# Kuniyasu SaitohKyoto Sangyo University · Department of Physics

Kuniyasu Saitoh

PhD

## About

68

Publications

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658

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Citations since 2017

Introduction

Additional affiliations

January 2018 - March 2020

January 2016 - December 2017

April 2011 - December 2015

## Publications

Publications (68)

Dense suspensions often exhibit a dramatic response to large external deformation. The recent body of work has related this behavior to transition from an unconstrained lubricated state to a constrained frictional state. Here, we use numerical simulations to study the flow behavior and shear-induced diffusion of frictional non-Brownian spheres in t...

Dense suspensions often exhibit a dramatic response to large external deformation. The recent body of work has related this behavior to transition from an unconstrained lubricated to a constrained frictional state. Here, we use numerical simulations to study the flow behavior and shear-induced diffusion of frictional non-Brownian spheres in two dim...

We investigate numerically the sound properties of disordered dense granular packings in two dimensions. Employing linear equations of motion and excluding contact changes from our simulations, we demonstrate time evolution of sinusoidal standing waves of granular disks. We varied the strength of normal and tangential viscous forces between the dis...

Using the Jacobian matrix, we obtain a theoretical expression of rigidity and the density of states of two-dimensional amorphous solids consisting of frictional grains in the linear response to an infinitesimal strain, in which we ignore the dynamical friction caused by the slip processes of contact points. The theoretical rigidity agrees with that...

We investigate statistics and scaling laws of avalanches in two-dimensional frictional particles by numerical simulations. We find that the critical exponent for avalanche size distributions is governed by microscopic friction between the particles in contact, where the exponent is larger and closer to mean-field predictions if the friction coeffic...

The stress-strain curve of two-dimensional frictional dispersed grains interacting with a harmonic potential without considering the dynamical slip under a finite strain is determined by using eigenvalue analysis of the Hessian matrix. After the configuration of grains is obtained, the stress-strain curve based on the eigenvalue analysis is in almo...

We study non-local effects on inhomogeneous flows of soft athermal particles near the jamming transition. We employ molecular dynamics simulations to demonstrate Kolmogorov flows, where a sinusoidal flow profile with fixed wave number is externally imposed, resulting in a spatially inhomogeneous shear rate. We find that the rheology of soft atherma...

The stress-strain curve of two-dimensional frictional dispersed grains interacting with a harmonic potential without considering the dynamical slip under a finite strain is determined by using eigenvalue analysis of the Hessian matrix. After the configuration of grains is obtained, the stress-strain curve based on the eigenvalue analysis is in almo...

We study two-dimensional dense granular flows by molecular dynamics simulations. We quantify shear-induced diffusion of granular particles by the transverse component of particle displacements. In long time scales, the transverse displacements are described as normal diffusion and obey Gaussian distributions, where time correlations of particle vel...

Using the Jacobian matrix, we theoretically determine the rigidity of two-dimensional amorphous solids consisting of frictional grains in the linear response to an infinitesimal strain, in which we ignore the dynamical friction caused by the slip processes of contact points. The theoretical rigidity agrees with that obtained by molecular dynamics s...

We numerically study shear-induced diffusion of soft athermal particles in two dimensions. The Green-Kubo (GK) relation is applicable to diffusion coefficient of the particles near jamming, where both mean squared particle velocities and relaxation time included in the GK formula are well explained by critical scaling. We show that auto-correlation...

We investigate statistics and scaling laws of avalanches in two-dimensional frictional particles by numerical simulations. We find that the critical exponent for avalanche size distributions is governed by microscopic friction between the particles in contact, where the exponent is larger and closer to mean-field predictions if the friction coeffic...

The mechanical responses of dense packings of soft athermal spheres under a finite-rate shear are studied by means of molecular dynamics simulations. We investigate the volume fraction and shear rate dependence of the fluctuations in the shear stress and the interparticle contact number. In particular, we quantify them by defining the susceptibilit...

We numerically investigate sound damping in disordered two-dimensional soft particle packings. We simulate evolution of standing waves of particle displacements and analyze time correlation functions of particle velocities and power spectra. We control the strength of inelastic interactions between the particles in contact to show how the inelastic...

Dynamics of jammed packings of soft athermal disks under finite-rate shear are studied by means of molecular dynamics simulations. Particularly, we investigate the spatial structures of stress drop events, which are expected to provide information about plasticity. Investigating the displacement fields during stress drop events, we show that there...

