-edge system of combined electron accelerators at the forefront of the world-wide scenario of X-ray sources. The generation of X-rays over a large photon energy range will be enabled by two unique X-ray sources: a Free Electron Laser and an inverse Compto...
Article
Full-text available
A seeded FEL driven by a linac based on super conducting cavities, generating 108-1010 coherent photons per shot at 2-5 keV with 0.2-1 MHz of repetition rate, can address the need of a source devoted to fine analysis of matter using the linear spectroscopy technique. The seeding scheme described hereafter is a multi-stage cascade upshifting the rad...
Article
Full-text available
We report on simulation results relevant both for EuPRAXIA@SPARC LAB [1] and EuPRAXIA [2] showing how to boost a high brightness electron bunch, delivered by a conventional accelerator at 500 MeV, up to 5 GeV and more by external injection in a laser driven plasma wave. Beam slice quality is preserved along acceleration and the bunch is shown to be...
Article
Full-text available
The MariX project (Multi-disciplinary Advanced Infra-structure for Research with X-rays) is a free electron laser (FEL) light source proposed by the INFN-Milan. It will produce highly coherent X-rays, in the range 0.2-8 keV, with ultra-short pulses (10-50 fs) and a repetition rate up to 1MHz. At the same time, MariX will host a compact monochromati...
Article
Full-text available
The MariX FEL is a compact GeV-class X-ray source exploiting a two-pass two-way acceleration in a Super-Conducting linac operated in continuous wave mode. A key component of this peculiar machine layout is the Bubble Arc Compressor (BAC), a 300 m long beamline consisting of 14 “Double Bend Achromat” cells and a bidirectional quadrupole focusing cha...
Preprint
Full-text available
The MariX FEL is a compact GeV-class X-ray source exploiting a two-pass two-way acceleration in a Super-Conducting linac operated in continuous wave mode. A key component of this peculiar machine layout is the Bubble Arc Compressor (BAC), a 300 m long beamline consisting of 14 "Double Bend Achromat" cells and a bidirectional quadrupole focusing cha...
Article
Full-text available
The Horizon 2020 project EuPRAXIA (European Plasma Research Accelerator with eXcellence In Applications) is producing a conceptual design report for a highly compact and cost-effective European facility with multi-GeV electron beams accelerated using plasmas. EuPRAXIA will be set up as a distributed Open Innovation platform with two construction si...
Article
Full-text available
We present a study of an innovative scheme to generate high repetition rate (MHz-class) GeV electron beams by adopting a two-pass two-way acceleration in a super-conducting Linac operated in Continuous Wave (CW) mode. The beam is accelerated twice in the Linac by being re-injected, after the first pass, in opposite direction of propagation. The tas...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Plasma accelerators present one of the most suitable candidates for the development of more compact particle acceleration technologies, yet they still lag behind radiofrequency (RF)-based devices when it comes to beam quality, control, stability and power efficiency. The Horizon 2020-funded project EuPRAXIA (“European Plasma Research Accelerator wi...
Article
Full-text available
We report on the optical commissioning of the high power laser beam circulator for the high brightness Compton γ-ray source Extreme Light Infrastructure for Nuclear Physics. Tests aiming at demonstrating the optical performances of the laser beam circulator have been realized with a low-power pulsed laser-beam system and without electron beam. We s...
Poster
Full-text available
The MariX FEL is a compact GeV-class X-ray source exploiting a two-pass two-way acceleration in a super-conducting linac operated in Continuous Wave mode. A key component of this peculiar machine layout is the Arc Compressor (AC), a 300 m long beamline consisting of 14 "Double Bend Achromat" cells and a bidirectional quadrupole focusing channel, wh...
Poster
Full-text available
Fine time-resolved analysis of matter—i.e., spectroscopy and photon scattering—in the linear response regime requires fs-scale pulsed, high repetition rate, fully coherent X-ray sources. A seeded Free Electron Laser (FEL) driven by a Linac based on Super Conducting cavities, generating 10^8–10^10 coherent photons at 2–5 keV with 0.2–1 MHz of repeti...
Article
Full-text available
We present a conceptual design for a compact X-ray Source BriXS (Bright and compact X-ray Source). BriXS, the first stage of the Marix project, is an Inverse Compton Source (ICS) of X-ray based on superconducting cavities technology for the electron beam with energy recirculation and on a laser system in Fabry-Pérot cavity at a repetition rate of 1...
Article
Full-text available
Fine time-resolved analysis of matter—i.e., spectroscopy and photon scattering—in the linear response regime requires fs-scale pulsed, high repetition rate, fully coherent X-ray sources. A seeded Free Electron Laser (FEL) driven by a Linac based on Super Conducting cavities, generating 10 8 – 10 10 coherent photons at 2–5 keV with 0.2–1 MHz of repe...
Article
Coronary angiography is clinically used worldwide to diagnose diseases of coronary arteries. Despite its effectiveness, this technique is quite invasive and it is associated to significant risks due to the arterial catheterisation needed to inject the contrast agent. A valid alternative is using the K-edge subtraction method, which is based on the...
