L. Füreder

L. Füreder
University of Innsbruck | UIBK · Institute of Ecology

About

161
Publications
36,984
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3,443
Citations
Citations since 2017
39 Research Items
1900 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300

Publications

Publications (161)
Article
Mountains are an essential component of the global life-support system. They are characterized by a rugged, heterogenous landscape with rapidly changing environmental conditions providing myriad ecological niches over relatively small spatial scales. Although montane species are well adapted to life at extremes, they are highly vulnerable to human...
Article
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Although a large number of rivers stretches in Southeast Europe (SEE) have a pristine status compared to the rest of Europe, these ecosystems and their freshwater biodiversity are perceptibly threatened. Since crayfish species are known to cover a wide spectrum of ecological functions they are considered as keystone species and ecosystem engineers....
Article
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Whether and how alpine organismic communities respond to ongoing environmental changes is difficult to assess quantitatively, given their intrinsically slow responses, remote locations and limited data. Here we provide a synthesis of the first five years of a multidisciplinary, highly standardized, long-term monitoring programme of terrestrial and...
Article
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The fauna of streams in the High Arctic, dominated by chironomids, is shaped by extreme environmental conditions that represent the physiological limits for benthic invertebrates. Despite their ecological importance, little is known of chironomid life histories, development strategies and the key abiotic drivers limiting larval growth in High Arcti...
Article
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Over the last years, the analysis of environmental DNA (eDNA) has become an important approach to investigate species communities. Due to its non-invasive nature and high sensitivity, this method is excellently suited to monitor the occurrence of endangered or invasive species. Native freshwater crayfish are threatened across Europe. Due to their n...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
eDNA analysis is ideally suited to monitor the occurrence of endangered or invasive species because of its non-invasive nature and high sensitivity. European freshwater crayfish are threatened across the whole continent. Classical crayfish monitoring is challenging and time consuming due to their nocturnal activity and hidden lifestyle. Therefore,...
Article
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The accelerating climate crisis intensifies environmental changes in high-altitude ecosystems worldwide, with rising air temperature among the main stressors. While past research in Alpine streams has primarily focused on how retreating glaciers might affect the ecology of glacier-fed streams on the long run, observations of real-time alterations o...
Article
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Predator avoidance is considered to be an important behavioral trait leading to successful invasions of non-native species. In the past few decades, the invasive apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) was intentionally introduced into Thailand. Since its introduction, it has led a decline in biodiversity, especially native apple snails (Pila spp.), as...
Research
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Differences in behaviour of species or populations may be important in survival and adaptation to the wild. The difference in shyness or boldness is one major component of personality trait. Here, we examine the behavioural differences associated with shyness and boldness of the native apple snail (Pila pesmei) compared to the invasive apple snail...
Article
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High altitude glacier-fed streams are harsh environments inhabiting specialized invertebrate communities. Most research on biotic aspects in glacier-fed streams focused on the simple relationship between presence/absence of species and prevailing environmental conditions, while functional strategies and potentials of glacial stream specialists were...
Article
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1. In the European Alps, due to the current changes in land use driven by different social and economic factors, grasslands and pastures are being increasingly replaced by forests. Whereas many studies have focused on the impacts of urbani-sation and intensive agricultural activities, no study has evaluated the effects of changes among types of nat...
Article
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Costa Rica is one of the countries with the highest species richness worldwide and forms an important land bridge between North and South America. In the past, Costa Rica suffered from deforestation due to conversion of primary forests into plantations or pastures, which caused degradation and destruction of natural habitats. To evaluate the potent...
Article
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Most tropical rivers especially in the Asian region, are severely impacted by various human perturbations, and the diverse habitats in streams support rich invertebrate and vertebrate communities. It is hypothesized that the fish assemblages and their dietary structure in two tropical streams differ because they flow through different terrains and...
Article
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• Climate change affects both alpine freshwater ecosystems and their benthic communities, dominated by Chironomidae (Diptera). Previous studies assigned each chironomid species a narrow thermal niche and a correspondingly high sensitivity towards global warming. Nevertheless, to date no study has examined egg development although the potential effe...
