Kyoko Tsukiyama-Kohara

Kyoko Tsukiyama-Kohara
Kagoshima University | Kadai · Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

PhD

About

200
Publications
15,587
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5,592
Citations
Citations since 2016
72 Research Items
1703 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (200)
Article
Aims: HBsAg loss with anti-HBs acquisition is considered a functional cure and ideal treatment goal for patients with CHB. Our group have reported the efficacy of therapeutic vaccine with HBsAg and HBcAg (NASVAC) by intranasal and subcutaneous injection. In this study, we investigated the safety and efficacy of newly developed CVP-NASVAC, which co...
Article
Full-text available
Viral infections by hepatotropic viruses can cause both acute and chronic infections in the liver, resulting in morbidity and mortality in humans. Hepatotropic viruses, including hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV), and hepatitis E virus (HEV), are the major pathogens that cause acute a...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global public health problem. The clinical outcomes of HBV infections are influenced by host as well as viral factors, including viral genotypes and subgenotypes. The interplay between HBV and host innate immunity remains unclear because of the lack of a suitable small animal model. Tree shrews (Tupaia belange...
Article
Full-text available
Koala retrovirus (KoRV) exists in both endogenous and exogenous forms and has appeared as a major threat to koala health and conservation. Currently, there are twelve identified KoRV subtypes: an endogenous subtype (KoRV-A) and eleven exogenous subtypes (KoRV-B to -I, KoRV-K, -L, and -M). However, information about subtype-related immune responses...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a major global health problem despite the availability of an effective prophylactic HBV vaccine. Current antiviral therapies are unable to fully cure chronic hepatitis B (CHB) because of the persistent nature of covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA), a replicative template for HBV, which necessita...
Article
The genome feature of SARS-CoV-2 leads the virus to mutate and creates new variants of concern. Tackling viral mutations is also an important challenge for the development of a new vaccine. Accordingly, in the present study, we undertook to identify B- and T-cell epitopes with immunogenic potential for eliciting responses to SARS-CoV-2, using compu...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains a major global health burden, causing chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are evolutionarily conserved pattern recognition receptors that detect pathogen-associated molecular patterns and activate downstream signaling to induce proinflammatory cytokine and...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated koalas are infected with koala retrovirus (KoRV) focusing on proviral copies and RNA expression to ascertain any variation in viral load by institution, age, sex, or body condition score, through quantifying KoRV proviral DNA and RNA loads in captive koala (n = 37) reared in Japanese zoos. All koalas (100%, 37/37) were positive for...
Article
Full-text available
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) and classical swine fever virus (CSFV) possess positive-sense single-stranded RNA genomes and an internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) element within their 5′-untranslated regions. To investigate the common host factors associated with these IRESs, we established cell lines expressing a bicistronic luciferase repo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. The mechanisms that regulate HBV viral replication remain poorly defined. Here, we show that blocking of the neddylation elicits antiviral effect against HBV replication, indicating that NEDD8 supports viral production.Methods and resultsTo explore role...
Article
Full-text available
Dengue, a rapidly spreading mosquito-borne human viral disease caused by dengue virus (DENV), is a public health concern in tropical and subtropical areas due to its expanding geographical range. DENV can cause a wide spectrum of illnesses in humans, ranging from asymptomatic infection or mild dengue fever (DF) to life-threatening dengue hemorrhagi...
Article
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We acknowledge the publications for this Special Issue, “Basic Studies for Vaccine Development Targeting Virus Infections” [...]
Article
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The 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) genome plays a significant role in replication including the poly(U) tract ( You and Rice, 2008 ). Here we established an HCV clone that is infectious in vitro and in vivo , from an Egyptian patient with chronic HCV infection and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). First, we inoculated the...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has led to coronavirus disease (COVID-19), a global health pandemic causing millions of deaths worldwide. However, the immunopathogenesis of COVID-19, particularly the interaction between SARS-CoV-2 and host innate immunity, remains unclear. The innate immune system acts...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Koala retrovirus (KoRV) is endemic in both the wild and captive populations, and represents a major threat to koala health. KoRV is of an interest to
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Koala retrovirus (KoRV) is unique amongst endogenous retroviruses as its endogenization is still active. So far, two major KoRV subtypes, KoRV-A and B have been described, where KoRV-B has been shown overtly associated with disease occurrence and threatened koala health. Here, we investigated KoRV prevalence, detected by type-specific PCR and seque...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Koala retrovirus (KoRV), a major pathogen for koalas, exists in both endogenous (KoRV-A) and exogenous forms (KoRV-B to J). However, the impact of infection with multiple subtypes is not well characterized. Accordingly, in this study, we surveyed a representative sample from a Japanese zoo population to determine infection status for three KoRV sub...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a major global health problem. The immunopathology of the disease, especially the interplay between HBV and host innate immunity, is poorly understood. Moreover, inconsistent literature on HBV and host innate immunity has led to controversies. However, recently, there has been an increase in the num...
