Kutlay Yagmur

Kutlay Yagmur
Tilburg University | UVT · Department of Culture Studies

Full Professor

About

205
Publications
38,437
Reads
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1,638
Citations
Introduction
I am an educational linguist interested in cultural diversity, inclusion, multilingualism and school achievement. Specializing in sociolinguistics, my research focuses on the linguistic, cultural, social, and intercultural outcomes of language contact. My recent research deals with diversity and social inclusion from a policy perspective. I am particularly interested in the formulation and enactment of multilingual policies in the European context.
Additional affiliations
April 2013 - December 2020
Tilburg University
Position
  • Head of Department
Description
  • As of January 2021, I lead our interdisciplinary research group that studies culture, intercultural communication and artistic practices in the global and digital society through an interdisciplinary approach in which sociolinguistic, semiotic, psychological, political, aesthetical and ethical perspectives are merged.
April 2013 - present
Tilburg University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (205)
Chapter
In order to provide detailed background information about Turkish immigrants abroad, a detailed socio-historical profile of the group is presented in this Chapter. In order to make sense of the experiences of Turkish immigrants, this chapter is important. The aim is contextualizing the topic for a better understanding of the issues facing Turkish i...
Chapter
This book presents a synthesis of findings from a number of different research projects on language maintenance and shift, acculturation orientations, family language policy, school achievement and bilingualism in Turkish speaking communities in different immigration contexts. By using empirical evidence in five immigration countries, the impact of...
Article
This study investigated the Family Language Policy of second- and thirdgeneration Turkish parents in Melbourne, Australia. Earlier research has shown that the family home is a crucial site for language maintenance [Fishman 1991. Reversing Language Shift: Theoretical and Empirical Foundations of Assistance to Threatened Languages. Clevedon: Multilin...
Article
This article analyses the intercultural competence of students from Turkey who participated in the EuRopean Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students (Erasmus). Intercultural competence is an important aspect of 21st-century skills and lifelong learning. The study presented here also considered antecedent factors such as parti...
Chapter
Turkish immigrant community is the largest group in Western Europe. Researchers from various disciplines conducted research on acculturation orientations, bilingual skills, language maintenance/shift, and school achievement of Turkish immigrant groups in various countries.
Article
Full-text available
Internationalization agenda, especially the Erasmus framework, has become a significant process affecting the Turkish higher education. Erasmus, as being the most influential and preferred mobility scheme, has attracted significant attention and witnessed increasing number of students in years. There are various studies on the outcomes of the Erasm...
Article
This article investigates the perceptions of mainstream Turks in Turkey towards Turkish (re)migrants from West European countries. It seeks to gain insight into themes and issues emerging in the cultural contact of (re)migrants with Turks back in Turkey and to elucidate the dimensions of the perceived stigmatization of Turkish (re)migrants. By usin...
Article
Full-text available
We studied the psychological and socio-cultural adaptation processes of Syrian refugees in Turkey using semi-structured, face-to-face, in-depth interviews among 15 participants. The study explored the themes and issues emerging in the psychological and socio-cultural adaptation processes such as life-satisfaction, contact with the host community an...
Chapter
There is scant information on formal education models and minority language teaching in the literature. Minority language education is mostly organized by non-formal education institutions (minority organizations, NGO’s, voluntary groups, and so forth) in many countries. Only in a very limited number of national contexts, minority languages, especi...
Article
We studied the acculturation processes of Syrian refugees in the Netherlands, based on semi-structured in-depth interviews. The study aims to investigate how Syrian refugees perceive the cultural distance caused by the differences and boundaries between Syrian and Dutch culture; how they cope with the boundaries and prejudice that they perceive; an...
Article
The few studies on the achievement differences of mainstream and immigrant primary school students in large-scale assessments point to an achievement gap in many subject-areas, with immigrant students trailing mainstream students. A recurrent methodological problem of these studies is that the two student groups do not come from comparable backgrou...
Article
European discourse on linguistic minorities reflect the construction of inter-ethnic boundaries between national (such as Dutch or French), indigenous minorities (such as Basque, Catalan or Frisian), and immigrant minorities (Arabic, Berber or Turkish). In the European public discourse on immigrant minority groups, two major characteristics emerge:...
Article
Full-text available
In talking about family language policy in the Turkish immigration context in the Netherlands, teachers emerged as the key actors in shaping parental language choices and practices. Previous research has shown that teachers take a central role in the implementation of school language policy but there is not much research on the influence of mainstr...
Article
Introduction to the Special Issue: "Early language development and education: Teachers, parents and children as agents"
Book
The book contains three sections. In the first section titled ‘Turkic structures’, current linguistic issues in Turkic languages are discussed. In the second section, titled ‘Turkish linguistic issues’, re-searchers of Turkish linguistics present their findings on a rich variety of topics where linguistic analysis is the overarching element in all...
Article
Full-text available
