L. M. Robledo

L. M. Robledo
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Department of Theoretical physics

Professor

About

283
Publications
18,855
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Introduction
L. M. Robledo currently works at the Department of Theoretical physics, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. L. does research in Computational Physics, Quantum Physics and Nuclear Physics. Their current project is 'Symmetry restoration in odd mass systems'.
Additional affiliations
January 1992 - present
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Theoretical nuclear structure with energy density functionals and beyond mean field correlations. I keep an eye on many body quantum physics and dark matter.

Publications

Publications (283)
Preprint
The low-energy structure and $\beta$ decay properties of neutron-rich even- and odd-mass Pd and Rh nuclei are studied using a mapping framework based on the Gogny-D1M EDF and the particle-boson coupling scheme. Constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov calculations are performed to obtain microscopic inputs to determine the interacting-boson Hamiltonian...
Article
The competition between the quenching of pairing due to the repulsive Coulomb interaction and dynamic pairing correlations added by particle number symmetry restoration has been studied in a selected set of Fermium and Nobelium isotopes by using a hierarchy of Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov–based approximations and a restricted variation after particle nu...
Article
An existing parametrization of the simple effective interaction (SEI) that is able to reproduce the experimentally known crossing between the 2p3/2 and 1f5/2 single-particle (s.p.) proton levels in neutron-rich Ni isotopes has been generalized. We have added a short-range tensor force in order to describe the observed gaps between the 1h11/2 and 1g...
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Full-text available
The prediction of single particle level crossing phenomenon between $2p_{3/2}$ and $1f_{5/2}$ orbitals in $Ni$- and $Cu$-isotopic chains by the finite range simple effective interaction without requiring the tensor part is discussed. In this case the experimentally observed crossing could be studied as a function of nuclear matter incompressibility...
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The performance of beyond mean field methods in solving the quantum many body problem for fermions is usually characterized by the correlation energy measured with respect to the underlying mean field value. In this paper we address the issue of characterizing the amount of correlations associated to different approximations from a quantum informat...
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Full-text available
We apply a formalism recently developed to carry out Generator Coordinate Method calculations using a set of Hartree- Fock- Bogoliubov wave functions, where each of the members of the set can be expanded in an arbitrary basis. In this paper it is assumed that the HFB wave functions are expanded in Harmonic Oscillator (HO) bases with different oscil...
Preprint
The existing formalism used to compute the operator overlaps necessary to carry out generator coordinate method calculations using a set of Hartree- Fock- Bogoliubov wave functions, is generalized to the case where each of the HFB states are expanded in different arbitrary bases spanning different sub-space of the Hilbert space.
Article
Lifetimes of low-spin excited states in Mo102 populated in a Mo100(O18,O16)Mo102 two-neutron transfer reaction were measured using the recoil-distance Doppler-shift technique at the Cologne FN Tandem accelerator. Lifetimes of the 21+, 41+, 61+, 02+, 2γ+, 3γ+ states and one upper limit for the lifetime of the 4γ+ state were obtained. The energy leve...
Article
The calculations of the potential-energy surface are essential in the theoretical description of the fission process. In the constrained self-consistent approach, the smooth evolution of nuclear shape is described from the ground state until a very elongated one with a narrow neck. In all microscopic calculations, the rupture of the neck at scissio...
Preprint
Full-text available
The evolution of quadrupole and octupole collectivity in neutron-deficient Xe, Ba, Ce, and Nd nuclei near the "octupole magic" neutron number $N=56$ is investigated within the mapped $sdf$-IBM framework. Microscopic input is obtained via quadrupole and octupole constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov calculations, based on the parametrization D1M of th...
Article
The evolution of quadrupole and octupole collectivity in neutron-deficient Xe, Ba, Ce, and Nd nuclei near the “octupole magic” neutron number N=56 is investigated within the mapped sdf-IBM framework. Microscopic input is obtained via quadrupole and octupole constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov calculations, based on the parametrization D1M of the Go...
