Kunwoo Lee

Kunwoo Lee
Seoul National University | SNU

About

1,139
Publications
254,884
Reads
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14,633
Citations
Citations since 2016
571 Research Items
9799 Citations
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,5003,000
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,5003,000
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,5003,000
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,5003,000
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (1,139)
Article
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As a toxic substance, 4-n-nonylphenol (4-n-NP) or 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) is widely present in the environment. 4-n-NP is a single substance with a linear-alkyl side chain, but 4-NP usually refers to a random mixture containing various branched types. Unfortunately, human risk assessment and/or exposure level analysis for 4-n-NP (or 4-NP) were almost...
Article
Lornoxicam physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models were developed and validated on the basis of clinical pharmacokinetic results obtained by considering CYP2C9 genetic polymorphisms in healthy adult populations. PBPK models were extended to predict lornoxicam pharmacokinetics for patients with cirrhosis by quantitatively examining the p...
Article
Environmental exposure to 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) is extensive, and studies related to human risk assessment must continue. Especially, prediction of toxicodynamics (TDs) related to reproductive toxicity in males is very important in risk-level assessment and management of 4-NP. This study aimed to develop a physiologically-based-toxicokinetic-toxicod...
Article
Background: Cranial nerve-related diseases such as brain tumors, Alzheimer's disease, and epilepsy are serious diseases that continue to threaten human. Brain-related diseases are increasing worldwide, including in the United States and Korea, and these increases are closely related to the exposure to harmful substances and excessive stress caused...
Article
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Torsemide is a diuretic drug used for several cardiovascular and chronic diseases. With regard to the clinical application of torsemide, studies on individualized pharmacotherapy and modeling that take variability in pharmacokinetics (PKs) within a population into account have been rarely reported. Thus, the objective of this study was to perform p...
Article
(9Z,11E)-tetradecadienyl acetate (9Z,11E-14:OAc) and (3Z,6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z)-pentacosapentaene (C25 pentaene), known as the sex pheromone of the European Dioryctria abietella population, were identified in the Korean D. abietella population. The ratio of 9Z,11E-14:OAc to C25 pentaene extracted from female pheromone glands was 1:23. The electroantennogra...
Article
PurposeLornoxicam is a drug that is used for various diseases related to inflammation and pain. In the clinical application of lornoxicam, studies on individualized pharmacotherapy and modeling considering interindividual pharmacokinetic variability have rarely been reported. In this study, a population pharmacokinetic modeling study was performed...
Article
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Di-isodecyl phthalate (DiDP) is a high-molecular-weight phthalate that is mainly used as a plasticizer for plastics. Therefore, exposure to DiDP in the environment has become common with the increasing use of plastics around the world. Environmental regulations and scientific risk management for DiDP, which can be associated with endocrine disrupti...
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The purpose of this study was to identify and explore the differences in pharmacokinetics between different nanoformulations. This was done by comparing the pharmacokinetics of methotrexate-loaded nanoparticles [poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid); size of 163.70 ± 10.25 nm] and nanoemulsions (olive oil and Labrasol; size of 173.77 ± 5.76 nm), which repr...
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Di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP) is a substance used in the production of objects frequently used in human life. Mono-isobutyl phthalate (MiBP), a major in vivo metabolite of DiBP, is a biomarker for DiBP exposure assessment. Therefore, risk assessment studies on DiBP and MiBP, which have not yet been reported in detail, are needed. The aim of this stu...
Article
Due to the use of di-isobutyl-phthalate (DiBP) in the production of soft-polyvinyl chloride articles, it is currently a hazardous substance prevalent in human daily life. However, reports on DiBP's toxicokinetics are still very scarce. And no studies have been reported on gender differences in DiBP toxicokinetics. Therefore, this study was conducte...
