Kyung-Min Kim

Kyung-Min Kim
Kyungpook National University | KNU · School of Applied Biosciences

PhD

About

224
Publications
30,136
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (224)
Article
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The Gram-negative bacteria Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, the causative agent of bacterial leaf blight (BLB), received attention for being an economically damaging pathogen of rice worldwide. This damage prompted efforts to better understand the molecular mechanisms governing BLB disease progression. This research revealed numerous virulence factor...
Article
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Climate change leads to soil salinization, and the dynamic scarcity of freshwater has negatively affected crop production worldwide, especially Oryza sativa. The association among ion uptake, gene expression, antioxidant, biomass, and root and shoot development under different salt stress are not fully understood. Many studies are related to the ef...
Article
Acute or repetitive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) cause disruptions to the skin barrier and subsequent inflammatory skin disease. 4‐phenylpyridine (4‐PP) is a constituent of Brassica campestris L. ssp. Pekinensis and its effect on skin inflammation and molecular target remain unclear. The purpose of this study is to confirm the anti‐inflammatory eff...
Article
Ovate-leaf Atractylodes (Atractylodes ovata) (OLA) is cultivated across South Korea to fulfil domestic need as a herbal medicine. In June 2021, the rhizomes with soft rot were observed in a commercial farmer field in Mungyeong, South Korea with 25% disease incidence. Initially, watery, black and soft lesion were observed on the rhizomes. Later, abu...
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Drought and ultraviolet radiation (UV radiation) are the coexisting environmental factors that negatively affect plant growth and development via oxidative damage. Flavonoids are reactive, scavenging oxygen species (ROS) and UV radiation-absorbing compounds generated under stress conditions. We investigated the biosynthesis of kaempferol and querce...
Article
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An ideal plant architecture is an important condition to achieve high crop yields. The tiller angle is an important and complex polygenic trait of rice (Oryza sativa L.) plant architecture. Therefore, the discovery and identification of tiller angle-related genes can aid in the improvement of crop architecture and yield. In the present study, 222 S...
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Aims The gradual decline in rice yield is a trend closely related to the occurrence of various pathogens, especially Pythium graminicola and Rhizoctonia solani; these are major soil-borne pathogens that cause the plant disease damping-off, which seriously damages seed germination and growth worldwide. Methods After treatment with P. graminicola an...
Article
Omija or Schisandra (Schisandra chinensis Baillon) is one of Korea’s most unique fruits and have been used in herbal medicine. It is also used for making cold drinks during summer and hot tea during winter. Among the different diseases, anthracnose poses great threat for omija production as it reduces the yield and market quality of fruits. In Sept...
Article
As a wild ancestor of cultivated rice, Oryza rufipogon is domesticated into cultivated rice Oryza sativa, many agricultural traits are newly created or disappear. In particular, in wild rice, awn protects from predators and is easily blown by the wind and used as a means of propagation. However, awns gradually disappeared as they were breeding from...
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The mechanism and course of Triticum plastome evolution is currently unknown; thus, it remains unclear how Triticum plastomes evolved during recent polyploidization. Here, we report the complete plastomes of two polyploid wheat species, Triticum sphaerococcum (AABBDD) and Triticum turgidum subsp. durum (AABB), and compare them with 19 available and...
Article
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Rice tillers are one of the most important traits for the yield and development of rice, although little is known about its mode of inheritance. Tiller numbers were recorded every 7 days a total of nine times, starting 30 days after transplantation. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) based analysis on a set of double haploid population derivatives of a...
Article
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Recent unpredictable climate change is the main reason for the decline in rice yield. In particular, drought stress is a major constraint in reducing yield and quality for rice at rainfed agriculture areas, such as Asia and South America. CRISPR/Cas9 provides an effective solution for gene function study and molecular breeding due to specific editi...
Article
Chemical pesticides are still frequently overused to diminish such crop loss caused by biotic stress despite the threat to humans and the environment. Thus, it is urgent to find safer and more effective defense strategies. In this study, we report that caffeine, implanted through a transgenic approach, enhances resistance against variable biotic st...
