Kun-Ho Song

Kun-Ho Song
Chungnam National University | CNU · College of Veterinary Medicine

DVM, PhD

About

135
Publications
25,444
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654
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (135)
Article
Full-text available
Obesity is an important health concern in humans and dogs. It can cause a variety of secondary problems, including low bacterial diversity. Several approaches have been tried to solve this problem; one of them is probiotic supplementation. Lactobacillus gasseri BNR17 is derived from breast milk and has been proven to be effective for obesity in hum...
Article
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A 14-year-old neutered male British shorthair cat presented with a 21-day history of persistent erection and dysuria, along with overgrooming of the perineal region. Mild palpation induced pain and rigid corpora cavernosa with flaccid glans were observed during physical examination. Ultrasonography of the penis did not detect significant blood flow...
Article
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Erythroleukaemia is a malignant neoplasm of the erythroid lineage that rarely occurs in cats. It is associated with the feline leukaemia virus (FeLV), and owing to the poor prognosis, treatment is rarely reported. A 4-year-old female Korean domestic shorthair cat was presented with hyporexia, fever, lethargy, severe anaemia and rubricytosis. An FeL...
Article
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Background Dogs treated for naturally occurring hyperadrenocorticism (NOH) in Korea often appear to require higher doses of trilostane than recommended by authors in the United States, Europe, or the United Kingdom. This phenomenon may be related to compounding trilostane into packets, which is a common practice among veterinary clinics in Korea....
Article
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Lymphoma is widely recognized in veterinary medicine. However, studies focused on secondary lymphoma after chemotherapy do not exist in veterinary medicine. An 11‐year‐old, spayed female Shih‐Tzu dog was diagnosed with mammary gland carcinoma. Twenty‐five months after carboplatin treatment, the dog developed generalized lymphadenopathy (GL), diagno...
Article
A 9-year-old female mixed-breed dog presented with ascending flaccid tetraparesis, and a 5-year-old castrated male Poodle dog presented with ventroflexion of neck, dysphonia, and hindlimb weakness, which progressed to acute ascending tetraparesis. Both dogs were fed raw poultry for over 9 and 5 years, respectively. Blood examination and other test...
Article
Objectives: Although bacterial infection can lead to sepsis and high mortality, early and easy diagnosis of sepsis can improve survival. In cats, the diagnosis of systemic bacterial infection is quite challenging, and, usually, non-specific markers for inflammation are employed. In humans, procalcitonin, heparin-binding protein and absolute neutro...
Article
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Background: Stress is associated with various detrimental changes in physiological health that affect an animal's quality of life. The hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic-adreno-medullar (SAM) axis are two main physiological pathways that constitute the stress response of an organism. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a media...
Article
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Background: As a co-receptor for fibroblast growth factor 23, klotho plays a pivotal role in phosphate metabolism. The kidney is known to be the main source of soluble alpha-klotho and the principal regulator of its concentration. Previous studies in human participants showed that the concentration of soluble alpha-klotho in serum and urine decrea...
Article
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Objective To evaluate the effects of 7.5% hypertonic saline solution (HSS) on whole blood coagulation in healthy dogs and to compare electrolyte and osmolality measurements between in vivo and in vitro dilution with HSS. Design Experimental study. Setting University teaching hospital. Animals Twelve adult purpose‐bred Beagles. Interventions All...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: As a co-receptor for fibroblast growth factor 23, klotho plays a pivotal role in phos-phate metabolism. The kidney is known to be not only the main source of soluble alpha-klotho but also functions as the principal regulator maintaining its concentration. Previous studies in human par-ticipants showed that the concentration of soluble a...
Article
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Objective: We performed a randomized two-way crossover study to evaluate the pharmacokinetic profiles of two high-dose ascorbic acid (AA) after IV infusion in healthy beagle dogs. Materials and Methods: The dogs were administered IV AA at two doses of 1.5 and 3 gm/kg for 4 h, and the AA concentration in plasma and urine pH was measured before and...
Article
Canine parvoviral enteritis (PVE) is an important intestinal disease of the puppies; however, the potential impact of the canine parvovirus (CPV) on the gut microbiota has not been investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the gut microbial shifts of puppies naturally infected with CPV. Fecal samples were collected from healthy...
Article
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Chronic mitral valve disease (CMVD) is the most common cardiovascular disease in dogs, causing decreased cardiac output that results in poor tissue perfusion and tissue damage to kidneys, pancreas, and other organs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships between heart disease severity and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic pepti...