Preprint
Full-text available
New generation of Compton sources are developing in different countries to take advantage of the photon energy amplification given by the Compton backscattering effect. In this framework the Eurogammas international collaboration is producing a very high brilliance gamma source for the Nuclear Physics pillar of the Extreme Light Infrastructure prog...
Preprint
Full-text available
We discuss the possibility of creating novel research tools by producing and storing highly relativistic beams of highly ionised atoms in the CERN accelerator complex, and by exciting their atomic degrees of freedom with lasers to produce high-energy photon beams. Intensity of such photon beams would be by several orders of magnitude higher than of...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Conceptual Design Report for MariX: Multi-disciplinary Advanced Research Infrastructure for the generation and application of X-rays
Article
The Southern Europe Thomson Backscattering Source for Applied Research (STAR) is a compact hard Xray source designed by INFN, for advanced applied materials-science research. It is funded by Progetto MaTeRiA, a partnership between the University of Calabria and CNISM (Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Scienze fisiche della Materia). The...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report on the optical commissioning of the high power laser beam circulator (LBC) for the high brightness Compton {\gamma}-ray source Extreme Light Infrastructure for Nuclear Physics. Tests aiming at demonstrating the optical performances of the LBC have been realized with a low-power pulsed laser-beam system and without electron beam. We show t...
Article
Full-text available
Formal and experimental studies of Fabry-Perot cavities operating in burst mode are conducted in the context of Compton scattering. A dedicated optimization procedure for their use in this context is described for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. Provided that the number of bunches in the electron-beam train and their time separation a...
Article
Full-text available
A new laser chirping prescription is derived by means of the phase-stationary method for an incident Gaussian laser pulse in conjunction with a Liénard-Wiechert calculation of the scattered radiation flux and spectral brilliance. This particularly efficient laser chirp has been obtained using the electric field of the laser and for electrons and ra...
Article
Purpose The development of compact sources of high brilliance, mono-chromatic, tunable X-rays with energy in the range 30–150 keV is a topical research field; applications in radiodiagnostics are foreseen. The aim of this work is to propose the use of a compact source based on X-ray Compton back-scattering (also known as Inverse Compton Source, ICS...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present an analysis of the FEL performances of several working points belonging to three different classes of electron beams driven by the same infrastructure: two high flux working points are relevant to the operation with a linac up to 1 GeV, while both LWFA and PWFA beams have been considered at this same energy for low charge operation. Soft...
Article
Advanced diagnostics are essential tools in the development of plasma-based accelerators. The accurate measurement of the quality of beams at the exit of the plasma channel is crucial to optimize the parameters of the plasma accelerator. 6D electron beam diagnostics will be reviewed with emphasis on emittance measurement, which is particularly comp...
Article
Full-text available
The capability of Free-Electron Lasers to generate photon beams with record performances in the domain of MeV-class photon energy for nuclear photonics applications is here analyzed. We discuss possible nuclear FEL working points. Some typical situations are presented and simulated by means of the three-dimensional code GENESIS 1.3. The losses by s...
Article
Full-text available
Plasma driven particle accelerators represent the future of compact accelerating machines and Free Electron Lasers are going to benefit from these new technologies. One of the main issue of this new approach to FEL machines is the design of the transfer line needed to match of the electron-beam with the magnetic undulators. Despite the reduction of...
Article
Full-text available
Rising interest in inverse Compton sources has increased the need for efficient models that properly quantify the behavior of scattered radiation given a set of interaction parameters. The current state-of-the-art simulations rely on Monte Carlo-based methods, which, while properly expressing scattering behavior in high-probability regions of the p...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we report results of simulations, in the framework of both EuPRAXIA \cite{Walk2017} and EuPRAXIA@SPARC\_LAB \cite{Ferr2017} projects, aimed at delivering a high brightness electron bunch for driving a Free Electron Laser (FEL) by employing a plasma post acceleration scheme. The boosting plasma wave is driven by a tens of \SI{}{\tera\...
Article
Full-text available
We present an analysis of the FEL performances of several working points belonging to three different classes of electron beams driven by the same infrastructure: two high flux working points are relevant to the operation with a linac up to 1 GeV, while both LWFA and PWFA beams have been considered at this same energy for low charge operation. Soft...
Article
Full-text available
Plasma driven particle accelerators represent the future of compact accelerating machines and Free Electron Lasers are going to benefit from these new technologies. One of the main issue of this new approach to FEL machines is the design of the transfer line needed to match of the electron-beam with the magnetic undulators. Despite the reduction of...
Article
Full-text available
In the framework of the Eupraxia Design Study an advanced accelerator facility EUPRAXIA@SPARC_LAB has been proposed to be realized at Frascati (Italy) Laboratories of INFN. Two advanced acceleration schemes will be applied, namely an ultimate high gradient 1 GeV X-band linac together with a plasma acceleration stage to provide accelerating gradient...