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The aims of this study were: (1) to perform population pharmacokinetic analysis of cefaclor in healthy Korean subjects, and (2) to investigate possible effects of various covariates on pharmacokinetic parameters of cefaclor. Although cefaclor belongs to the cephalosporin family antibiotic that has been used in various indications, there have been v...
Article
There have been many attempts to formulate a variety of drugs in nano-size formulations. However, biodistribution characteristics of these formulated drugs remain unclear. Information about the pharmacokinetics and distributions of these formulations is essential for future practical use and advanced formulation development. Topotecan is a useful a...
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic properties of ephedrine, paeoniflorin, and cinnamic acid after single or multiple doses of Socheongryong-tang (SCRT) were administered to rats, and to present an example of the pharmacokinetic changes following multiple doses of an herbal medicine. SCRT is a traditional herbal medicin...
Article
Banhahoobak-tang is the most prescribed herbal drug in East Asia when individuals experience sudden symptoms such as sore throat or neurological symptoms. The low toxicity and high in-vivo safety of this herbal medicine has made it more attractive to patients, and it has recently been formulated as tablets. In addition, Banhahoobak-tang tablets are...
Article
Asarinin, β‐eudesmol, and wogonin have common antiangiogenic activities and have the potential for use in chemotherapy. Besides, they are multivalent substances that are combined in various herbal medicines. The purpose of this study was to develop a method for simultaneous analysis of asarinin, β‐eudesmol, and wogonin, which are representative pha...
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Methotrexate, which is widely used in the treatment of cancer and immune-related diseases, has limitations in use because of its low bioavailability, short half-life, and tissue toxicity. Thus, in this study, a nano-sized water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) double emulsion containing methotrexate was prepared to enhance its lymphatic delivery and bioavai...
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The dotted white geometrid moth, Naxa seriaria Motschulsky (Lepidoptera: Geometridae), is a pest of Oleaceae in Korea, Japan, and China. In this study, we identified (3Z,6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z)-heneicosapentaene (C-21 pentaene) as the only compound in extracts of the pheromone glands of female N. seriaria causing a response from receptors on the antennae of...
Article
The purpose of this study was to develop a method for simultaneous analysis of aucubin, catalpol, and geniposide, which are representative iridoid glycoside constituents of Rehmannia glutinosa, in rat plasma, urine, and feces using hydrophilic interaction-ultrahigh performance-liquid chromatography-MS/MS. The three components were separated using 1...
Article
The aim of this study was to explore the toxicokinetics of diisobutyl-phthalate (DiBP) and its major metabolite, monoisobutyl-phthalate (MiBP), by developing a UPLC-ESI-MS/MS method for simultaneously measuring DiBP and MiBP in rat plasma, urine, feces, and 11 different tissues. For the experiment, 0.1% (v/v) aqueous formic acid and acetonitrile mo...
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Topotecan is actively used in clinic, with its primary use being in treatment of various types of cancer. The approved administration routes are oral and intravenous. The purpose of this study was to investigate and identify pharmacokinetic profiles of different administration routes. We conducted pharmacokinetic studies on three different routes o...
Article
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Gumiganghwal-tang is a traditional herbal medicine that is widely used for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic effects. However, the safety and efficacy of its active ingredients based on an in vivo pharmacokinetic (PK) study have yet to be investigated. We have established a sensitive and accurate bioassay and conducted a PK study on...
Article
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Diethyl phthalate (DEP) belongs to phthalates with short alkyl chains. It is a substance frequently used to make various products. Thus, humans are widely exposed to DEP from the surrounding environment such as food, soil, air, and water. As previously reported in many studies, DEP is an endocrine disruptor with reproductive toxicity. Monoethyl pht...
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The purpose of this study was to compare pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters obtained using two newly developed assays, HPLC-UV and UPLC-ESI-MS/MS. Selection of assay and results obtained therefrom are very important in PK studies and can have a major impact on the PK-based clinical dose and usage settings. For this study, we developed two new methods...