Article
The objective of this polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based research was to determine the prevalence of vector-borne pathogens in stray cats in Yangju and Gwacheon cities, South Korea. Total 50 stray cats were sampled for this PCR-based survey; 33 samples and 17 samples were collected from Yangju and Gwacheon cities, respectively. Total positive pr...
Article
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Background: Sildenafil citrate, a highly selective phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor, is used to treat pulmonary hypertension (PH) in veterinary medicine. The objective of this study was to investigate pharmacokinetic profiles by oral administration of orally disintegrating film (ODF) and film coated tablet (FCT) formulations and rectal administr...
Article
The use of the well‐known powerful antioxidant ascorbate has recently become more widespread in human medicine. Intravenous administration of high‐dose ascorbate has been demonstrated to exert anticancer effects. It has resulted in effective cell death in vitro and inhibition of tumour growth in vivo. The aim of the current study was to evaluate th...
Article
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two differently sized butterfly catheter needles and the effect of venepuncture difficulty on thromboelastography (TEG) results in healthy cats. Methods: Twenty-four healthy cats were included. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein by syringe aspiration via direct venep...
Article
Three aged dogs, all over 15 years old, with multiple seizure events and various neurologic signs such as head turn and ataxia were brought to the referring hospital. Two cases were tentatively diagnosed with intracranial meningioma based on magnetic resonance imaging, and one case was histopathologically confirmed as meningioma at necropsy. All do...
Article
Recently assessment of suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2) level has become a useful cardiac biomarker in human medicine. This study compared serum ST2 levels and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels between healthy dogs and dogs with chronic mitral valve disease. Twenty client-owned dogs were investigated. Dogs were divid...
Article
Canine coronavirus is a single-stranded RNA virus that causes enteritis in dogs of any age. Coronaviral enteritis is seldom definitively diagnosed, since it is usually much less severe than many other types of enteritis and is self-limiting. Conventional diagnostics for the canine coronaviral enteritis such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), virus...
Article
Objective: To evaluate nafamostat mesilate (NM) as an alternative anticoagulant agent for intermittent hemodialysis (IHD). Design: Prospective randomized study. Setting: University teaching hospital. Animals: Eighteen healthy Beagle dogs. Interventions: In group 1 (n = 6), NM was administered at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg/h during IHD for 5 hours...
Article
A five-month-old, male Domestic Korean shorthair was referred to our hospital with a history of lethargy, anorexia, and globoid cardiac silhouette on thoracic radiography. Physical examination showed dehydration and anemia was revealed on blood analysis. On thoracic radiography and echocardiography, the patient showed pericardial effusion and ultra...
Article
A 15-year-old spayed female Miniature Schnauzer was presented for unilateral foreleg lameness and pain. On physical examination, left elbow joint swelling and stiffness were identified. On a computed tomography (CT) scan, a periosteal reaction of the left humerus from the distal metaphysis to the epiphysis and cortical destruction of the medial con...
Article
Nine dogs with history of lameness and anorexia were presented. On physical examination, all dogs had gait abnormality and six dogs had high body temperature. Their clinical signs were mostly episodic, and only non-specific symptoms were occasionally observed. Arthrocentesis was performed in all dogs, and immune-mediated polyarthritis (IMPA) was di...
Article
Total 283 dogs were enrolled in this study (control group: 140, patient group: 143). In the patient group, 143 dogs with underlying diseases including immune medicated hemolytic anemia (IMHA) (7), lymphoma (30), hyperadrenocorticism (HAC) (16), trauma (10), pyometra (8), bone fracture (38), peritonitis (13), meningoencephalitis (12) and mitral regu...
Article
A Cocker spaniel (7-year-old, female) was presented with one week of anorexia, halitosis, oral ulcer, intermittent vomiting, acute weight loss and 3-day history of oliguria. The patient was diagnosed with acute on chronic kidney disease and pancreatitis. Hemodialysis was continued three times a week (total 7 sessions) with improved clinical signs a...
Article
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This study compared the pharmacokinetics of Prednisolone (PDS) in small- and large breed dogs with a dosing format based on body surface area (BSA) or body weight (BW). The maximum concentration and area under the curve in large-breed dogs orally administered 2 mg/kg PDS were significantly greater than those in small-breed dogs given 2 mg/kg and in...
Article
An 8-year old female Korean Short Hair cat with a history of paralysis of both hind limbs less than 1 hour before admission was referred. On physical examination, the left hind limb was cold and there was no pulsation or mobility. On abdominal ultrasound examination, a thrombus 8 mm in length was found at the aortic bifurcation. The patient was dia...
