Kyriaki I. Kafka

Kyriaki I. Kafka
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | uoa · Faculty of Economics

PhD

About

57
Publications
6,388
Reads
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157
Citations
Citations since 2016
52 Research Items
153 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022010203040
2016201720182019202020212022010203040

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces a tool for new service development in the context of emerging economies. For this aim, two-stage decision making model is applied for measuring the new service development-enhanced sustainable growth of emerging economies. At the first stage, bipolar q-ROF M-SWARA with golden cut is used for weighting the new service developme...
Chapter
In today’s ever-evolving society, knowledge is growing rapidly and labor market demands are constantly changing. Thus, the modernization of EU policy in the field of lifelong learning is a challenge for the Union in order to meet the great needs of upgrading the skills of the workforce but also its necessary specialization. These needs become more...
Chapter
The necessity of searching for deeper roots plays a significant role in the evolution of the economic development and growth. This issue arises from the complex globalized world, the understanding of which requires an in-depth analysis. This issue is born again in the aftermath of the Great Depression of 2008, which highlighted the inability of eco...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of institutions on innovation outcomes, and therefore on economic growth, is a well-defined relationship in the literature. However, through the empirical analysis of the present paper, this relationship seems to differ between different groups of countries. The above issues are examined using annual data for 152 countries for the period...
Chapter
The interconnection of attitudes, behaviors and cultural background in general with the opinions about taxation is an issue that has not been particularly interlinked in the relevant literature. This chapter presents the views and attitudes on the role of the state, taxation and state welfare. In addition to linking these views to a number of varia...
Chapter
The purpose of the chapter is to highlight important aspects and attitudes of human behavior in Greek society. Through them we can outline personal behaviors that shape the way decisions are made, both at individual and collective level. More specifically, the chapter presents aspects for the development of human personality as well as the concept...
Chapter
This chapter presents the attitudes of Greek society regarding the social attitudes that are developing and how they have evolved over the last two decades. More specifically, the chapter presents the human approach, in the sense that the emphasis is given on the society’s attitudes toward human friendship, human closeness, sociability and ease of...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on presenting a series of concepts related to happiness, life satisfaction, health and political self-determination. Based on the relevant literature, it seems that people’s happiness is associated with all these concepts. Thus, a theoretical analysis is presented for the above concepts, and also a description of the evolution...
Chapter
The scope of the chapter is to presents the main attitudes of Greek society and how they are positioned compared to the rest of the world, based on Global Preferences Survey. Most theories of human behavior agree that a set of preferences guide individuals in decision-making. These include risk-taking preferences, positive and negative reciprocity...
Chapter
The size of the Greek public sector is considered by many to be the main culprit for the long-term accumulation of deficits, which led to the debt crisis that the Greek economy was called upon to face over the last decade. As a result, the public sector has been the target of adjustment programs. At the same time, the prolonged period of economic c...
Chapter
This chapter concerns the notion of identity theory and its reflection on human behavior. Every identity—personal or collective identity of a nation—reflects to specific actions and provides an explanatory framework for decision-making. Therefore, the chapter examines issues such as the theoretical background of personal identity and correspondingl...
Chapter
Greek society is characterized by a peculiar cultural background that directs its development potential, since, in combination with its correspondingly peculiar institutional background, leads to the perpetuation of a stagnant model of economic development. In Greece, the cultural background has a long-term homocyclic effect. This chapter presents...
Chapter
Hofstede’s research came to fill a significant gap in the field of transnational research on values, presenting a set of characteristic values that could be used to measure cultural background. In addition, the GLOBE Study complemented Hofstede’s study by adding additional dimensions that can capture human behavior. Schwartz’s theory of cultural va...
Chapter
This chapter examines the mechanism under which human needs are generated and take place as human actions. This process is a result of two effects; the individuals’ internal characteristics, and the society’s views and cultural background where the individuals live and evolve. That been the case, the chapter examines issues such as the creation of...
Chapter
The main aim of the chapter is to outline how political beliefs are related to citizens’ views on the role of the state and the conduct of economic policy, rationalism and human happiness. More specifically, the chapter presents the voting intention per political party. In addition, the voting intention is distinguished based on the level of ration...
Chapter
