Kumar Sudesh

Kumar Sudesh
Universiti Sains Malaysia | USM · School of Biological Sciences

Prof.

About

380
Publications
115,805
Reads
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9,417
Citations
Education
April 1996 - March 1999
Saitama University
Field of study
  • Biological and Environmental Sciences
August 1991 - April 1994
University of Malaya
Field of study
  • Biotechnology
July 1987 - April 1991
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Field of study
  • Zoology

Publications

Publications (380)
Article
Oil palm waste is a potential source of renewable energy and also of bioactive compounds. In the present study, we analysed oil palm trunk sap (OPTS) squeezed from different parts of the trunk stored for different times and measured the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging capacity using the electron spin resonance (ESR) spin trapping method us...
Article
Full-text available
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are bio-based polymers produced in bacterial cells to replace some petrochemical plastics. It has always been a challenge to commercialise PHA due in part to the costly recovery processes of the PHA granules from the bacterial cells. The biological approach of using mealworms, Tenebrio molitor, for the recovery of PHA f...
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The unique structures and multifunctionalities of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials, such as graphene, have aroused increasing interest in the construction of novel scaffolds for biomedical applications due to their biocompatible and antimicrobial abilities. These two-dimensional materials possess certain common features, such as high surface area...
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Tissue engineering technology aids in the regeneration of new tissue to replace damaged or wounded tissue. Three-dimensional biodegradable and porous scaffolds are often utilized in this area to mimic the structure and function of the extracellular matrix. Scaffold material and design are significant areas of biomaterial research and the most favor...
Article
Biofilm enhances the performances of biological wastewater treatment systems. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of using biodegradable polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) pellets as novel biofilm carrier for phenol biodegradation. Two identical laboratory-scale reactors were operated with fill, react, settle, draw and idle periods in the ratio...
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Rubber-degrading Actinobacteria have been discovered and investigated since 1985. Only recently, through the advancement of genomic sequencing and molecular techniques, genes and pathways involved in rubber degradation are being revealed; however, the complete degradation pathway remains unknown. Streptomyces sp. AC04842 (JCM 34241) was discovered...
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The search for biodegradable plastics has become the focus in combating the global plastic pollution crisis. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are renewable substitutes to petroleum-based plastics with the ability to completely mineralize in soil, compost, and marine environments. The preferred choice of PHA synthesis is from bacteria or archaea. Howeve...
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Nanoparticles (NPs) have remarkable properties for delivering therapeutic drugs to the body’s targeted cells. NPs have shown to be significantly more efficient as drug delivery carriers than micron-sized particles, which are quickly eliminated by the immune system. Biopolymer-based polymeric nanoparticles (PNPs) are colloidal systems composed of ei...
Article
The use of activated carbon is evidenced by the increased scope of carbon-based applications in various industrial applications including pharmaceutical antidotes, wastewater remediation, aquaculture and toxin removal. Activated carbon produced from biomass waste by various processing methods and conditions is emerging as a promising adsorbent for...
Article
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are considered good candidates in replacing commercial petrochemical plastics in certain applications like single-use packaging since they are biodegradable, biocompatible and share similar properties with conventional plastics. PHA synthase (PhaC) is the key enzyme in PHA biosynthesis. There are four classes of PhaC, n...
Article
Antibiotic resistance is a major health concern globally and has been estimated to cause 10 million deaths worldwide by year 2050 if the current trend of inappropriate and excessive use of antibiotics continues. Although, the discovery of antibiotics has saved countless of lives for the past 80 years, increasing levels of bacterial resistance to an...
Article
Caldimonas manganoxidans is a Gram-negative, thermophilic, bioplastic-producing bacterium that is a promising strain to overcome the drawbacks of existing bioplastic manufacturing methods. However, genetic manipulation of this species has not previously been studied. Here, we developed an optimized electrotransformation protocol for C. manganoxidan...
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Rubber composed of highly unsaturated hydrocarbons, modified through addition of chemicals and vulcanization are widely used to date. However, the usage of rubber, faces many obstacles. These elastomeric materials are difficult to be re-used and recovered, leading to high post-consumer waste and vast environmental problems. Tyres, the major rubber...
Article
Petroleum-based plastics have come under a lot of scrutiny in the past decade owing to the properties that made them ubiquitous items; their durability and expendability. The exploitation of such features during the industrial era has now culminated into the major environmental issue of plastic pollution. As a means of mitigating this issue, biopla...