Book
The focus of the ForumAlpinum 2018 entitled “Alpine Water – common good or source of conflicts?” lay upon upcoming conflicts in water use and water management in the Alps, mainly against the background of changing environmental and climatic conditions as well as growing demand for water and riverine space. During the well attended conference, the f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The focus of the ForumAlpinum 2018 entitled “Alpine Water – common good or source of conflicts?” lay upon upcoming conflicts in water use and water management in the Alps, mainly against the background of changing environmental and climatic conditions as well as growing demand for water and riverine space. During the well attended conference, the f...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change poses a considerable threat to the biodiversity of high altitude ecosystems worldwide, including cold‐water river systems that are responding rapidly to a shrinking cryosphere. Most recent research has demonstrated the severe vulnerability of river invertebrates to glacier retreat but effects upon other aquatic groups remain poorly q...
Article
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In this article, we report on the development and growth of alpine chironomid species in a highly glaciated headwater, using biometrical analyses. Glacially influenced alpine streams are characterized by year-round harsh environmental conditions. Only a few, highly adapted benthic insects, mainly chironomid larvae (genus Diamesa) live in these extr...
Article
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Feeding behaviour is one behavioural trait which may contribute to the success of non-native invasive species in new environments. Here, we examine feeding behaviour of the native apple snail (Pila angelica) and the non-native invasive apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) when tested separately and together to determine consumption rates. We found th...
Article
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Glacier retreat alters physical and chemical characteristics and biological communities of glacier-fed streams. Functional relationships, including effects of different food-source qualities on the density and biomass of primary consumers, are insufficiently known in alpine and subalpine headwaters. We measured: 1) the relative abundance of diatoms...
Article
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1. Glacier retreat is a key component of environmental change in alpine environments, leading to significant changes in physico-chemical characteristics and biological communities in glacier-fed rivers. While the overall effects of the environment on community structure of invertebrates are largely understood, its influence on functional strategies...
Article
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The cover image, by Minh Tuan Bui et al., is based on the Research Article Water temperatures in the headwaters of the Volga River: Trend analyses, possible future changes, and implications for a pan‐European perspective, https://doi.org/10.1002/rra.3275. Acknowledgements: REFCOND_VOLGA project. Photo credit: Martin Schletterer.
Conference Paper
Caddisfly larvae as sensitive bioindicators of metal pollution in rivers Monitoring the metal load of rivers by metal analysis of water and sediments is often not sufficient because of fluctuating metal concentrations in the water and delayed responses of sediments. It also provides little information about metal bioavailability in aquatic ecosyst...
Article
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Globally, multiple stressors acting on large rivers strongly influence their ecosystem functions. They do so by altering both their biodiversity and integrity, which may in turn degrade the available ecosystem services. We present the catchment characteristics and discuss different management strategies for the two longest European rivers, the Volg...
Article
Water temperature is a physical property influencing abiotic and biotic parameters in an aquatic ecosystem. In different Central European rivers and lakes, a general trend of water temperatures in the range of +0.05 to +0.8 °C per decade was identified. Our case study analyses whether similar patterns apply to the headwaters of the Volga River, in...
Article
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Global change threatens invertebrate biodiversity and its central role in numerous ecosystem functions and services. Functional trait analyses have been advocated to uncover global mechanisms behind biodiversity responses to environmental change, but the application of this approach for invertebrates is underdeveloped relative to other organism gro...
Article
The stone crayfish, Austropotamobius torrentium, is a freshwater crayfish species native to Central and Southeast Europe. Due to various, mostly anthropogenic factors the species is facing a dramatic decline in many European countries. In order to plan and implement protection measures, it is essential to collect extensive data on the species, incl...
Article
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The benthic macroinvertebrate fauna and main abiotic parameters were studied to understand the patterns of diversity and structure along the temporal and longitudinal gradients in two tropical lotic ecosystems in the wet and dry zones of Sri Lanka. Invertebrate abundance (annual means) was in the same magnitude in the two streams (2,520 ind. m⁻² in...
Article
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Glaciers cover ∼10% of the Earth's land surface, but they are shrinking rapidly across most parts of the world, leading to cascading impacts on downstream systems. Glaciers impart unique footprints on river flow at times when other water sources are low. Changes in river hydrology and morphology caused by climate-induced glacier loss are projected...
Cover Page
On the cover: The river Schlatenbach is fed by the Schlatenkees, one of the largest glaciers in the Hohe Tauern national park, Tyrol, Austria. Photographer: Georg Niedrist, Institute of Ecology, University of Innsbruck
Article
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Community structures of benthic invertebrates in different alpine stream types have been well documented and modeled against environmental conditions and change. However, community structure cannot be linked directly to community functions or processes, and this problem prevents clear estimation of functional consequences of environmental changes....