This chapter aims to identify the changes that have been observed in the personality traits of the modern Greeks. All personality traits have two opposite poles, and each person is characterized by a portfolio of personality traits which is more or less comprehended by each personality trait. We can, therefore, claim that each person is characteriz...
Chapter
Loss aversion, as well as the degree of rationality of individuals, are projections of human behavior in decision-making. Elements of human behavior, which at the individual level influence the way the individual makes decisions, are an integral part of the macroeconomic growth models. Different preferences can be associated with apparent differenc...
Chapter
In recent decades, developments have been observed—especially in the developed economies of the Western world—leading to a gradual change in the cultural background of these societies from traditional to post-materialistic values. It is a silent revolution of social attitudes and is based on developments such as generational replacement, increased...
Chapter
This chapter develops issues related to the satisfaction of Greek society with the state of the economy, democracy and the euro, as well as the attitude of Greek society regarding the state interventions and the economic policy implemented in Greece. Specifically, there are issues related to attitudes about whether or not state interventions are go...
Article
In recent decades it seems that various factors have led to a cultural background change, which although mainly characterized as incremental, in some cases can be sudden. A question therefore arises as to whether the way in which the cultural background has evolved during last decades affects the growth rate of economies. We use an unbalanced panel...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper delineates an explanatory framework for the defining factors of incentives, both financial and nonfinancial, through the theory of human economic action and that of personality traits, which shape human goals and, ultimately, social identity. It is ascertained that three types of variables affect incentives: basic conditions (cult...
Article
Full-text available
When culture and institutions coevolve, which means that these are changing simultaneously and in the same direction, financial development is facilitated. In contrast, when institutions and the cultural background deviate from this development, their asynchronous and different direction changes may lead to a series of failed attempts to implement...
Chapter
The necessity of searching for deeper roots plays a significant role in the evolution of the economic development and growth. This issue arises from the complex globalized world, the understanding of which requires an in-depth analysis. This issue is born again in the aftermath of the Great Depression of 2008, which highlighted the inability of eco...
Book
This book studies the evolution in human thought, action, and behavior as a result of the 2008 fi nancial crisis and the Covid-19 crisis. Through the presentation and analysis of data, as recorded for at least a decade, and using the Greek economy as a case study, the authors examine the changes in social and human capital, increasingly risk-averse...
Chapter
The definitions of entrepreneurship might vary, but it is a fact that a clear conceptual framework which correlates entrepreneurship with the economic outcome does not exist. One possible explanation—this chapter suggests—derives from neoclassical theory, which does not consider entrepreneurship as a separate variable of its models. At the same tim...
Chapter
In the modern and globalized economic environment, the need for structural reforms is imperative for economies to adapt to modern conditions and structural changes. The purpose of this chapter is to analyse the causes leading to this need, focusing on supply-side policies, and the changes taking place globally, which structurally affect the way eco...
Chapter
The scope of the chapter is to understand the modulation of past growth and to evaluate the conditions that will shape the future, in terms of the relation of policy formation with social welfare and evolutionary perspectives. Policy-makers have to consider several fundamental issues presented in this chapter, which have always been at the heart of...
Chapter
Μodern economic science has to revise and adjust to emerging conditions its key notions about the sources of economic growth and to provide a new framework of refined theory and more effective policies. Accordingly, this chapter gathers the basic theoretical assumptions formed over time by major economic schools of thought, related to policies for...
Chapter
The influence of the cultural background on economic growth has stimulated the interest of sciences such as economics, sociology and psychology. The functioning of economies depends strongly on the interconnection of the main institutions and cultural background. When these are activated in an optimal growth path, innovation and entrepreneurship ar...
Chapter
The design and implementation of economic policy are highly correlated with the actual basis on which it has to be applied. This chapter argues that applied policy which aims at promoting economic efficiency is linked to the particular circumstances prevailing in an economy, making it unique every time. Although economic thinking has been reinforce...
Chapter
This chapter highlights the importance of and the relationship between targets and policy instruments in the conduct of economic policy, as critical to understanding the process of policy-making and change. Specifically, the analysis includes the contribution of Tinbergen and Theil, concerning the number of instruments available in relation to the...
Chapter
Politics is the area in which the shaping of economic policy is developed and most of the relevant decisions are taken. Different political institutions shape different economic institutions, resulting in winners and losers and, therefore, representing a different balance of forces. Ιn this context, this chapter emphasizes the need to analyse the i...