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The authors wish to make the following changes to the published paper [...].
Article
Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBH) containing 5 and 17 mol% 3-hydroxyhexanoate has been blended with atactic poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB), polycaprolactone (PCL), and polybutylene succinate (PBS) at different ratios by the solvent-casting method. PHBH-5%/atactic PHB and PHBH-17%/atactic PHB showed a single glass-transition temper...
Article
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are biopolyesters synthesized by microorganisms as intracellular energy reservoirs under stressful environmental conditions. PHA synthase (PhaC) is the key enzyme responsible for PHA biosynthesis, but the importance of its N- and C-terminal ends still remains elusive. Six plasmid constructs expressing truncation variant...
Article
Oil palm trunks (OPT) are logged for replantation and the fiber residues are disposed of into the palm plantation area. The fiber residues are expected to increase soil fertility through recycling of carbon and minerals via fiber decomposition. This study investigated the effects of OPT fiber disposal and other lignocellulosic biomass on plant grow...
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Rubber is an essential part of our daily lives with thousands of rubber-based products being made and used. Natural rubber undergoes chemical processes and structural modifications, while synthetic rubber, mainly synthetized from petroleum by-products are difficult to degrade safely and sustainably. The most prominent group of biological rubber deg...
Article
As one of the polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), which are biodegradable and available in nature, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBH) is a good alternative to deal with the environmental problems caused by traditional plastics. However, only some studies have investigated the surface modification of PHBH to expand its applications. In th...
Article
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This paper is aimed at investigating the usage of biosynthesized poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (P(3-HB)) for a coating on pineapple leaf fiber paper (PLFP). For this purpose, (P(3-HB)) was produced by Rhodococcus pyridinivorans BSRT1-1, a highly potential P(3-HB) producing bacterium, with a weight-average molecular weight (Mw) of 6.07 × 10 −5 g/mol. This...
Article
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Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) is a biodegradable thermoplastic naturally synthesized by many microorganisms, and the PHA synthase (PhaC) is known to be the key enzyme involved in determining the material properties and monomer composition of the produced PHA. The ability to exploit widely distributed, commonly found soil microorganisms such as Azotoba...
Article
Replacement of substrate by utilizing renewable, sustainable, abundance, and low-costs carbon sources derived from agricultural waste enables the reduction of wastes in industry and simultaneously capacitate the production of value-added products. The total amount of sugar in the banana frond extract (BFE) was 42.7 g/L, which in part consist of 10....
Article
The physical and chemical properties of mealworm (Tenebrio molitor) oil were studied. Mealworm powder has a high oil content of 37.54 ± 0.78% with a high free fatty acid (FFA) content of 10.84 ± 0.005%. The primary fatty acids of mealworm oil were oleic acid (30.37%), linoleic acid (25.07%) and palmitic acid (19.54%). The mealworm oil decomposed al...
Preprint
Full-text available
Latex clearing protein ( lcp ) found in Actinobacterial strains is reportedly critical for the initial oxidative cleavage of poly( cis -1,4-isoprene), the major polymeric unit of rubber. In this study, we screened 940 Actinobacterial strains isolated from various locations in Sarawak on NR latex agar and identified 18 strains from 5 genera that pro...
Article
This study aims to evaluate the influence of operational factors (i.e. substrate concentration, activated sludge concentration and acclimation concentration) and the microbial communities of activated sludge on the aerobic biodegradation of phenol and p-nitrophenol (PNP). During the biodegradation process, the phenol or PNP biodegradation and activ...
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The pathogenic fungi, Rigidoporus microporus and Corynespora cassiicola are among the major agents of root and leaf disease of rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). In this study, endophytic fungi were isolated from seeds of H. brasiliensis obtained from different regions of Malaysia to determine the diversity of endophytes inhabiting the seeds and to...
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Poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a biodegradable polymer, synthesized as carbon and energy reserve by bacteria and archaea. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on PHB production by a rare actinomycete species, Rhodococcus pyridinivorans BSRT1-1. Response surface methodology (RSM) employing central composite design, was applied to...
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The fabrication of affordable biodegradable plastics remains a challenging issue for both the scientific community and industries as mechanical properties and biodegradability improve at the expense of the high cost of the material. Hence, the present work deals with fabrication and characterization of biodegradable polymer with 40% rice husk waste...
Article
Aging is often accompanied by a surge in age-related chronic conditions and the gradual deterioration of tissue and organ functions. Hence, continuous healthcare support is necessary to minimize organ failure and to prevent complications and exacerbations. Biologically compatible materials with unique properties, like bioresorbability, are needed f...
