Kuba Krys

Kuba Krys
Polish Academy of Sciences | PAN · Institute of Psychology

PhD

About

34
Publications
20,144
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
311
Citations
Introduction
Area of expertise: positive cross-cultural psychology. >>> Assistant Professor at the Cultural Psychology Lab, Institute of Psychology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland. >>> In 2017-2019, Post Doc at the Kokoro Research Center, Kyoto University, Japan. >>> For more: www.kuba.krys.pl
Additional affiliations
February 2014 - July 2016
University of Lodz
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • I teach 'Psychological aspects of marketing'
October 2013 - present
University of Gdansk
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • I teach 'Cultural diversity of posiitve aspects of human behaviour'
June 2013 - July 2013
Chonnam National University
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • I taugh 'Cultural psychology' during International Summer School
Education
October 2007 - June 2012
Polish Academy of Sciences
Field of study
  • Psychology
October 1999 - June 2005
Warsaw School of Economics
Field of study
  • Finance and Banking
October 1999 - June 2005
Warsaw School of Economics
Field of study
  • International Relations

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
Cultural sensitivity in societal development has been advocated for since at least the 1960s but has remained understudied. Our goal is to address this gap and to investigate folk theories of societal development. We aimed to identify both universal and culturally specific lay beliefs about what constitutes good societal development. We collected d...
Article
Full-text available
Cultural psychologists often treat binary contrasts of West versus East, individualism versus collectivism, and independent versus interdependent self-construal as interchangeable, thus assuming that collectivist societies promote interdependent rather than independent models of selfhood. At odds with this assumption, existing data indicate that La...
Article
Full-text available
Although Interdependent Happiness Scale (IHS) has been used in different socio-cultural contexts, no study has tested the measurement invariance across countries. Because previous research did not agree on the dimensionality of the scale, we primarily investigated the factorial structure of the IHS, comparing the one-factor model to three-factor, s...
Article
Full-text available
Well-being is recognized as a fundamental human goal and a universal human aspiration. However, some cross-country studies suggest that the desirability of the most often studied concept of well-being—personal life satisfaction—varies across countries, and we know little about the desirability of other types of well-being. Extending this novel area...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we introduce the concept of ‘societal emotional environment’: the emotional climate of a society (operationalized as the degree to which positive and negative emotions are expressed in a society). Using data collected from 12,888 participants across 49 countries, we show how societal emotional environments vary across countries and c...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we introduce the concept of ‘societal emotional environment’: the emotional climate of a society (operationalized as the degree to which positive and negative emotions are expressed in a society). Using data collected from 12,888 participants across 49 countries, we show how societal emotional environments vary across countries and c...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies document that societal happiness is correlated with individualism, but the nature of this phenomenon remains understudied. In the current paper, we address this gap and test the reasoning that individualism correlates with societal happiness because the most common measure of societal happiness (i.e., country-level aggregates of pe...
Preprint
People across cultures differ in behaviours, thoughts and preferences. Cultural sensitivity – i.e., acknowledgment of these cultural differences – in development science is a postulate known since at least the 1960s, but has remained understudied. The goal of the current paper is to address this gap and to investigate folk theories of societal deve...
Article
Well-being emerges as the outcome of multiple interactions that happens in and over time through the dynamic interplay of personal, societal and environmental structures and processes. Due to the recent formulation of the concept of Interdependent Happiness, which is interdependently pursued and attained, we proposed a literature review aimed to hi...
Article
Full-text available
Happiness research tradition is focused on an independent form of happiness (Satisfaction with life, SWL), which in part neglects the social context and group well-being. We considered interdependent happiness (IH) to evaluate a collectivist conceptualization of happiness, which is based on harmony with others. We also considered the role of the pe...
Article
Locus of self-worth shifts from internal in cultures of dignity to external in cultures of honor. It remains yet unknown whether it can be modified, for example, under an influence of important life events, as migration to a culture of a distinct logic. Our study aimed to analyse relationships between the locus of self-worth and the acculturation s...
Article
Since the Second World War, the dominating paradigm of societal development has focused on economic growth. While economic growth has improved the quality of human life in a variety of ways, we posit that the identification of economic growth as the primary societal goal is culture-blind because preferences for developmental pathways likely vary be...
Article
Full-text available
Studies repeatedly have documented that societal well‐being is associated with individualism. Most of these studies, however, have conceptualized/measured well‐being as individual life satisfaction—a type of well‐being that originates in Western research traditions. Drawing from the latest research on interdependent happiness and on family well‐bei...
Article
Facing increasing critique that PISA focuses too narrowly on cognitive achievement and human/knowledge capital, the OECD has recently shifted some of its focus to student happiness. The 2017 Students’ Well-Being report distinguishes between ‘happy schools’ and ‘unhappy schools’, showing that among students who combined high performance and life sat...
Article
Although the association between individualism and satisfaction in societies is well documented, the precise mechanism linking these two remained understudied so far. Here we coin and describe the specific facet of individualism responsible for the above association–the ‘open society’. Open societies foster four others-benefitting attitudes: tolera...