The mechanical responses of dense packings of soft athermal spheres under a finite-rate shear are studied by means of molecular dynamics simulations. We investigate the volume fraction and shear rate dependence of the fluctuations in the shear stress and the interparticle contact number. In particular, we quantify them by defining the susceptibilit...

Mechanically stable sphere packings are generated in three-dimensional space using the discrete element method, which spans a wide range in structural order, ranging from fully amorphous to quasiordered structures, as characterized by the bond orientational order parameter. As the packing pressure p varies from the marginally rigid limit at the jam...

We numerically investigate sound damping in a model of granular materials in two dimensions. We simulate evolution of standing waves in disordered frictionless disks and analyze their damped oscillations by velocity autocorrelation functions and power spectra. We control the strength of inelastic interactions between the disks in contact to examine...

Mechanically stable sphere packings are generated in three-dimensional space using the discrete element method, which span a wide range in structural order, ranging from fully amorphous to quasi-ordered structures, as characterized by the bond orientational order parameter. As the packing pressure, $p$, varies from the marginally rigid limit at the...

We numerically investigate the self-diffusion coefficient and correlation length (i.e., the typical size of the collective motions) in sheared soft athermal particles. Here we find that the rheological flow curves on the self-diffusion coefficient are collapsed by the proximity to the jamming transition density. This feature is in common with the w...

We numerically investigate stress relaxation in soft athermal disks to reveal critical slowing down when the system approaches the jamming point. The exponents describing the divergence of the relaxation time differ dramatically depending on whether the transition is approached from the jammed or unjammed phase. This contrasts sharply with conventi...

We show that non-Brownian suspensions of repulsive spheres below jamming display a slow relaxational dynamics with a characteristic timescale that diverges at jamming. This slow timescale is fully encoded in the structure of the unjammed packing and can be readily measured via the vibrational density of states. We show that the corresponding dynami...

We numerically investigate the self-diffusion coefficient and correlation length of the rigid clusters (i.e., the typical size of the collective motions) in sheared soft athermal particles. Here we find that the rheological flow curves on the self-diffusion coefficient are collapsed by the proximity to the jamming transition density. This feature i...

We numerically investigate stress relaxation in soft athermal disks to reveal critical slowing down when the system approaches the jamming point. The exponents describing the divergence of the relaxation time differ dramatically depending on whether the transition is approached from the jammed or unjammed phase. This contrasts sharply with conventi...

Turbulence is ubiquitous in nonequilibrium systems, and it has been noted that even dense granular flows exhibit characteristics that are typical of turbulent flow, such as the power-law energy spectrum. However, studies on the turbulentlike behavior of granular flows are limited to two-dimensional (2D) flow. We demonstrate that the statistics in t...

We numerically investigate nonlocal effects on inhomogeneous flows of soft athermal disks close to but below their jamming transition. We employ molecular dynamics to simulate Kolmogorov flows, in which a sinusoidal flow profile with fixed wave number is externally imposed, resulting in a spatially inhomogeneous shear rate. We find that the resulti...

Elastic wave propagation provides a noninvasive way to examine polydisperse, frictional granular materials. The discrete element method (DEM) allows for a micromechanical interpretation of the acoustic response. Using experimentally measured granular microstructures as input, after straining them to various cyclic, oedometric compression states, we...

Correction for 'Transition rates for slip-avalanches in soft athermal disks under quasi-static simple shear deformations' by Kuniyasu Saitoh et al., Soft Matter, 2019, DOI: 10.1039/c8sm01966e.

We show that non-Brownian suspensions of repulsive spheres below jamming display a slow relaxational dynamics with a characteristic time scale that diverges at jamming. This slow time scale is fully encoded in the structure of the unjammed packing and can be readily measured via the vibrational density of states. We show that the corresponding dyna...

We study slip-avalanches in two-dimensional soft athermal disks by quasi-static simulations of simple shear deformations. Sharp drops in shear stress, or slip-avalanches, are observed intermittently during steady state. Such stress drops are caused by restructuring of the contact networks, accompanied by drastic changes of the interaction forces, Δ...

We numerically study the evolution of elastic standing waves in disordered disk systems with a focus on the dispersion relations of rotational sound. As on a lattice, the rotational mode exhibits an optical-like dispersion relation in the high frequency regime, representing a shoulder in the vibrational density of states and fast oscillations of th...

We study slip-avalanches in two-dimensional soft athermal disks by quasi-static simulations of simple shear deformations. Sharp drops in shear stress, or slip-avalanches, are observed intermittently during steady state. Such the stress drop is caused by restructuring of the contact networks, accompanied by drastic changes of the interaction forces....