Article
Spent bleaching clay (SBC) containing ~33 wt% adsorbed residual oil from the refining of palm oil in the milling industry was evaluated for use as a sole carbon source for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) [P(3HB-co-3HHx)] production by the recombinant strain Cupriavidus necator Re2058/pCB113. The biosynthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoate (P...
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Salinivibrio proteolyticus M318, a halophilic bacterium isolated from fermented shrimp paste, is able to produce polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) from different carbon sources. In this study, we report the whole-genome sequence of strain M138, which comprises 2 separated chromosomes and 2 plasmids, and the complete genome contains 3,605,935 bp with an av...
Article
The scope of this study was to formulate polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)-based controlled release fertilizer (PHA-CRF) for oil palm (nursery stage) by using biologically recovered poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) and oil palm trunk vascular bundles combined with commercial NPK fertilizer. The efficiency of PHA-CRF was measured based on plan...
Article
Tin (IV) oxide (SnO2) nanostructures have been regarded as one of the most preferable materials for conventional gas sensor due to their high surface area and fast response towards most of the reducing and oxidizing gases. However, the high operating temperature (>200 °C) leads to high power consumption and limits their applications. Herein, a new...
Article
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Biodegradable polyester polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) is a promising bioplastic material for industrial use as a replacement for petroleum-based plastics. PHA synthase PhaC forms an active dimer to polymerize acyl moieties from the substrate acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) into PHA polymers. Here we present the crystal structure of the catalytic domain of PhaC...
Article
Among the various types of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate-co-(R)-3-hydroxyhexanoate] [P(3HB-co-3HHx)] has a high potential to serve as commercial bioplastic due to its striking resemblance to petroleum-based plastics. In this study, five different genotypes of C. necator transformants harbouring the PhaCBP-M-CPF4 gene (inclu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Biodegradable polyester polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) is a promising bioplastic material for industrial use as a replacement for petroleum-based plastics. PHA synthase PhaC forms an active dimer to polymerize acyl moieties from the substrate acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) into PHA polymers. Here we present the crystal structure of the catalytic domain of PhaC...
Article
Full-text available
Antibiotic resistance in pathogenic bacteria is a major health challenge, as Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has recognized that the past simply drugs susceptible pathogens are now the most dangerous pathogens due to their nonstop growing resistance towards conventional antibiotics. Therefore, due to the emergence of multi-drug resist...
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Among the different tools which can be studied and managed to tailor-make polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) and enhance their production, bacterial strain and carbon substrates are essential. The assimilation of carbon sources is dependent on bacterial strain's metabolism and consequently cannot be dissociated. Both must wisely be studied and well selec...
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Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are a potential replacement for some petrochemical-based plastics. PHAs are polyesters synthesized and stored by various bacteria and archaea in their cytoplasm as water-insoluble inclusions. PHAs are usually produced when the microbes are cultured with nutrient-limiting concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, o...
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A novel polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)-producing bacterium, Jeongeupia sp. USM3 (JCM 19920) was isolated from the limestone soil at Gua Tempurung, Perak, Malaysia. This is the first report on the complete genome sequence for the genus Jeongeupia. This genome consists of a circular chromosome with a size of 3,788,814 bp and contains 3557 genes. Two PHA...
Article
The polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) producing capability of four bacterial strains isolated from Antarctica was reported in a previous study. This study analyzed the PHA synthase genes and the PHA-associated gene clusters from the two antarctic Pseudomonas isolates (UMAB-08 and UMAB-40) and the two antarctic Janthinobacterium isolates (UMAB-56 and UMAB-...
Article
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Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a biodegradable polyester synthesized as intracellular carbon and energy storage for numerous bacteria and archaea. PHB has been used extensively in biomedical industry. The gas chromatography (GC) method for PHB quantification has some drawbacks, such as large sample size required and involves tedious sample preparatio...
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There is considerable interest in the exploring of an alternative protein source due to ever-growing population in the world. Black soldier fly (BSF), Hermetia illucens , can be a promising alternative protein-rich food due to its high protein content as compared to livestock. This study investigated the effect of different feeding strategies on th...
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In this study, adsorption treatment of phenol pollutant using electrospun poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) [P(3HB-co-3HHx)] is highlighted for the first time. Both P(3HB) and P(3HB-co-3HHx) were extracted from bacterial cells and nanofibres were fabricated through electrospinning technique for the a...