Article
Full-text available
Inequalities between men and women are common and well-documented. Objective indexes show that men are better positioned than women in societal hierarchies—there is no single country in the world without a gender gap. In contrast, researchers have found that the women-are-wonderful effect—that women are evaluated more positively than men overall—is...
Chapter
This chapter explores family lives of couples who migrate from a less gender-egalitarian (i.e., Poland) to a more egalitarian nation (i.e., Norway). The authors present selected results from a large-scale mixed-methods study drawing from interviews conducted longitudinally with couples in Poland and in Norway, interviews with public-sector servants...
Chapter
This chapter explores family lives of couples who migrate from a less gender-egalitarian (i.e., Poland) to a more egalitarian nation (i.e., Norway). The authors present selected results from a large-scale mixed-methods study drawing from interviews conducted longitudinally with couples in Poland and in Norway, interviews with public-sector servants...
Article
Research on culture-related violence has typically focused on honor cultures and their justification of certain forms of aggression as reactions to provocation. In contrast, amusement and humor as the preferred reactions to provocation remain understudied phenomena, especially in a cross-cultural context. In an attempt to remedy this, participants...
Article
Family and work are two important areas of adult life. However, these two domains are not always compatible, and the degree to which these roles are at conflict influences numerous spheres of individuals’ and couples’ lives. Work-life conflict is especially evident among migrants, as the separation from social networks within the home country makes...
Article
Full-text available
In most individualistic cultures, pride is regarded as a positive emotion that follows a positive evaluation of one’s competence or effort when achieving a goal. Fredrickson (2001) suggests that pride may expand individuals’ scope of attention and broaden their action repertoires by driving them toward greater achievements in the future. In the pre...
Article
Cultures vary in terms of emotional display rules, which include the expression of satisfaction and dissatisfaction. In Poland there is a norm of negativity, deriving from a culture of complaining (Wojciszke & Baryła, 2005), whereas in Canada, there is a tendency to express happiness (Safdar, Friedlmeier, Matsumoto, Yoo, Kwantes, Kakai, & Shigemasu...
Presentation
Full-text available
Happiness is one of the most subjective states people may experience. Therefore, like each subjective state, the way happiness is experienced is related to the cultural framework individuals function in. One of the most popular scales of happiness is offered by Diener and collaborators: the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Numerous studies docu...
Presentation
Full-text available
Numerous studies document that the most popular scale of happiness – Diener and collaborators’ Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) – is related to individualism and the concept of happiness that fits the independent self. In contrast, Hitokoto and Uchida offered the Interdependent Happiness Scale (IHS) to examine the collectivistic concept of inter...
Data
Numerous studies document that the most popular scale of happiness – Diener and collaborators’ Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) – is related to individualism and the concept of happiness that fits the independent self. In contrast, Hitokoto and Uchida offered the Interdependent Happiness Scale (IHS) to examine the collectivistic concept of inter...
Article
Full-text available
Smiling individuals are usually perceived more favorably than non-smiling ones - they are judged as happier, more attractive, competent, and friendly. These seemingly clear and obvious consequences of smiling are assumed to be culturally universal, however most of the psychological research is carried out in WEIRD societies (Western, Educated, Indu...
Article
Social perception studies have revealed that smiling individuals are perceived more favourably on many communion dimensions in comparison to nonsmiling individuals. Research on gender differences in smiling habits showed that women smile more than men. In our study, we investigated this phenomena further and hypothesised that women perceive smiling...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on social perception reveal that on many dimensions smiling individuals are perceived more positively in comparison to non-smiling individuals. The experiment carried out in seven countries (China, Germany, Iran, Norway, Poland, USA, and the Republic of South Africa) showed that in some cultures smiling individuals may be perceived less fav...
Article
Full-text available
Wojciszke suggests (2011) that most of social behaviours are driven by one of four main needs: affiliation, sense, control and self-esteem. Those needs may compensate each other: threat to one of them may be reaffirmed in the same domain or by a different need (Heine, Proulx i Vohs, 2006; Wojciszke, 2011). In two experiments we reveal that the sati...
Article
Full-text available
According to Fredrickson's (1998, 2001) "Broaden-and-Built Theory of Positive Emotions" positive emotions have different effects in social life and are based on different mechanisms than negative emotions do. Moreover positive emotions vary among themselves - there are quality differences between them and they shall not be treated only as a single...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
Our research project aimed to explore Work Life Balance and Gender Equality issues asking 1. What happens when people migrate from less egalitarian (Polish) to more egalitarian (Norwegian) culture and 2. What facilitates and hinders the shift towards improved WLB and GE. For 3 years, 40 researchers from 5 institutions collected data from over 3890 Polish and Norwegian participants (including paper-pencil methods and on-line questionnaires along with more than 300 in-depth, longitudinal design interviews with Polish and Norwegian couples; interviews with 20 public-sector servants and 11 employers in Norway). We have identified factors that constitute a form of cultural capital enabling family roles to become more egalitarian in both Poland and in Norway. Overall 11 conferences/ seminars were organized and 68 presentations on project results made. The project was of academic and application value - its results are well documented in national and international publications (29) and used for trainings/recommendations aimed at: (1) immigrant couples, (2) couples in general, and (3) institutions working with immigrants or organizations promoting gender equality and work-life balance.
Project
Understanding interculturation process