Elastic wave propagation provides a noninvasive way to probe granular materials. The discrete element method using particle configuration as input, allows a micromechanical interpretation on the acoustic response of a given granular system. This paper compares static and dynamic numerical probing methods, from which wave velocities are either deduc...

We employ numerical simulations to understand the evolution of elastic standing waves in disordered frictional disk systems, where the dispersion relations of rotational sound modes are analyzed in detail. As in the case of frictional particles on a lattice, the rotational modes exhibit an "optical-like" dispersion relation in the high frequency re...

We numerically investigate non-local effects on inhomogeneous flows of soft athermal disks close to but below their jamming transition. We employ molecular dynamics to simulate Kolmogorov flows, in which a sinusoidal flow profile with fixed wave number is externally imposed, resulting in a spatially inhomogeneous shear rate. We find that the result...

We study the statistical property of dynamics in three dimensional dense granular systems driven by a simple shearing deformation by molecular dynamics simulation. As is the case in two dimension, the velocity fluctuations show typical characteristics of turbulent flow such as the non-Gaussian broader probability distribution, the strong spatial co...

We study anisotropic collective motions of two-dimensional granular particles under simple shear deformations. Employing molecular-dynamics simulations of large system sizes, we find that anisotropic fluidized bands develop in the system yielding under quasistatic deformations, where the spectrum of nonaffine velocities, which is associated with th...

To describe statistical properties of complicated restructuring of the force network under isotropic compression, we measure the conditional probability distributions (CPDs) of changes of overlaps and gaps between neighboring particles by experiments and numerical simulations. We find that the CPDs obtained from experiments on a 2D granular materia...

We extend a recent theory for the rheology of frictionless granular materials [K. Suzuki and H. Hayakawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 2015, 115, 098001] to the case of frictional disks in two dimensions. Employing a frictional contact model for molecular dynamics simulations, we derive differential equations of the shear stress, the granular temperature, and...

Employing two-dimensional molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of soft particles, we study their non-affine responses to quasi-static isotropic compression where the effects of microscopic friction between the particles in contact and particle size distributions are examined. To quantify complicated restructuring of force-chain networks under isotro...

Employing two-dimensional molecular dynamics simulations of dense granular materials under simple shear deformations, we investigate vortex structures of particle rearrangements. Introducing vorticity fields as a measure of local spinning motions of the particles, we observe their heterogeneous distributions, where statistics of vorticity fields ex...

When we elastically impose a homogeneous, affine deformation on amorphous solids, they also undergo an inhomogeneous, non-affine deformation, which can have a crucial impact on the overall elastic response. To correctly understand the elastic modulus $M$, it is therefore necessary to take into account not only the affine modulus $M_A$, but also the...

By using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of dense granular particles in two dimensions, we study turbulent-like structures of their non-affine velocities under simple shear deformations. We find that the spectrum of non-affine velocities, introduced as an analog of the energy spectrum for turbulent flows, exhibits the power-law decay if the sys...

Mechanical responses of soft particle packings to quasi-static deformations are determined by the microscopic restructuring of force-chain networks, where complex non-affine displacements of constituent particles cause the irreversible macroscopic behavior. Recently, we have proposed a master equation for the probability distribution functions of c...

We extend the dynamic van der Waals model introduced by A. Onuki [Phys. Rev. Lett., 2005, 94, 054501] to the description of cohesive granular flows under a plane shear to study their hydrodynamic instabilities. By numerically solving the dynamic van der Waals model, we observed various heterogeneous structures of density fields in steady states, wh...

We develop the kinetic theory of dilute cohesive granular gases in which the
attractive part is described by a square well potential. We derive the
hydrodynamic equations from the kinetic theory with the microscopic expressions
for the dissipation rate and the transport coefficients. We check the validity
of our theory by performing the direct simu...

An incremental evolution equation, i.e. a Master equation in statistical
mechanics, is introduced for force distributions in polydisperse frictional
particle packings. As basic ingredients of the Master equation, the conditional
probability distributions of particle overlaps are determined by molecular
dynamics simulations. Interestingly, tails of...

The steady-state shear rheology of granular materials is investigated in slow quasistatic and inertial flows. The effect of gravity (thus the local pressure) and the often-neglected contact stiffness are the focus of this study. A series of particle simulations are performed on a weakly frictional granular assembly in a split-bottom geometry consid...

We study the microscopic response of force-chain networks in jammed soft particles to quasi-static isotropic (de)compressions by molecular dynamics simulations. We show that not only contacts but also interparticle gaps between the nearest neighbors must be considered for the stochastic evolution of the probability distribution functions (PDFs) of...

