Kuo-Chang Wen

Kuo-Chang Wen
Taipei Veterans General Hospital · Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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65
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Full-text available
Adenomyosis is linked to dysmenorrhea and infertility. The pathogenesis of adenomyosis remains unclear, and little is known of the genetic and epigenetic changes in the eutopic endometrium in adenomyosis, which may predispose patients to the invasion and migration of endometrial tissues into the myometrium. Transcriptome studies have identified gen...
Article
Full-text available
Intraperitoneal metastasis is a challenging clinical scenario in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). As they are distinct from hematogenous metastasizing tumors, epithelial ovarian cancer cells primarily disseminate within the peritoneal cavity to form superficially invasive carcinomas. Unfavorable pharmacokinetics for peritoneal tumors and gut toxici...
Article
Objective We aimed to identify the genetic cause of one hydrops fetalis with Noonan syndrome (NS) manifestations including increased nuchal translucency (INT) and ascites through prenatal whole exome sequencing (WES). Case report The case is a gestational age (GA) 18 fetus of two healthy parents with a normal child. We proceeded the genomic DNA fr...
Chapter
Gynecological cancer is a grave threat to women’s health. The human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main risk of cervical cancer. The incidence and mortality of cervical cancer have gradually decreased since the clinical use of pap smears. However, the sensitivity of pap smears still varies with different screening equipment, which seriously...
Article
Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), an immune checkpoint ligand, is recognized as a potential target for cancer immunotherapy as well as for the induction of transplantation tolerance. However, how the crosstalk between stem cell programming and cytokine signaling regulates PD-L1 expression during stem cell differentiation and cancer cell plasticity...
Article
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Background Patients with ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) have a poor prognosis because they show low sensitivity to platinum-based chemotherapy. New treatments for refractory OCCC are urgently needed. Case presentation We present a patient with refractory OCCC in whom conventional chemotherapy failed. Cachexia was induced by the disseminating...
Article
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Background: Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women. Complete cytoreductive surgery followed by platinum-taxene chemotherapy has been the gold standard for a long time. Various compounds have been assessed in an attempt to combine them with conventional chemotherapy to improve survival rates or even overcome chemore...
Preprint
Background Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women. Metformin has antitumor effects in many cancer models. However, many studies have shown that metformin has cytotoxic activity at higher concentrations than those used for diabetic patients; this effect may be derived from high concentrations directly inducing the de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women. Complete cytoreductive surgery followed by platinum-taxene chemotherapy has been the gold standard for a long time. Various compounds have been assessed in an attempt to combine them with conventional chemotherapy to improve survival rates or even overcome chemoresi...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Endometrial carcinoma is a cancer derived from oncogenesis of the regenerating uterine cavity, in which cytokine stimulation shapes cell differentiation and tissue remodeling. Expression of the stem cell factors SOX2, OCT4, NANOG, and MYC has been linked to tumor malignancy in several cancers. However, how these stem cell factors crosstalk...
Article
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Objective: Ultraminilaparotomy myomectomy (UMLT-M with less 4 cm transverse skin incision) and conventional 3-port wound laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) approaches were proposed as alternative minimally invasive procedures in the management of women with symptomatic uterine myomas but few studies have compared the outcomes of both procedures. Materi...
Article
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Objective: Our previous study has shown that high expression of α2,3-sialytransferase type I was associated with advanced stage serous type epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). The aim of the current study further attempts to evaluate the altered α 2,3-sialylation on the behavior of clear cell type EOC (C-EOC). Materials and methods: Immunohistochem...
Article
Objective: EpCAM is a transmembrane glycoprotein that functions as an epithelial marker in endometrial tissues. However, the correlation between EpCAM and endometrial carcinoma (EC) is not clear. Methods: This study investigated the association between EpCAM and EC. Immunohistochemistry staining and bioinformatics analysis disclosed the clinical...
Article
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An important role of genetic factors in the development of breast cancer (BC) or ovarian cancer (OC) in Taiwanese (ethnic Chinese) patients has been suggested. However, other than germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, which are related to hereditary breast-ovarian cancer (HBOC), cancer-predisposition genes have not been well studied in this population...
Data
Clinical characteristics of both Groups. (DOCX)
Data
Detected pathogenic/likely pathogenic genes and their clinical surveillance. (DOCX)
Article
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Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has the highest mortality rate among gynecologic cancers due to advanced stage presentation, peritoneal dissemination, and refractory ascites at diagnosis. We investigated the role of α2,3-sialyltransferase type I (ST3GalI) by analyzing human ovarian cancer datasets and human EOC tissue arrays. We found that high exp...