Article
The impact of quadrupole and octupole collectivity in the dynamic of low-lying collective states is discussed for a set of Xe, Ba, Ce and Nd isotopes with neutron numbers 54 ⩽ N ⩽ 96. Mean field based methods including pairing are used in our microscopic description along with the Gogny D1M force. Starting with a set of Hartree–Fock–Bogoliubov cons...
Preprint
Full-text available
The calculations of the potential energy surface are essential in the theoretical description of the fission process. In the constrained self-consistent approach, the smooth evolution of nuclear shape is described from the ground state until a very elongated one with a narrow neck. In all microscopic calculations, the rupture of the neck at scissio...
Article
Full-text available
The mean-field approximation based on effective interactions or density functionals plays a pivotal role in the description of finite quantum many-body systems that are too large to be treated by ab initio methods. Some examples are strongly interacting medium and heavy mass atomic nuclei and mesoscopic condensed matter systems. In this approach, t...
Preprint
Full-text available
The most popular Gogny parametrizations, namely D1S, D1N and D1M, describe accurately the ground-state properties of spherical and deformed finite nuclei all across the mass table obtained with Hartree--Fock--Bogoliubov (HFB) calculations. However, these forces produce a rather soft equation of state (EoS) in neutron matter, which leads to predict...
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Full-text available
The effective Gogny interactions of the D1 family were established by D. Gogny more than forty years ago with the aim to describe simultaneously the mean field and the pairing field corresponding to the nuclear interaction. The most popular Gogny parametrizations, namely D1S, D1N and D1M, describe accurately the ground-state properties of spherical...
Article
Microscopic studies of nuclear fission require the evaluation of the potential-energy surface as a function of the collective coordinates. A reasonable choice of constraints on multipole moments should be made to describe the topography of the surface completely within a reasonable amount of computing time. We present a detailed analysis of fission...
Preprint
Full-text available
Typically in many-body systems the correlation energy, which is defined as the difference between the exact ground state energy and the mean-field solution, has been a measure of the system's total correlations. However, under the quantum information context, it is possible to define some quantities in terms of the system's constituents that measur...
Article
It has been recently shown that some Gogny finite-range interactions suffer from finite-size instabilities in coordinate-space calculations [Eur. Phys. J. A 55, 150 (2019)]. We confirm this finding by using the Hartree-Fock (HF) method in the quasilocal approximation to finite-range forces. The use of the quasilocal approximation substantially simp...
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Full-text available
The onset of octupole deformation and its impact on related spectroscopic properties is studied in even-even neutron-rich lanthanide isotopes Xe, Ba, Ce, and Nd with neutron number $84\leqslant N\leqslant 94$. Microscopic input comes from the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approximation with constrains on the axially symmetric quadrupole and octupole oper...
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Recent experiments performed in neutron-rich copper isotopes have revealed a crossing in the nucleus $^{77}$Cu between the $3/2^-$ and $5/2^-$ levels, which correspond to the ground-state and the first excited state in isotopes with mass number below $A =77$. Due to the strong single-particle character of these states, this scenario can be investig...
Article
Full-text available
The lifetime of the 2+ and 9−, 11−, 13−, 15− states in the neutron-deficient Te110 was measured for the first time using the recoil distance Doppler shift technique. The reported value of the reduced transition probability B(E2;0g.s+→2+)=4.3(8)×103e2fm4 supports the systematic for even-mass Te isotopes and was interpreted in the framework of the la...
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Full-text available
The interplay between quadrupole and octupole degrees of freedom is discussed in a series of neutron-rich actinides and superheavy nuclei with $92 \le$ Z $\le 110$ and $186 \le$ N $\le 202$. In addition to the static Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach, dynamical beyond-mean-field correlations are taken into account via both parity restoration and sym...
Article
The evolution of quadrupole and octupole collectivity and their coupling is investigated in a series of even-even isotopes of the actinides Ra, Th, U, Pu, Cm, and Cf with neutron number in the interval 130⩽N⩽150. The Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approximation, based on the parametrization D1M of the Gogny energy density functional, is employed to genera...
Article
The interplay between quadrupole and octupole degrees of freedom is discussed in a series of neutron-rich actinides and superheavy nuclei with 92≤Z≤110 and 186≤N≤202. In addition to the static Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach, dynamical beyond-mean-field correlations are taken into account via both parity restoration and symmetry-conserving generat...