Article
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Discharge-mediated seasonal patterns of food web interactions were investigated in two streams in Sri Lanka; Eswathu Oya (a perennial wet-zone stream) and Yan Oya (a seasonal dry-zone stream). Based on volumetric proportions of diet composition, relative abundance of fish species and their daily food rations, the mean cumulative consumption of each...
Article
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Within the joint Russian-Austrian monitoring programme “REFCOND_VOLGA (2006 – 20XX)”, monitoring sites were established in the headwaters of the Volga (Tver Region). River Tudovka, a right tributary to the Volga River, was included within this monitoring programme as its catchment is partly protected and has only few anthropogenic activities. The m...
Article
The protected European stone crayfish, Austropotamobius torrentium, is a host to epibionts inhabiting its exoskeleton. Despite evidence of the close association of these epibionts to the crayfish and the beneficial services provided for the crayfish, the main factors influencing their occurrence, distribution and abundance are still poorly understo...
Article
Freshwater crayfish are regarded as ecosystem engineers and keystone species. They act on various trophic levels and influence plant and animal species, community-level properties, and ecosystem processes. Comparisons of native and alien crayfish suggest greater negative effects of alien than native crayfish, but the species-specific roles of nativ...
Article
p>Within the research expedition “Upper Volga 2005” an assessment of hydrological, limnochemical and biological parameters was carried out in the Volga River upstream of Tver, including the main channel as well as major tributaries. This assessment revealed that the headwaters of the Volga River represent conditions which are either reference or le...
Article
Full-text available
Macroinvertebrates are widely used as indicators to detect and assess anthropogenic impacts on freshwater ecosystems. However, despite being considered useful in indicating effects of environmental change in alpine catchments, little is known about species preferences for local conditions in such environments. In exploring the occurrence of 59 taxa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We provide a literature review about water temperature in riverine ecosys-tems and trends in European rivers. Water temperature is a physical property, which is con-sidered as an important factor to assess water quality since it can influence several other parameters and might affect the physiscal, chemical or biological processes in water body. Fo...
Article
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Für die Erreichung ihrer Klima- und Energieziele haben die Alpenländer einen klaren Standortvorteil: Neben dem überdurchschnittlich hohen Potenzial für Wind- und Sonnenenergie profitiert das Wasserschloss Europas von der flexiblen, CO2-armen Stromproduktion durch Wasserkraft. Zukünftig werden die Wasserspeicher noch weitere Funktionen übernehmen un...
Article
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The European Alps are well positioned to contribute significantly to the energy transition. In addition to sites with above-average potential for wind and solar power, the “water towers” of Europe provide flexible, low-carbon power generation as well as energy storage. In the future, hydropower systems are expected to become more than mere electric...
Article
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Captive breeding and crayfish culture are considered important measures in species protection activities. Thus, knowledge on optimal feeding of crayfish in captivity is needed in order to secure minimal mortality and prevent detrimental effects to health. To optimize conditions of crayfish prior to subsequent stocking, feeding trials were conducted...
Article
The often proposed preservation method "snap-freezing" is rather unpractical for sampling in remote areas. Therefore, the effectiveness, feasibility and affordability of alternative fixatives were investigated. Larvae of Orthocladius sp. (Diptera, Chironomidae) were fixed in RNAlater®, RNAfix (self-made), acetone and ethanol of two different qualit...
Article
Full-text available
Alpine glacier-fed river hydrology, chemistry, and biology can vary significantly in space and over diurnal to interannual time scales as a function of dynamic inputs of water from snow, ice, and ground water. The sensitivity of biota to these water-source dynamics potentially makes them susceptible to hydrological changes induced by anthropogenic...
Article
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Rates of biodiversity loss are higher in freshwater ecosystems than in most terrestrial or marine ecosystems, making freshwater conservation a priority. However, prioritisation methods are impeded by insufficient knowledge on the distribution and conservation status of freshwater taxa, particularly invertebrates. We evaluated the extinction risk of...
Article
Full-text available
http://epub.oeaw.ac.at/?arp=0x00246f2b
Presentation
Climate change is a significant contributor to the worldwide threat of freshwater biodiversity. Especially in alpine catchments, terrestrial and aquatic communities will be strongly affected. Within a freshwater monitoring program in the Hohe Tauern NP (Austria) selected river reaches (non-glacial, glacial) were investigated to (i) characterize the...
Article
The Volga, the largest river in Europe, has experienced multiple stressors from human activities. Recently we showed that its upper course (about 500 km, from its source to Tver) still has large sections with low impact and a natural type-specific potamal flora and fauna. Our present research in the East European lowlands aim to define reference co...