Article
Thromboembolic complications are increasing in veterinary medicine. Thromboelastography (TEG) is a more comprehensive method for assessing the clotting process than standard plasma-based coagulation tests. This study compared the ability of TEG and standard coagulation tests to analyze the overall hemostatic state of dogs. The study involved 40 dog...
Article
A 7-year-old spayed female Shih-tzu dog with 4-month history of anorexia and weight loss was diagnosed with splenic hemangiosarcoma. One week after splenectomy, the dog developed severe, multifocal, coalescing erosive and ulcerative dermatosis with epidermal collarettes and crusts on the dorsal trunk. The dog was prescribed systemic antibiotics com...
Article
The aim of this study was to compare serum nitrotyrosine concentrations in healthy dogs with those in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD). Fifty client-owned dogs were included in this study. Based on echocardiographic results, dogs were categorized into healthy (control), mild-, moderate-, and severe-MMVD groups. Serum nitrotyrosine c...
Article
A 10-year-old, spayed, female Cocker Spaniel was referred to our hospital with a history of a cough and dyspnea. The patient was tentatively diagnosed with a chemodectoma based on clinical features evident on echocardiography and computed tomography. Metronomic chemotherapy utilizing toceranib phosphate as well as medications for congestive heart f...
Article
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Canine pyometra is one of the most common illnesses in middle-aged to aged bitches. We used the 16S rRNA gene analysis to evaluate whether there are differences in bacterial compositions between dogs with and without pyometra. Control vaginal swabs were obtained from clinically healthy bitches (n = 5) while uterus of bitches (n = 5) with pyometra w...
Article
A four-year old, intact male, mixed-breed dog had a history of chronic snoring sound and dyspnea. Based on the results of computed tomography, the patient was diagnosed as nasopharyngeal stenosis. Balloon dilatation in the area of stenosis was performed using a balloon dilator inserted retrograde fashion through the working channel of an endoscope....
Article
The aim of the present study is to investigate the potential influence of obesity as a factor in 5- hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) concentration in myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) dogs. Fifty-five client-owned dogs were enrolled in a randomized trial. Dogs were classified by echocardiography into healthy (control), mild, and moderate to severe MMV...
Article
This study was performed to collect the basic data of DEA 1.1 in four small breed (Maltese, Shih-tzu, Poodle, Yorkshire terrier) and in three large breed (German shepherd, Labrador retriever and Jindo) dogs in the Daejeon area. 105 dogs from 7 breeds (Maltese
Article
A 12-years-old Maltese (castrated male) dog with jaundice and purulent discharge from the shoulder was referred to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of Chungnam National University. A physical and laboratory examination revealed that the mucosa of the conjunctiva and the sclera were icteric, and the liver functional enzyme level and the tota...
Article
A Turkish angora cat with a one-week history of anorexia and vomiting was diagnosed with hepatic lipidosis. During hospitalization and treatment, the cat suddenly showed respiratory-related clinical signs, including coughing and dyspnea, 13 days after initial diagnosis. Due to the poor response to treatment, the patient was euthanized at the owner’...
Article
Meropenem, a second carbapenem antimicrobial agent with a broad spectrum of activity, is used to treat sepsis and resistant-bacterial infections in veterinary medicine. The objective of this study was to identify the pharmacokinetics of meropenem in dogs receiving intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) and to determine the proper dosing in renal failure p...
Article
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A 13-year-old castrated male mixed breed dog and a 12-year-old castrated male mixed breed cat were referred to the hospital for the treatment of pulmonary edema and azotemia at the same time. To resolve the pulmonary edema and azotemia, intermittent hemodialysis (HD) was performed using ultrafiltration (UF), and the pulmonary edema, azotemia, other...
Article
One of the most common diseases in high-performance German Holstein dairy cows is left-sided displacement of the abomasum (LDA). Hypomotility of the abomasum is detrimental during the pathogenesis of LDA. It is known that the improper interactions between the gut microbiota and the enteric nervous system contribute to dysfunctions of gastrointestin...
Article
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A total number of 100 fecal samples were examined for the presence of Giardia intestinalis infection in dogs using a Giardia ELISA kit (SNAP® test, IDEXX Laboratories, Inc., Westbrook, ME). 49 males and 51 females were examined for a G. intestinalis infection in Daejeon and Chungnam area of South Korea. The overall positive rate of G. intestinalis...
Article
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This study investigated the potential associations of dog characteristics with serum serotonin (5HT) concentration in dogs with degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD). Client-owned dogs were prospectively recruited at the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of Chungnam National University between 2010 and 2011. Forty-two dogs (22 females and 20...