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Brown planthopper (BPH, Nilaparvata lugens Stal.) is the most damaging rice pest affecting stable rice yields worldwide. Currently, methods for controlling BPH include breeding a BPH-resistant cultivar and using synthetic pesticides. Nevertheless, the continuous cultivation of resistant cultivars allows for the emergence of various resistant races,...
Article
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Aspergillus niger strain CSR3 is an endophytic fungus that regulates plant endogenous hormones, secondary metabolites, and promotes plant growth during abiotic stress conditions. In this study, we sequenced the genome of A. niger (CSR3) and compared it with previously available A. niger strains. The final genome assembly was 35.8 Mb in size, consis...
Article
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Abiotic stresses, such as salt and heat stress, coexist in some regions of the world and can have a significant impact on agricultural plant biomass and production. Rice is a valuable crop that is susceptible to salt and high temperatures. Here, we studied the role of flavanol 3-hydroxylase in response to combined salt and heat stress with the aim...
Article
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Rice is exposed to various biotic stresses in the natural environment. The white-backed planthopper (Sogatella furcifera, WBPH) is a pest that causes loss of rice yield and threatens the global food supply. In most cases, pesticides are used to control WBPH. However, excessive use of pesticides increases pesticide resistance to pests and causes env...
Article
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Background The drought environment occurs frequently due to the unpredictable future climate change, and drought has a direct negative impact on crops, such as yield reduction. Drought events are random, frequent, and persistent. Molecular breeding can be used to create drought-tolerant food crops, but the safety of genetically modified (GM) plants...
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Unpredictable climate change might cause serious lack of food in the world. Therefore, in the present world, it is urgent to prepare countermeasures to solve problems in terms of human survival. In this research, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were analyzed when rice attacked by white backed planthopper (WBPH) were analyzed using 120 Cheongcheong/N...
Article
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The white-backed planthopper (WBPH) is a serious pest of rice crop and causes sever yield loss each year, especially in Asian countries. In this study, we used chorismate mutase (CM) transgenic line to examine the defense mechanism of rice plants against WBPH. The survival rate of WBPHs, infestation rate of plants, lignin biosynthesis, transcriptio...
Article
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Bacterial leaf blight (BLB) is caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae and is a major cause of rice yield reductions around the world. When diseased, plants produce a variety of metabolites to resist pathogens. In this study, the various defense metabolites were quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) after Xoo inoculation in...
Article
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Peat moss is an organic substance corroded by sphagnum moss and has a pH of 3.0–4.0. Elemental sulfur is sulfated and oxidized by the action of bacteria to become sulfuric acid. These biological factors can alter the soil environment. Blueberries require soil with a pH of 4.5–5.2 and high organic matter content. In this experiment, we investigated...
Article
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Gymnosperms are among the most endangered groups of plant species; they include ginkgo, pines (Conifers I), cupressophytes (Conifers II), cycads, and gnetophytes. The relationships among the five extant gymnosperm groups remain equivocal. We analyzed 167 available gymnosperm plastomes and investigated their diversity and phylogeny. We found that pl...
Article
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Rapid climate change has increased the incidence of various pests and diseases, and these threaten global food security. In particular, BLB (bacterial leaf blight) is caused by Xoo (Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae) and its main characteristic is that the rice suddenly dries and withers. Recently, omics have been effectively used in agriculture. In pa...
Article
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Soil salinity is a major problem in agriculture because high accumulation of Na+ ions in plants causes toxicity that can result in yield reduction. Na+/K+ homeostasis is known to be important for salt tolerance in plants. Na+/K+ homeostasis in rice (Oryza sativa L.) involves nine high-affinity K+ transporter (HKT) encoding Na+-K+ symporter, five Os...
Article
Plants require a variety of elements to grow. Of these, calcium and magnesium play an important role in strengthening the cell wall. Although peaches (Prunus Persica) are highly preferred by consumers, they ripen quickly and become soft over a relatively short period of time after harvesting, making them difficult to transport and store. In additio...
Article
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Efficient accumulation of flavonoids is important for increased tolerance to biotic stress. Although several plant defense mechanisms are known, the roles of many pathways, proteins, and secondary metabolites in stress tolerance are unknown. We generated a flavanone 3-hydroxylase (F3H) overexpressor rice line and inoculated Xanthomonas Oryzae pv. o...