Article
Full-text available
Dengue is the most prevalent and rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease caused by dengue virus (DENV). Recently, DENV has been affecting humans within an expanding geographic range due to the warming of the earth. Innate immune responses play a significant role in antiviral defense, and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are key regulators of innat...
Article
Full-text available
Viral infection is a global public health threat causing millions of deaths. A suitable small animal model is essential for viral pathogenesis and host response studies that could be used in antiviral and vaccine development. The tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri or Tupaia belangeri chinenesis), a squirrel-like non-primate small mammal in the Tupaiidae...
Article
Full-text available
Koala retrovirus (KoRV), a major pathogen of koalas, exists in both endogenous (KoRV-A) and exogenous forms (KoRV-B to J). However, the impact of infection with multiple subtypes is not well understood. Accordingly, in this study, we surveyed a representative sample from a Japanese zoo population to determine the infection status for three KoRV sub...
Article
Non-primate hepacivirus (NPHV) is a homolog of hepatitis C virus and has been isolated from dogs and horses. Data on NPHV prevalence and distribution are not complete, and there is a particular lack of reports from the African continent. The present study represents the first investigation of NPHV prevalence in horses and dogs in North Africa. Blo...
Article
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Antibody detection is crucial for monitoring host immune responses to specific pathogen antigens (Ags) and evaluating vaccine efficacies. The luciferase immunoprecipitation system (LIPS) was developed for sensitive detection of Ag-specific antibodies in sera from various species. In this study, we describe NanoLIPS, an improved LIPS assay based on...
Article
Full-text available
Most anti-influenza drugs currently used, such as oseltamivir and zanamivir, inhibit the enzymatic activity of neuraminidase. However, neuraminidase inhibitor-resistant viruses have already been identified from various influenza virus isolates. Here, we report the development of a class of macrocyclic peptides that bind the influenza viral envelope...
Article
Full-text available
Koala populations are currently declining and under threat from koala retrovirus (KoRV) infection both in the wild and in captivity. KoRV is assumed to cause immunosuppression and neoplastic diseases, favoring chlamydiosis in koalas. Currently, 10 KoRV subtypes have been identified, including an endogenous subtype (KoRV-A) and nine exogenous subtyp...
Article
Full-text available
Toll-like receptors (TLRs), evolutionarily conserved pattern recognition receptors, play an important role in innate immunity by recognizing microbial pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Koala retrovirus (KoRV), a major koala pathogen, exists in both endogenous (KoRV-A) and exogenous forms (KoRV-B to J). However, the expression profile of TLRs...
Preprint
Full-text available
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) and classical swine fever virus (CSFV) both possess positive strand RNA genomes and an internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) element within their 5¢-untranslated regions. To identify common host factors involved with the activity of these IRESes, we utilized cell lines expressing a bicistronic luciferase reporter...
Article
Recently, hepe-astrovirus-like RNA viruses named bastroviruses (BastVs), have been found in human, pig, bat, and rat fecal samples. In this study, we determined nearly complete genome sequences of four BastVs in the feces of healthy pigs. Genetic characterization revealed that these porcine BastVs (PBastVs) and BastVs from other animals including h...
Chapter
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Treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been revolutionized during last years with the development of highly potent direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) specifically targeting HCV proteins. DAAs are the current standard of care for patients with chronic hepatitis C, leading to high cure rates. However, some hurdles exist including the...
Article
The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated (Cas) system has considerable therapeutic potential for use in treating a wide range of intractable genetic and infectious diseases including hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. While non-viral delivery technologies for the CRISPR/Cas system are expected to have clini...
Article
Full-text available
Koala retrovirus (KoRV) poses a major threat to koala health and conservation, and currently has 10 identified subtypes: an endogenous subtype (KoRV-A) and nine exogenous subtypes (KoRV-B to KoRV-J). However, subtype-related variations in koala immune response to KoRV are uncharacterized. In this study, we investigated KoRV-related immunophenotypic...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing coronavirus disease 19 caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become fatal for the world with affected population crossing over 25 million in more than 217 countries, consequently declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization. Unfortunately, neither specific prophylactic or therapeut...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious disease caused by severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This virus is capable of human-to-human transmission, and is spreading rapidly round the globe, with markedly high fatality rates. Unfortunately, there are neither vaccines nor specific therapies available to combat it,...
Article
Full-text available
Koala retrovirus (KoRV) is a major threat to koala health and conservation. It also represents a series of challenges across the fields of virology, immunology, and epidemiology that are of great potential interest to any researcher in the field of retroviral diseases. KoRV is a gammaretrovirus that is present in both endogenous and exogenous forms...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection constitutes a global health issue with limited current therapeutic efficacy owing to the persistence of viral episomal DNA (cccDNA). The CRISPR/Cas9 system, a newly developed, powerful tool for genome editing and potential gene therapy, requires efficient delivery of CRISPR components for successfu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Koala retrovirus (KoRV) is endemic in both the wild and captive populations, and represents a major threat to koala health. KoRV is of an interest to virologists due to its currently active endogenization into the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) genome. Although KoRV has frequently been isolated in wild and captive koala populations, its...