Article
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Uterine sarcoma is a very aggressive and highly lethal disease. Even after a comprehensive staging surgery or en block cytoreduction surgery followed by multimodality therapy (often chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy), many patients relapse or present with distant metastases, and finally die of diseases. The worst outcome of uterine sarcomas is...
Article
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Uterine sarcomas account for 3–7% of all uterine cancers. Because of their rarity, unknown etiology, and highly divergent genetic aberration, there is a lack of consensus on risk factors for occurrence and predictive poor outcomes as well as optimal therapeutic choices. Tumor types according to the World Health Organization classification include l...
Article
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Endometrial stromal tumors are rare uterine tumors (<1%). Four main categories include endometrial stromal nodule, low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LG-ESS), high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (HG-ESS), and uterine undifferentiated sarcoma (UUS). This review is a series of articles discussing the uterine sarcomas. LG-ESS, a hormone-depende...
Article
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The interplay between tumor microenvironment and cancer that causes chemoresistance remains unclear. By analyzing public available microarray datasets, we identified that periostin (POSTN) was overexpressed in cancer stroma in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. Immunohistochemistry analysis showed overexpression of stromal POSTN is a powerfu...
Article
Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy in United States. The prognosis is generally better because most patients are diagnosed at early stage. However, the overall survival rate declines to 10∼20% at advanced stage. There are no effective treatment in the management of patient with late stage of endometrial cancer or distant m...
Article
Introduction Epithelial ovarian cancer is the third most common gynecologic cancer in the United States but a leading cause of gynecologic cancer deaths. Previous finding that numbers of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the blood of ovarian cancer patients are prognostically significant. Moreover, comprehensive analyses of ovarian cancer genomes m...
Article
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To investigate the outcome of patients with early-stage primary fallopian tube carcinomas (PFTC) and those of patients with equivalent-stage serous epithelial ovarian carcinomas (SEOC). A balanced and matched, case-control comparison was conducted in a university-based tertiary hospital database between 1978 and 2007. All PFTC and SEOC patients wer...
Article
The combination of bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin (BEP) is currently the most widely used treatment for malignant ovarian germ cell tumours (MOGCTs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of the 3-day BEP regimen in Taiwan. The prognostic factors of the MOGCT patients were also analysed. Two hundred and thirty-n...
Article
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Objective To study the surgical morbidity and outcomes of patients with markedly bulky cervical squamous cell carcinoma (≥ 6 cm Cx-SCC) who underwent radical hysterectomy (RH) with and without neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). Materials and methods This retrospective study enrolled patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics...
Article
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Primary fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC) is a rare gynecological malignancy with the following characteristics: its preoperative diagnosis is easy to miss or delay because of a lack of specific symptoms and signs; it is difficult to distinguish from serous epithelial ovarian cancer or primary peritoneal serous carcinoma during or even after operatio...
Article
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We aimed to determine whether PAX1/SOX1 methylation could be translated to clinical practice for cervical neoplasia detection when used alone and in combination with current cytology-based Pap screening. We conducted a multicenter case–control study in 11 medical centers in Taiwan from December 2009 to November 2010. Six hundred seventy-six patient...
Article
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) are a cluster of naturally occurring small non-coding RNA molecules of 19-24 nucleotides in length. miRs control gene expression post-transcriptionally by binding to a specific site at the 3'-UTR of target mRNA, which results in mRNA cleavage and translation repression. Nearly 1000 miRs in the human genome have been identif...
Article
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To compare the prognosis of patients with advanced-stage primary peritoneal serous papillary carcinoma (PSPC) or papillary serous ovarian cancer (PSOC). This was a retrospective case-control study and included two study groups: one with stage III/IV PSPC (n = 38) patients and the other with PSOC (n = 53) patients. Patients were matched for histolog...
Article
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To present a prenatal diagnosis of microdeletion 16p13.11 with partial monosomy of 2q37.1-qter and partial trisomy of 7p15.3-pter in a fetus with bilateral ventriculomegaly, agenesis of corpus callosum, and polydactyly. A 41-year-old well-being Taiwanese, nulligravida woman received amniocentesis at a gestational age of 18 weeks for advanced matern...
Article
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Background. All published reports concerning secondary cytoreductive surgery for relapsed ovarian cancer have essentially been observational studies. However, the validity of observational studies is usually threatened from confounding by indication. We sought to address this issue by using comparative effectiveness methods to adjust for confoundin...