We examined Differential Item Functioning (DIF) and the size of cross-cultural performance differences in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 mathematics data before and after application of propensity score matching. The mathematics performance of Indonesian, Turkish, Australian, and Dutch students on released items was...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores return migration motivations of different generations of Turkish migrants returning from Germany, the Netherlands and France, using semi-structured face-to-face interviews among 48 informants. The study draws on a qualitative approach and inductive content analysis to get insight into how pre-return, migration and transnationa...
Article
Full-text available
Lower reading and mathematics performance of Turkish immigrant students as compared to mainstream European students could reflect differential learning outcomes, differential socioeconomic backgrounds of the groups, differential mainstream language proficiency, and/or test bias. Using PISA reading and mathematics scores of these groups, we examined...
Article
Full-text available
In bilingualism studies, comparing the competence of mono- and bilingual speakers is common, but it comes with certain limitations. In immigration contexts, many studies concentrate on the skills of immigrant pupils in the mainstream language. In order to account for educational underachievement of minority children, gaps in their language developm...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the family language policy of second-generation Turkish immigrant families in the Netherlands by exploring their language ideologies, practices, and management strategies. Using an ethnographic approach, data were collected through a set of observations and interviews with 20 families. Transcriptions of interviews and memos...
Chapter
Full-text available
Immigrant multilingualism is at the crossroads of many academic disciplines. Educational specialists, policy makers, linguists, social psychologists and immigration researchers are equally interested in immigrant multilingualism. In this paper, immigrant multilingualism is discussed from a variety of perspectives. Discussions surrounding language m...
Chapter
Immigrant multilingualism is at the crossroads of many academic disciplines. Educational specialists, policy makers, linguists, social psychologists and immigration researchers are equally interested in immigrant multilingualism. In this paper, immigrant multilingualism is discussed from a variety of perspectives. Discussions surrounding language m...
Book
Immigrant integration dominates the social, political, and scientific agendas of immigrant-receiving countries. Integration requires mutual co-ordinated efforts of both the host and immigrant groups. This book presents a macro level perspective on language maintenance, shift and acculturation orientations of Turkish immigrants in major immigration...
Article
The interdependence between the first and second language of bilingual immigrant children has not received sufficient attention in research. Most studies concentrate on mainstream language skills of immigrant pupils. In some studies, the gaps in the language development of immigrant children are documented by comparing mainstream pupils with immigr...
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Full-text available
Sozcuk okuma becerilerindeki yetersizlikler okuma problemlerinin altinda yatan onemli nedenlerden biridir. Cunku dogru ve akici sozcuk okuma ile kavrama arasinda cok yakin bir iliski vardir. Yine okuma hizi ile kavrama arasinda da bir iliski oldugu ortaya konmustur. Bu nedenle ogrencilerin sozcuk okuma becerilerine iliskin durumlarinin saptanmasi g...
Article
Full-text available
Large-scale studies, such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), provide data to understand cross-national differences and similarities. In this study, we aimed to identify factors predicting mathematics achievement of Turkish students by comparing to Australian students. First, construct equivalence and item bias wer...
Article
Full-text available
This article aims to present an overview of the literature on return migration. Through combining the perspectives of various disciplines, notably economy, sociology, and psychology, the main theoretical issues, studies and findings in the field of remigration are presented. In this paper, we concentrate on traditional immigrants with a ‘pull’ ince...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper deals with the differences between language policy at the European level and de facto practices at the national level. The findings are derived from the Language Rich Europe project, which is financed by the British Council and the European Commission to promote knowledge sharing about good policy and practice in language learning and te...
Book
Immigrant integration dominates the social, political, and scientific agendas of immigrant-receiving countries. Integration requires mutual coordinated efforts of both the host and immigrant groups. This book presents a macro level perspective on language maintenance, shift and acculturation orientations of Turkish immigrants in major immigration c...
Chapter
Full-text available
Immigrant multilingualism is a very complex topic. It is at the crossroads of multiple disciplines that have fundamentally different perspectives on the topic. Depending on the ideological approach taken, immigrant multilingualism is seen either as a deficit or a resource. Immigrant minority (IM henceforth) languages are most often associated with...
Chapter
Immigrant multilingualism is a very complex topic. It is at the crossroads of multiple disciplines that have fundamentally different perspectives on the topic. Depending on the ideological approach taken, immigrant multilingualism is seen either as a deficit or a resource. Immigrant minority (IM henceforth) languages are most often associated with...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to identify the relationship between students' accurate and fluent silent reading skills and their comprehension. The participants of the study were 401 students studying at 1st to 4thgrades. These students were from two state schools and a private school located in regions with different socioeconomic levels. The data on t...
Article