Article
Full-text available
The current Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is causing great alarm around the world. The pathogen for COVID-19 – severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) – is the seventh known coronavirus to cause pneumonia in humans. While much remains unknown about SARS-CoV-2, physicians and researchers have begun to publish rele...
Article
Full-text available
Mammary gland cancer is the most common cancer occurring in women globally. Incidences of this cancer in Japan are on the increase. Annually, more than 70,000 new cases are recorded in Japan and about 1.7 million in the world. Many cases are still difficult to cure completely, and animal models are required for the characterization of the biology,...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the availability of an effective preventive vaccine for hepatitis B virus (HBV) for over 38 years, chronic HBV (CHB) infection remains a global health burden with around 257 million patients. The ideal treatment goal for CHB infection would be to achieve complete cure; however, current therapies such as peg-interferon and nucleos(t)ide anal...
Article
Full-text available
KoRV is unique among retroviruses in that one strain (KoRV-A) is undergoing endogenization, whereas the other main subtype (KoRV-B) and another subtype (KoRV-C) are reportedly exogenous strains. Its transmission and pathogenesis are of interest in the study of retroviruses and are crucial for any conservation strategy geared toward koala health. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The Tupaia or tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri), a small mammal of the Tupaiidae family, is an increasingly used and promising infection model for virological and immunological research. Recently, sequencing of the Tupaia whole genome revealed that it is more homologous to the genome of humans than of rodents. Viral infections are a global threat to hu...
Article
Full-text available
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a host-restricted disease of cloven-hoofed animals, such as cattle and pigs. There are seven major serotypes of FMD virus that exhibit high antigenic variation, making vaccine strain selection difficult. However, there is an internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) element within the 5′ untranslated region of the FMD vir...
Article
Full-text available
Koala retrovirus (KoRV) is unique among endogenous retroviruses because its endogenization is still active. Two major KoRV subtypes, KoRV-A and B, have been described, and KoRV-B is associated with disease and poses a health threat to koalas. Here, we investigated the co-prevalence of KoRV-A and KoRV-B, detected by type-specific PCR and sequencing,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Koala retrovirus (KoRV) is unique among endogenous retroviruses because its endogenization is still active. Two major KoRV subtypes, KoRV-A and B, have been described, and KoRV-B is associated with disease and poses a health threat to koalas. Here, we investigated the co-prevalence of KoRV-A and KoRV-B, detected by type-specific PCR and sequencing,...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection causes acute and chronic hepatitis, which is a major public health concern worldwide. Immunization methods incorporating hepatitis B surface-small (HBs-S) antigen and hepatitis B core antigen (HBc) have been proposed as candidate therapeutic vaccines, but the elimination of existing HBV infection remains a challeng...
Article
Full-text available
The northern tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri) possesses high potential as an animal model of human diseases and biology, given its genetic similarity to primates. Although genetic information on the tree shrew has already been published, some of the entire coding sequences (CDSs) of tree shrew genes remained incomplete, and the reliability of these CD...
Article
Full-text available
Koala retrovirus (KoRV) is a gammaretrovirus that is becoming endogenous in koalas. Here, we explored the dynamics of KoRV infection in captive koalas in Japan. We isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 11 koalas, from which we extracted the KoRV genome. We found the prevalence of KoRV provirus in the koalas to be 100%, and the co...
Article
Full-text available
Avian-origin influenza viruses like H5N1 and H7N9 often cause severe symptoms with high mortality in humans. Animal models are useful for clarification of the mechanisms of pathogenicity of these infections. In this study, to expand the potential utility of the Northern tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri) for influenza virus infection, we assessed the pa...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) establishes a chronic infection that can lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The HCV life cycle is closely associated with host factors that promote or restrict viral replication, the characterization of which could help to identify potential therapeutic targets. To this end, here we performed a genome-wide micro...
Article
Full-text available
Dengue is the most prevalent arboviral disease in humans and leads to significant morbidity and socioeconomic burden in tropical and subtropical areas. Dengue is caused by infection with any of the four closely related serotypes of dengue virus (DENV1-4) and usually manifests as a mild febrile illness, but may develop into fatal dengue hemorrhagic...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) mainly replicates in the cytoplasm, where it easily establishes persistent infection, resulting in chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Due to its high rate of mutation, HCV forms viral quasispecies, categorized based on the highly variable regions in the envelope protein and nonstructural 5A pro...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is one of the major causes of serious liver diseases, including liver cirrhosis. There are no anti-fibrotic drugs with efficacy against liver cirrhosis. Wnt/beta-catenin signaling has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of tissue fibrosis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a...