Krystelle Shaughnessy

Krystelle Shaughnessy
University of Ottawa · School of Psychology

PhD
Interested in helping others as a collaborator on research related to my interests.

About

65
Publications
16,705
Reads
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804
Citations
Introduction
My research interests include the ways in which people use emerging and digital technologies (both Internet-based and mobile) in social and sexual contexts, what predicts use, outcomes of use, and dynamics of offline and online experiences. My current research focuses on : technology-mediated sexual interactions, self-report research methods, cognitive and behavioural aspects of anxiety and how they lead to sexual outcomes on and offline, and sexual self-concept and technology.
Additional affiliations
May 2005 - May 2007
Acadia University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
September 2007 - October 2013
University of New Brunswick
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology
September 2005 - May 2007
Acadia University
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology
September 2000 - May 2005
University of Ottawa
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to compare male and female college students in four countries (Canada, Germany, Sweden, and the U.S.) on their lifetime experiences (prevalence) and frequency of recent experiences with six types of online sexual activities (OSA): sexual information, sexual entertainment, sexual contacts, sexual minority communities, s...
Article
Social media applications have become popular methods of online communication, interaction, and social networking. Many people use social media websites and mobile applications, such as Twitter, to create and post personal expressions in public online forums. This online content presents opportunities for using social media as a data source with th...
Article
Full text available for a limited time here: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/nc72pbpecwaFMDcYwcCd/full In the previous decade, researchers have increased their attention to people's engagement in technology-mediated sexual interaction (TMSI) – the exchange of sexual material via computer and Internet technologies. Inconsistent terminology and m...
Article
Full-text available
Technology-mediated sexual interactions (TMSI) are interpersonal exchanges via technology of self-created sexual material, including photos, videos, and auditory or text messages. There is little research on the factors that predict both TMSI experiences and their sexual wellbeing outcomes. Social anxiety is anxiety experienced in response to socia...
Presentation
Background: The #MeToo movement highlighted the experiences of sexual violence survivors. Some research suggests that #MeToo prompted social change. The impact may be due to the emotional tone of the tweets. However, researchers have not examined specific emotions, or their associated content. Objectives: We examined the first month of the MeToo m...
Article
Despite over 10 years of research, we still know very little about people’s sexting behaviours and experiences. Our limited and, at times, conflicting knowledge about sexting is due to re-searchers’ use of inconsistent conceptual definitions of sexting, dubious measurement practices, and atheoretical research designs. In this article, we provide an...
Article
External condoms are an effective contraceptive and safe-sex practice when used properly. A focus on universal fit has produced a variety of latex, polyurethane, or polyisoprene condoms. However, researchers and manufacturers have given little attention to how condoms subjectively fit and feel for the user. Reece and colleagues (2007) developed the...
Article
Internet and data-based technologies are ubiquitous in most societies around the world. People use online technologies (i.e., devices, software, platforms, applications, etc., that connect to the Internet through wired or wireless means) in almost all aspects of their daily lives, including sexuality. Yet, researchers have been slow to integrate on...
Article
Full-text available
Technology-mediated sexual interaction (TMSI) refers to any partnered interaction that involves sending or receiving self-created, sexually explicit content using communication technology (e. g., sexting, cybersex). Most research on TMSI assumes that experiences are desired and consensual. However, it is likely that some people do not desire all th...
Presentation
Background: The #MeToo movement highlighted the experiences of sexual violence survivors. Some research suggests that this movement prompted social change. The impact may be due to the emotional tone of the social media posts. Researchers have examined the positive/negative emotionality and content of the #MeToo movement. However, researchers have...
Article
Full-text available
Online sexual activities (OSA) refer to Internet-based activities, behaviours, and materials that are sexual in nature. Many young adults engage in OSA, but report doing so infrequently. Most OSA outcome research has focused on negative effects of only some types of OSA (e.g., viewing pornography online). The goal of this study was to enhance knowl...
Poster
Full-text available
How's the CoFFee? Examining Psychometric Properties of the Revised Condom Fit and Feel Scale (CoFFee-R)
Poster
Background and Aims: Early sexual debut is considered normative in adolescence; however, there can be many adverse psychological and physiological health effects as a result (Cai, Zhou, Niño & Driver, 2018). As part of a project-based psychology course in advanced human sexuality, we completed this brief systematic review to examine the impact of e...
Presentation
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic prevented people from interacting face-to-face with others outside of their household. This change led many people to turn to technology to maintain connections. This study examined how people’s use of new technologies to connect with their family, friends, and people at work was associated with their mental health...
Poster
Full-text available
This study demonstrates the importance considering IER behaviours as a substantive variable and not simply a methodological nuisance. Both negative cognitions and negative emotions related to IER behaviours. Therefore, researchers must account for both of these contextual factors when evaluating why participants engage in IER. The findings are also...