Article
A simple expression to compute the quantum discord between two orbitals in fermion systems is derived using the parity superselection rule. As the correlation between orbitals depends on the basis chosen, we discuss a special orbital basis, the natural one. We show that quantum correlations between natural orbital pairs disappear when the pairing t...
Preprint
Full-text available
The evolution of quadrupole and octupole collectivity and their coupling is investigated in a series of even-even isotopes of the actinide Ra, Th, U, Pu, Cm, and Cf with neutron number in the interval $130\leqslant N\leqslant 150$. The Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approximation, based on the parametrization D1M of the Gogny energy density functional, is...
Article
The quadrupole-octupole coupling and the related spectroscopic properties have been studied for the even-even light actinides Ra218–238 and Th220–240. The Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approximation, based on the Gogny-D1M energy density functional, has been employed as a microscopic input, i.e., to obtain (axially symmetric) mean-field potential energy...
Preprint
Full-text available
The microscopic studies on nuclear fission require the evaluation of the potential energy surface as a function of the collective coordinates. A reasonable choice of constraints on multipole moments should be made to describe the topography of the surface completely within a reasonable amount of computing time. We present a detailed analysis of fis...
Preprint
Full-text available
A simple expression to compute the quantum discord between two orbitals in fermion systems is derived using the parity superselection rule. As the correlation between orbitals depends on the basis chosen, we discuss a special orbital basis, the natural one. We show that quantum correlations between natural orbital pairs disappear when the pairing t...
Article
We study the impact of fission on the production and destruction of translead nuclei during the r-process nucleosynthesis occurring in neutron-star mergers. Abundance patterns and rates of nuclear energy production are obtained for different ejecta conditions using three sets of stellar reaction rates, one of which is based on microscopic and consi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The interplay between quadrupole and octupole degrees of freedom is discussed in a series of U, Pu, Cm and Cf isotopes both at the mean-field level and beyond. In addition to the static Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach, dynamical beyond-mean-field correlations are taken into account via both parity restoration and symmetry-conserving Generator Coor...
Preprint
Full-text available
The quadrupole-octupole coupling and the related spectroscopic properties have been studied for the even-even light actinides $^{218-238}$Ra and $^{220-240}$Th. The Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approximation, based on the Gogny-D1M energy density functional, has been employed as a microscopic input, i.e., to obtain (axially symmetric) mean-field potenti...
Article
Full-text available
The interplay between quadrupole and octupole degrees of freedom is discussed in a series of U, Pu, Cm and Cf isotopes both at the mean-field level and beyond. In addition to the static Hartree–Fock–Bogoliubov approach, dynamical beyond-mean-field correlations are taken into account via both parity restoration and symmetry-conserving generator coor...
Article
Full-text available
There has been much recent interest in nuclear fission, due in part to a new appreciation of its relevance to astrophysics, stability of superheavy elements, and fundamental theory of neutrino interactions. At the same time, there have been important developments on a conceptual and computational level for the theory. The promising new theoretical...
Preprint
Full-text available
There has been much recent interest in nuclear fission, due in part to a new appreciation of its relevance to astrophysics, stability of superheavy elements, and fundamental theory of neutrino interactions. At the same time, there have been important developments on a conceptual and computational level for the theory. The promising new theoretical...
Article
We compute the β-decay ft values within the frameworks of the energy density functional (EDF) and the interacting boson model (IBM). Based on the constrained mean-field calculation with the Gogny-D1M EDF, the IBM Hamiltonian for an even-even nucleus and essential ingredients of the interacting boson-fermion-fermion model (IBFFM) for describing the...
Article
In the present study, we have investigated the impact of the tensor force on fission paths, in particular the symmetric and asymmetric barriers in Th230, Th226, Th222, and Th216 isotopes which display an asymmetric to symmetric fission transition. This analysis has been performed within the HFB approach with (Q20, Q30, Q40) as collective variable c...
Preprint
Full-text available
The constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approximation, based on the recent parametrization D1M$^{*}$ of the Gogny energy density functional, is used to describe fission in 435 superheavy nuclei. The Gogny-D1M$^{*}$ parametrization is benchmarked against available experimental data on inner and second barrier heights, excitation energies of the fiss...