Chapter
Innovative activities are considered to be one of the most important means for economies to compete in the wider globalized environment. The concept of innovation consists of a complex set of processes, as it is linked to many factors—mostly, though, to creativity. Thus, the purpose of this chapter is to highlight the concept of innovation and its...
Chapter
A country’s wealth and prosperity over time depend almost entirely on its ability to increase productivity, an affirmative answer might seem reasonable. Economists have long puzzled over the factors that enhance productivity and the relationship between productivity and growth. This chapter has an introductory character and surveys the sources of g...
Article
Full-text available
Investment diversification is a prerequisite for dynamic growth performance. It is intuitively accepted that cultural background affects investment behavior and investment decision making, but does cultural change affect investment diversification? This paper assesses whether cultural background shapes growth performance through investment diversif...
Book
This book provides the theoretical and analytical background necessary to understanding the process of growth and the implementation of economic policies. First, it presents the growth theory landscape and the evolution of growth as well as modern growth theory arguments where the policy implications of the theoretical approaches are set. The book...
Book
Full-text available
Το βιβλίο αυτό βοηθά τον αναγνώστη να καταλάβει τις βασικές και σημαντικές έννοιες της ανάπτυξης και της μεγέθυνσης όπως έχουν κατανοηθεί στην παγκόσμια οικονομική σκέψη στις αρχές του 21ου αιώνα. Οι αρνητικές συνέπειες του κατακερματισμένου τρόπου επιστημονικής σκέψης κατά τον τελευταίο αιώνα, δηλαδή η εμφάνιση πολλών επιστημονικών υποπεδίων στην...
Article
Major forces seem to have led to cultural background change in the form of incremental change or shock over the last three decades. The fact that certain cultural changes are occurring and that these changes are embodied in social behavior and thus in economic decisions raises the question of whether cultural change affects innovation performance....
Conference Paper
Major forces, such as globalization, aging, migration and the Great Recession are considered as the main factors that have led to cultural background change during the last three decades. Given that certain cultural changes are taking place and that these are embodied in the social behavior and thus in economic decisions, the principal question und...
Chapter
Full-text available
The concept of creativity is multidimensional, helping to take advantage of entrepreneurial opportunities and favoring in this way economic growth. Next to this basic argument of Neoclassical Theory, which ignores the role of entrepreneurship in growth, the present chapter states that entrepreneurship should be included as a contributing factor of...
Article
In the new era—mainly after the recent global financial crisis—conditions skyrocket uncertainty episodes, while innovation falters and low average nominal returns on entrepreneurial investments occur. Under those circumstances, the traditional instruments of entrepreneurial appraisal and entrepreneurial decisions, limit the utility and endanger the...
Chapter
The recent economic crisis has brought back on the focus of the debates, issues of developmental nature for the European economies. The future development of Europe does not seem to be brilliant because of a complex mix of debt in the Eurozone countries (public and private debt that lead to malfunctions of the financial sector and especially of the...
Article
Full-text available
An optimal growth pattern requires pro-growth optimal institutions and culture. In an optimal growth pattern, entrepreneurship and innovation are facilitated. In contrast, in case of distortions in the development of institutions and culture and distortions in their coevolution, a permanent growth stagnation prototype can appear, with distorted cre...
Conference Paper
The new era conditions –mainly after the recent global financial crisis- skyrocket uncertainty episodes, while innovation falters and low average nominal returns on entrepreneurial investments occur. Under those circumstances, the traditional instruments of entrepreneurial appraisal and entrepreneurial decisions, have limited utility and endanger t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The recent economic crisis has brought back on the focus of the debates, issues of developmental nature for the European economies. The future development of Europe does not seem to be brilliant because of a complex mix of debt in the Eurozone countries (public and private debt that lead to malfunctions of the financial sector and especially of the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Unemployment is one of the major problems of the Greek society and has three main sources: 1) structural unemployment resulting from changes in the international division of labor, 2) unemployment arising from reduced economic activity (demand) due to the economic recession and associated fiscal adjustment programs, and 3) unemployment resulting fr...
Chapter
Full-text available
What is intensively troubling at a global level -but also in Greece- is the problem of skill mismatching, the fact that the demand for low-skill personnel is bigger than offer whereas on the contrary demand for low-skill personnel cannot absorb the surplus working population. This fact combined with the consequences of the global financial crisis h...
Conference Paper
The paper examines whether the Stabilizing Programs in European Union are effective in achieving a positive growth rate, a reduction of the debt to GDP ratio and a reduction of the current account deficit to GDP ratio. The analysis regards the time period from the Maastricht Treaty on 1993 up to 2013 (the recent bailouts of Greece, Ireland and Port...

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