Kuo-Sheng Hung

Kuo-Sheng Hung
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Department of Neurosurgery

MD PhD

About

96
Publications
8,865
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1,605
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (96)
Article
Objective To evaluate the effect of a 12-week breathing-based leg exercises program on quality of life under stabilizing heart rate variability and reducing fatigue in regular hemodialysis patients. Design Randomized controlled trial. Setting A 94-bed hemodialysis department at a medical center in northern Taiwan. Participants Eighty-six patient...
Article
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Background: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have emerged as a new class of anti-tumor agents for various types of tumors, including glioblastoma. Methods and results: We found that a novel HDAC inhibitor, MPT0B291, significantly reduced the cell viability and increased cell death of human and rat glioma cell lines, but not in normal astrocyte...
Article
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Osteoporosis is characterized by decreased bone mineral density and increased risk of fracture. Raloxifene is one of the treatments of osteoporosis. However, the responses were variable among patients. Previous studies revealed that the genetic variants are involved in the regulation of treatment outcomes. To date, studies that evaluate the influen...
Article
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Objective: In Taiwan, light motorcycles (LMCs) with cylinder capacities between 50 and 250 cc are widely used for daily commute. These vehicles are operated in a mixed traffic environment and prohibited on highways. In light of increasing motorcycle casualties, we conducted a multicentre study to analyse rider factors affecting injury severity. M...
Article
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Objective: In Taiwan, light motorcycles (LMCs) with cylinder capacities between 50 and 250 cc are widely used for daily commute. These vehicles are operated in a mixed traffic environment and prohibited on highways. In light of increasing motorcycle casualties, we conducted a multicentre study to analyse rider factors affecting injury severity. Met...
Article
Background: Stroke, a medical condition that causes physical disability and mental health problems, impacts negatively on quality of life. Post-stroke rehabilitation is critical to restoring quality of life in these patients. Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of a mind-body interactive qigong intervention on the physical...
Article
The stiffness index (SI) from quantitative ultrasound measurements is a good indicator of bone‐mineral density and may be used to predict risk of osteoporotic fracture. We conducted a genome‐wide association study (GWAS) for SI using 7,742 individuals from the Taiwan Biobank, followed by a replication study in a Korean population (n = 2,955). Appro...
Conference Paper
Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are among the leading causes of injury and fatality worldwide. Currently, the casualty of RTAs is continuously increasing in Taiwan; however, because of the lack of an advanced method to classify data regarding the injury severity in RTAs and the fragmentation of the original sources of these data, the road traffic saf...
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Osteoporosis is defined by low bone mineral density (BMD), which is mainly due to the imbalances in osteoclast and osteoblast activity. Previous studies indicated that early activation of osteoclasts relies on calcium entry through store-operated calcium (SOC) entry, and several genes, including STIM1, ORAI1, and ITPKC, are known as key regulators...
Article
Protein tyrosine sulfation (PTS), catalyzed by membrane-anchored tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase (TPST), is one of the most common post-translational modifications of secretory and transmembrane proteins. PTS, a key modulator of extracellular protein–protein interactions, accounts for various important biological activities, namely, virus entry, in...
Conference Paper
Objectives: Fourteen-day rehospitalization with new traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) diagnosis is used as an indicator for the diagnostic quality of the first hospitalization. In this nationwide population-based cohort study, we identified risk factors for this indicator. Methods: We conducted a nested case–control study by using the data of pat...
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SOC channel is the main calcium signal channel in T cells and osteoclast cells. Previous studies indicate that early activation of osteoclast relies on calcium entry through store-operated calcium entry (SOCE). Knockdown the expression of STIM1 in osteoclast will diminish their differentiation. Orai1-/- mice also shows significantly decrease in cor...
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Objectives: Fourteen-day rehospitalization with new traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) diagnosis is used as an indicator for the diagnostic quality of the first hospitalization. In this nationwide population-based cohort study, we identified risk factors for this indicator. Methods: We conducted a nested case-control study by using the data of...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES: Fourteen-day rehospitalization with new traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) diagnosis is used as an indicator for the diagnostic quality of the first hospitalization. In this nationwide population-based cohort study, we identified risk factors for this indicator. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study by using the data of pa...