Preprint
Full-text available
The conclusions of the study published as Eur. Phys. J. A (2019) 55:150 questioning the adequacy of the recently proposed Gogny D1M* interaction for finite-nuclei calculations using harmonic oscillator (HO) basis are revised. The existence of an instability in finite nuclei for D1M* when coordinate-space methods are used to solve the HF equations (...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the present study, we have investigated the impact of the tensor force on fission paths, in particular the symmetric and asymmetric barriers in 230 Th, 226 Th, 222 Th and 216 Th isotopes which display an asymmetric to symmetric fission transition. This analysis has been performed within the HFB approach with (Q 20 ,Q 30 ,Q 40 ) as collective var...
Preprint
Full-text available
The validity of the rotational formula used to compute E1 and E3 transition strengths in even-even nuclei is analyzed within the Generator Coordinate Method framework based on mean field wave functions. It turns out that those nuclei with spherical or near spherical shapes the E1 and E3 strengths computed with this formula are strongly underestimat...
Preprint
Full-text available
We compute the $\beta$-decay $ft$-values within the frameworks of the energy density functional (EDF) and the interacting boson model (IBM). Based on the constrained mean-field calculation with the Gogny-D1M EDF, the IBM Hamiltonian for an even-even nucleus and essential ingredients of the interacting boson-fermion-fermion model (IBFFM) for describ...
Article
The low-energy excitations and β decays of odd-A nuclei are studied within the interacting boson-fermion model (IBFM), based on the Gogny-D1M nuclear energy density functional (EDF). The constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) approximation is employed to compute potential energy surfaces in terms of triaxial quadrupole degrees of freedom for eve...
Article
The constrained Hartree–Fock–Bogoliubov approximation, based on the recent parametrization D1M\(^{*}\) of the Gogny energy density functional, is used to describe fission in 435 superheavy nuclei. The Gogny-D1M\(^{*}\) parametrization is benchmarked against available experimental data on inner and second barrier heights, excitation energies of the...
Article
Full-text available
We present an extension of the Löwdin strategy to find arbitrary matrix elements of generic Slater determinants. Our method applies to an arbitrary number of fermionic operators, even in the case of a singular overlap matrix.
Article
Full-text available
The spectroscopic properties of the odd-odd isotopes Cs124–132 have been studied within the interacting boson-fermion-fermion model based on the Gogny-D1M energy density functional framework. Major ingredients to build the interacting boson-fermion-fermion Hamiltonian, such as the (β,γ)-deformation energy surfaces for the even-even core nuclei Xe12...
Article
Full-text available
Delayed γ rays from neutron-rich A = 97 fission fragments were measured using the Lohengrin spectrometer at the high-flux reactor of the Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble. Several lifetimes of excited states in 97 Sr were measured using the fast-timing technique. The nucleus 97 Sr exhibits shape coexistence and is located exactly at the border of...
Preprint
Full-text available
The low-energy excitations and $\beta$ decays of odd-A nuclei are studied within the interacting boson-fermion model (IBFM), based on the Gogny-D1M nuclear energy density functional (EDF). The constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) approximation is employed to compute potential energy surfaces in terms of triaxial quadrupole degrees of freedom f...
Article
An outstanding problem in the theory of nuclear fission is understanding the Hamiltonian dynamics at the scission point. Here we apply the generator coordinate method to calculate decay widths for prescission configurations into the two-fragment continuum. Transitions that are allowed under diabatic dynamics can have widths up to several MeV. For n...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present an extension of the L\"owdin strategy to find arbitrary matrix elements of generic Slater determinants. The new method applies to arbitrary number of fermionic operators, even in the case of a singular overlap matrix.
Chapter
We propose a new Gogny parametrization, which we call D1M\(^{*}\), aimed to be successful in the study of the properties of neutron stars and, at the same time, to describe finite nuclei with a similar quality as the D1M Gogny interaction. D1M\(^{*}\) is able to reach up to 2 solar masses (M\(_\odot \)) for a neutron star and give good global prope...