Article
Sexual fantasies, interests, and experiences are three important aspects of human sexual expression that likely are related yet distinct. Updated and comprehensive information on patterns in these three areas of sexual expression is important for developing knowledge on the extent to which fantasies are distinct from interests and experiences as we...
Article
Full-text available
Non-consensual condom removal (NCCR) is the removal of a condom before or during sexual intercourse without one's partner's consent. Despite considerable news and media attention devoted to the trend (as stealthing), little empirical research to date has examined people's views of the practice. The present study aimed to contribute toward generatin...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical models of sexual response link anxiety to the etiology of sexual dysfunction. Furthermore, some cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) for sexual dysfunction have included strategies targeting anxiety reduction. This review examines the experimental literature on the effects of manipulating aspects of the anxiety response (e.g., anxious sen...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual satisfaction is an important component of sexual health. There are few proposed conceptual definitions of sexual satisfaction and operational definitions are significantly limited. Those that exist were developed with heterosexual people. In this study, we performed thematic analysis on 60 Portuguese, partnered, sexual-minority people’s writ...
Article
Social media has greatly expanded opportunities to study place and well-being through the availability of human expressions tagged with physical location. Such research often uses social media content to study how specific places in the offline world influence well-being without acknowledging that digital platforms (e.g., Twitter, Facebook, Youtube...
Article
Online communication is essential to modern life, but its features may also afford socially anxious individuals the ability to conceal themselves, or parts of themselves, from evaluation by others. In this way, Internet-based social interaction may function as a form of safety behavior for socially anxious people seeking to avoid face-to-face encou...
Presentation
Background. Researchers and clinicians have written about the potential for mobile technologies to improve mental healthcare delivery and patient engagement with care (e.g., Clough & Casey, 2015, Prentice & Dobson, 2014). However, there is currently little research examining barriers, facilitators, or benefits for providers who are implementing the...
Article
Full-text available
In this case study, we discuss the opportunities and challenges that we have faced in our research evaluating the implementation of a mobile digital mental health platform to patients’ traditional care in a Canadian tertiary mental healthcare hospital. The objectives of the study were to examine (i) the psychological, social, and technological fact...
Article
Full-text available
Cybersex refers to a subgroup of interactive, interpersonal online sexual activities. People can engage in cybersex with three types of partners: (a) a primary committed partner, (b) a known non-partner, and, (c) a stranger. These partner types differ in degree of anonymity—one of five characteristics that make the internet appealing for sexual act...
Article
Researchers have seldom compared how various psychological factors relate to men’s sexual health. We sought to identify whether and how psychological risk factors (i.e. anxiety sensitivity, emotion regulation, psychological distress) predict men’s sexual health (i.e. functioning, sexual quality of life, frequency of sexual activity). Men (N = 306)...
Article
Background: Recent research findings suggest that women who report high anxiety sensitivity (AS; the fear of physiologic sensations associated with anxiety) also report increased sexual dysfunction and decreased sexual satisfaction. Moreover, findings suggest that maladaptive emotion regulation (ER) can contribute to the relation between AS and ps...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Understanding how people move and interact within urban settings has been greatly facilitated by the expansion of personal computing and mobile studies. Geosocial data derived from social media applications have the potential to both document how large segments of urban populations move about and use space, as well as how they interact with their e...
Article
Full-text available
Social anxiety (SA) and online privacy concerns (OPCs) are conceptually distinct fears, but both may be activated by Internet-based social contexts. Whereas SA is focused on being the object of interpersonal evaluation, OPC is focused on preventing others from gaining unauthorized access to private personal information. No research to date has inve...
Article
People use the Internet for a wide range of online sexual activities (OSA): behaviours that involve sexual content, topics, and stimuli. Yet, current OSA summary statistics provide little perspective on patterns of OSA experience because researchers have not compared multiple indicators of experience within the same sample. We explored the prevalen...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Online sexual activity (OSA) refers to the use of the Internet for engaging in activities involving sexuality. Research suggests that many people engage in OSA. Yet, there is little research on people’s perceived positive and negative outcomes of their OSA. Findings suggest that people report more positive than negative outcomes, with m...
Poster
Full-text available
How do gender, sexual orientation, and age predict the extent to which people engage in performing and receiving cybersex activities, the partners with whom people engage in cybersex, and the technological context of people’s cybersex experiences?
Presentation
Full-text available
Rationale/Background: Cybersex is a constellation of interactive, online sexual activities that involve explicit communications with a partner (e.g., exchanging sexually explicit instant messages; Shaughnessy, Byers, & Thornton, 2012). The research on cybersex is limited and focused almost exclusively on heterosexually-identified people. Findings s...
Poster