Article
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Background Recent temperature increases due to rapid climate change have negatively affected rice yield and grain quality. Particularly, high temperatures during right after the flowering stage reduce spikelet fertility, while interfering with sugar energy transport, and cause severe damage to grain quality by forming chalkiness grains. The effect...
Article
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Plant secondary metabolites (SMs) play important roles in plant survival and in creating ecological connections between other species. In addition to providing a variety of valuable natural products, secondary metabolites help protect plants against pathogenic attacks and environmental stresses. Given their sessile nature, plants must protect thems...
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Background Salinity is a major threat to the agriculture industry due to the negative impact of salinity stress on crop productivity. In the present study, we isolated rhizobacteria and evaluated their capacities to promote crop growth under salt stress conditions. Results We isolated rhizospheric bacteria from sand dune flora of Pohang beach, Kor...
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The world population is growing rapidly, and food shortage remains a critical issue. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping is a statistical analytical method that uses both phenotypic and genotypic data. The purpose of QTL mapping is to determine the exact gene location for various complex traits. Increasing grain weight is a way to increase yield...
Article
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Worldwide, grain consumption is increased and grain prices are rising. This has led to a steady increase in the production of highly productive and more affordable genetically modified (GM) crops. However, GM crops are highly concerned about potential environmental risks due to the introduction of external genes and genetic modification. Therefore,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Recent temperature increases due to rapid climate change have negatively affected rice yield and grain quality. Particularly, high temperatures during rice filling stage from the flowering stage reduce spikelet fertility, while interfering with sugar energy transport, and cause severe damage to grain quality by forming chalkiness grains....
Article
Full-text available
Kaempferol and quercetin are the essential plant secondary metabolites that confer huge biological functions in the plant defense system. In this study, biosynthetic pathways for kaempferol and quercetin were constructed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae using naringenin as a substrate. OsF3H was cloned into pRS42K yeast episomal plasmid (YEp) vector and...
Article
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Whitebacked planthopper (WBPH) is a pest that causes serious damage to rice in Asian countries with a mild climate. WBPH causes severely rice yield losses and grain poor quality each year so needs biological control. Plants resist biotic and abiotic stress using expressing variety genes, such as kinase, phytohormones, transcription factors, and esp...
Article
Height and leaf morphology are important agronomic traits of the major crop plant rice (Oryza sativa). In previous studies, the dwarf and narrow leaf genes (dnl1, dnl2 and dnl3) have identified in rice. Using the Ac/ Ds knockout system, we found a new dwarf and narrow leaf (dnl) mutant and identified mutated gene. The dnl-4 mutant showed reduced pl...
Article
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In this study, the effect of varying nitrogen and sucrose concentrations in culture media was evaluated with respect to biomass production, accumulation of flavonoids, anthocyanin, and associated gene expression in rice callus. The callus was induced on control MS (M1), sugar-deficient (M2), sugar-excessive (M3), nitrogen-deficient (M4), and nitrog...
Preprint
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Background Salinity stress is one of the most devastating environmental stress that inhibits plants growth and development. Many strategies including plant growth promoting fungi have been reported to mitigate salt stress. Results In this study, we adopted environmental friendly technique and screened different plant growth promoting fungi for dif...
Article
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The brown planthopper (BPH) is a major pest that causes serious damage to rice in countries with mild climates, including Korea, Japan, China, and Vietnam. Although a large number of BPH-resistant genes have been reported, BPH has recently evolved rapidly and in a variable manner due to rapid climate change and an unpredictable environment. The syn...
Article
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Bacterial leaf blight (BLB), a vascular disease caused by Xanthomonasoryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), induces a significant reduction in rice yield in severe epidemics. This study investigated the transcriptional regulation of the OsDHODH1 gene in rice cultivars exposed to the Xoo K3 isolate. The symptoms were monitored on a daily basis, and the lesion len...
Article
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Abstract Xanthomonas oryzae is a serious pathogen causing bacterial leaf blight (BLB) disease in rice, markedly reducing its yield. In this study, the rice chorismate mutase (OsCM) gene was overexpressed in a bacterial leaf blight-susceptible rice line to investigate the functional role of OsCM in response to bacterial leaf blight stress. We report...