Article
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Uterine fibroids (also called leiomyomas or myomas) are the most common disorder among women of reproductive age, with an incidence of between 20% and 80%; they are often detected incidentally in routine healthy examinations, through bimanual pelvic and/or ultrasound examination, because uterine fibroids are rarely associated with symptoms. Sometim...
Article
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Intrapartum administration of antibiotics lowers the risk of neonatal group B streptococcus (GBS) infection based on recommended guidelines (a risk-based approach and a culture-based screening approach). However, many pregnant women do not undergo culture-based screening, nor treatment with prophylactic antibiotics after a GBS risk-based approach....
Article
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To assess the feasibility, safety, and short-term outcome of a transumbilical, single-port, totally extraperitoneal (TEP) laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, using a homemade port and a conventional instrument. Thirty consecutive patients with inguinal hernias (including 20% with bilateral inguinal hernias) underwent a transumbilical, single-port,...
Article
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumors in the female reproductive tract during the reproductive years. Among the options in the treatment spectrum, myomectomy is always considered one of the best choices in the management of women with symptomatic uterine fibroids who wish to preserve future fertility. Myomectomy through conventional ex...
Article
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Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is generally performed using a four- or five-port technique. We report a unique technique of two-port transcholedochal LCBDE with T-tube placement. Twelve consecutive patients with common bile duct (CBD) stones underwent LCBDE through two entry ports, one homemade single port (Uen port) inserted in...
Article
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To report the clinical experience of transumbilical single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TUSPLC), using a homemade laparoscopic access port composed of two inexpensive and common pieces of equipment readily available in the operating room. Fifty consecutive patients with gallstones, including ten patients (20%) with acute cholecystitis, underw...
Article
Due to their immunomodulatory functions, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have great potential for clinical applications to prevent rejection in organ transplantation and to prevent graft-versus-host disease in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation. Since dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in modulating diverse T cell responses, incl...
Article
We sought to compare myomectomy performed by laparotomy (LT), and 2 other modified approaches: ultraminilaparotomy (UMLT) and laparoscopically assisted UMLT for uterine fibroids with a size <8 cm and the number <5. A cohort study, including 79 (35.3%) women in the LT group, 71 (31.7%) in the UMLT group, and 74 (33.0%) in the laparoscopically assist...
Article
Small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC) originating from chromosome 10 are rare. Only seven cases have been documented, and among those three cases were diagnosed prenatally. We reported on another prenatal diagnosis of a de novo mosaic sSMC in an apparently normal female fetus whose mother had conceived with assisted reproductive technology...
Article
To assess the clinical use of F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in the post-therapy surveillance of uterine sarcoma. Eight whole-body FDG-PET studies were performed in seven women with previously treated uterine sarcoma. Conventional image studies (computed tomography) and physical examinations were performed for follow...
Article
To evaluate the short-term therapeutic outcome of myomectomy through conventional laparotomy in the treatment of uncomplicated uterine myomas compared with myomectomy through ultraminilaparotomy. Controlled, nonrandomized clinical study. University-affiliated tertiary care referral center. One hundred thirteen patients with symptomatic and uncompli...
Article
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The concept of regulatory T cells was first described in the early 1970s, and regulatory T cells were called suppressive T cells at that time. Studies that followed have demonstrated that these suppressive T cells negatively regulated tumor immunity and contributed to tumor growth in mice. Despite the importance of these studies, there was extensiv...
Article
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Two alternative surgical techniques for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), low-pressure insufflation of the peritoneal cavity and abdominal wall lifting (AWL), have been developed over time to minimize the disadvantages associated with CO2-elicited pneumoperitoneum. To the best of our knowledge, the 2 methods have seldom been compared as r...
Article
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The PROLENE Hernia System (PHS) is a bilayer patch device providing an anterior approach to preperitoneal inguinal hernia repair. To provide improved expansion of the underlay patch of PHS, a modified device featuring a deploying "pocket" in the double-layered underlay graft was designed. The deploying "pocket" is flat in shape and harbors a perime...
Article
Full-text available
Leiomyoma of the fallopian tube is extremely rare. Most cases are asymptomatic and found incidentally at autopsy or unrelated operation. These leiomyomas tend to be singular, small, and unilateral, with a resultant rare preoperative diagnosis. They are often managed with laparotomy, as seen in the literature review. Therefore, preoperative imaging...
Article
Full-text available
To present the phenomenon of the postoperative rapid progression of mature cystic teratoma (MCT) with malignant transformation (MT) when intraoperative spillage occurs during operation. Two patients with MCT were treated, one with total hysterectomy plus bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in an exploratory laparotomy, and the other with cystectomy wit...