Article
Background: Radiofrequency therapy (RFT) generates molecular motion, and produces heat and electromagnetic effects on tissues, which attenuate pain sensation and thereby relieve pain. This study was to observe the altering trend of physiological parameters after RFT for chronic cervical or lumbar pain. Methods: This study recruited 66 patients w...
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Purpose: Reasons for worldwide variability in the burden of primary malignant brain and central nervous system (CNS) tumors remain unclear. This study compares the incidence and survival of malignant brain and CNS tumors by selected histologic types between the United States (US) and Taiwan. Methods: Data from 2002 to 2010 were selected from two...
Article
Study design: Retrospective cohort study by using the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). Objective: The purpose of this study is to conduct a large scale cohort study to investigate the relationship between scoliosis and depression. Summary of background data: The association between scoliosis and depression has rar...
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Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by a decreased bone mineral density that results in an increased risk of fragility fractures. Previous studies indicated that genetic factors are involved in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Polymorphisms of the FONG (FTCDNL1) gene (rs7605378) were reported to be associated with the risk of...
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The purpose of this study is to assess the beneficial effects of a far-infrared-emitting collar (FIRC) on the management of neck disorders. A neck disorder is generalized as neck muscle pain and its relative mental disorders because the etiologies of the neck's multidimensional syndrome are either muscle impairment or psychiatric distress. This is...
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Integration of inorganic sulfate into biological molecules plays an important role in biological systems and is directly involved in the instigation of diseases. Protein tyrosine sulfation (PTS) is a common post-translational modification that was first reported in the literature fifty years ago. However, the significance of PTS under physiological...
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Background Osteopontin (OPN) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine which is expressed in various tissues. It participates in the bone remodeling process and stimulates bone resorption by osteoclasts. It is also a core protein of cholesterol gallstones. We hypothesized osteoporotic patients might have higher risk in developing gallstones and conducted a po...
Article
Osteoporosis and stroke are common diseases in elder patients. The relationship between these two diseases is unclear. This study was intended to estimate the risk of stroke among elder persons aged ≥50years within five years of being diagnosed with osteoporosis. We retrieved data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005 (LHID2005) in T...
Article
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in sensory axonal excitability in the distal nerve in patients with cervical radiculopathy. Methods The patients were classified by the findings of cervical MRI into two subgroups: 22 patients with C6/7 root compression and 25 patients with cervical cord and root compression above/at C6/7. Pat...
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This study estimates the risk of symptomatic nephrolithiasis within 5 years of newly diagnosed osteoporosis in a Taiwan population. This cohort study consisted of patients with a diagnosis of osteoporosis between Jan. 2003 and Dec. 2005 (N = 1634). Four age- and gender- matched patients for every patient in the study cohort were selected using rand...
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Background: Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a major health care problem worldwide. Approximately 1.5 million new TBI cases occur annually in the United States, with mortality rates ranging between 35% and 40% in severe patients. Despite the incidence of these injuries and their substantial socioeconomic implications, no specific pharmacologica...
Article
Study design: Case report. Objective: To describe the surgical technique and outcome of 2 cases of lap-shoulder belt injury involving burst fracture at L5 and cauda equina syndrome (CES). Summary of background data: Lap-shoulder belts have largely replaced lap belts in the front seats of cars, and therefore the concept of seat belt injury need...
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Background: Osteoporosis and periodontitis are both considered global health issues that threaten postmenopausal women and the older population. However, the correlation between osteoporosis and periodontitis is still unclear. Methods: Using a nationwide Taiwanese population-based database, data from patients with osteoporosis (2003 to 2005; n =...
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Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-kinase C (ITPKC, rs28493229) and caspase-3 (CASP3, rs113420705) are associated with susceptibility to KD in Japanese and Taiwanese populations. This study was conducted to investigate the involvement of these 2 SNPs in the risk for intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) resistance...