Article
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As environmental damage caused by chemical pesticides appears worldwide, eco-friendly agriculture is increasing, and finding eco-friendly pesticide materials has become very important. Chrysoeriol and cochlioquinone, two flavonoids, act as an antibacterial and antioxidant, and increase the resistance of rice to the white-backed planthopper (WBPH)....
Article
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The tolerance of plant growth-promoting endophytes (PGPEs) against various concentrations of cadmium (Cd) and nickel (Ni) was investigated. Two glutathione-producing bacterial strains (Enterobacter ludwigii SAK5 and Exiguobacterium indicum SA22) were screened for Cd and Ni accumulation and tolerance in contaminated media, which showed resistance up...
Article
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Gravity is an important ecological factor regulating plant growth and developmental processes. Here we used various molecular and biochemical approaches to investigate artificial and normal gravistimulation’s effect on the early growth stages of rice (Oryza sativa L.) by changing the orientations of Petri dishes. Rate of amino acid formation, root...
Article
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The whitebacked planthopper (WBPH), has become a devastating pest for rice crops, causes serious yield losses each year, and urgently needs biological control. Here, we developed a WBPH-resistant rice cultivar by overexpressing the OsF3H gene. A genetic functional analysis of the OsF3H gene confirmed its role in facilitating flavonoid contents and...
Article
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Rice is one of the world’s leading food crops, and over 90% of the world’s rice production stems from Asia. In particular, an increase of 1 °C in the minimum temperature reduces the quantity of rice by 10%. Therefore, the development of rice varieties that can stably maintain the yield and quality of the rice even under these rapid climate changes...
Article
The role of genetic diversity in crop germplasm is an important concept within genetic conservation. In this research, 43 accessions were analyzed at the agro-morphological and genetic levels. Clustering based on the agro-morphological resulted in four sub-groups. Analysis at the genetic level was conducted using 22 microsatellites, which revealed...
Article
The transgenic sugarcane overexpressing SoSPS1 gene increased sugar content which may alter the root exudation that interact with soil rhizosphere microorganism. The microbial plays an important role in biochemical cycling and nutrient transformation in the soil. Therefore, it is important to investigate the potential risk of the transgenic sugarca...
Article
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The AMT1 family comprises major ammonium transporters in rice roots. In this study, we utilized AMT1 RNAi mutants (amt1) to explore how AMT1 affects NH4+- and NO3–-mediated morphological development and NH4+-responsive gene expression in roots. In the presence of NH4+, amt1 showed inhibition of NO3–- dependent lateral root development. The inhibito...
Article
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Background: Incidences of heat stress due to the changing global climate can negatively affect the growth and yield of temperature-sensitive crops such as soybean variety, Pungsannamul. Increased temperatures decrease crop productivity by affecting biochemical, physiological, molecular, and morphological factors either individually or in combinati...
Article
As antithrombotic effects of maslinic acid (MA) have not yet been studied, MA‐mediated downregulation of coagulation factor Xa (FXa) and platelet aggregation was studied. We show that MA inhibited the enzymatic activity of FXa and platelet aggregation, induced by adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and a thromboxane A2 (TXA2) analog, U46619 with a similar...
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Heat stress is one of the major abiotic stresses that impair plant growth and crop productivity. Plant growth-promoting endophytic bacteria (PGPEB) and humic acid (HA) are used as bio-stimulants and ecofriendly approaches to improve agriculture crop production and counteract the negative effects of heat stress. Current study aimed to analyze the ef...
Article
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• Salt stress negatively affects growth and development of the plants. However, it is hypothesized that plant growth‐promoting endophytic bacteria greatly alleviate the adverse effects of salinity and can promote growth and development of the plants. In the present research, we aimed to isolate endophytic bacteria from halotolerant plants and evalu...
Article
The most important component of rice qualities are its appearance, cooking quality, eating quality, and nutritional quality. Indonesian had been developed a large germplasms of rice, but still poor information about its physical, genetic and structural properties, especially aromatic rice. This research was performed to investigate the genetic dive...
Article
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The screening of biologically active chemical compound libraries can be an efficient way to reposition Food and Drug Adminstration (FDA)-approved drugs or to discover new therapies for human diseases. Particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter equal to or less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) is a form of air pollutant that causes significant lung damage w...