Language maintenance, shift and ethnolinguistic vitality perceptions of Turkish speakers in the Netherlands are discussed in this paper. Using ethnolinguistic vitality theory of Giles, Bourhis & Taylor (1977) data on language use, choice and attitudes of Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands were collected. Using education as an independent variabl...
Article
In this paper, acculturation and language orientations among Turkish speakers in Australia (n = 283) are discussed. Compared to West European countries, the Turkish community in Australia is much smaller. Given the prevalent pluralism ideology in Australia, a high level of sociocultural adjustment and a high level of ethnic orientation and language...
Article
The findings of the quantitative and qualitative data, collected by the first researcher in Western Thrace among Turkish speakers, are presented in this paper. The conceptual framework of the study is based on earlier studies on ethnolinguistic vitality theory (Giles et.al. 1977) and language maintenance and shift (Edwards 1992) as well as accultur...
Article
In this paper, the on-going process of language policy-making in Suriname is dealt with using quantitative data obtained from students as well as teachers in primary and secondary schools. The Republic of Suriname is a former Dutch colony on the Caribbean coast of South America. Suriname shelters around 20 languages. Dutch is the official language...
Article
Full-text available
The authors examined acculturation and language orientations among Turkish immigrants in Australia (n = 283), France (n = 266), Germany (n = 265), and the Netherlands (n = 271). They expected that the countries with the least pluralistic climate (France and Germany) would show the lowest level of sociocultural adjustment and the highest level of et...
Article
Full-text available
After a brief introduction on regional and immigrant minority languages across Europe (1), we will deal with multilingualism and language rights (2). Next, we will go into the European discourse on foreigners and integration (3). Against this background, we will offer cross-national perspectives on community language teaching, derived from the find...
Article
The focus of this paper is on urban multilingualism in Europe. Crossnational and crosslinguistic perspectives are offered on both the distribution and the vitality of immigrant minority languages among primary school children in six multicultural cities across European nation-states. Going from North to South, these cities are Göteborg, Hamburg, Th...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnolinguistic vitality theory asserts that Status, Demographic, Institutional Support and Control factors make up the vitality of ethnolinguistic groups. An assessment of a group's strengths and weaknesses in each of these dimensions provides a rough classification of ethnolinguistic groups into those having low, medium, or high vitality. Low vit...
Article
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This paper presents the findings of research investigating first-language attrition of Turkish speakers in Australia and the role of subjective ethnolinguistic vitality perceptions in that process. It examines the relationship between societal factors and individuals' perception of the language contact situation as reflected in their speech behavio...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, data and discourses on immigrant minority groups and languages other than Dutch at home and at school are presented in order to contextualise the status of Turkish and Moroccan communities and their languages in the Netherland. Patterns of language use, choice and attitudes of Turkish (n = 63) and Moroccan (n = 64) youngsters in the...
Article
Full-text available
The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers’ ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality questionnaire,...
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Full-text available
This study deals with the ethnolinguistic vitality of Altai and Kazakh as compared to Russian in the Russian Federation Republic of Altai. Data were gathered by document analysis, interviews with experts and by conducting a subjective ethnolinguistic vitality questionnaire. The data showed that Altai and Kazakh, as a consequence of a long-lasting R...
Article
Full-text available
Classes in children's home languages used to be provided in the Netherlands during the primary school day. But recently, as in other European countries, including Denmark and Norway, such classes have been abolished. It seems that home languages are no longer admissible in the classroom - and some policy makers and politicians do not want these lan...

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Project
This book puts forward a new model of acculturation combining psychological, sociolinguistic and identity theories to study Turkish immigrants across the globe. The authors argue that such a multidisciplinary perspective is very important in understanding acculturation processes in migrants, particularly for pivotal aspects such as language and identity. Studying one group or several groups within a country is the most common methodological approach in acculturation studies. The authors argue on the basis of their extensive ethnographic work that focusing on one immigrant ethnic group across countries instead provides deeper insights into interactive acculturation orientations of both the receiving societies and immigrant groups. They therefore synthesize findings from their work on Turkish immigrants in Australia and several countries in Europe. Moreover, they include extensive accounts of acculturation across several generations of Turkish migrants, thereby giving readers insights into the long-term acculturation process. The book critically discusses language maintenance and shift, child-rearing practices and socialization beliefs, and educational achievement in Turkish immigrants, and uses a mixed-methods approach. It is meant for researchers and policy makers interested in acculturation and the role of the acculturation context. Authors: Kutlay Yagmur, Tilburg School of Humanities, Tilburg, The Netherlands. Email: k.yagmur@tilburguniversity.edu Fons J. R. van de Vijver, Tilburg School of Humanities, Tilburg, The Netherlands. Email: fons.vandevijver@tilburguniversity.edu