Data
We examined 12 combinatorial patterns in ITPKC (rs28493229) and CAPS3 (rs113420705) 2-locus analysis. (TIF)
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The neuroprotective effect of baicalein is generally attributed to inhibition of 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LOX) and suppression of oxidative stress, but recent studies showed that baicalein also activates hypoxia-inducible factor-α (HIF1α) through inhibition of prolyl hydrolase 2 (PHD2) and activation of the phosphatidylinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)/Ak...
Article
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This study estimates the risk of stroke within 5 years of newly diagnosed dementia among elderly persons aged 65 and above. We examined the relationship between antipsychotic usage and development of stroke in patients with dementia. We conducted a nationwide 5-year population-based study using data retrieved from the Longitudinal Health Insurance...
Data
The number of stroke cases for each year during the 5-year period. (DOCX)
Article
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Protein activities controlled by receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) play comparably important roles in transducing cell surface signals into the cytoplasm by protein tyrosine kinases. Previous studies showed that several RPTPs are involved in neuronal generation, migration, and axon guidance in Drosophila, and the vertebrate hippocampus...
Article
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Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammation of the sacroiliac joints, spine and peripheral joints. However, the development of anklosing spondylitis is unclear. Human leukocyte antigens HLA-B27 and ERAP1 have been widely reported to be associated with AS susceptibility. A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) showed that two new sus...
Article
Full-text available
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammation of the sacroiliac joints, spine and peripheral joints. The development of ankylosing spondylitis is still unclear. Genetics factors such as human leukocyte antigen HLA-B27 and ERAP1 have been widely reported to associate to AS susceptibility. In this study, we enrolled 361 AS patients and select...
Data
Knockdown STIM1 gene reduced Thapsigargin-mediated TNF-α gene expression in THP-1 cells. (TIF)
Article
We developed a fluorescent assay to conveniently determine the kinetics of protein sulfation, which is essential for understanding interface between protein sulfation and protein–protein interactions. Tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase (TPST) catalyzes protein sulfation using 3′-phosphate 5′-phosphosulfate (PAPS) as sulfuryl group donor. In this repor...
Article
Cellular redox signaling is important in diverse physiological and pathological processes. The activity of rat phenol sulfotransferase (rSULT1A1), which is important for the metabolism of hormone and drug, is subjected to redox regulation. Two cysteines, Cys232 and Cys66, nanometer away from each other and from the enzyme active site were proposed...
Article
Object: Neuroinflammation, which is characterized by the overproduction of cytokines and chemokines, plays an important role in neurodegenerative diseases, especially in Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the brain, chemokines are predominantly released by astrocytes and microglias. Expression of RANTES, as well as other cytokines, is involved in the in...
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Curcumin has been proposed for treatment of various neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative conditions, including post-traumatic inflammation during acute spinal cord injury (SCI). In this study, we examined whether curcumin anti-inflammation involves regulation of astrocyte reactivation, with special focus on the injury-induced RANTES (regulated o...
Article
The Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score is used in the initial evaluation of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, the determination of an accurate score is not possible in all clinical situations. Our aim is to determine if the individual components of the GCS score, or combinations of them, are useful in predicting mortality in patients...
Article
Recurrence of chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH) occurs in up to 30% of patients. The rate of recurrence is higher in bilateral versus unilateral CSDH and the reason for this has not been fully elucidated. There are few quantitative studies of temporal changes in brain re-expansion after haematoma evacuation. The aim of this study is to use a simple...
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Glucocorticoids are commonly used in treating diseases with white matter lesions, including demyelinating diseases and spinal cord injury (SCI). However, glucocorticoids are ineffective in gray matter injuries, such as head injury and stroke. The differential glucocorticoid effects in white and gray matter injuries are unclear. We report here a nov...
Article
Background/Purpose The aim of the present study was to review the clinical manifestations, risk factors and outcome in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with post-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. Methods We reviewed the medical records of 1,323 patients who were identified with CSF leakage that occurred after head trauma. Results...