Article
Full-text available
The occurrence of the invasive zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha was studied in four reservoirs along the Struma River and its tributaries (Aegean Sea basin). It was newly recorded in the reservoirs Izvor, Pchelina and Stoikovtsi. In the Gorna Dikanya Reservoir only shells of the mussel were found. The highest population density was registered in t...
Poster
Full-text available
Weltweit bedrohen die Effekte des Klimawandels die Biodiversität in aquatischen Ökosystemen. Das beschleunigte Abschmelzen der Gletscher bewirkt Veränderungen der Wassermenge und -qualität in alpinen Fließgewässern. Diese hydrologischen Veränderungen werden die Biodiversität der hochangepassten Artengemeinschaften in Gletscherbächen beeinfussen. Im...
Article
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Three native crayfish species occur in Bulgaria: Astacus astacus, Astacus leptodactylus and Austropotamobius torrentium. Data on their distributions were published in 1961 and 1998. Our goal is to summarize newly collected data on crayfish distributions and population status, as a basis for subsequent river basin and conservation management. Sample...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Alpine rivers are among the most threatened ecosystems due to increasing human pressures and effects from climate/environmental change. These strongly alter ecosystem structure and function, but cause-effect relationships have hardly been demonstrated in high alpine catchments. Within the framework of the project PROSECCO.ALPS (PROglacial Stream Ec...
Poster
Full-text available
Chironomids are the dominating group within benthic invertebrate communities in alpine rivers, especially at higher altitudes and latitudes (Lods-Crozet et al., 2001). Environmental factors are responsible for benthic community structure in alpine streams, however a detailed knowledge of key factors responsible for their spatial and temporal patter...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Alpine river ecosystems represent harsh environments (e.g. low temperatures, high dynamics, steep gradients, low nutrient availability) and will be affected by climate change and increasing anthropogenic impacts. Hydrological changes (e.g. melting glaciers and shrinking snow cover) will affect the invertebrate fauna in different types of alpine riv...
Article
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The European Alps harbour a unique and species-rich biodiversity, which is increasingly impacted by habitat fragmentation through land-use changes, urbanization and expanding transport infrastructure. In this study, we identified the 50 most important questions relating to the maintenance and restoration of an ecological continuum – the connectedne...
Article
Human mediated introductions of non-indigenous crayfish species (NICS) are responsible for their rapid colonisation of European freshwaters. The introduction of North American crayfish is furthermore linked to the spread of crayfish plague and the decline of indigenous crayfish species (ICS). As the management of ICS and NICS have become necessary,...
Article
Glacial meltwater contributions to rivers are declining in many parts of the world, but the effect of these changes on river communities remains poorly understood. Now a quantitative analysis points to the potential scale of this biodiversity problem.
Article
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Springs are unique aquatic habitats that contribute significantly to local and regional biodiversity because of their high habitat complexity and the large number of different spring types. Many springs are small, but they are numerous and often of high water quality, and thus, provide habitats for species that are rare elsewhere because of their s...
Chapter
The “water tower” of Europe, the Alps provide immense quantities of freshwater both for humans and biodiversity. However, already impaired and not well conserved by protected areas, water courses are being additionally stressed by climate change. Conservation efforts to address climate change have important international vision and directives, but...
Article
Full-text available
Indigenous crayfish species (ICS) are under threat in Europe; due to competition from invasive non-indigenous crayfish species (NICS) from crayfish plague, which is carried by introduced American crayfish, and habitat degradation. We focus on the white-clawed crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes and stone crayfish A. torrentium. Surveys in many count...
Article
Full-text available
Crayfish are among the largest and most threatened invertebrates in freshwater habitats. Due to their size, behaviour and feeding activity they may affect structure and function of aquatic ecosystems and their organisms. Despite their importance in many freshwaters and available information on their ecology for several species little is known about...
Article
This article provides a review on the scientific knowledge about the Volga River, including the characteristics of the river basin and an overview of historical and recent limnological research activities. Detailed scientific investigations began about 200 years ago later on that the Volga River was the subject of numerous expeditions and research...
Article
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A round table discussion involving 25 researchers from11 European countries was organized during the congress "European Crayfish: food, flagships and ecosystem services" (held in Poitiers, France, 26-29th October 2010) to consider current activities dealing with management of indigenous crayfish species (ICS) with special regards to their culture,...