Article
A 7-year-old spayed female Somali-cross cat was admitted with a 4-week history of anorexia, vomiting, weight loss, and lethargy. The cat was diagnosed with hepatic lipidosis. With intensive care and nutritional support via a nasogastric feeding tube for 3 weeks, the clinical signs of hepatic lipidosis were improved. However, skin lesions were found...
Article
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Mitral valve degeneration (MVD) is the most common form of heart disease in dogs, frequently leading to left-sided congestive heart failure and cardiac mortality. Although breed-specific disease characteristics and overrepresentation point towards a genetic origin for MVD, a causative mutation and complete molecular pathogenesis are unknown. Whippe...
Article
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Ten dogs were enrolled in this study: Two healthy dogs, two obese dogs without other medical issues and six obese dogs with underlying diseases including pemphigus, chronic active hepatitis, hyperadrenocorticism, narcolepsy, otitis media and heartworm infection. Pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene to explore the gut bacterial diversity revealed tha...
Article
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Giardia is a major public health concern and considered as reemerging in industrialized countries. The present study investigated the prevalence of giardiosis in 202 sheltered dogs using PCR. The infection rate was 33.2% (67/202); Gyeongsangbuk-do and Daejeon showed 25.7% (39/152, P<0.0001) and 56% (28/50), respectively. The prevalence of infected...
Article
A 10-year-old spayed female Pomeranian dog weighing 3.65 kg was presented with a 7-month history of urinary incontinence, stranguria and hematuria. The patient had mass lesions at left prescapular region (3 cm × 3 cm) and left axillary region (5 cm × 4 cm). Diagnosis of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) with multiple cutaneous metastasis was made....
Article
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A four-year-old spayed female Maltese dog weighing 3 kg was referred with reverse sneezing and fourmonth history of unilateral nasal discharge. She was diagnosed as nasal transitional carcinoma which in bilateral nasal cavity and extending into the frontal sinus by biopsy with rhinoscopy. Metronomic chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide (12.5 mg/m2) a...
Article
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Encephalitoozoon cuniculi is an obligate intracellular microsporidian parasite commonly found in rabbits, causing encephalitozoonosis. This organism can also infect a wide range of hosts including humans, which is known to cause opportunistic infections in immunocompromised individuals. In this case, four rabbits presented with head tilt and nystag...
Article
An 11-year-old Yorkshire Terrier dog presented with progressive ataxia and paraparesis of 1 month duration. The abnormality was localized to the T13-L2 segment by neurologic examination and CT. MRI showed a space-occupying lesion compressing the spinal cord and adjacent osteolysis of the L1 vertebra. A diagnosis of poorly differentiated carcinoma w...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to conduct a survey of Dirofilaria immitis infection among stray cats in Korea using nested PCR. We included 235 stray cats (121 females and 114 males) and evaluated each for the presence of feline heartworm infection. Blood samples were collected from 135 cats in Daejeon, 50 cats in Seoul, and 50 cats from Gyeonggi-do...
Article
Background: Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5HT) is involved in hypothalamic regulation of energy consumption. Also, the gut microbiome can influence neuronal signaling to the brain through vagal afferent neurons. Therefore, serotonin concentrations in the central nervous system and the composition of the microbiota can be related to obesity. Obj...
Article
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Three dogs were presented with refractory immune-mediated thrombocytopenia (IMT). All of them failed to respond to prednisone, which is considered a mainstay of immunosuppressive therapy. Vincristine-loaded platelets (VLPs), which act selectively on mononuclear phagocytes, were introduced. After VLPs were transfused, two dogs responded quickly with...
Article
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The present study compared leptin, adiponectin, and thyroid hormone concentrations in normal and obese dogs, and evaluated the association between leptin and adiponectin concentrations and thyroid function. The serum leptin, adiponectin, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), total thyroxine (tT4), free thyroxine (fT4), triiodothyronine (T3),and cortis...
Article
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An 11-year-old castrated male Maltese weighing 3.6 kg and a 12-year-old intact female Shih-tzu weighing 6.5 kg were admitted to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of Chungnam National University with decompensatory congestive heart failure. Diuretic resistance was suspected due to long term diuretic therapy with furosemide. However, the patie...
Article
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In this study, the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma (T.) gondii and Bartonella (B.) henselae infection among stray cats in Daejeon City, Korea was surveyed. A total of seven samples were positive (7/118, 5.93%) for T. gondii including three samples from female cats (3/58, 5.2%) and four samples from male cats (4/60, 6.7%). There was no significant diff...