Article
Brain tissue scarring (gliosis) was believed to be the major cause of epileptic focus after brain injury, and prevention of scarring could reduce the incidence of seizure. We tried the HA coating onto the cortical brain defect of Spraque-Dawley rats to reduce the marginal glial scarring. A 4 x 2 x 2 mm(3) cortical defect was created in the brain of...
Article
Parkinson's disease, affecting at least 1% of population older than 65 years, is the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder. Up to now, no evidence has demonstrated that biochemical changes in CSF occur preceding the onset of Parkinson's symptoms. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that biochemical changes in CSF precede behavioral de...
Article
Pulmonary activation-regulated chemokine (PARC) now designated CC-chemokine ligand 18 (CCL18) has been shown to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of various tissue injuries and diseases in a proinflammatory or immune suppressive way to limit or support the inflammation or disease. While much is known about the roles of CCL18/PARC in non-n...
Article
Cholestasis occurs in a wide variety of human liver diseases, and hepatocellular injury is an invariant feature of cholestasis, causing liver dysfunction and inflammation, promoting fibrogenesis, and ultimately leading to liver failure. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) acts in an autocrine and paracrine manner to promote glucose utilization, usi...
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Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a major cause of long-term disability. However, therapeutic agents targeting SCI are sorely lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate whether curcumin has neuroprotective effects after SCI in rats. Studies were performed in 39 male Sprague-Dawley rats after spinal cord hemisection. The animals were rand...
Article
Extracorporeal shock wave treatment has been used to treat many orthopedic disorders. However, the effect of extracorporeal shock waves on spinal fusion has not been reported. Fifteen rabbits were used in this study. Spinal fusion was performed with decortication of bilateral L5 and L6 transverse processes, and placement of the bone chips onto the...
Article
Cholestasis leading to retention and accumulation of toxic hydrophobic bile salts within hepatocytes may cause hepatocyte toxicity by inducing apoptosis. Calpains have been found to be involved in apoptosis of many cell systems. This study is designed with the aim of evaluating the possible effect of Z-LLY-FMK (a calpain inhibitor) on hepatocyte ap...
Article
Background and aim: Retention and accumulation of toxic hydrophobic bile salts within hepatocytes may cause hepatocyte toxicity by inducing apoptosis. Apoptosis is a pathway of cell death orchestrated by a family of proteases called caspases. Boc-D-FMK is a cell-permeable irreversible inhibitor of caspase and recent data suggest that it might bloc...
Article
Full-text available
Cholestasis occurs in a wide variety of human liver diseases, and hepatocellular injury is an invariant feature of cholestasis causing liver dysfunction and inflammation, promoting fibrogenesis, and ultimately leading to liver failure. alpha-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) is a potent anti-inflammatory agent in many models of inflammatio...
Chapter
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Coagulopathy in renal failure patients often makes them vulnerable to intracranial hemorrhage. Emergency decompression to remove the hematoma and to stop bleeding is always indicated. After the surgery, hemodialysis (HD) should be arranged to maintain the BUN/Cr. level, and I/O balance. During HD, intracranial pressure in all of the patients in thi...
Chapter
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability. In the 2000 guidelines, one of the suggestions for TBI treatment was to maintain cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) < 70 mmHg. But in the 2003 guidelines, the suggestion was changed to < 60 mrnHg. There have been some discrepancies of opinions about this recommendation in recent...
Article
Full-text available
Because of the rapid industrial and economic growth, Taiwan and other developing countries have faced an enormous increase in the number of motorcycles, which has subsequently caused a rapid increase of the motorcycle-related traumatic brain injuries (TBI). In order to tackle this serious problem, stepwise approaches for TBI were implemented in Tai...
Article
Full-text available
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability. In the 2000 guidelines, one of the suggestions for TBI treatment was to maintain cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) < or = 70 mmHg. But in the 2003 guidelines, the suggestion was changed to < or = 60 mmHg. There have been some discrepancies of opinions about this recommendation i...