Article
To find new and safe type of control agents against phytopathogenic fungi, the fumigant antifungal activity of 10 plant essential oils and constituents identified in cinnamon bark (Cinnamomum verum) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oils was investigated against two phytopathogenic fungi, Raffaelea quercus-mongolicae and Rhizoctonia so...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to perform population pharmacokinetic (PPK) analysis of tiropramide in healthy Korean subjects, as well as to investigate the possible effects of various covariates on pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of tiropramide. Although tiropramide is commonly used in digestive system-related diseases as an antispasmodic, PPK repo...
Article
Epinastine is an antiallergic drug with high selectivity for histamine receptors. It has been reported that 9,13b‐dehydroepinastine is present as a metabolite in vivo in humans, but there was little information about their pharmacokinetics (PKs) in humans. Although several analytical methods have been reported for epinastine analysis in different m...
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Aquaculture in South Korea largely involves crudely-built plastic fishery houses that consume excessive electricity and produce carbon emissions. This study explores a potential method to make Korean aquaculture more sustainable by suggesting design alternatives that can save energy and costs. To this end, the authors compare the energy use and ind...
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Ensemble verification of low-level wind shear (LLWS) is an important issue in airplane landing operations and management. In this study, we conducted an accuracy and reliability analysis using a rank histogram, Brier score, and reliability diagram to verify LLWS ensemble member forecasts based on grid points over the Jeju area of the Republic of Ko...
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Marine-derived microorganisms are a valuable source of novel bioactive natural products. Asperphenin A is a lipopeptidyl benzophenone metabolite isolated from large-scale cultivation of marine-derived Aspergillus sp. fungus. The compound has shown potent antiproliferative activity against various cancer cells. However, the underlying mechanism of a...
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered as promising therapeutic agents for neurodegenerative disorders because they can reduce underlying pathology and also repair damaged tissues. Regarding the delivery of MSCs into the brain, intravenous and intra-arterial routes may be less feasible than intraparenchymal and intracerebroventricular routes...
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Augmented reality (AR) surgical navigation systems have attracted considerable attention as they assist medical professionals in visualizing the location of ailments within the human body that are not readily seen with the naked eye. Taking medical imaging with a parallel C-shaped arm (C-arm) as an example, surgical sites are typically targeted usi...
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Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have shown a high theoretical specific capacity of 1675 mAh g−1. However, amongst the issues they have, the low electron conductivity of sulfur and its dissolution represent the biggest challenge limiting its practical applications. This contributes to the low utilization of the active sulfur at the cathode—a phenome...
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In this study, simple electrospinning combined with pyrolysis were used to fabricate transition-metal-based-nanoparticle-incorporated carbon nanofiber (CNF) electrocatalysts for a high-efficiency hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and overall water splitting. Co-CeO2 nanoparticle-incorporated carbon nanofibers (Co-CeO2@CNF) exhibit an outstanding el...
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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a major risk factor of colorectal cancer. Drugs currently used for IBD exhibit adverse effects including vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea. Naturally derived novel alternative therapies are required to overcome these limitations. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of ethanol extract of Cicer ariet...
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Continual increases in the human population and growing concerns related to the energy crisis, food security, disease outbreaks, global warming, and other environmental issues require a sustainable solution from nature. One of the promising resources is cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae. They require simple ingredients to grow and posse...
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In the manufacturing process of hard-board poly-urethane foams, the uniformity is a very important issue for the raw compound of the liquid poly-urethane system flow for the quality control of such products. One of the universal methods to generate more uniform flow is that some obstacles are located inside the diffuser at the end of injector. For...
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A method allows the extraction of the recovery factor that maximizes the image contrast of OCT (optical coherence tomography) and/or OCTA (OCT angiography) of a living subject is proposed in this study. Due to the finite depth of focus in imaging optics, the volume OCT imaging suffers from blurriness in the lateral resolution. By utilizing the digi...