Cybersex refers to online interactive sexual activities that occur in real-time. Research suggests that the level of anonymity between partners may play an important role in people’s online experiences, including cybersex. We examined whether sexual minority men and women’s prevalence and frequency of cybersex differed depending on the partner cont...
Poster
Online sexual activity (OSA) refers to the use of the Internet for engaging in any activities involving sexuality or of a sexual nature (Cooper & Griffin-Shelley, 2002). Many people engage in OSA, and do so relatively infrequently (Shaughnessy, Byers, & Walsh, 2011). In comparison to the amount of research on people’s OSA experiences, there is rela...
Poster
Full-text available
Cybersex is a subset of online sexual activities that involve a real-time interaction between two people using an online device (Shaughnessy, Byers, & Thornton, 2011). Because cybersex involves two people engaging in sexual activities, it shares similar features to offline sexual activities. Offline sexual activities follow traditional sexual scrip...
Article
High-quality research in clinical psychology often depends on recruiting adequate samples of clinical participants with formally diagnosed difficulties. This challenge is readily met within the context of a large treatment center, but many clinical researchers work in academic settings that do not feature a medical school, hospital connections, or...
Conference Paper
Understanding how individuals and groups perceive their surroundings and how different physical and social environments may influence their state-of-mind has intrigued re-searchers for some time. Much of this research has focused on investigating why certain natural and human-built places can engender specific emotive responses (e.g. fear, disgust,...
Poster
A randomized controlled trial evaluating the neural, symptomatic, and functional outcomes of a group CBT for Voices intervention integrating Acceptance and Commitment, Compassion- Focused, and Mindfulness approaches.
Article
RÉSUMÉ L’intérêt sexuel et la capacité sexuelle peut s’étendre loin dans la vie plus tard, entraînant de nombreux effets positifs sur la santé. Cependant, il y a peu de soutien pour l’expression sexuelle dans la vie plus tard, notamment chez les jeunes adultes. Cette étude a évalué et comparé les attitudes implicites et explicites de jeunes adultes...
Article
Cybersex is a constellation of partnered, online sexual activities; yet, researchers have not considered the relationship between participants. In this study, we examined cybersex within three partner contexts that differ in their degree of anonymity: primary partner, someone known who was not a partner (known non-partner), and stranger. Participan...
Article
The goal of this study was to extend our understanding of attitudes toward three types of online sexual activity (OSA) among both students and members of the community: non-arousal OSA (N-OSA), solitary-arousal OSA (S-OSA), and partnered-arousal OSA (P-OSA). In Study 1, 81 male and 140 female undergraduate students completed a paper and pencil surv...
Article
Single-item measures of sexual behaviours are often used in sex research despite wide acknowledgment of their limitations. In this study, we used cybersex as a case study to examine how well a single-item measure captured the incidence of a sexual behaviour. To do so, we examined whether participants’ reports on single-item and multi-item measures...
Article
Full-text available
Arousal-oriented online sexual activities (OSAs) are any activities on the Internet that involve sexually explicit and/or sexually arousing stimuli. These can be solitary-arousal activities, requiring only one person be involved. They can also be partnered-arousal activities that involve at least two people interacting (Shaughnessy, Byers, & Walsh,...
Article
This study examined university students’ definitions of cybersex. Participants (N = 292) provided a written definition of the term “cybersex” and completed background, cybersex, and online sexual activity measures. Qualitative analysis of the written definitions revealed eight content categories and two broad conceptualizations in the data. Cyberse...
Article
This study compared male and female university students' experiences with online sexual activity (OSA) and tested a model explaining gender differences in OSA. OSAs were categorized as non-arousal (e.g., seeking sexuality information), solitary-arousal (e.g., viewing sexually explicit materials), or partnered-arousal (e.g., sharing sexual fantasies...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the contrasting role of work values for nurses from two generations: Baby Boomers and Generation X. Differences among nurses regarding core values pertaining to their work has a potential to influence the quality of their work life. These differences may have implications for their vulnerability to job burnout. The analysis is b...
Article
Full-text available
Although knowledge transfer (KT) in healthcare organizations is increasingly important, models have typically focused on the transfer of clinical knowledge. Despite numerous reports and studies on worklife issues for healthcare professionals, few recommendations have been implemented, and many of these professionals are unfamiliar with the reports....

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I'm working on a survey about a range of online social interactions and would like to measure whether people who choose to use certain types of online social/communication modes/forums are more or less likely to be concerned about their privacy in relation to their online behaviours. So far, I have only found examples of online privacy concerns related to commerce or specific to Facebook activities. Does anyone have something more general about information about the self online?

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
The goal of this project is to develop a comprehensive, reliable, and valid self-report questionnaire of technology-mediated sexual interactions (TMSI). K.Shaughnessy received partial funding from the University of Ottawa to conduct the initial cognitive interview of pre-existing TMSI items; that is, self-report measures used in past research on sexting, cybersex, partnered-arousal OSAs, and virtual sex. Following major revisions to the measure, pilot testing, expert review, more revisions, we will soon launch a survey to examine the reliability and validity of a short-form and long-form measure.
Archived project