The steady shear rheology of granular materials is investigated in slow
quasi-static states and inertial flows. The effect of the gravity field and
contact stiffness, which are conventionally trivialized is the focus of this
study. Series of Discrete Element Method simulations are performed on a weakly
frictional granular assembly in a split-bottom...

When a dense monolayer of macroscopic slightly polydisperse spheres floats on
chaotic capillary Faraday waves, a coexistence of large scale convective motion
and caging dynamics typical for jammed systems is observed. We subtract the
convective mean flow using a coarse graining and reveal subdiffusion for the
caging time scales followed by a diffus...

Cohesive powders have widely different bulk behavior due to their peculiar interactions. We use discrete
element simulations to investigate the effect of contact cohesion on the steady state ﬂow of dense powders in a slowly sheared split-bottom Couette cell, which imposes a wide stable shear band. The intensity of cohesive forces can be quantiﬁed b...

Three dimensional molecular dynamics simulation of cohesive dissipative
powders under a plane shear is performed. By drawing the phase diagrams for
several densities we confirm the existence of various distinct steady phases,
some of which are realized by competition between the equilibrium phase
transition and the dynamic instability caused by ine...

How does the force chain network in a random granular material react to
hydrostatic compression? We show that not only contacts, but also their opening
and closing as well as interparticle gaps, i.e. virtual contacts, must be
included for a comprehensive description of the system response involving the
probability distribution functions (PDFs) of t...

The time dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation for a two-dimensional granular
shear flow is numerically solved, where we study both the transient dynamics
and the steady state of the order parameter. The structural changes of the
numerical solutions are qualitatively similar to the shear bands observed in
the discrete element method (DEM) simulation o...

Static and dynamic properties of two-dimensional bidisperse dissipative
particles are numerically studied near the jamming transition. We investigate
the dependency of the critical scaling on the ratio of the different diameters
and find a new scaling of the maximum overlap (not consistent with the scaling
of the mean overlap). The ratio of kinetic...

We examine the validity of the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation of
granular fluids for a plane shear flow under the Lees-Edwards boundary
condition derived from a weakly nonlinear analysis through the comparison with
the result of discrete element method. We verify quantitative agreements in the
time evolutions of the area fraction and the v...

Weakly nonlinear analysis of a two dimensional sheared granular flow is
carried out under the Lees-Edwards boundary condition. We derive the time
dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) equation of a disturbance amplitude starting
from a set of granular hydrodynamic equations and discuss the bifurcation of
the steady amplitude in the hydrodynamic limit.

The oblique impacts of nanoclusters is studied by means of Molecular Dynamics
and theoretically. In simulations we explore two models -- Lennard-Jones
clusters and particles with covalently bonded atoms. In contrast to the case of
macroscopic bodies, the standard definition of the normal restitution
coefficient yields for this coefficient negative...

Nanocluster impact on a free-standing graphene is performed by the molecular dynamics simulation, and the dynamical motion of the free-standing graphene is investigated. The graphene is bended by the incident nanocluster, and a transverse deflection wave isotropically propagated in the graphene is observed. We find that the time evolution of the de...

Depositions of amorphous Lennard-Jones clusters on a crystalline surface are numerically investigated. From the results of
the molecular dynamics simulation, we found that the deposited clusters exhibit a transition from multilayered adsorption
to monolayered adsorption at a critical incident speed. Employing the energy conservation law, we can exp...

The rheology of a two-dimensional granular gas under a plane shear is investigated. From the comparison among the discrete element method, the simulation of a set of hydrodynamic equation, and the analytic solution of the steady hydrodynamic equations, it is confirmed that the fluid equations derived from the kinetic theory give us accurate results...

The rheology of a two-dimensional granular gas under a plane shear is investigated. From the comparison among the discrete element method, the simulation of a set of hydrodynamic equation, and the analytic solution of the steady equation of the hydrodynamic equations, it is confirmed that the fluid equations derived from the kinetic theory give us...

この論文は国立情報学研究所の電子図書館事業により電子化されました。 粉体をガス状に分散させた系にせん断をかけた際の応答を数値的に調べた。粒子間散逸によって密皮相分離が生じるが、その相分離の性質は粒子間接触力の接線成分の存在に大きく依存することが分かった

Temperature dependence of a deposited Lennard-Jones nanocluster on a crystalline surface is numerically investigated. From the results of the molecular dynamics simulation, we found that the deposited Lennard-Jones cluster is stable when the temperature T is below a critical value TC. The shape of a deposited Lennard-Jones cluster is almost indepen...