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In situ neutron diffraction was employed to examine the phase transformation behavior of high-Mn steels with different carbon contents (0.1, 0.3, and 0.5 wt.%C). With increasing carbon contents from 0.1 C to 0.5 C, the austenite phase fraction among the constituent phases increased from ~66% to ~98%, and stacking fault energy (SFE) increased from ~...
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Milk fat globule-EGF factor 8 (MFG-E8) is an anti-inflammatory glycoprotein that mediates a wide spectrum of pathophysiological processes. MFG-E8 has been studied as a key regulator of cancer cell invasion, migration, and proliferation in different tissues and organs. However, potential roles of MFG-E8 in the growth and progression of liver cancer...
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Mutation breeding is useful for improving agronomic characteristics of various crops. In this study, we conducted a genetic diversity and association analysis of soybean mutants to assess elite mutant lines. On the basis of phenotypic traits, we chose 208 soybean mutants as a mutant diversity pool (MDP). We then investigated the genetic diversity a...
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia. The chronic hyperglycemic condition causes hyperinflammation via activation of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like pyrin domain containing receptor 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome and abnormally leads to morphological and functional changes in kidney....
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Orchids are one of the most significant plants that have ecologically adapted to every habitat on earth. Orchids show a high level of variation in their floral morphologies, which makes them popular as ornamental plants in the global market. Floral scent and color are key traits for many floricultural crops. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) play v...
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In this study, the charge transport mechanism of Pd/Si-based FS-GaN Schottky diodes was investigated. A temperature-dependent current–voltage analysis revealed that the I-V characteristics of the diodes show a good rectifying behavior with a large ratio of 103–105 at the forward to reverse current at ±1 V. The interface states and non-interacting p...
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Soybean (Glycine max) is a major crop cultivated in various regions and consumed globally. The formation of volatile compounds in soybeans is influenced by the cultivar as well as environmental factors, such as the climate and soil in the cultivation areas. This study used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) combined by headspace solid-pha...
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In this study, a new double pulse waveform-generating test system with an integrated magnetorheological (MR) damper is proposed. Since the total shear stress of MR fluid can be varied according to the shape of particles, sphere-like iron particles-based MR fluid is filled into the MR damper. The test system consists of a velocity generator, three m...
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This study aimed to determine the association between statins and the prevention of dementia according to sex differences in elderly patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). We performed a nationwide retrospective cohort study using the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database (2007–2015). Among the 264,036 eligible patient...
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Human Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling plays a vital role in intestinal inflammation by activating the NF-B pathway. By querying GENT2 datasets, we identified the gene expression level of TLR2 and TLR4 as being substantially increased in colorectal cancer. Introduction of shRNAs for TLR4 but not TLR2 dramatically recovered disialyl Lewisa and sia...
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In this study, Cu-2.2 at. % Nd alloy films using a co-sputtering deposition method were directly deposited onto porous low-dielectric-constant (low-k) films (SiOCH). The effects of CuNd alloy film on the electrical properties and reliability of porous low-k dielectric films were studied. The electrical characteristics and reliability of the porous...
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We review recent works for nucleophilic fluorination of organic compounds in which the Coulombic interactions between ionic species and/or hydrogen bonding affect the outcome of the reaction. SN2 fluorination of aliphatic compounds promoted by ionic liquids is first discussed, focusing on the mechanistic features for reaction using alkali metal flu...
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The need for high-throughput screening has led to the miniaturization of the reaction volume of the chamber in bioassays. As the reactor gets smaller, surface tension dominates the gravitational or inertial force, and mixing efficiency decreases in small-scale reactions. Because passive mixing by simple diffusion in tens of microliter-scale volumes...
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Cancer cells have been characterized with alkaline intracellular pH (pHi) values (≥7.2) to enable cancer proliferation, migration, and progression. The aim of the present study was to explore the concentration-dependent effects of Andrographolide, an active diterpenoid compound of herb Andrographis paniculata, on Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 1 (NHE1),...