Article
An outstanding problem in the theory of nuclear fission is to understand the Hamiltonian dynamics at the scission point. In this work the fissioning nucleus is modeled in self-consistent mean-field theory as a set of generator coordinate method (GCM) configurations passing through the scission point. In contrast to previous methods, the configurati...
Preprint
Full-text available
The spectroscopic properties of the odd-odd isotopes $^{124-132}$Cs have been studied within the interacting boson-fermion-fermion model based on the Gogny-D1M energy density functional framework. Major ingredients to build the interacting boson-fermion-fermion Hamiltonian, such as the ($\beta,\gamma$)-deformation energy surfaces for the even-even...
Preprint
Full-text available
An outstanding problem in the theory of nuclear fission is understanding the Hamiltonian dynamics at the scission point. Here we apply the Generator Coordinate Method to calculate decay widths for pre-scission configurations into the two-fragment continuum. Transitions that are allowed under diabatic dynamics can have widths up to several MeV. For...
Article
Full-text available
We study the role of dynamic pairing correlations in fission dynamics by considering intrinsic Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov wave functions that are obtained by minimizing the particle number projected energy. For the restricted variational space, the set of self-consistent wave functions with different values of proton and neutron number particle fluctu...
Preprint
Full-text available
An outstanding problem in the theory of nuclear fission is to understand the Hamiltonian dynamics at the scission point. In this work the fissioning nucleus is modeled in self-consistent mean-field theory as a set of Generator Coordinate (GCM) configurations passing through the scission point. In contrast to previous methods, the configurations are...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study the impact of fission on the production and destruction of translead nuclei during the r-process nucleosynthesis occurring in neutron star mergers. Abundance patterns and rates of nuclear energy production are obtained for different ejecta conditions using two sets of stellar reaction rates, one of which is based on microscopic and consist...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study the role of dynamic pairing correlations in fission dynamics by considering intrinsic Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov wave functions that are obtained by minimizing the particle number projected energy. For the restricted variational space, the set of self-consistent wave functions with different values of proton and neutron number particle fluctu...
Article
Full-text available
We present a method to calculate spectroscopic properties of odd-odd nuclei within the framework of the interacting boson-fermion-fermion model (IBFFM) based on the Gogny energy-density functional. The (β,γ)-deformation energy surface of the even-even (boson-)core nucleus, spherical single-particle energies, and occupation probabilities of the odd...
Article
Full-text available
The strong deformation present immediately after scission has consequences for the angular momentum population of the fragments as well as the angular distribution of their decay radiation. We find that the usual spin-cutoff parametrization describes very well the angular momentum distribution associated with the deformation of the fragments at the...
Preprint
Full-text available
The mean-field approximation based on effective interactions or density functionals plays a pivotal role in the description of finite quantum many-body systems that are too large to be treated by ab initio methods. Examples are strongly interacting atomic nuclei and mesoscopic condensed matter systems. In this approach, the linear Schrodinger equat...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present a method to calculate spectroscopic properties of odd-odd nuclei within the framework of the Interacting Boson-Fermion-Fermion Model based on the Gogny energy density functional. The $(\beta,\gamma)$-deformation energy surface of the even-even (boson-)core nucleus, spherical single-particle energies and occupation probabilities of the od...
Article
Rapid shape evolutions near A=100 are now the focus of much attention in nuclear science. Much of the recent work has been centered on isotopes with Z≤40, where the shapes are observed to transition between near-spherical to highly deformed with only a single pair of neutrons added. At higher Z, the shape transitions become more gradual as triaxial...
Preprint
Full-text available
The strong deformation present immediately after scission has consequences for the angular momentum population of the fragments as well as the angular distribution of their decay radiation. We find that the usual spin-cutoff parameterization describes very well the angular momentum distribution associated with the deformation of the fragments at th...
Article
Full-text available
Cluster radioactivity is an exotic nuclear decay observed in actinides where a light nucleus is emitted while the remaining heavy mass residue is the doubly magic Pb208 or a nucleus in its neighborhood. We have investigated this type of decay in heavier nuclei up to Lv (Z=116) within a microscopic theory. It has been found that the cluster radioact...
Preprint
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