Article
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are biodegradable polyesters produced by microorganisms, under unbalanced growth conditions, as a carbon storage compound. PHAs are composed of various monomers such as 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and 3-hydroxyhexanoate (3HHx). Silk fibroin (SF) derived from Bombyx mori cocoons, is a widely studied protein polymer commonly...
Article
After publication of this paper, the authors determined an error in the funding information. It was written as Grant B2007-SHP-32, but it should be Grant B2017-SPH-32.
Article
This study investigates the effect of strategies on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] production in bioreactor. In the production of P(3HB), urea and glucose feeding streams were developed to characterize the fed-batch culture conditions for new Cupriavidus necator NSDG-GG mutant. Feeding urea in repeated fed-batch stage (RFB-I) at 6, and 12 h in cu...
Article
The cost of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) can be reduced by improving their productivity and recovery. In this study, we attempted to obtain a high cell density culture from a 13 L bioreactor and subsequently improved the recently developed biological recovery process using mealworms to obtain the PHA granules. A cell dry weight of 161 g/L containin...
Article
A moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from fermenting shrimp paste, Salinivibrio sp. M318 was found capable of using fish sauce and mixtures of waste fish oil and glycerol as nitrogen and carbon sources, respectively, for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) production. A cell dry weight (CDW) of up to 10 g/L and PHB content of 51.7 wt% were obtained...
Article
Burkholderia sp. has been reported to synthesize polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) with different monomers such as 3-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxyvalerate. In this study, the PHA synthase gene of B. contaminans Kad1 (phaCBcon) was successfully cloned and characterized. Heterologous expression of phaCBcon conferred PHA synthesis to the mutant Cupriavidus...
Article
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The ability of oleaginous yeast Lipomyces starkeyi to efficiently produce lipids when cultivated on sap extracted from felled oil palm trunk (OPT) as a novel inexpensive renewable carbon source was evaluated. OPT sap was found to contain approximately 98 g/L glucose and 32 g/L fructose. Batch fermentations were performed using three different OPT s...
Article
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SnO 2 nanostructures are usually modified with some metal dopants in order to improve its gas sensing properties. In this work, pure tin oxide (SnO 2 ), nickel (Ni) doped SnO 2 (Ni:SnO 2 ) and palladium (Pd) doped SnO 2 (Pd:SnO 2 ) nanorods were successfully synthesised via hydrothermal method at low temperature (180°C) without templates or further...
Article
Purpose The aim of this study was to characterize high ectoine-producing bacteria obtained from Can Gio mangrove soil samples in Vietnam. Methods Ectoine-producing bacteria were isolated from mangrove soil samples. The selected strains were identified using 16S rDNA sequence analysis, and their biochemical characteristics were also examined. The a...
Article
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The present research focused on the fabrication of biocompatible polyhydroxyalkanoate, chitosan, and hexagonal boron nitride incorporated (PHA/Ch-hBN) nanocomposites through a simple solvent casting technique. The fabricated nanocomposites were comprehensively characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscope (FT-IR), field emission scanning...
Article
Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a natural microbial polyester produced by a variety of bacteria and archaea from renewable resources. PHB resembles some petrochemical plastics but is completely biodegradable. It is desirable to identify suitable microbial strains and develop processes that can directly use starch from agricultural wastes without comme...
Chapter
The natural polyester polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) is synthesized as an energy storage via thioester exchange reaction in microbial cells. The thermal and mechanical properties of PHA can be varied by modifying the monomeric composition, molecular weight, and chemical modification. To date, many efforts have been made to understand the polymerization...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Sludge palm oil (SPO), a difficult-to-be-used solid byproduct of the palm oil milling industry, was evaluated as potential carbon source for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) [P(3HB-co-3HHx)] production using recombinant Cupriavidus necator Re2058/pCB113. Methods The biosynthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) was conducted usin...
Article
Fabrication of fish gelatin nanofilms was realized by electrospinning using low concentrations of acetic acid, malic acid and citric acid in water as binary, ternary and quaternary solvents. The study aims to explore more benign solvent for manufacturing electrospun nanofilms for food packaging application. Spinning dope properties, such as electri...
Article
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are a group of microbial polyesters that are widely studied due to their versatile physicochemical and mechanical properties. The biosynthesis of PHAs is governed by the enzyme PHA synthase. We have previously reported the discovery of a novel wide substrate specificity PHA synthase isolated from a mangrove environment....